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Sept. 19, 1894. 









VOL. V. 

NO. 1. 

orf howsf , 






Botanical Department, 

We would inform the friends of the college, and the 
public generally, that we are prepared to supply in lim- 
ited quantities, 



true to name, also 

all at the lowest price. 
For Trees, Plants, Shrubs, Flowers and Small Fruits, address, 



PROF. S. T. 








Suits made to order, ' - $13 to $35. 
Trousers made to order, 3 to 10. 
Overcoats made to order, 10 to 35. 





\eS^ Vb^ .a&L<sAEI> % I t 



jOStOrdeks received at Hunt's Stove Store. ^g 


AT 3*1. A. C 
will start Monday evening, October 1st, at 7-30. All M. A. C. men 
intending to join should give their names at once to M. E. Sellew '96. 
In tae advanced class all the latest dances of the American National 
Society of Masters of Dancing for 1S94-95 will be taught. 


Lock Box 199, Amherst, Mass. 






A complete line of goods suited to the students' wants. 




All Goods STRICTLY CASH and at 








QgF Repairing done while you. wait.JSSr 



»3e t\» 1 111 !—<l— <I H^Z5} 

Practical Murriber, 


A Large Stock of Ranges, Heating Stoves, Tin 
Ware, &c. Hot Air Furnace Heating, also 

Steam and Mot Water Heating a Specialty. 






Amherst House Block, 

Amherst, Mass. 



Pure Drugs and Medicines, 





Metallic Cartridges for Pistols, and Sporting and Springfield Rifles. 

Sunday and night calls responded to at residence, first door west 
of Wood's Hotel. 


■GO TO- 




Society, Class and Group Klopk a Specialty. 



fr g. DK^gO^, D. D. g. 


Office Hours, 9 to 12 a. m., 1-30 to 5 p. M. 

ggp^Ether and Nitrons Oxide Gas administered when 


We make it our business to keep what the Aggie 
Boys want. 

Fine Patent Leathers, 

Seasonable footwear of all Kinds, 




4TAI 1 


— ®->- 
• / 

Repairing Neatly Done. 

Cleaning and Pressing a Specialty. 










1. A TWO "STEARS' COURSE in Agriculture and kindred 
sciences, devoted to the practical relation and the simpler principles of the oc- 
cupation of the farmer. 

2. A F@TO "STEAKS' COURSE, leading to the degree of 
Bachelor of Science. Twelve courses of study are provided Senior year, ten 
of which are elective. Those who elect Agriculture, Botany, Forestry, Chemistry, 
Entomology or Mathematics have the advantage of perfecting themselves in the 
higher branches of these sciences. Those who elect Veterinary, Electricity, 
Political Science or German lay a thorough foundation for further study. 
English and Military Science are required. 

3. A S»©ST CtRJIBUATE COURSE of two years lead- 
ing to the degree of Master of Science. Residence at the college not 

Necessary expenses very reasonable. For further information apply to the 
President, H. H. Goodell, Amherst, Mass. 

VOL. V. 


No. 1 


Published "Fortnightly by the Students of the Mass. 
Agricultural College. 

Terms $1,00 per year, in advance. Single copies, 10c. 

Postage, outside United States ami Canada, '25c. extra. 

Entered at the Post Office as second-class mail matter. 

R.L. KAYWARD,'96, 


C. B. LANE, '95, Editor-in-chief. 

W. L. MORSE, '95, Business Manager. . 

T. P. FOLEY, '95, Exchange. 

F. C. TOBET, '95, Alumni. 

R. A. COOLEY, '95, Local Items. 

, Notes and Comments. 
i Library Notes. 
P. A. LEAMY, '96, Athletics. 
H. H. ROPER, '96, j Llterarv 
J. L. BARTLETT, '97, i ljltelai y • 

Students and Alumni are requested to contribute. Communica- 
tions should be addressed Aggie Life, Amherst Mass. 


Owing to a mistake on the part of the printers 
we have not 3"et been able to make the change in 
the cover of the Life which we had hoped to, but 
before the next issue a new cut will be obtained for 
the front page. No very radical change will be 
made because we believe that the majority of the 
students are well satisfied with it as it is. The edi- 
tors have made it a point since the paper first 
started to obtain a cover which would meet the 
approval of all, and if they have succeeded, the 
work in this direction is accomplished. 

Once more the Editor takes up his pen which has 
been lying idle for two months to begin a new vol- 
ume of the .Life. Our readers know what its suc- 
cess has been in the past and we hope to constantly 
improve its character and general tone and make it 

keep pace with the rapid growth of the institution 
which it represents. To do this we must have the 
support of the alumni and all connected with the 
college. To the new studeuts the Life extends a 
hearty welcome. We hope you will deem it your 
duty and privilege to aid us by your subscriptions 
and to contribute to our columns. 

The contradictory reports concerning the condi- 
tion of Pelham water have prompted investigation 
by the Board. A few days ago, the Life represen- 
tative called upon Dr. Goessmanu, Director of the 
Hatch Experiment Station, to inquire as to the cor- 
rectness of these reports. He was informed by Dr. 
Goessmann that while the water was not as pure as 
might be wished still it could hardly be called unfit 
for use. The presence of large quantities of organic 
matter, caused by excessive evaporation, renders 
the water less desirable than usual, but this organic 
matter is not in itself poisonous and the advent of 
heavy rains or water from other sources will render 
it still more harmless. Several of the later tests, 
moreover, show an increasing improvement over for- 
mer conditions. So we may consider the water fit 
for drinking purposes. Dr. Goessmanu, however, 
recommends boiling as a precautionary measure. 

The Directors of the Base-Ball Association have 
arranged a series of class games to be played during 
the coming week in order that the captain may have 
an opportunity to determine the best material to put 
in practice for the team next spring. This is a wise 
move on the part of the Directors, as the Gymna- 
sium is small and will not accommodate a large 
number during the winter practice. The Captain is 
often obliged, on account of this, to choose Ins men 
before all have had a fair trial, and in view of this 
fact this series of games has been arranged. 


During the past two weeks the foot-ball team has 
been at work on the campus and we are very much 
pleased with the manner in which Captain Marsh 
has handled the men. Success comes to men in 
proportion to the effort they make and it is folly to 
expect that a foot-ball team can win games without 
good hard practice. In order to get this, it is nec- 
essary for every man in college to assist, not only 
financially but by coming ont aud lining up against 
the regular team. It is well for the students to bear 
in mind that time spent practicing with the team on 
the campus is as acceptable to ihe managers as gold. 
Every man should be willing to support the team in 
one of the above ways. All are ready to applaud 
victory or find fault if a game is lost, without stop- 
ping to think that the success of the team depends 
in part upon themselves. We all want a good team, 
so let every one do his duty. Many a man has dis- 
covered, much to his surprise, that he has the stuff 
in him for a foot-ball player after a little practice, 
and often proves to be a much better man than the 
one who is anxious to play at the outset. We want 
plenty of material in the practice games. Let every 
one who can assist do so with a will, and success 
will crown our united efforts. 


The Inspector General, U. S. Army, 
Washington, D. C. 

Sir: — I respectfully submit the following Report 
of the Annual Inspection of the Military Depart- 
ment of the Massachusetts Agricultural College, 
Amherst, Mass. 

The chair of Military Science and Tactics is still 
occupied by 1st Lieutenant W. M. Dickinson, 17th 
U. S. Infantry. The President of the college, hav- 
ing a thorough appreciation of the obligations rest- 
ing upon instructors of the coming generation, and 
having had a sound military education thrust upon 
him in face of our country's enemies, he is able to 
estimate more correctly the requirements and rights 
of the Military Department, than it is possible for 
those to do who are without this education. The 

consequence is that the lines are well drawn, and no 
doubts exist as to the rights and powers. The Mil- 
itary gives entire satisfaction to the Faculty, and 
finds his position thoroughly assured. 

The battalion is larger, and made the best appear- 
ance that I have seen it present since coming under 
my inspection five years ago. 

The battalion numbered 157 at one time during 
the annual course ; but at date of inspection it num- 
bered but 135. At inspection there were 129 pres- 
ent, and the six absentees were duly accounted for. 
All students are required to take the mihtaiy course 
and the requirements of the War Department are 
accepted in good faith, and there is little to criticise 
in the management of the department as conducted 
at this institution. 

The only hint given would be to extend the work 
in minor tactics to the utmost capabilities of the 
grounds belonging to the agricultural station. Prac- 
tical work of this kind might be commenced on in 
the late autumn or early winter, without injury to 
property aud with great advantage to the uuder stu- 
dents of the theoretical course of instruction given 
during the winter season. 

The record of the firing at target shows good 
results. Camping and practice marches have not 
been attempted, and unless some provisions can be 
made for a supply of canvas, either from the General 
or State Government, I do not think it can reason- 
ably be expected. 

In conclusion I wish to say that if the Military 
Department in all colleges in this inspection were in 
as satisfactory condition as that of the Massachus- 
etts State College, the United States might feel 
assured that the aid given institutions upon condi- 
tion that the student body should be instructed in 
military matters was appreciated. 

Very respectfully, 
(Signed) R. P. Hughes, 

Colonel, Inspector General. 
Springfield, Mass., June 8th, 1894. 

From the reports in other papers it seems that 
the system of self-government at Amherst is not 
proving a success, and may be soon done away with. 
Trouble has arisen between the faculty and the 
members of the college senate which is about to put 
an end to the latter. 


OUR Y. M. G. A. 

At the commencement of our college year, it may- 
be of interest to some to know what our Y. M. C. A. 
is doing for the students. This is the only organ- 
ized body of Christians in the college. 

Thus far the work accomplished has been very 
encouraging. Three Prayer Meetings and a Bible 
Class have been held, and a reception has been given 
to the incoming classes. The Membership com- 
mittee has canvassed the new students for the pur- 
pose of influencing them to join the Association. 
A handbook was given to each one taking the en- 
trance examinations, and in this way the student 
became acquainted with the Association before en- 
tering college. 

A well attended Prayer Meeting was held the day 
college opened. The time was well taken up, and 
the meeting proved to be very successful. The suc- 
ceeding meetings were well attended and wide 
awake, showing that the Association was still well 
supported. The Y, M. C. A. reception was held in 
New Chapel, Wednesday evening, Sept. 12, un- 
der the supervision of the various committees and we 
do not hesitate to call it a success. The entire College 
was invited to the reception and a large proportion 
of both students and instructors were present. 
Through this means the Y. M. C. A. is brought be- 
fore the student, and he is the more easily reached 
and drawn into Christian influences. 

The work for the present term will be the carry- 
ing on of two Prayer Meetings per week, viz : 
Thursday and Sunday evenings, also a Bible class, 
which will meet Sunday mornings at 9.30. Let all 
co-operate in this work and the object of the Y. M. 
C. A. will be accomplished. 

At a Faculty meeting held September 7th, it was 
voted that a student dropped into a succeeding class 
shall pass all examinations taken by that class 
whether or not he may have been examined in those 
subjects in the class from which he has been 
dropped and received a mark of 65 or more. 
C. S. Walker, 

Secretary of the Faculty. 


Commandant— Lieut. W. M. Dickinson, 17th In- 
fantry, U. S. A. 


Cadet 1st Lieut, and adjutant, 
E. H. Clark. 

Cadet 1st Lieut, and Quartermaster, 
T. P. Foley. 

Cadet 1st Lieut, and Fire Marshall, 
H. B. Read. 

Cadet 1st Lieut, and Asst. Inst, of Musketry, 
R. A. Cooley. 

Cadet 1st Lieut, and Asst. Inst, in Signalling;, 
W. L. Bemis. 


Cadet Sergeant Major, 

F. E. OeLuce. 

Cadet Quartermaster Sergeant, 

N. Shultis. 

Cadet Armorer, 

P. S. W. Fletcher. 

Cadet Color Sergeant, 

IT. W. Rawson. 

Cadet Color Corporal, 

J. E. Green, F. L. Clapp. 

Cadet 1st Lieut. Commanding the Band, 

W. C. Brown. 

Cadet 1st Sergeant and Leader of the Band, 

W. B. Harper. 

Cadet Drum Major, 

A. S. Kinney. 


Cadet Captain, 

" 1st Lieutenant, 

" 2d Lieutenant, 

" 1st Sergeant, 

" Sergeant, 

" Sergeant, 

" Corporal, 

" Corporal, 

" Corporal, 

H. A. Ballou 

S. P. Toole 

H. L. Frost 

P. A. Leamy 

H. C. Burrington 

H. T. Edwards 

J. L. Marshall 

C. A. Nutting 

G. R. Mansfield 



Cadet Captain, 

" 1st Lieutenant, 

" 2d Lieutenant, 

" 1st Sergeaut, 

" Sergeant, 

" Sergeant, 

" Corporal, 

" Corporal, 

" Corporal, 

company c. 

Cadet Captain, 

" 1st Lieutenant, 

" 2d Lieutenant, 

" 1st Sergeant, 

" Sergeant, 

" Sergeant, 

" Corporal, 

" Corporal, 

" Corporal, 


Cadet Captain, 

" 1st Lieutenant, 

" 2d Lieutenant, 

" 1st Sergeant, 

" Sergeant, 

" Sergeant, 

" Corporal, 

" Corporal, 

" Corporal, 

M. J. Sullivan 

C. W. Crehore 

C. B. Lane 

R. P. Nichols 

B. K. Jones 

M. E. Sellew 

S. Saito 

G. Tsuda 

C. A. King 

R. S. Jones 

W. L. Morse 

W. A. Root 

F. H. Reed 

W. L. Pentecost 

II. W. Moore 

A. M. Kramer 

I. C. Poole 

G. D. Leavens 

F. L. Warren 

H. S. Fairbanks 

G. A. Billings 

R. L. Hayward 

F. P. Washburn 

A. B. Shaw 

E. W. Poole 

S. Sastre 

J. M. Barry 


treasurer's report. 
Received from former Treasurer, 

" " taxes from students, 


Paid for new apparatus, 

repair of apparatus, 

postage and express, 


expense of Field Day, 

Balance on hand, Sept. 7, 1894, 

§ 5.42 

4. CO 



Respectfully submitted, 

R. S. Jones, Treasurer. 



A. M. 

8-00— Chapel, I 10-30 A. si., Church Sunday. 

8.30— Inspection of Rooms, Sat. I 11-30 a. m., Drill, M. T. Th. 

Senior. Junior. 

8-35 — Mathematics 

Chemistry, T. W. Th. 
Entomology, M. T. W. Th. 
915— Military Sci. F. 

Chemistry, T. W. Th. 
Entomology, M. T. W. Th. 

Chemistry, W. Th. F. 
11.15— English, \V. F. 
1 00— German. 
2.00— Botany, M. T. Th. F. 

3-00— Botany, M. T. Th. F. 

4-00 — Agriculture. 
5.00— Pol. Econ. 

8-15— Mathematics, M. T. VV. 

English, Th. F. 
9-15— French, M. T. W. Th. 

10-15— French, M. T. W. Th. 

11-15— Chemistry, W. F. 
2 00— Agriculture, M. T. Th. F. 
3-00— Chemistry, T. Th. 

Zoology T. W. Th. F. 

Chemistry M. 
Zoology T. W. Th. F. 

Chemistry, M. W. F. 

Chemistry, T. 
Mark Gard. \V. F. 

Mark. Gard. Th. 
English, M. T. 
Agriculture, M. T. Th. F. 


Book-keeping, M. W. 
Tactics, 1st Div. T. 
English Th. F. 
Latin, M. W. Th. F. 
Tactics, 2d Dlv. T. 
Mathematics, W. F. 
Mathematics, M. T. Th. 



Second Tear. 
Agriculture. M. Th. 
Chemistry, T. W. F. 
9-15— Gardening, M. T. W. 

Agriculture, F. 
10-15— Mathematics, M. W. Th. 

Gardening, T. 
11.15 -English, W. F. 
2.00— Zoology. 

First Year. 



Mathematics, M. W. Th. F. 
Tactics, T. 

English, M. T. Th. 
Drawing, M. T. Th. 
Drawing, M. T. Th. 

The acquaria which attracted the attention of so 
many World's Fair visitors, have been placed at 
the University of Illinois. 

An annual prize of $60 is to be given to the 
member of the Athletic Association at Dartmouth 
who stands highest in his studies. 

The first record we have of tennis is found in the 
Bible in the following words: "Joseph served into 
Pharoah's court and Israel returned out of Egypt.'' 




Perhaps it will renew pleasant memories in the 
minds of some of the Sapporo pioneer professors 
and possibly be of some interest to others if I write 
a few words about that unique bit of the world's 
scenery called the "Island Sea" of Japan. 

Leaving Yokohama by any of the large steam- 
ships of the several Eastern lines, we arrive at Koke 
the next day, having seen the island of "Osliima" 
smoking on the left a few hours out from Yokoha- 
ma and having caught several views of the white 
crown of sacred "Fuji" mountain looming above 
the hills and clouds far inland, on the right. Rest- 
ing at Kobe overnight we, early the next morning, 
cast loose from the long pier and are soon sailing 
on the waters of the "Inland Sea," which lies be- 
tween the main islaud of "Hondo" on the North 
and the two islands of "Shikokee" and "Rushiu" 
on the South. Primitive little fishing boats are 
scattered here and there, as we steam along the 
South shore of "Hondo" on smooth keel and with 
sky and sea in smiling mood. After a few hours 
we begin to get among the islands, which, with a 
foreground of water and a background of sea and 
sky, stand out conspiciously and with their under 
duplications seem to be resting upon their inverted 
selves. The eye is charmed by the pretty scene 
and the heart is glad at this lingering farewell view 
of dainty Japan. It is a picture of Nature's own 
painting and at this season, the closing of the year, 
she uses only sober autumnal colors. A smooth and 
shining sea spreads around and its surface is plowed 
into numerous furrows by our ship's inverted double 
mold-board plow. Now and then little breezes run 
across the spaces between the islands, stirring the 
ripples into action and calling to mind the breezy 
fantasy of the Japanese student who in his essay 
"Looked down from a high and lofty mountain peak 
upon a rippling windless lake." Now and then the 
sails of native fishing-boats singly or in schools 
break the monotony of the sea's smooth surface. 

The sky overhead and between the islands, with 
its pleasant cloud effects, adds much to the scene 
continually changing with our changing point of 
view as our ship sails on and on. The pretty is- 

lands are set in the scene in all ways and shapes 
conceivable. Here is one that we are passing near 
and a curious fishing junk with all sails up is sitting 
in the islands reflection and begging for a breeze. 
The island itself is an all but perfect volcanic cone. 
Snap ! go the shutters under the fingers of the cam- 
era-fiends and that island's other self will visit oth- 
er climes and be looked upon by other thau oriental 
eyes. Some of the islands so abundantly scattered 
about are bleak rocks, some have covered their 
bones with a meager yellow soil, some are jagged 
and irregular in outline, others are low and smooth. 
Some of the inlands are clothed with verdure. What 
a variety of tints they show against the blue and 
the gray of the sea and the blue and fleecy white 
of the sky and clouds. These floating gems take 
on a harmony of colors very restful and soothing to 
eyes weary with the monotonous white and black of 
the lecture page and examination paper. See ! 
there is a combination ; watch the changing colors, 
see the steel gray of those jutting rocks darkening 
under the shadow of a passing cloud ; see the chang- 
ing reds and browns of those other rocks, the yel- 
low soil, the faded green and brown of the old veg- 
etation, the dark somber greens of the pines. This 
is in autumn. I have looked upon this scene in 
spring when to all these colors was added the bright 
green of the growing barley planted on the terraces, 
made all up the sides of the islands even up to and 
over the topmost ridges wherever possibly available 
for tillage purposes. To complete the picture there 
lies in a protected cove the little fishing village. The 
thatched roofs, clay walls and occasionally white- 
washed sides of the humble fisher huts add yet oth- 
er tints to the various hues of the surrounding rocks 
and soil and herbage — all making such a picture of 
peace as once seen will go with one through life, be- 
coming, indeed, a part of one's life and being. 

Arthur A. Brigham, '78. 

For fifty years no smoker has graduated from 
Harvard with the honors of his class. 

The students of Wesleyan University now have a 
voice in the government of the institution. 

The Intercollegiate lawn tennis championship 
tournament will be held in New Haven on October 


— How dry I am ! 

— Subscribe for Aggie Life. 

— J. E. Green will not return to college this year. 

— The football team has been putting in some 
good practice. 

— Repairs were made in South College during the 
summer vacation. 

— King, C. A., Mansfield, Barry and Leavens 
have been appointed corporals. 

— The appearance of several buildings in the 
Botanical department have been greatly improved 
by a coat of paint. 

— The Young Men's Christian Association recep- 
tion to the new men was held in the Stone Chapel 
last Wednesday evening. 

— The Junior-Freshman base-ball game was won 
by the Juniors, score 15 to 2. Batteries : Read and 
Marshall '96, Canto and Capen '98. 

— An attempt is being made to give the Junior 
class an opportunity to study German this year 
preparatory to an advauced course next year. 

— The Freshman class has elected the following 
officers: President, H. R. Wolcott ; vice-president, 
S. W. Wiley; secretary, T. H. Charmbury ; treas- 
urer, W. S. Fisher; class captain, W. G. Kinsman; 
baseball captain, T. H. Charmbury; football cap- 
tain, George H. Wright. 

— The following are the officers of the Baseball 
Association for 1895: President, M. J. Sullivan; 
sec. and treas., P. A. Leamy ; directors, E. H. 
Clark and M. J. Sullivan '95, F. H. Read and P. 
A. Leamy '96; Chas. Goessmann '97; manager, 
Chas. W. Crehore ; captain, M. J. Sullivan. 

— The officers of the sophomore class are : Presi- 
dent, J. L. Bartlett ; vice-president, F. W. Barclay; 
secretary, G. R. Mansfield; treasurer, F.W.Colby; 
class captain, H. J. Armstrong ; football captain, 
F. W. Barclay; baseball captain, C. I. Goessmann; 
rope pull captain, F. C. Millard ; polo captain, A. 
M. Nowell. Directors of college associations ; 
Football, C.I. Goessmann ; baseball, C.I. Goessmann ; 
athletic, C.A.Norton; tennis, A. M. Nowell; 
polo, A. M. Nowell ; reading room, L. F. Clark. 

— Rifle practice began last Thursday. 

— Ballou, '95, has returned to college. 

— How do you like drilling just before dinner? 

— D. C.Potter, 95, has not yet returned to college. 

— Forestry has been added to the list of elective 

— The farm house is being moved to the vicinity 
of the new barn. 

— The favored members of the Senior class are 
to have signal drill. 

— F. H. Read, '96, with H. E. Clark as substi- 
tute, is to be mail carrier for the term. 

— Only by repeated watering have many of the 
trees about the college been kept alive this summer. 

— The Freshmen and First Year men have been 
measured for uniforms by Alfred Glynn of Amherst. 

— G. A. Billings, '95, is to occupy a room in col- 
lege this year. He has not yet returned owing to 
sickness of his brother. 

— The Senior-Sophomore game resulted in victory 
for the Seniors by a score of 14-2. Batteries: Read 
and Sullivan '95, Goessmann aud Barclay '97. 

— The Second year men have elected as officers : 
President, E. A. Bagg ; vice-president, F. E. 
Swcetser ; secretary and treasurer, A. E. Duttou ; 
class captain, F. E. Sweetser ; football captain, E. 
A. Bags;. 

— The officers of the First year men are : Presi- 
dent, J. A. Davis ; vice-president, F. C. Barrett ; 
secretary and treasurer, Henry Rowe ; class captain, 
L. E. Lincoln ; football captain, A. D. Gile ; base- 
ball captain, E. W. Capen ; sergeant-at-arms, R. P. 

— We are soon to enjoy electric lights in nearly 
all of the college buildings. North college and the 
Old Chapel have been wired and other buildings 
will be wired later. The electricity is to be fur- 
nished by the college plant which will be located in 
the basement of the new barn, where quite an elab- 
orate system is being arranged. A large engine is 
to furnish power for a dynamo which will generate 
electricity for the college at night, and for two 
motors during the day. One of these is to be located 
on the upper floor in the barn and will furnish power 
for silage cutters, etc., the other will be in the 


— Mrs. Kellogg is not taking boarders this year. 

— The Senior class in English is to have debating 
this year. 

— The battalion was divided into four companies 
at the second drill exercise of the term. 

— G. R. Mansfield, the newly elected leader of 
the Glee Club is endeavoring to increase the club to 
sixteen members. 

— A house is being built just south of Mr. Cana- 
van's by Mr. Wentzel. We understand that it is 
to be for the use of students. 

— Prof. Warner has fitted up the building known 
as the old creamery, to accommodate students and 
it now contains sixteen suites of rooms. 

— The Washington Irving Literary Society has or- 
ganized as follows : President, F. C. Tobey ; vice- 
president, W. L. Pentecost ; secretary, F. W. Bar- 
clay ; treasurer, H. W. Moore. 

— The Junior class has elected the following offi- 
cers : President, H. W. Rawson ; vice-president, 
F. P. Washburn; secretary, H. H. Roper; treas- 
urer, J. E. Green ; class captain, P. A. Leamy ; 
football captain, A. M. Kramer ; baseball captain, 
P. A. Learn}-; polo captain, J. L. Marshall; ser- 
geant-at-arms, R. P. Nichols. College association 
directors : Football, F. P. Washburne and J. L. 
Marshall ; baseball, P. A. Leamy and F. H. Read ; 
athletic, H. C. Burriugton and R. L. Hayward ; 
tennis, J. E. Green and H. T. Edwards ; polo, J. 
L. Marshall and H. W. Moore ; reading room, F. 
E. DcLuce and H. H. Roper. 

— The following are the officers of the Senior 
class as elected this term : President, A. F. Burgess ; 
vice-president, A. B. Smith ; secretary and treasur- 
er, H. B. Read; class captain, H. S. Fairbanks; 
foot-ball captain, H. D. Hemeuway ; base-ball cap- 
tain, C. L. Stevens ; athletic captain, S. P. Toole ; 
polo captain, H. L. Frost; historian, C. B. Lane. 
The class directors for the college organizations are 
as follows : Football, F. L. Warren and H. S. 
Fairbanks ; baseball, M. J. Sullivan and E. H. 
Clark ; athletic, S. P. Toole and R. S. Jones ; ten- 
nis, A. B. Smith and C. L. Stevens ; polo, C. W. 
Crehore and W. C. Brown ; reading room, D. C. 
Potter and W. A. Root. 



Charles Newcomb Baxter, 
Thomas Herbert Charrnbury, 
Clifford Gay Clark, 
Willis Sikes Fisher, 
George Caleb Hubbard, 
Willard Quincy Kinsman, 
Alexander Montgomery, Jr., 
John Peter Nickerson, 
George Harris Austin Thompson, 
Samuel William Wiley, 
Herbert Raymond Wolcott, 
George Henry Wright, 


Harvey Bobbins Atkins, 
Leon Rutherford Alexander, 
Frederick Eugene Barrett, 
Claude Addison Blair, 
Everett Eugene Braiuard, 

Ysidro Herrera Canto, 
Elwyn Winslow Capen, 
Robert Parker Coleman, 
Howard Scholes Courtney, 
Alfred Clifton Crook, 
John Alden Davis, 
Harry Porter Dickinson, 
Williams Eaton, 
Alfred Dewing Gile, 
Alfred Glynn, 
Ernest Eugene Kinsman, 
Leon Emery Lincoln, 
Lorenzo Manzanilla Moutore, 
George Walter Pasell, 
Percy Colton Roberts, 
Henry Simpson Rowe, 
Benjamin Steadman, 
Charles Ernest Tisdale, 





North Amherst 



West Harwich 




New York City 

North Amherst 

East Northfleld 




Cansahcal, Yucatan, Mexico 


West Pittsfield 


Portland, Maine 

East Longmeadow 


North Middleboro' 




Taun ton 

Merida, Yucatan, Mexico 

New Bedford 

North Amherst 

South Deerfleld 


North Amherst 

The annual mass meeting was held Sept. 10th. 
After the reading of the minutes of the previous 
meeting, reports from the various associations were 
read and accepted. 

The college button was then discussed, and after 
several remarks on the subject, W. L. Morse, '95, 
was instructed to procure a sample of the proposed 

Voted that each class in the Two Years' Course 
be represented by one director in each college asso- 

A. F. Burgess, Pres. 
H. B. Read, Sec. 


The long vacation is over and the college ma- 
chinery is once more in motion. You cannot 
imagine, unless you have, like ourselves, spent the 
summer months in Amherst, hew horribly dull and 
lonesome a college is when the fellows are away. 
A tomb-like silence hangs over the place, the tum- 
tum of the banjo is heard no more in the laud, 
neither is night made hideous by the harrowing 
straiusof "Sweet Marie" aud"The Cat Came Back." 
The only sign of life is the janitor, monarch of all 
that he surveys, going through the rooms and hall- 
ways "like a roaring lion seeking that which he 
may devour." In a few weeks, however, the men 
begin to wander back to Alma Mater's sheltering 
arms, the timid freshman is carefully guided hither- 
ward by ma or pa, who part from him with tears in 
their eyes, telling him to be sure and write often, 
and be careful and not catch cold. 

A good beginning makes a good ending. We all 
of us take a brotherly interest in the new courses 
and in order that they may make a good beginning 
we would give them a little friendly advice. In the 
first place my children, bear carefully in mind the 
homely old motto that "Little folks should be s-een 
and not heard." Remember always that upper 
classmen know more about everything than you do. 
Cultivate their society and treasure carefully the 
drops of wisdom that fall from their lips. Do not 
use a cane, you are old enough to walk alone. Do 
not try to smoke, you have attained your full 
growth and smoking will hurt your constitution. 
During your first term we would advise you not to 
go to "Hamp." If you must go do not saj' you 
have a cousin in Smith. Your veracity will be 
doubted. With regard to the professors we would 
ask you to abstain from giving them advice of any 
kind. Forget a few of the many things that you 
know and listen to what they have to say. Above 
all things cultivate a habit of laughing gracefully, 
and by laughing at their jokes you will win their 
everhisting esteem and respect. But to put all 
joking aside, remember that you are now sons of 
old Aggie, and it is your duty to uphold and per- 

petuate by every means in your power, the honored 
name and spotless reputation which has hitherto 
been hers. Above all bear in mind Squire Brown's 
advice to Tom "tell the truth, keep a brave and 
kind heart, and never listen to or say anything you 
wouldn't have your mother or sister hear." 


'73.— Dr. Geo. W. Mills of Medford, Mass., has 
been commissioned as surgeon with the rank of 
Major of the 1st Cavalry, M. V. M. 

'78. — Arthur A. Brigham formerly a professor at 
Sapporo, Japan, and who has recently been studj - - 
ing at Gottiuberg, Germany, will return to Marl- 
boro, Mass., in a few weeks. 

'86. — Chas. W. Clapp of Montague is now a 
civil engineer at Turners Falls. 

'86. — D. F. Carpenter has changed his address 
from 83 Irving Place, N. Y. city, to 129 Cumber- 
land St., Brooklyn. He is still teaching in the 
German American University of N. Y. city. 

'86.— Married, June 27, 1894, David F. Carpen- 
ter to Annie MacKlroy Tate of Windsor Locks, 

'87. — The Homestead of July 28, contains a picture 
of W. H. Caldwell, who was recently a professor 
of agriculture at the Fenn. State College, and also 
a sketch of his Clover Hill Farm at Peterboro, N. 
H. Mr. Caldwell's phenomena] success in dairy 
and live stock teaching and farming brought him 
so prominently before the country that on the 
death of Secretary Morton last May, the American 
Guernsey cattle club elected him secretary. The 
office of the club, also the secretary's home and ad- 
dress, is now at Peterboro, N. II. 

'88. — F. S. Cooley, assistant professor of agri- 
culture at the M. A. C, has taken upon himself 
the duties of an indulgent father. It is a little girl. 

'90. — F. J. Smith, who has been an assistant in 
the chemical department for four years, is taking 
the graduate course for the degree of M. S. 

'90. — W. E. Taft has left Rutland, Vt., and is now 
at Dedham. 

'90. — F. W. Mossman is taking a graduate course 
at M. A. C, for the degree of M. S. 



'90. — G. B. Siinonds' address is Fitchburg, Mass. 

'91. — E. P. Felt visited college last week. He 
is to return lor a while during the winter for post 
graduate work. 

'93. — Joseph Baker's present address is at West 
Thompson, Conn. 

'93. — H. D. Clark will return to the veterinary 
department of Magill University early in October. 


The addresses and occupations of the members 
of the class of Ninety-four, in so far as they have 
been received by the class secretary are given below. 
Other members of the class are requested to reply 
in time for publication in the nest issue. 

E. H. Alderman, Oakdale, Mass. Market gar- 
dener, in the employ of L. J. Shepard, ex-'94, pro- 
prietor of the "Nashua Garden." 

L. H. Bacon, Spencer, Mass. With J. E. Bacon 
& Co., shoe manufacturers. 

T. S. Bacon, 42 Washington St., Natick, Mass. 

L. M. Barker, Hanson, Mass. In Martin's Busi- 
ness College, 10G Main St., Brockton, Mass. 

A. H. Cutter, Box 28, Hiram, Maine. Purchas- 
ing Agent for Jackson & Wilcox, Faneuil Hall 
Market, Boston. 

E. T. Dickinson, Amherst, Mass. Student in 

H. J. Fowler, North Hadley, Mass. With J. C. 
Howe, manufacturer of broom tools. 

C. H. Higgins, Dover, Mass. After Oct 1, 
student at Veterinary department, Magill University, 
Montreal, Canada. 

S. F. Howard, Wilbraham, Mass. 

A. H. Kirklaud, Gypsy Moth department, Mai- 
den, Mass. Scientific investigator for the Gypsy 
Moth department, State Board of Agriculture. 

C. P. Lounsbury, Hatch Exp. Station, Amherst, 
Mass. Assistant in Entomological department, 
Hatch Exp. Station. 

L. Manley, Brockton, Mass. Farmer. 

G. H. Merwin, Westport, Conn. Farmer. After 
Dec. 1, address Greenfield Hill, Conn. 

R. F. Pomeroy, M. A. C, Botanic Dept., Am- 
herst, Mass. Florist, Botanic Dept., Mass. Agi'l 

H. P. Smead, Greenfield, Mass. Farmer. 

R. E. Smith, Amherst, Mass. Instructor in 
Botany and German, Mass. Agr'l College. 

C. H. Spaulding, East Lexington, Mass. Farmer. 

C. F. Walker, Amherst, Mass. After Sept. 26, 
Graduate Student in Chemistry, Yale University. 
Address 78 Lake Place, New Haven, Conn. 

C. F. Walker, Secretary. 

There lived a man in Mexico, 

Who all his life did battle 
To rightly spell such easy words 

As Nahuatlacatl. 

He wrote the names of all the towns, 

It took of ink a bottle, 
But conld not spell Tenochtitlan, 

Nor plain Tlacatecotl. 

He went to spelling school each day, 

And though a man of mettle, 
He could not conquer Topiltzin, 

Nor Huitzilopochetl. 

He dwelt sometime in Yucatan, 

And there at Tzompantilli, 
He learned to spell oue little word, 

'Twas Ziuhonolpilli. 

The joy of spelling just one word 

Did all his mind unsettle ; 
But, spelling still, he choked at last 

On Popocatepetl. 

— ToutKs Companion. 

We are indebted to the Delaware College Review 
for the following interesting clippings: 

The faculty of the Boston University has voted to 
allow work on the college paper to count as work in 
the regular course. 

It is said that the University of Chicago intends 
to publish a magazine similar to the Century, which 
will be a rival to that periodical. It is to be called 
the Lakeside Magazine. 

Of the §225 per year that is taken to educate each 
of the 200 Indians at the Lincoln Institute of Phila- 
delphia, the government pays $167, and the friends 
of the cause contribute the remainder. 



Dr. G-nnsaulus has been paid $50,000, his salary 
for five years in advance, by the Armour institute, 
to insure his residence at that place of learning. 

Captain Emmons of Harvard, for some time, has 
had fifty-two men in light training for next fall's 
foot-ball team. Captain Trenchard of Princeton 
has twenty men under him. 

The University of Michigan sends out a class of 
731 this year, the largest class ever graduated from 
an American College. 

The smallest and also the largest university in the 
world are both in Africa. The former has five stu- 
dents and twelve instructors. The other, in Cairo, 
Egypt, has 10,000 students. 

The students of the ninety-four universities of 
Europe number 41,814, while the three hundred and 
sixty universities of the United States contain less. 


The President will be at his office at the library from 
11 to 11-30 a. M. and 2 to 1 p. M. every clay except Saturday 
and Sunday. 

The treasurer will be at his office at the Botanic 
Museum from 4 to 5-30 v. m. on Wednesdays and on Sat- 
urdays from 3 to 5-30 v. m. 

The college library will be open for the drawing of 
books from 2 to 4 p. m. and from G-30 to 8 p. m. every 
day In the week except Saturday aud Sunday ; on Sat- 
urday from 8 a. m. to 12 m., from 1 to 4 p. m. and from 
6-30 to 8 p. M. ; on Sunday from 12 M. to 3 p. M, for 
reference only. 

Amherst College library will be open from 8-45 a. m. to 
6 p. m. and from 6-30 to 9-30 p. m. except on Sundays and 
the holidays. M. A. C. students may obtain the privi- 
lege of using this library by applying to Pres. Goodell. 

The Zoological Museum will be open to visitors from 4 
to 5 p. m. on Monday and Tuesday and from 3 to 4 p. m. 
every other day except Sunday. 

Mails are taken from the box in North College at 1.00 
p. m. and 8-00 p. m. week-days, and at 7.00 p. m. on Sun- 


■ Botanical Department, 


We would inform the friends of the college, and the 
public generally, that we are prepared to supply in lim- 
ited quantities, 


true to name, also 


all at the lowest price. 

For Trees, Plants, Shrubs, Flowers aud Small Fruits, address, 

Prof. S. T. Maynard, 



B. & H. and ROCHESTER, $1.00 UP. VERY HAND- 
SOME DUPLEX, $1.50, $2.00 and $2.50. 
For Fine Fruit, Confectionery and Fancy Biscuit go to 





[j^PThis space will be taken by the 
restaurant advt. of Daniels & Kellogg 
of Northampton. 




Pleasant St., Amherst. 

Photographic Studio. 

Society, Class and Group Work a Specialty 





I have the ammunetion to fit 
you with. On your way to the 
Post Office stop and look at my 
stock of 

Hats, Caps, Gloves, 





VOL. V. 


No. 2 


Published Fortnightly by the Students of the Mass. 
Agricultural College. 

Terms $1,00 per year, in advance. Single copies, 10c. 

Postage, outside United States and Canada, 25c. extra. 

Entered at the Post Office as second-class mail matter. 


C. B. LANE, '95, Editor-in-chief. 

W. L. MORSE, '95, Business Manager. 

T. P. FOLEY, '95, Exchange. 

F. C. TOBEY, '95, Alumni. 

R. A. COOLEY, '95, Local Items. 

I Notes and Comments. 
j Library Notes. 
P. A. LEAMY, '96, Athletics. 

E. L. HAYWARD, '96, 

H. H. ROPER, '96, j ,, 

J. L. BARTLETT, '97, \ LMerar y- 

Students and Alumni are requested to contribute. Communica- 
tions should be addressed Aggie Life, Amherst Mass. 

sv*«.N^t* %, ui*i*<i\s^ mym.*s. 


As was stated in the Commencement number of 
the Life, competition for positions on the Board the 
coming year begins this term. We call the atten- 
tion of the students to the matter again thinking they 
may have forgotten the fact. The Sophomore and 
Junior classes especially should set their brains to 
work at once, as two new men will be elected from 
each of these classes sometime during the last of 
March. One man will also be elected from the 
Freshman class. Several communications have al- 
ready been handed us which deserve credit. Let 
the good work go on. The M. A. C. has graduated 
men who have become noted editors, and any one 
who intends following this profession will find the 
work on the college paper to be a great aid in pre- 
paring for a newspaper career. But whether one 
expects to earn his living with his pen or not, it is 
very important for everyone to be able to write 

clear English and express himself in suitable lan- 
guage. Success often depends entirely upon one's 
ability to use the English language correctly. The 
day of the orator is fast going by and the press is 
already the true moulder of public opinion. 

The foot-ball season has opened very satisfac- 
torily to all. Our first game with Amherst demon- 
strated the fact very clearly that the training the 
team has received this fall is having its effect already, 
and as we took occasion to remark in our last issue, 
Captain Marsh is doing his work thoroughly. The 
college responded very generously to the call for 
financial aid when we stop to consider the success 
of our foot-ball and base-ball teams last year. 
Nothing succeeds like success, and if our foot-ball 
team wins a fair share of contests we have every 
reason to believe there will be sufficient money con- 
tributed to defray all expenses. We wish to say 
once more that every one who can should come out 
and practice and help the team in this way as much 
as possible. Don't wait for the captain to go all 
through college and call the roll, but look and see 
if you are down for practice. Notice also what 
time the team is going to be out for work, and 
come out promptly, work hard, and then you can 
say with a clear conscience, you have done your 
duty and that you are, in a certain sense, deserving 
of a share in the victory. 

While the electric lights are being put into the 
different buildings, it reminds us quite forcibly that 
it would be an excellent plan to have some put up 
outside for lighting the walks and grounds around 
the College. On approaching the College at night 
it presents a peculiar appearauce, to say the least, 
with all the windows shimmering with light and 
everything outside shrouded in darkness, made 
seemingly more intense by the light within. Also, 
during the winter, much inconvenience is experi- 



enced, especially on stormy nights, on the way to 
and from the different boarding-houses. Another 
phase of the lighting question : — at several of our 
more progressive schools and colleges the grounds 
are lighted with electricity so that those who have 
no other time to practice athletics and foot-ball can 
do so during the evening. Owing to the way in 
which recitations are arranged this term it would be 
a great deal more convenient for many if we had a 
similar arrangement here. While realizing that the 
first cost of illuminating the walks and grounds 
around the College would be considerable, the ulti- 
mate expense would be but little, and we hope 
that those who have the matter in charge, will give 
it careful consideration and at least make an effort 
to bring about this improvement. 

There has come to our notice one little matter 
which we know only needs to be mentioned to be 
remedied. Considerable complaint has been made 
by some of the students who do not play foot-ball 
at the way the water is wasted in the bath-rooms 
after practice, when the men are taking their rub- 
down. They say that the water is often left run- 
ning after all the men are through using it, thus 
cutting off the supply of warm water for several 
hours. It must be remembered that the accommo- 
dations for heating water are limited until the large 
boilers are in use. Every one concedes the right 
of the foot-ball men to use all the water they need, 
and we only suggest that they be a little more care- 
ful about this matter in the future. 

The following games have been arranged for the 
fall by Manager F. L. Warren : 

Sept. 27. Aggie vs. Amherst at Amherst. 
Sept. 29. Boston Univ. vs. Aggie at Amherst. 
Oct. 1. Mount Hermon vs. Aggie at Amherst. 
Oct. 6. Aggie vs. Trinity at Hartford. 
Oct. 13. Greenfield vs. Aggie at Amherst. 
Oct. 20. Aggie vs. Worcester Tech. at Worcester. 
Oct. 24. Worcester Tech. vs. Aggie at Amherst. 
Oct. 27. Open date. 

Nov. 3. Aggie vs. Williston at Easthampton. 
Nov. 9. Aggie vs. Springfield Training School at 
Manager Warren would like to arrange games 
for Oct. 27, and any day after Nov. 9th. 

[f#/s l*tfm$. 

Amherst 6 ; M. A. C, 0. 

Aggie opened the season of 1894 on Pratt Field 
Sept. 24 and was defeated by Amherst in a close 
and exciting game. Johnson made the first and on- 
ly touchdown of the game in three minutes after the 
start and Capt. Pratt kicked goal. 

During the remainder of the first half the ball was 
kept near the center of the field and both teams 
seemed to be very evenly matched, both sides hav- 
ing the ball repeatedly on fourth down. Marshall 
went around right end for 10 yds. and Crehore car- 
ried the ball through tackle and around end for 
splendid gains. For Amherst, Johnson gained the 
most ground in this half. Time was called with the 
ball on Aggie's territory near the 35 yd. line. 

The second half was characterized by good hard 
work by both elevens. Aggie keeping the ball on 
Amherst's ground almost wholly. Marshall gained 
20 yds. around end, Burringtou forced his way 
through tackle for 10 yds. Near Amherst's goal 
the ball was given to Amherst on a decision of the 
umpire, but they were unable to hold it and Aggie 
forced it a second time close to the line only to have 
it again given to Amherst on a similar decision. 

Near the 15 yd. line Aggie secured the ball on a 
fumble and Crehore made a fine gain through tackle 
and Washburne was sent through center and landed 
the pig skin within 1yd. of Amherst's goal line. Ag- 
gie was unable to make a touchdown and time was 
called on the third down with the ball within two 
yards of the line. 

Marsh, Crehore, Burringtou, Read, Marshall and 
Washburn did good work for Aggie, while Johnson 
and Deering carried off the honors for Amherst. 
The teams : 


M. A. C. 

Shaw r. e. 
Smith r. t. 
Read r. g. 
Ballou c. 
Burrington 1. g. 
Fairbanks 1. t. 
Harper 1. e. 
Capt. Marsh q. b. 
Crehore r. h. 
Marshall 1. h. 
Washburn f. b. 

Rosa r. e. 

Downey r. t. 

Cauthers r. g. 

Bishop c. 

M. N. Tyler 1. g. 

Fostick 1. 1. 

W. S. Tyler 1. e. 

Capt. H. L. Pratt q. b. 

Johnson 1. a. 

Hawes r. h. 

Deering f. b. 



Score Amherst, 6 ; Aggie 0. Touchdown — Johnson — ■ 
Goal H. L. Pratt. Referee — Morse, '95, for Aggie. Um- 
pire — H. E. Davis. — Linesmen — Barnes of Amherst. 
Time — two halves of 15 m. each. 

Aggie 16 ; Mt. Heemon 10. 

Hermon starts the ball, Marsh gets it on a fum- 
ble, and makes long gains around the end up to cen- 
tre of the field and loses it to Hermon, Crehore gets 
the ball on a fumble and makes a touchdown on a 
run of forty yards. Smith kicks goal. Hermon 
starts with the ball. Aggie gets it on twenty-yard 
line. Marshall makes a fine gain of fifteen yards 
around the end, and Crehore then makes ten yards 
through tackle and takes the ball the second time 
for another gain of fifteen yards. Warren goes 
around the end for a big gain, and Washburn makes 
one of his star plays through centre for a touch- 
down. Smith fails to kick goal. Hermon kicks off 
again, Crehore makes a catch and carries the ball 
down the field for twenty yards. Marshall then 
goes around the end for twenty yards, and Smith 
goes through tackle for a good gain. Aggie loses 
the ball on a fumble. McDongall takes the ball 
through centre for ten j-ards, ball goes to Aggie on 
a fumble. Crehore and Warren both make good 
gains through tackle, and Burrington goes through 
centre for a touchdown. Smith kicks goal. Her- 
mon kicks the ball off and gets it on a fumble, Her- 
mon works the ball up the field by big gains through 
centre, to within three yards of Aggie's goal line 
when time is called. Score 16 — 0. 

Second half. Hermon starts the ball, Marshall 
makes a catch and goes up the field for twenty-five 
yards. Aggie loses the ball on four downs. Smith 
immediately secures the ball again on a fumble and 
gains fifteen yards. Marshall then makes a brilliant 
play through tackle, but Hermon soon secures the 
ball on fourth down about centre of field. Hermon 
starts the ball around the end but a big gain is 
spoiled through a beautiful tackle by Shaw. 
McDougall, Stockwell and Lewis make repeated 
gains through centre and tackle, and Stockwell 
makes Hermon's first touchdown and kicks goal. 
Aggie kicks the ball off, McDougall returns the 
kick and Camp secures the ball outside the line near 
the centre of the field, and Hermon again bucks 
centre and tackle, rushing the ball down the field 
for a touchdown by Jefferson. Stockwell fails to 
kick goal. 

Aggie again starts the ball, McDougall gets it near 
the twenty-yard line and works it down the field for 
twenty yards. The ball goes to Aggie on an offside 
play by Hyde. Marshall now makes one of his star 
plays around right end, and Crehore goes around 
left end for fifteen yards. Hermon gets the ball on 
a fumble. Stockwell makes big gains through 
tackle, the ball again goes to Aggie on offside play. 
Hermon immediately gets the ball on a fumble, and 
McDougall goes around the end for thirty yards the 
ball again goes to Aggie on a fumble and time is 
called. Score 16 — 10. 


Warren 1. e. Robinson 1. e. 

Fairbanks 1. t. Bannell 1. t. 

Burrington 1. g. Chez 1. g. 

Ballou c. Webster c. 

Read r. g. Hyde r. g. 

Smith r. t. Camp r. t. 

Shaw r. e. Lewis r. e. 

Marsh capt. q. b. Fulton q. b. 

Crehore \ , , Pett & Jefferson 1 , , 

Marshall J n- Dl Stockwell / n ' 0m 

Washburn f . b. McDougall capt. f. b. 
The score, Aggie 16 ; Hermon 10. Time, two 20 minute 
halves. Referees, O. Connell for Hermon; E. H. Clark, 


The first meeting of the Natural History Society 
for this term was held Sept. 21, in the Zoological 
lecture room. Some radical and important changes 
were made in the work and policy of the society for 
the ensuing year. 

It was voted that the meetings of the society be 
held every other Friday evening at 7-30 o'clock, 
alternating with the W. I. L. S., and that they be 
given up wholly to lectures which are to be de- 
livered by members of the faculty and by outside 
lecturers. It was also noted that a tax of one dol- 
lar be levied upon all members. Such a tax seemed 
necessary that the society might secure five or six 
well known lecturers from the surrounding colleges. 
These lectures will be of great value to outsiders as 
well as scientists of the college, they are to be de- 
livered by men of renown, and should be attended 
by not only members of the society but by the 
whole college. Pres. Goodell and several of the 
professors have expressed an interest in the society 
and will assist in securing speakers. 



Prof. Stone and Prof. Lull were received into the 
society as honorary members. A field excursion 
was arranged that the members might visit Whateyl 
Glen. H. W. Rawson, '96, was elected to fill the 
office of secretary and treasurer, which was vacated 
by J. E. Green. 

Brown,W. C, 
Clark,E. H., 
Clark, H. E., 
Crehore,C. W., 
Dickinson, C. M., 
Foley, T. P., 
Hemeuway,H. D., 
Jones, J. H., 
Jones, R. S., 
Marsh, J., 



Morse, W. L., 
Potter, D. C. 
Read,H. B., 

Root,W. A., 
Sullivan,M. J., 
Smith, A. B., 
Stevens, C. L., 
Warren, F. L., 
White, E. A. 

Ballon, H. A., 
Bemis, W. L., 
Brown, W. C, 
Burgess, A. F., 
Clark, E. H., 
Cooley, R. A.., 
Dickinson, C. M., 
Fairbanks, H. S., 

Brown, W.C., 
Clark, E. H., 
Crehore, C. W., 
Hemenway, H. D. 
Marsh, J., 

Billings, G. A., 
Burgess, A. F., 
Clark, H. E., 
Crehore, C. W., 
Hemenway, H. D. 
Kuroda, S., 
Lane, C. B., 
Lewis, H. W., 

Ballou, H. A., 
Bemis, W. L., 

Billings, G. A., 


Foley, T. P., 
Frost, H. L., 
Jones, J. H., 
Lewis, H. W., 
Morse, W. L., 
Tobey, F. C, 
Warren, F. L., 
Smith, A. B. 


Read, H. B., 
Stevens, C. L., 
Toole, S. P., 
Root, W. A. 
Potter, D. C. 


Potter, D. C, 
Read,H. B., 
Root, W. A., 
Sullivan, M. J., 
, Stevens, C. L., 

Toole, S. P., 
White, E. A. 


Foley, T. P., 
Lane, C. B., 
Lewis, H. W., 

Burgess, A. F., 
Coolay, R. A., 

Billings, G. A., 
Fairbanks, H. S. 
Jones, J. H., 
Lane, C. B., 

Clark, H. E., 
Dickinson, C. M., 
Hemenway, H. D., 
Root, W. A., 

Fairbanks, H. S 
Jones, R. S., 
Kuroda, S, 

Jones, R. S., 

Ballou, H. A., 
Bemis, W. L., 
Burgess, A. F., 
Cooiey, R. A., 

Frost, H. L., 

Potter, D. C. 


Marsh, J. 
Potter, D. C, 
Warren, F. L. 


Sullivan, M. J. 
Toole, S. P., 
White, E. A. 


Morse, W. L., 
Smith, A, B. 


Kuroda, S. 


Frost, H. L., 
Lewis, H. W., 
Tobey, F. C. 


Tobey, F. C. 


During the month of July, the New England 
Farmer made a careful canvas of the '94 graduates 
of the New England Agricultural colleges, for the 
purpose of presenting to the young men of these 
states a careful estimate of the cost and the advan- 
tages of the courses offered in these institutions. 

The members of the class of '94 of the Massa- 
chusetts Agricultural College were the only ones to 
send in reports that were complete and satisfactory. 

Only a few returns were received from New 
Hampshire. These placed the average cost of the 
course at $1600, or $400 per year. It is believed, 
however, that these few replies do not fairly repre- 
sent the true average. 

Maine State College averaged about $1250, — 
$312 per year ; only a few replies were sent in from 
this state. 

Connecticut sent in quite a number of replies but 
the estimated cost of the course was uncertain and 



difficult to average. It was placed at about $900. 

Rhode Island averaged a trifle over $600. These 
returns could not have included personal expenses, 
but students of our college who are acquainted with 
both institutions say that the charge for rooms, 
laboratory, etc., are considerably less than at the 
M. A. C. 

The reports from the M. A. C. were numerous 
and satisfactory. The highest cost was placed at 
$1700 and the lowest at $900, the average expense 
for the four years was $1320. One young man 
earned $758, his expenses were $1258, this made 
an average cost of $125 per year. Another earned 
$500 and spent $900, making the average cost $100 
per year. 

These figures show that if the average fellow can 
see his way clear to obtain $150 from his parents or 
friends, he can obtain a first class scientific educa- 
tion. There are students in the college who are 
paying all their expeuses by working during vaca- 
tions as well as during term time but this is not 
advisable if the student can possibly borrow money. 


Aside from the question of expense refered to in 
the foregoing article, another point was brought out 
by the extracts of the letters published. Is it ad- 
visable for a young man who is obliged to work his 
way through college to borrow his money? 

Many of the students borrowed money, feeling 
that their time was better spent studying in the 
line of their chosen occupation than at manual 
labor. During the first and second year, and to a 
certain extent in the junior year, a student can, by 
carefully planning his work and making good use 
of his time, earn considerable towards his expenses. 
But in the senior year, when the electives are 
chosen and special lines of work taken up in prepa- 
tion for future work, it is folly for a man to allow 
manual labor to come in and interfere with his 

If a senior pays close attention to his studies and 
thoroughly masters that for which he has set out, 
he cau obtain a position at the end of the year that 
would otherwise be far beyond his grasp if he 
neglected his studies and spent his time in manual 
labor. This was the sentiment expressed in one of 
the letters to which we have referred. 


One of the letters written by a '94 man brought 
out the fact that our college is not advertised as it 
should be. The objection was once raised that 
there was not room for larger entering classes ; this 
was true at the time when '95 and '96 entered col- 
lege. The dormitories were crowded and it was 
difficult to secure rooms elsewhere. Now there are 
vacant rooms in these dormitories and buildings are 
being fitted up by private parties that will accom- 
modate all the possible overflow. 

Then why not advertise more extensively? The 
departments of the college are iu first-class working 
order, it has courses of study which are as good as in 
auy the country, elaborate plans have been made for 
the future and large sums of money expended, and 
it appears that all that is needed for the success and 
growth of the college in the future is a larger num- 
ber of students. Judicious advertising will bring 
them. It brought nearly one-half of the class of 
'95. Ask the '95 and '96 men what led them to 
select this college and many will reply, — the ad- 
vertisement in the county papers of Eighty Free 



During the past summer months, those who are 
accustomed to following up the events of interest 
which are discussed in our current newspapers and 
periodicals, have found much to occupy their atten- 
tion and to require their consideration. Almost 
every intelligent reader has been interested in 
watching the progress of Tariff Legislation, the 
various sporting events on land and sea, as well as 
many other subjects which have occupied our news- 
paper columns. But among all these there are none 
which so completely absorbed the public attention 
during the period when it was in progress as did the 
great strike of the American Railway Union men 
employed by the railway cooperations of the West. 
This strike although having its origin and center in 
the city of Chicago soon extended to a greater or 
less extent throughout the Western states and even 
to parts of the East. 

It is probable that during the years 1890-1891 the 



price of labor in the Unithed States attained a max- 
imum which will not be reached again for many 
years making it possible for employers to pay high 
prices for labor of all kinds, and to accede to almost 
any demands made upon them by the employed. 

But when these years of exceptional crops and 
easy money were followed by one of the greatest 
financial reverses the country has ever known, it 
was only natural that the employers should find it 
imperative to their interests to reduce wages and 
to cause the workingman to share a part of their 
losses. This proposed reduction of wages by the 
Pullman Palace Car Co. was, it is claimed, the first 
cause of the strike of the members of the American 
Railway Union throughout the greater part of the 
country, and of the many deeds of violence and 
bloodshed, which for two weeks afflicted the city of 
Chicago and many other points. There have been 
various opinions expressed in regard to the stand 
taken by the Pullman Co. in holding their ground, 
and refusing all offers of compromise, and, although 
it may be well maintained that the Pullman Co. was 
unnecessarily severe upon its employees, still it is 
unreasonable to claim that they were entirely in the 
wrong, or that the men, after having struck, had 
any right to demand arbitration. 

Whichever party may have been justified in the 
action which it took, it is certain that the result was 
one of the greatest and most complete industrial 
deadlocks the world has ever seen. At Chicago 
alone some 20,000 workmen of various occupations 
responded to the call of the trade conference, and 
filled the streets with an almost uncontrollable mob, 
which was capable of perpetrating almost any deed 
of violence and which Chicago, with her anarchist 
governor and her demagogue mayor, was for the 
time being powerless to subdue. For many days 
the entire country watched the conflict with undi- 
vided attention until the violence and unreasonable- 
ness of the strikers themselves turned the tide of 
public sentiment against them, and caused the calls 
of the Knights of Labor and other organizations, 
which were issued at that time, to fall entirely short 
of having their intended effect. 

It was thus that the great movement began to de- 
cline, although not without the movement of large 
bodies of troops and the issuing of various procla- 
mations by the Federal Government. However 

much confidence the public may have had from the 
start in the ultimate triumph of law and order, it 
was with a universal sigh of relief that they saw the 
power of President Debs and his colleagues on the 
wane, and the normal condition of things begin to 
reassert itself. 

In the indictment of these leaders of labor organ- 
izations which immediately followed the decline of 
the strike the law recognized the right of employees 
to quit work for the accomplishment of any object 
in view, provided such suspension of labor was not 
accompanied by acts of violence and that the lead- 
ers in such a movement did not transgress the au- 
thority placed in them by subordinates. 

In the case of the American Railway Union strike 
there can be no doubt but that these conditions were 
transgressed, and it is to be hoped that in the im- 
pending trials such steps will be taken as will reduce 
the chances of the nation ever having to undergo 
such another labor agitation as the one through 
whice it has just passed, and that in the near future 
laws will be established which will protect the co- 
operation, especially in railway circles, from unjust 
and causeless strikes on the part of its employees. 

As regards the position of the public it must be 
acknowledged that they, too, are entitled to every 
possible protection. So long as our great national 
thoroughfares must remain practically in the hands 
of private parties, let us see that they are compelled 
to be always at the public service and not allow the 
corporations and train hands to become involved in 
labor difficulties whenever some trivial cause pres- 
ents itself, while the public waits impatiently for 
transportation or for the receipt and delivery of 

Now that the great strike is over we may perhaps 
look back and wonder why men, who were so for- 
tunate as to be employed and earning money in a 
time of general depression while armies of men were 
without the means of supporting themselves, should 
leave work on so small a pretext and, after accom- 
plishing nothing, run the risk of having to remain 
permanently unemployed. Put let us lay the blame 
of all this upon those to whom it belongs. Not 
upon the misguided and illadvised workingman, but 
upon the leaders of the labor organizations, who, in 
hopes of personal aggrandizement, called upon them 
to leave work and brought upon them all the subse- 
quent difficulties, if not actual misery and want. 

F. P. W, 



— Now you are holding them boys ! 

— Target practice Saturday morning. 

— G. Day, '96, will not return to college. 

— Guns were issued to the freshmen Sept. 20. 

— T. P. Foley represents the New York Tribune. 

— Rope-pull to-day. Sophomores vs. freshmen. 

— Where was the B. U. foot-ball team last Satur- 

— A large engine has just been placed in the new 

— A. C. Birnie, ex-'97, has entered the Freshman 

— The W. I. L. S. is again in a flourishing con- 

— The junior class in German now has twenty 

— E. W. Poole, '96, has been promoted to color 

— E. A. Bagg won the 3rd prize in the bicycle 
race at Barre fair. 

— J. M. Barry, '97, is correspondent for the 
Boston Globe and Post. 

— The farm-house has finally reached its destina- 
tion east of the new barn. 

— Jasper Marsh, '95, and C. N. Baxter, '98, have 
been transfered to the band. 

— North college roomers are beginning to think 
that electricity is a slow element. 

— M. E. Sellew, '96, represents the Springfield 
Republican at the college this year. 

— R. D. Warden of Roxbury and Henry Holt of 
Amherst have entered the Freshman class. 

— The Sophomore class had their Mountain Day 
last Tuesday, visiting Mt. Holyoke and vicinity. 

— The Juniors will go to Boston to-morrow to 
visit the exhibition of the Mass. Horticultural 

— The class of '97 have elected their Index board 
as follows : Editor-in-chief, J. L. Bartlett ; business 
manager, John M. Barry ; artist, C. I. Goessmann ; 
editors, F. W. Barclay, J. R. Eddy, G. D. Leavens, 
G. R. Mansfield and C. A. Peters. 

— G. H. A. Thompson, E. W. Capen, L. E. Lin- 
coln and J. P. Nickerson have joined the Q. T. V. 

—A. F. Burgess '95, H. R. Wolcott, G. H. 
Wright, W. S.Fisher and H.Holt have joined the Phi 
Sigma Kappa Fraternity. 

— At a business meeting of the Y. M. C. A. held 
Sept. 27, — active and — associate members were 
voted into the association. 

— A. H. Kirklaud, of the Gypsy Moth Commis- 
sion, Maiden, Mass., has been in town on business 
connected with the Commission. 

— H. D. Hemenway, W. A. Root, and A. B. 
Cook, '95, and H. H. Coper, '96, have been absent 
for a few days to attend the Barre fair. 

— The members of the Natural History society 
made their annual visit to Wbately Glen, Sept. 22. 
President H. L. Frost headed the party. 

— H.F. Allen, J. W. Allen, H. S. Courtney, C. 
N. Baxter, L. R. Alexander and A. Montgomery 
have joined the College Shakespearean Club. 

— Foot-ball season opened Thursday, M. A. C. 
vs. Amherst, at Pratt Field. The team showed up 
well, and everything points to a successful season. 

— College exercises were suspended last Wednes- 
day to give the students an opportunity to attend 
the Fair given by the Hampshire Agricultural 

— At a class meeting of '96, A. S. Kinney was 
elected Treasurer in place of J. E. Green who has 
left college. S. W. Fletcher was also elected first 
tennis director. 

— At a meeting of directors of the Natural His- 
tory society held Sept. 21, it was voted to have a 
series of lectures by members of the faculty and 
others during the fall term. 

— The D. G. K. Fraternity has taken in the fol- 
lowing men, S. W. Wiley, W. G. Kinsman, J. A. 
Davis, Y. H. Canto, L. M. Montore, A. D. Gile,F. 
E. Barrett and G. W. Pasell. 

— The President has just placed in the Library a 
work by John Bartlett, the author of Bartlett's 
"Familiar Quotations." The book is entitled, "A 
Complete Concordance to Shakespeare," and repre- 
sents (he work of twenty years. It is a valuable 
book of reference and is an important addition to 
our library. 



— G. A. Billings, F. C. Tobey, H. D. Hemenway 
and T. P. Foley, acted as ushers at the marriage 
of H. D. Clark, '93, on Tuesday morning, Oct. 2, 
at the Secoud Congregational Church. 

— The senior class have elected the following 
committee to bring in a list of names for the various 
committees on Commencement : A. F. Burgess, 
Jasper Marsh, F. C. Tobey, H. L. Frost, and H. A. 

— The following are the amounts coutirbuted for 
the foot-ball team by the different classes : Senior, 
$100 ; Junior, $100 ; Sophomore, $55 ; Freshman, 
$15; First Year, $30 ; Second Year, $23 ; Total, 

— A gold medal has been offered as a prize, by a 
member of the class of '94, to be given to the cadet 
making the best showing with the rifle. The drill for 
said prize will take place, during the latter part of 
the Winter term, probably on March 14, 1895. 
Competent judges will be appointed to award the 

--The senior class is represented in the different 
departments of follows : 

Chemistry, 7. 
Botany, 9. 
Entomology, 7. 
Mathematics, 2. 
Electricity, 5. 

Political Economy, 18. 
German, 16. 
Agriculture, 15. 
Veterinary, 9. 
Horticulture, 7. 
Forestry, 2. 

— The Glee Club has organized and elected G.R. 
Mansfield, leader ; A. B. Smith, business manager ; 
1st tenors, G. D. Leavens, J. Powers, F. E. Bar- 
rett, J. A. Emrich ; 2d tenors, H. S. Courtney, G. 
H. A. Thompson, A. F. Burgess, E. A. White ; 1st 
bass, A. B. Smith, W. C. Brown, H. E. Clark, G. 
W. Pasell ; 2d bass,G. R. Mansfield, C. A. Norton, 
J. R. Eddy, L. F. Clark. The club will be under 
the insl ruction of Prof. Charmhury. 

— R. L. Bridgman,a graduate of Amherst college, 
a native of the town of Amherst, and the author of 
several articles relating to state government, pub- 
lished in the Neiu England Magazine for 1892, will 
deliver a course of six lectures, some time during 
the Spring term, before the division of the Senior 
class in Political Science. His subjects will relate 
to the actual workings of the Civil Government of 
our Commonwealth. Mr. Bridgmau has been for 

fifteen years government reporter for the daily press, 
of the proceedings of the State Legislature at Bos- 
ton and his experience in this position has afforded 
him excellent opportunity for observing many facts 
of great importance, in the development of our 
State institutions. Such topics as "Government by 
Commission," "The State House Lobby, "and "The 
Election of Speaker,'' will be fully discussed. Op- 
portunity will be given to all members of the college 
to attend these lectures, which cannot but be of 
great interest and value to all who may hear them. 

Y. M. C. A. TOPICS. 

Oct. 4. The Joy of Bringing Others to Christ. 
Luke 15: 1-10. W. A. Root. 

Oct. 7. Self Examination. I Cor. 11 : 28-29. 
I John 3 : 19-21 . H. J. Armstrong. 

Oct. 11. Christ's Example in Respect to Prayer. 
Matt. 26 : 37-44. John 17: 20-21. George Tsuda. 

Oct. 14. Am I hearing, obeying, following. Matt. 
4:18-22. C.F.Sherman. 


'77. — Mr. Chas. Brewer, whose address has been 
for sometime published by the Index as unknown, is 
now located as a farmer at Delaware Water Gap, 

'82. — Fred G. May sends the following change 
of occupation, from Cedar Knoll Farm to Supt. of 
Hook & Hastings Co., Kendall Green, Mass. 

'89. — "James Hutchins a graduate of the Agri- 
cultural College, a former resident of Amherst, but 
now located in Philadelphia, Penn., is visiting rela- 
tives in town." — The Amherst Record. 

'90. —Clinton E. Bliss of the firm of Bliss Bros., 
of Attleboro, Mass., died Aug. 24, 1894 of Con- 
sumption. Mr. Bliss was stationed for some time 
at Phoenix, Arizona, but was obliged to return to 
the East, and after a few months of sickness, 
passed away at the age of 25. 

'91. — W. W. Gay's present address is Haverford, 

'93. — H. D. Clark of Magill University was mar- 
ried on Oct. 2, to Miss Sophia Pierce of East St., 
Amherst. The wedding was held in the East St, 



church at 1 1-30 o'clock a. m., many relatives and 
friends being present. After the reception given at 
the home of the bride, Mr. and Mrs. Clark started 
for Montreal. 

'93. — H. C. Davis is in the wholesale feed and 
grain business at 155 Decatur St., Atlanta, Ga. 


C. L. Brown, Feeding Hills, Mass. Farmer. 

P. E. Davis, Belchertown, Mass. Canvasser for 
Middlesex County. 

I. C. Greene, 65 High St., Fitchburg, Mass. 

T. F. Keith, Fitchburg, Mass. 

A. H. Kirkland, scientific investigator of 
the gypsy moth commission, is at the College in 
consultation with Prof. Fernald concerning the 
gypsy moth. He is also preparing for publication 
the results of his experiments with the moth. 

f!ote$ &nd ^ommervtl. 

Fourteen Freshmen ! In former years a class as 
small as this might not have called forth any spec- 
ial comment; but coming at just this time we can 
but pause and look into the why and wherefore of 
the matter. At first thought one might attribute 
the falling off in members to the higher standard of 
examinations. If the number of First-Year men 
had increased there might have been some ground 
for the above supposition ; but it has not. If the 
"times" were prosperous, such an explanation might 
suffice ; but in the present business situation we 
should naturally expect that the raising of the 
standard of admission — and the unusual opportuni- 
ties offered to those of limited means would in- 
crease instead of decrease the attendance. Since 
we cannot attribute the decrease to either of the 
above mentioned causes, might we suggest that the 
College is not sufficiently well advertised. There 
are many otherwise well informed people who are 
hardly aware that such a college exists. We are at 
a disadvantage in that we are overshadowed some- 
what by an older and larger institution, and in eon- 
sequence we should increase our efforts to attract 
public attention and patronage. 

Eight here we would say that nothing will do 

more to bring a college into favorable notice than a 
strong and successful foot-ball team. However 
incongruous it may sound, the fact remains that, the 
public estimate of our colleges depends largely on 
the successes or failures in athletics. See how the 
names of Harvard, Yale, Princeton and other lead- 
ing colleges are kept before the public through 
their athletic contests. How often would the gen- 
eral public hear of them if they had no foot-ball 
teams, no base-ball nines, no boat crews. These 
organizations do more to advertise their respective 
colleges than all the authors and statesmen they 
have ever turned out. These statements apply to 
the larger institutions no more than they do to us. 
In view of these facts our eleven, and that means 
every man on the team, should do its level best to 
win in every game ; the student body should on all 
occasions give the team its unqualified support ; and 
above all, the Faculty should do nothing to destroy 
our chances of success. 


In memory of our brother, Clinton Edwin Bliss, who 
died in Attleborough, Aug. 24, '94. 

Whereas: It has been the will of our All- Wise Father 
to take to His sheltering care our dear brother, Clinton 
Edwin Bliss, and 

Whereas : We know of him qualities that won the re- 
spect and esteem of all. Therefore be it 

Resolved : That we, the members of Aleph Chapter of 
the D. G. K. Fraternity, do sincerely mourn his loss, and 
be it further 

Resolved : That we extend our heartfelt sympathy to 
his parents in their hour of bereavement, and be it further 

Resolved : That a copy of these resolutions be sent to 
the parents of our departed brother, and that copies also 
be placed on rile in the Fraternity records, and published 
in the Cycle and in the College publication. 

W. L. Morse, 1 For ft 

I. C. Poole, \ 

F. E. Sweetser, J Society. 

The wheels of college journalism start slowly. 

We welcome the Amherst Student to our table. 

Worcester Academy recently raised four hundred 
dollars in subscriptions to her athletic fund. The 
lists were passed around one morning after chapel, 
and in half an hour the amount was raised. Wor- 
cester has an enrollment of oue hundred and sixty- 
five students. — The Willtstonian. 




Therefore, while enjoying The Quill's weekly visit, 
if enjoyment it be, do not forget that, beside time and 
labor, there are a few items of expense connected with 
issuing such a paper which are to be met in part by 
the subscription price that readers of a college 
paper never forget to pay. 80 we would suggest 
that upon subscribing, you should look forward to 
the time, remote as it may be, when you will pay 
the little sum named in our subscription rates. — S. 
U. I. Quill. 

Attendance at the Sunday afternoon vesper ser- 
vice is no longer compulsory. This change will be 
hailed with delight by all believers in free church in 
our colleges. We are informed that the chief rea- 
son that the faculty unanimously abolished the old 
custom was to make the service more one of real 
worship than it has proved in recent years. It is 
hoped by the attraction of varied musical programs 
and the utmost freedom in seating, instead of the 
former plan of sitting by classes, that the voluntary 
service will be well attended and appreciated. As 
believers in the system of non-compulsory church 
we hope this service will be well maintained. In 
no better way can the value and efficiency of the 
free church system be demonstrated.— The Amherst 


The President will be at his office at the library from 
11 to 11-30 a. m. and 2 to i p. m. every day except Saturday 
and Sunday. 

The treasurer will be at his office at the Botanic 
Museum from 4 to 5-30 p. m. on "Wednesdays and on Sat- 
urdays from 3 to 5-30 p. m. 

The college library will be open for the drawing of 
books from 2 to 4 p. m. and from C-30 to 8 p. m. every 
day in the week except Saturday and Sunday ; on Sat- 
urday from 8 a. m. to 12 m., from 1 to 4 p. m. and from 
6-30 to 8 p. m. ; on Sunday from 12 m. to 3 p. m, for 
reference only. 

Amherst College library will be open from 8-45 a. m. to 
6 p. m. and from 6-30 to 9-30 p. m. except on Sundays and 
the holidays. M. A. C. students may obtain the privi- 
lege of using this library by applying to Pres. Goodell. 

Mails are taken from the box in North College at 1.00 
p. m. and 8.00 p. m. week-days, and at 7.00 p. m. on Sun- 


B. & H. and ROCHESTER, $1.00 UP. VERY HAND- 
SOME DUPLEX, $1.50, $2.00 AND $2.50. 
For Fine Eruit, Confectionery and Fancy Biscuit go to 

<>= G. COUCH & SON'S. 
M. N. SPEAPv, 





Dining Room flee Cream Parlors. 

^jp»Catering for Parties a Specialty. «^g 
36 Main Street, .... Northampton, Mass. 

cse&s. Sc Airstss, 


Pleasant St., Amherst. 

Photographic Studio. 

Society, Class and Group Work a Specialty 


A. J. [ 



I have the ammunition to fit 
you with. On your way to the 
Post Office stop and look at my 
stock of 

Hats, Caps, Gloves, 




VOL. V. 


No. 3 

Published Fortnightly by the Students of the Mass. 
Agricultural College. 

Terms $1,00 per year, in advance. Single copies, 10c. 

Postage, outside United States and Canada, 25c. extra. 

Entered at the Post Office as second-class mail matter. 


C. B. LANE, '98, Editor-in-chief. 

W. L. MORSE, '95, Business Manager. 

T. P. FOLEY, '95, Exchange. 

F. C. TOBEY, '95, Alumni. 

E. A. COOLEY, '95, Local Items. 

[ Notes and Comments. 
Library Notes. 
P. A. LEAMY, '96, Athletics. 
H. H. ROPER, '96, 

R. L. HAYWARD, '96, 

J. L. BARTLETT, '97, 

Literary . 

Students and Alumni are requested to contribute. Communica- 
tions should be addressed Aggie Lite, Amherst Mass. 

We publish in this issue an oration which was de- 
livered before the senior class last week by one of 
its members. The author is very energetic and full 
of his subject, and we hope that the readers of the 
Life will find it interesting. 

We are pleased to note the interest manifested 
by the students in tennis. The directors of the 
tennis association have arranged a series of games 
which are now being played off and it is gratifying 
to any lover of the game to see so much genuine in- 
terest exhibited. There are three excellent courts 
on the college grounds and another close at hand, 
and each student can avail himself of the opportu- 
nity to play at any time. Students : pay your ten- 
nis tax the first time you are asked for it, and the 
directors will call you gentlemen. 

We would suggest to the directors of the reading 
room association that it would be a good plan to 
have two or more of the leading daily newspapers 
bound and placed on file in the library. Such files 
would be of great aid to a student in search of 
material for an essay or a debate on some political 
or historical subject. In certain lines, newspapers 
are great educators and the files of some promi- 
nent daily paper would be much more valuable to 
the student than many books already in the library. 
Among the prominent dailies are The New York 
Tribune and The Springfield Republican ; the former 
would be valuable for general news and the latter 
for items of local interest. 

We have been repeatedly grieved to discover stu- 
dents among us who have but little interest in com- 
mon with the student body, — students, who ignore 
both their privileges and obligations. For instance, 
a student is asked to contribute to the foot-ball 
fund, and he replies that he has no interest in the 
game and that he cares nothing about the success 
of the eleven. This is an excuse that is hard to 
accept. Everyone should have an interest in the 
eleven, even if he is not a born athlete. For a 
student who expresses himself in this manner we 
have only commiseration, and it is not so much on 
account of any loss to the student body, but we 
feel that the student who has such a limited sympa- 
thy is losing the best things in college life. Such 
a student cuts himself off from that feeliug of fra- 
ternity which most of us hold so dear. He has none 
of those memories of college life to bring to him in 
after years. On the other hand, pleasant thoughts 
of college days, to a man of advanced years, who 
has availed himself of his opportunities ; who has 
been active in athletic sports as well as in his stud- 
ies, — to him, who has enjoyed genuine fraternal 
communion, there comes many charming memories. 



Are you making the most of your college life? If 
so, you are helping to support the college organiza- 
tions, and have an interest in the success of the 
college as a whole. 

A determined movement is on foot among all 
classes in New York for the overthrow of the or- 
ganization known as Tammany Hall. The move- 
ment is attracting attention all over the country and 
seems to include high and low, rich and poor in its 
ranks. Such a general movement, arising as it 
does, from a pressing need ; arising from a general 
indignation and sense of wrong, is almost sure to 
succeed. The organization against which these ef- 
forts are being directed, has had charge of the City 
government for many years and has made several 
fortunes for its members through its extensive sys- 
tem of bribery and corruption. It has, this year, 
however, alarmed by the evidences of a general up- 
rising, nominated a man for Mayor, who is a highly 
respected and popular citizen. This move, made 
under the exigencies of the moment, is obvious to 
all and will probably have little weight with the 
now thoroughly roused voters of the city. There 
have been numerous agents which have assisted in 
bringing about this revolt. Next after the uninter- 
rupted and determined attacks which are being con- 
stantly made through the columns of the great daily 
newspapers, stands the concentrated work of Dr. 
Parkhurst. But "Eternal vigilance is the price of 
Liberty," and this movement will fail in its object 
if it is not followed up and continued every year at 
the polls. Such organizations as Tammany Hall 
may be found in all of the large cities and are hard 
to kill out. The temptations are so great, and un- 
der the present municipal system, the opportunities 
are so many for corruption and bribery that when 
once such a "ring" obtains control it will be diffi- 
cult to entirely destroy it. Nevertheless, the 
country, will watch with interest, the coming strug- 
gle between Tammany, with its vast wealth and its 
myriads of followers, firmly established in all de- 
partments of the city government on the one hand ; 
and the combined forces of the best elements of all 
political parties on the other. 

f^s I"tfm$. 

Judging from a lengthy editorial in the Bruno- 
nian we take it that Brown has re-established the 
system of compulsory chapel. 


The morning of Thursday, Oct. 4 broke with a 
stormy sky over head and inches of mud underfoot. 
When, at the instance of the "alarm squad," our 
men turned out, it was still raining, and the pros- 
pects for a pleasant start off, at least, were any- 
thing but favorable. 

After a hasty breakfast all were on the road to 
the station in due time to take the 6.09 train and 
when it drew into Amherst about thirty men were 
waiting to get aboard. As the train rumbled along 
many anxious glances were cast expectantly from 
the car windows searching the sky for signs of 
fair weather. We were finally rewarded with a 
glimpse of blue sky, and, when after making the 
necessary changes at Oakdale andClinton, we arrived 
at Fitchburg it was practically a fair clay, although 
distinct traces of the storm could still be seen. 

Leaving the train we were obliged to wait several 
minutes for the barge, which at last appeared, and 
we were then soon on the road to Dr. Fisher's well 
known farm. Here we were greeted by the Doctor 
himself, a typical New Englander, shrewd, but 
genial and pieasaut. The vineyard, which is one 
of the best in the country, was first examined. We 
fear this had lost much of its interest for some 
of the party, as nearly all of the fruit had been 
stored in the cellar some days before. When we 
had made the rounds of the place, taking in the cold- 
storage building, fruit cellar aud orchard, we again 
entered the barge and soon found ourselves at Mr. 
G. B. Andrews' Pearl Hill Farm. Here we were 
heartily received by the genial proprietor, who at 
ouce conducted us to his vineyard and orchard, 
where we found much of interest to occupy our at- 
tention for several minutes, Barrels of apples and 
tons of grapes loaded the trees ami vines, waiting 
to be picked. It was with feelings almost too 
full for utterance that we finally were obliged to 
leave this delightful place. With a parting '96 yell 
for Mr. Andrews we turned our faces back toward 
the city which was reached in due time without more 
of general interest occurring. 

After waiting here nearly an hour, during which 
time various excursions about the city were en- 



joyed, we took the train for Boston, arriving there 
at about half-past three. We were at once con- 
ducted to Horticultural Hall where the annual fall 
exhibit of fruits and vegetables was in progress. 
For the remainder of the afternoon we lingered 
here, examining the various articles on exhibition. 
One exhibit of more than passing interest was some 
of the splendid Pearl Hill grapes of which we still 
cherished tender memories and which was one of the 
first things to catch the eye in the upper hall. Hav- 
ing seen all there was to see, at five o'clock our 
party broke up for the night. Of the many and va- 
ried experiences which befell our number that even- 
ing it would require a volume as large as a Web- 
ster's Dictionary to relate. In our limited space 
we can make only passing mention of it. When we 
all again met in Union station at nine o'clock next 
morning many were the tales of thrilling adventure, 
midnight wanderings and escapades, more strange 
and wonderful than patent medicine advertisements. 

Taking the train for Arlington we were soon 
landed there, in the town of market gardens, the 
native place of Rawson, our popular Class Presi- 
dent. We were met at the station by W. W. Raw- 
son, famous as a market gardener, seedsman and 
breeder of Medium Yorkshires, who conveyed us to 
his place where we at once began the examination 
of the many interesting things to be seen there. 

We regret that our limited space forbids a de- 
scription of the many valuable object lessons there 
coming to our attention, of the acres of crops, im- 
mense green-houses and the live-stock show, always 
open to examination. Enough to say that here we 
saw the practical workings of a great and growing 
business, a living example of what can be done and 
in which none could fail to be interested i or benefited. 

At about half-past eleven we were conducted in- 
to the house where we found a bountiful collation 
awaiting us. Of this every one partook with man- 
ifold pleasure. When the time arrived it fell to the 
lot of Mr. Leamy to thank our host for the courtesy 
shown us, which he did in his usual easy and 
graceful manner. 

Mr. Rawson acknowledged the thanks in a few 
well chosen and pleasant words. Professor May- 
nard was then called for and responded in a few 
appropriate remarks. He was followed by Messrs. 
Greene, Kinney, Reed and Pentecost, the latter re- 

sponding to the toast of "The Ladies." Limited 
time put an end to the speech-making and we again 
embarked, with feelings of regret, once more to re- 
sume our journey. 

With many cheers for Mr. Rawson we left Arling- 
ton behind, making our way to South Natick 
by a somewhat long and tedious road, the ride 
however, being enlivened by many songs and jests. 
Wellesley College was at length reached. With 
something of a feeling of awe we drove through the 
beautiful grounds, preserving for the first time since 
our journey began, a deep and solemn silence, 

Going a little way farther on we came to the 
place of Mr. Hunnewell. Any description of the 
magnificent grounds here which might be given in 
the limits of this article would be entirely inade- 
quate, so we let it pass. We must, however, say 
that it can hardly be possible for any one to go 
through these grounds without having his apprecia- 
tion and love of the beautiful increased and 

The Waban Conservatories were the next and 
last place on our route. We much regretted the 
short time we had to spend there being enabled to 
take only a cursory glance at the main points of in- 
terest. Mr. Montgomery the affable superintendent, 
did all in his power to render our short stay there 
pleasant and profitable, for which courtesy we were 
truly grateful. 

With parting cheers we left the great rose-houses, 
reaching Natick just in time to see our train going 
off without us. Alighting from the barge the class 
was disbanded until we should meet again Monday 
morning, ready to take up work with renewed zest, 
feeling that our time and money had been well 
spent in a profitable investment. Nothing occurred 
to mar the pleasure of the outing. To our Commit- 
tee of Arrangements is due much credit for the ad- 
mirable manner in which we were conveyed from 
one place to another ; while to Professor Maynard 
we all owe many thanks for his kind interest and 
help which went a long way in making the "Junior 
Trip" an event ever to be recalled with pleasure by 
every '96 man. 

The Phoenixian and the Earlhamite have com- 
bined and will hereafter be issued as the Earlha- 
mite. We wish the combined Boards every success. 



Aggie, 10 ; Wesletan, 0. 

The home team weut to Middletown, Conn., Oct. 
12, and defeated the Wesleyan college eleven in 
one of the most exciting contests in the history of 
foot-ball of the M. A. C. Aggie out-played her 
opponents at every point and in spite of the fact 
that the Wesleyan men were much heavier than 
ours the}' were unable to force our line, which stood 
at critical times like a solid wall. 

Aggie's ball, and Smith kicked it down the field 
for 30 yds. Wesley an's ball and Young and Ber- 
rien gained through Aggie's center, Wesleyan lost 
the ball on a fumble by Allen, and Marshall scored 
the first touchdown in three minutes after play be- 
gan by a beautiful run of 35 yds. Smith failed at 

Wilson kicked the ball toward Aggie's goal for 
25 yds., and secured it shortly after on fourth down. 
Warren and Harper did some fine tackling for 
Aggie at this stage of the game and Alexander did 
very clever work for Wesleyan. Ball went to Aggie 
on fourth down, and Washburn was sent through 
center for 20 yds. Crehore in attempting to go 
through tackles fumbled the ball and Warren re- 
covered it and by a beautiful sprint of 40 yds. was 
able to make the second and last touchdown of the 
game. Smith kicked goal. 

Wilson kicked the ball 15 yds. Marsh carried it 
back 7 yds., but the ball went to Wesleyan directly 
ou fourth clown, Wesleyan fumbles, and Aggie se- 
cures the ball only to lose it again on fourth down. 
Wesleyan hammered Aggie's center for small gains, 
but lost the ball on a fumble. Marsh went round 
end for 10 yds, Marshall made 5 yds. through 
tackle, Marsh 20 yds. around end, Marshall shot 
through center for 7 yds , Warren gained 12 yds. 
round end, Smith 7 yds. through tackle, Washburn 
smashed through center for 5 yds. Marshall 
through the same place for a similar gain, Burling- 
ton, without any interference in front of him, gained 
6 yds. through tackle, Warren and Marsh gained 8 
and 10 yds. respectively around end. Here the ball 
weut to Wesleyan on fourth down and Wilson 
punted it down the field for 50 yds. and Washburn 
only recovered it within 5 yds. of Aggie's goal line. 
By gains through tackle and around the ends the 

ball was brought near the center of the field when 
time was called. Score, 10-0. 

Second half began by Wilson kicking the ball 
within 5 yds. of Aggie's goal. Washburn brought 
it down the field for 20 yds. Here Washburn's 
knee was hurt but he pluckily refused to retire and 
finished the game in spite of his injuries. Young 
received injuries also and retired in favor of Ander- 
son. During this half Wesleyan had the ball within 
5 yds. of Aggie's goal but could not score. Fine 
tackling by Burrington, Harper and Holley pre- 
vented a touchdown. Wesleyan repeatedly formed 
a V but could not force the ball over the line, and 
lost it again and again on fourth down within 5 yds. 
of the line. The team as a whole did themselves 
credit, but the work of Crehore, Marsh, Washburn, 
Harper and Eddy deserves special mention. The 
line-up was as follows : 
























Pomeroy, Capt. 









Young, Anderson 




Score — Aggie, 10; Wesleyan, 0; Touchdowns, Marshall, 
Warren. Time : two twenty minute halves. Referee, 
Morse of Aggie. Umpire, Kent Hubbard of Trinity. 

Trinity, 10; Aggie, 0. 
The Aggie foot-ball team weut to Hartford Oct. 
5th, and was defeated for a second time this season 
in an uninteresting and lifeless game. Several of 
the Aggie players had been away from college for 
several days and were out of practice and did not 
put up their usual game. Most of Trinity's gains 
were around end ; they seemed unable to make any 
gain through Aggie's liue. Washburn, Marsh, 
Ballou, Burrington and Crehore did good work for 
Aggie, while Dingwall excelled for Trinity. The 
line up was as follows : 

Trinity. Positions. Aggie. 

McCook, left-end-right, Toole 

Buell, "left-tackle-right, Smith 

A. Laugford, left-guard-right, Lull 

Reilaud, center, Ballou 



Penrose, right-guard-left, Burriugton 

Merwin, right-tackle-left, Fairbanks 

Strawbridge (capt.) right-end-left, Warren 

Coggeshell, quarter, Marsh (capt.) 

Dingwall, right-half-left, Marshall 

Coggeshell, left-half-right, Crehore 

W. Langford, full, Washburn 

The score — Trinity, 10; Aggie, 0. Time — two twenty 
minute halves. Referee— Allen of Yale. Umpire — 



In this "age of science," as the nineteenth cen- 
tury is so popularly called, many persons especially 
the students of science are led to believe that there 
is an antagonism between religion and science ; and, 
indeed, some have gone so far as to state that, 
sooner or later (in the future), probably during the 
next century, science in its development will surely 
supplant religion, when man shall lift up his head 
to exclaim, in admiration of himself, there is no 
nobler, no greater being in the universe than man ; 
he liveth in the universe and understandeth all the 
laws of nature ! Howbeit, I am far from believing 
such a sweeping statement as this ; but on the con- 
trary, I bold the opinion that the more science de- 
velops the greater becomes the need of religion in 
the world. 

It is a perfectly natural and proper exercise of 
our imagination and reasoning thus to look forward 
and to ask ourselves what man will be, and what 
will be his habits and modes of life when years and 
even centuries shall have brought their influences 
and their changes over him. We are justified in 
reaching the answer to such an inquiry only by sur- 
veying the past and by making a comparison of it 
with the present, as the view forward is but the 
counterpart of the view backward — the prospect of 
the retrospect. The comparison of a man in 1894 
with a man in 1794 will sufficiently establish the 
truth that since the beginning of history man has 
changed from age to age, and his habits and modes 
of life have changed with him. It may have been 
true at some period that there was a reverse of type 
or retrogression, if you are smart enough to trace 
back the history to its remotest point when man was 
yet in primitive form, — you recall here the state- 
ment of some scientists that "We are the sons of a 
skeptic which was the son of a monkey, which was 
the son of an oyster, which was the son of Monar, 
which was the son of mud !" 

Let the last remark stand as it is, although we 
are told by Moses that God had created Man in his 
own image. But let us set the varied and the im- 

portant inventions and improvements that these one 
hundred years have brought, railroads, steamboats, 
telegraphs, telephones, electric lights, photographs, 
and mauy more. We shall find improvements in 
everything, improvements in all sorts of machinery ; 
improvements in medicine and surgery ; improve- 
ments in education ; improvements in religion, even. 

If we cau find no reason to doubt that there have 
always been changes toward a higher and better 
condition of things, (and that the prospect of the 
retrospect continues the rule of proportion ever 
more), then we see the tremendous import of the 
question, what will the comiDg man be, or do, or 

Can you imagine what wonderful inventions there 
will be during the next one hundred years to cor- 
respond to those that during this century have al- 
most revolutionized our surroundings? I admit, we 
have some ideas oi these inventions since we heard 
Prof. Warner speak on electric contrivances which 
he foresees to be possible iu the near future, such 
as the electric-coat for an Arctic explorer who shall 
be kept constantly warm without any clothing by 
this contrivance ; the air-ship to run a race with the 
sun ; the sub-marine boat to protect the passengers 
from the rough surface of the sea ; and the con- 
struction of castles in the air suspended by the 
magnetic forces. Thanks to science to which we 
owe our knowledge of the different laws of the uni- 
verse that enable us to construct such imaginary 
pictures, and thanks to Aggie where we get such 
wonderful knowledge. Would it be worth our while 
to ask, who of you will be the Pasteur, the Joule, 
the Darwin, the Fulton, the Morse, the Edison, the 
Hertige of the next century, and what truths and 
inventions they will evolve? 

But it is important to note that all these changes 
have been caused by what we call collectively, 
science. This century, beyond all others, has wit- 
nessed the growth and the triumphs of science ; aud 
we may, with reason, predict that this growth and 
these triumphs will continue and that they will ac- 
celerate in power as well. 

Therefore, it is pertinent to inquire what is the 
attitude of science toward any phase of man's life 
which may be under consideration. In my mind, 
the thoughts of religion are uppermost and we shall 
consider to-day what bearing science will have upon 
religion, and what will the final result be when the 
years shall have passed, and when, if ever, the 
present conflict between religion and science shall 
have ended. 

Before we enter upon further discussion, let us 
have iu our minds clearly an understanding of what 
is science and what is religion. Now, what is 
science? It has been defined, "Science is but 
another name for accurate, systematic and compre- 
hensive knowledge of things." What is religion? 



For this, the following definition is given : "It in- 
volves a knowledge of God, and of our relations to 
Him, and of the duties growing out of those rela- 
tions ; or, it is a recognition of, and allegiance in 
manner of life to some superhuman power." Another 
has said, "Religion is the knowledge, the worship, 
the love of God, with obedience to and trust in 
Him." Then science is mainly intellectual, while 
religion concerns the whole man. The former seek9 
only for truth, it reduces principles to law which is 
its final end, while the latter seeks to know what is 
man's relation to the Creator of all laws which 
science exposes from the hidden universe, that he 
may adore, worship and obey Him. 

Now in considering the bearing of science and 
religion, there seems to be a very remarkable differ- 
ence, almost an antagonism between them. Religion 
puts great stress upon faith, and, in fact, it is often 
called faith. Listen to the words of the Master, 
"Only believe," "All things are possible to him 
that believeth," and so on. But, on the other hand, 
science avows that it is slow to believe ; it seeks 
for evidence of things, rejecting mere authority, 
tries them, experiments with them ; it becomes 
skeptical and even antagonistic preferring a sus- 
pense of judgment, so as to reach the true laws of 
nature, nothing but the truth. It tells us not to be- 
lieve anything if we can help it. Such is the prime 
difference between religion and science, which, 
at the first sight, seems to render it impossible to 
unite the two in working out the common end of 
human destiny, that is, the perfect development of 
our spiritual and mental powers which Almighty 
God has created in us. However, we shall believe 
with Prof. Drummond that "The effect of the intro- 
duction of law among the scattered phenomena of 
Dature has simply been to make science to transform 
knowledge into eternal truth," which, in turn, aids 
in crystallizing, as it were, religion in all of its 
beauty and nobleness. 

Did you ever stop to think what an amount of 
faith is involved in accepting some well-believed 
scientific truths ? Take, for instance, the distance 
from here to the sun, or the velocity of light, why 
do you believe these? What an amount of faith 
must a Freshman have to enable him to believe that 
this earth was once in a melted, or even vaporous 
condition as stated by Prof. Cooley ; or that all 
space is filled with the wonderful tenuous but solid 
ether, bearer of light, heat and energy to the earth ; 
or that the smallest particle of matter visible in a 
microscope, (say, a cube, the one hundred thou- 
sandth of an inch on a side) contains millions on 
millions of molecules each one in continuous and 
rapid motion ? From these considerations, we can 
claim that science requires just as much faith as 
does religion, if not more. It seems to me science 
is nothing more than a mere handmaid of religion 

in reaching that great object of their mission that I 
stated before. Then let us see in what respects 
does science impinge upon religion. 

There are three points in which science touches 
religion, namely, (1) as to man ; (2) God through 
nature ; (3) the Bible. 

Now it cannot be denied that to all of these, col- 
lectively, science so called has in recent years added 
much and most important light. 

First, as to man. The origin of man and the 
time he has existed on the earth have been seriously 
studied by some scientific men with life-long atten- 
tion ; but these we need not mention here. New 
discovery of facts and fossils may solve the ques- 
tion in the future ; even the "missing link " may in 
some future time be found and fitted to its place in 
the chain of evidence. Man as he appears in 
history, man as an animal, man as to his spiritual 
nature, man as asocial being, and man as a religious 
being has in every relation been scrutinized as never 
before. I wish I had time to dwell upon each of 
these topics, because they are of great importance 
in considering the relation of religion to man. 

Second, as to God. We must here admit that 
we can know God only through his works in nature. 
Here science has achieved its greatest triumphs and 
wrought its most important changes. Call over the 
list of most prominent sciences, and see how each 
has advanced, and especially note how this advance 
affects, in the way we have noted, the religou9 idea. 

Take astronomy. See how wonderfully it has 
progressed aud how all its progress gives us new 
ideas as to the boundless immensity in space and 
in time of God's universe, the exact and wonderful 
action of all its laws, and the utter insignificance of 
this little earth and all that dwell therein. What 
different idea of God must he have who thinks this 
world the center of the universe, and the sun but a 
special contrivance for heating it, and the stars but 
glittering ornaments to the evening sky, from that 
which the modern astronomer has who counts his 
millions of worlds, to each of which this earth is as 
a grain of sand to the mountains ! 

So, too, with geology. What revelations has it 
made of the earth's past history ; and how different 
are our views not odIv of the earth — its age, its 
origin, its growth, and history, but also of its Great 
Creator himself, as we peruse these rocky pages 
that tell the wonderful story ! 

Take chemistry, or physics, or even meteorology, 
and learn how law and order reign everywhere, the 
same causes always producing the same effects, so 
that man is able to predict and to explain, as he calls 
it, the various phenomena of the material universe ; 
and do you not at once see the bearing of this upon 
our idea of God and thus upon our religion? 

Our devout ancestors attributed all that they could 
not understand— as thunder and lightning, comets, 



diseases, earthquakes and the like — to the direct 
personal agency of God, and to many of them, the 
ordinary occurrences of life, the rising sun, the 
recurring seasons, the rain, the movements of the 
heavenly bodies, were likewise the results of special 
and immediate and ever-renewed exertion of his 
power. The scientist sees here only the operation 
under the regular laws of forces, agencies and 
energies — due, of course, to the great First Cause, 
but working out their natural results. 

As to the last point of contact of science with 
religion, namely, in respect to the Bible. I will 
pass it with but a word 01 two, not because it is of 
less importance, but because I can not give it the 
consideration its importance deserves. Bible criti- 
cism may be looked for from all quarters — Philology, 
ethnology, geology and all the physical sciences may 
each be expected to send its " search light" upon 
it. It has long been undergoing this scrutiny, and 
never more than now. What will the result be in 
the future? 

Now let us calmly look over the situation and 
draw our conclusion as rational people should do. 
What are the facts? Man has a religious nature. 
His reason tells him there must be a great First 
Cause of all the wonderful results that he finds 
about him ; and of that First Cause he can learn 
something from His works — not much, it may be, 
yet something of his power and wisdom at least. 
Again, man must feel that he has relations and 
duties to this great First Cause ; that, in a word, 
he is responsible to Him, and hence that it is in- 
cumbent on him to strive to know and to do His 
will. Moreover, he will be conscious, as he looks 
upon himself in this regard, that he has come short 
of some or of all the requirements that such a Being 
had a right to lay upon him. In a word, he feels 
himself a sinner towards God and in need of some 
reconciliation and restoration to His favor. He 
prays, he worships, he repents, he seeks for for- 
giveness, he needs and seeks religious comfort. 
Now let us ask : Will any progress in knowledge 
alter these facts? Will the finding of the missing 
link convince man that he has no soul, no spiritual 
nature? Will the discovery, if ever made, of the 
exact nature of protoplasm, and of the action of 
cell-walls, satisfy him there was and is no First 
Cause of matter and nature? Will the discovery of 
the exact connection of thought and feeling with 
the movement of the gray matter of the brain prove 
that there is no thought and feeling — nothing but 
matter and some properties and actions of matter 
like brittleness and cohesion and capillarity? 

Let the astronomer make larger and yet larger 
telescopes, more and more powerful spectroscopes, 
and his mathematical analysis be carried as far 
beyond that of Newton and Laplace as theirs was 
beyond that of the Chaldean shepherds, what then ? 

Will the bounds of the universe be discovered? 
Will the throne of God be found, and be found 
vacant? Will any star be found where God's reign 
of law and order does not prevail, and where his 
creatures are not responsible to him? 

So with geology. Let the long, long history of 
the earth be brought out ; let disputes as to glacial 
periods and the duration and bounds of eras, epochs 
and ages be settled, and every fossil known and 
classified — what then? Can we dig out of the earth 
any evidence that man is not a sinful being account- 
able to God for his sins ? Can any record of man's 
release be found among the geologic strata? 

Let us suppose Darwinism, or evolution rather, 
fully proven and accepted — what then ? What essen- 
tial doctrine of the gospel plan of salvation will be 
affected by it? Is God less a God because he works 
slowly, progressively, by regular laws? Is man not 
man because his remote ancestors were different 
from ourselves? Is the question of a revelation 
affected, or that of man's sinfulness, or of his need 
of an atonement? Let every doctrine of evolution 
be accepted, and the need for religion, and the suit- 
ableness of Christianity to meet that need, stand 
substantially unaffected. 

You will doubtless observe and perhaps will wonder 
at the fact that I have up to this moment spoken only 
of the ever-lasting need of a religion, without desig- 
nating what that religion will be. In other words, 
I have not presented the claims of our own holy 
religion, the religion of our Bible, but have spoken 
of religion in general. But suppose you accept my 
argument, and agree that science shall never sup- 
plant religion, however far science may have 
advanced, or to whatever state of perfection our 
civilization may reach, then will come the grave 
question, what religion will it be? The world has 
many religions, Christianity is one of them. Some 
religions have perished, never to be revived, as that 
of the Druids, and the old Grecian and Roman cults, 
others are evidently destiued to die with the people 
who hold them, or with the peculiar form of civiliza- 
tion that sustains them. But look over the record 
of the great " Parliament of Religions " and see the 
great religions of the world, and be read}' to draw 
your conclusions. If the long looked for and long- 
prayed for day shall ever come, when all mankind 
shall be of one faith, what faith will it be? Will it 
be Confucianism, that now numbers its eighty 
millions of adherents? Will it be Hinduism, with 
its two hundred millions of believers, or Mahommed- 
anism, with about an equal number? Or will it be 
Buddhism, which larger than any other, embraces 
now one-fourth of the whole human race? Can 
there be doubt which of all the world's religions is 
destined to survive the scouting of science and the 
test of time ? Christianity alone seems fitted for 
this grand position. 



We see then, ray friends, how, upon the very 
lowest grounds, without reference to divine interpo- 
sition and divine help, that, in all probability. 
Christianity will survive all the conflicts that may 
try it, and stand finally the religion of the world. 

The queston, as to the religion of the coming age. 
is not, as you will observe, a purely speculative one ; 
it is intensely practical ; not merely for race at large 
and for centuries yet to come, but for each one of 
us now. Especially for us who are in the morning 
of life, the " coming" men of the next generation, 
is it a question of the highest practical moment. 
What religion shall we have? What effect will 
science have upon our religion? Shall any of us 
fall into the fatal delusion that science is manly, 
high and noble and progressive, and worthy of the 
highest intellects (as is true), but that religion is 
weak and antiquated, and outgrown and unworthy 
of such intellects? Believe it not, my friends, 
believe it not! Realize the tremendous responsibil- 
ities that are at stake and deal honestly with your- 

In conclusion let us learn all the science that we 
can, with proper diffidence and care, but with it 
study and practically accept religion, without which 
life, even in this world is incomplete. And be 
assured that whatever heights science may reach it 
will not pull down God, and whatever depths it may 
fathom never will it alone lift up man to his true 
place. There is no antagonism, in auy just sense, 
between science and religion, nor can one, in any 
way, supplant the other. Let a man be ever so wise. 
in the knowledge of the world and of all that it 
contains, yet if he be not " wise toward God " his 
knowledge is fatally defective. 

Let us often ponder those weighty words, " what 
will it profit a man if he gain the whole world, 
and lose his own soul?" 

May neither science, nor aught else, supplant 
religion — the true religion — with any of us, my dear 
student friends ; but may the blessings of both lie 
richly ours not only for this world, but for that 
which is to come. S. K., '95. 

Y. M. C. A. TOPICS. 

Oct. 18. — Why am I not a Christian? Matt 

4:18-22. G. A. Billings. 
Oct. 21.— "Whatsoever Ye do." Matt. 10:42; I 

Cor. 10:31. H. E. Clark. 
Oct. 25. — Christ died for us, are we living for him? 

Is. 53 :4-9 ; Rom. 12 :1. W. S. Fisher. 
Oct. 28. — The Practical Nature of the Christian 

Religion. Col. 3 :1-15 ; James ] :26-27. 

H. D. Hemenway. 

(olleg? f^o-tfi. 

— M. A. C, 10; Wesleyan, 0. 
— Goessmann, '97, has joined the Glee Club. 
— Freshmen ! beware of the awkward squad. 
— Seniors, have you chosen your thesis subject? 
— H. W. Moore, '96, has gone home for a week. 
— H. Rowe has joined the College Shakespear- 
ean Club. 

— Rain prevented the Sophomores going on their 
Mountain Trip last Wednesday. 

— R. D. Warden of Roxbury joined the Phi Sig- 
ma Kappa Fraternity last Friday night. 

— The victory at Wesleyan was celebrated by 
firing ten rounds with the Old Napoleons. 

— James Draper of Worcester, one of the col- 
lege Trustees, has been visiting Prof. Maynard. 

— A large delegation from the college accompa- 
nied the Foot-ball team to Middletown last week. 

— Tuesday Eve. the periodicals of the M. A. C. 
Reading Room Assoc, were auctioned off by P. A. 
Lea my, '96. 

Come out freshmen and sophomores and line up 
against the college eleven to get your practice for 
the class games. 

— The Freshmen and Two-year Men together, 
have challenged the Sophomore class to a game of 
foot-ball to be played Nov. 7 at 3.30 p. m. 

— The following men were left out of the list of 
Veterinary students in the last issue by mistake : 
Jones R. S., Morse W. S. and Sullivan M. J. 

— Owing to bad weather Wednesday, the Sopho- 
more class have postponed their "mountain day" 
until Wed. Oct. 17th. They will visit Mt. Holyoke. 

— The Base-ball association has elected the fol- 
lowing officers ;— Pres't and capt., M. J. Sullivan ; 
sec. and treas., P. A. Leamy ; manager, H. L. 

— The following men pulled on the '97 rope pull 
team: H. J. Armstrong, C. I. Goessmann, F. C. 
Millard, F. W. Colby, L. L. Cheney, and J. M. 
Barry. '98 lined up as follows: R. D. Warden, J. 
P. Nickerson, H. Holt, H. R. Wolcott, W. Q. Kins- 
man, and G. H. A. Thompson. 



— A gift of 14 vols, on Comparative Anatomy 
and Zoology has been received for the college libra- 
ry from Dr. John C. Cutter of Worcester, M. A. C. 
class of '72. 

— The tennis association have offered prizes of 
$3.00 and $5.00 for the best playing. Quite a num- 
ber have entered the tournament. The prizes will 
be given out about Nov. 1. 

— Pres't Goodell has arranged with H. L. Bridg- 
man of Boston, who has been Correspondent for 
the Boston Times, at the State House, to deliver a 
course of six lectures at the college, on the State 
government and the state commissions. 

— C. F. Palmer, '97, who has been so seriously ill 
for nine weeks is now so improved in health as to 
be able to take short drives. It is feared by some 
that he will not return but it is hoped by all that he 
will return to '97 early in the winter term. 

—A Republican Club was formed last Friday 
eight with the following officers : President, P. A. 
Leamy ; Vice-pres.,R. L. Frost ; Sec.,H. II. Roper ; 
Treas., R. S. Jones; 1st Dir., R. A. Cooley ; 
2nd Dir.,F. L. Clapp ; 3d Dir., L. F. Clark. 

— A meeting of the committee of the Hatch Ex- 
periment Station was held last Monday and it was 
voted to have Prof. Maynard report some method 
by which to utilize the vast amount of fruit that at 
present goes to waste. The Committee also made 
appropriations for the quarter ending Dec. 1894. 

— The class of '96 enjoyed a very pleasant "Jun- 
ior Trip" Oct. 4 and 5. The weather was good and 
all the class with one exception took advantage of 
the excellent opportunity to visit such places of in- 
terest as W. W. Rawson's of Arliogton, G. B. An- 
drews of Fitchburg, andMr. Hunnewell's of Welles- 
ley, etc. 

— The freshman class have elected the following 
officers: President, H. R. Wolcott ; vice-pres. S. 
W. Wiley; sec. and treas., W. S. Fisher; class 
capt., W. Q. Kinsman; foot-ball capt., G. H. 
Wright; base-ball capt., H. R. Warden ; Polo capt., 
G. H. A. Thompson; historian, G. H. Wright; 
sergeant-at-arms, G. H. A. Thompson ; Reading 
room dir., A. Montgomery, Jr. ; foot-ball dir., A. 
C. Birnie ; athletic dir., G. H. A. Thompson ; ten- 
nis dir., S. W. Wiley ; base-ball dir., H. R. War- 
den ; foot-ball manager, A. C. Birnie; base-ball 
manager, H. Holt. 

— The annual rope- pull between the freshmen 
and sophomore classes came off Wednesday, Oct. 10. 
The pull was won by the freshmen, who gained 
about a foot. 

— The quarterly meeting of the State experiment 
station was held last Tuesday. Experiments in 
feeding, and the use of certain fertilizers were dis- 
cussed. A committee consisting of Wm. H. Bow- 
ker of Boston, C. L. Hartshorn of Worcester, aud 
Wm. H. Porter of Agawam was appointed to con- 
fer with the committee appointed by the Hatch Ex- 
periment Station and formulate new plans for work 
the coming year and report at the meetiug of the 
Trustees, Jan. 1, 1895. 


It may not be out of place at this time to consider 
the work of the team this fall, both collectively and 
individually. In general the players tackle too 
high and are slow in dropping on the ball. In re- 
ceiving the ball from kick-off the men are weak at 
catching, and in the event of a failure to catch are 
slow to recover and diop on the ball. After the 
ball is caught the interference is ragged and the 
runner seldom makes a good gain. Every player 
should make it his aim to get into every play which- 
ever side has the ball. 

Individually : Washburn is slow to start aud is 
weak on catching and kicking. He keeps his feet 
well, however, and is almost sure to make a gain. 

Marshall runs low and gains eveiy inch possible. 

Crehore plays a steady game and blocks for him- 
self finely. 

Harper is a new man of promise. As yet he is a 
little slow in passing after the signal is given. 

Warren plays a good game but does not drive 
into an opening as well as he might. 

Marsh tackles poorly and fails to get into every 

Fairbanks and Smith play a fine game. The 
former tackles a little high. The latter is an all- 
round player who can be depended upon. 

Burrington is always on hand for a gain or a scrap. 

Ballou at center plays a line game considering his 

Of the subs, Lewis is erratic. He either gains or 
loses. He is also apt to fumble. 

Nichols plays a good game but is apt to get dis- 

Shaw understands the game but for some inex- 
plicable reason does not do himself justice. 



Election day is almost here ; and at this time 
there ought to be more interest taken in 
political matters by the student body. Some of 
the readers of this may exclaim "Chestnuts" for 
this is not the first time we have taken occasion to 
deplore the lack of political enthusiasm on the part 
of college men. We refer to the matter for the 
reason that the subject is an important one. The 
cause of this unfortunate lack of interest is a lack 
ot knowledge ; for no one knowing and understand- 
ing the situation can fail to be impressed with this 
significance of the principles at stake. This igno- 
rance and apathy with regard to politics is one of 
the most dangerous elements iu our civil life. It is 
this ignorance, or perhaps more especially this 
apathy, which makes possible the existence of polit- 
ical rings and machines ; and allows the government 
and law-making to fall into the hands of the vicious 
and incompetent. It lies in the power of our col- 
lege graduates to exercise a controlling influence in 
our government, both municipal and national ; and 
they owe it as a duty to themselves and their coun- 
try to avail themselves of this power. Bethink 
yourselves of these things and do not join the ranks 
of those who "leave politics to others" and then 
grumble and wonder when things go wrong. 


Hard and Free Burning Coals 

ggg="Orders by mail will receive prompt attention. .^gs^ 


Sheet M/usic 

Music Books. 


Cust\n\ari's /^usic $fore^ 


B. & H. and ROCHESTER, $1.00 UP. VERY HAND- 
SOME DUPLEX, $1.50, $2.00 AND $2.50. 
For Fine Fruit, Confectionery and Fancy Biscuit go to 



, Stationer 





Dining Boom f Ice Cream Parlors. 

ggg^Catering for Parties a Specialty ..^^ 
36 Main Street, .... Northampton, Mass. 



Pleasant St., Amherst. 

Photographic Studio. 

Society, Class and Group Work a Specialty 





I have the ammunition to fit 
you with. On your way to the 
Post Office stop and look at my 
stock of 

Hats, Caps, Gloves, 








VOL. V. 


No. 4 

Published Fortnightly by the Students of the Mass. 
Agricultural College. 

Terms $1,00 per year, in advance. Single copies, 10c. 

Postage, outside United States and Canada, 25c. extra. 

Entered at the Post Office as second-class mail matter. 


C. B. LANE, '95, Editor-in-chief. 

W. L. MORSE, '95, Business Manager. 

T. P. FOLEY, '95, Exchange. 

F. C. TOBET, '95, Alumni. 

K. A. COOLET, '95, Local Items. 

[ Notes and Comments. 
j Library Notes. 
P. A. LEAMY, '96, Athletics. 
H. H. ROPER, '96, j T itprarv 
J. L. BARTLETT, '97, i ^ lterai 7 ■ 


Students and Alumni are requested to contribute. Communica. 
ions should be addressed Aggie Lite, Amherst Mass. 

fcvwttt^t* ^ V,W,VhQQ%t, ?*\tt"St*v 

Ed \4Cb rials. 

The Annual Index published by the students of the 
Junior class of the College will be put on sale at the 
usual time, we are told, and will contain many new 
and attractive features, making it the most com- 
plete and costly volume ever published. The board 
of editors have spared neither time nor money in the 
preparation of the book and deserves the united sup- 
port of the students and alumni in their undertaking. 
We would say to the members of the other classes that 
now is the time to save your pennies in order to 
make your friends at home a desirable Christmas 
present. Save your money and buy a copy of the 
'96 Index. Buy one for your mother, your sister, 
your aunt, your cousin and by all means have a copy 
for your best girl. 

In another column will be found a clipping con- 

taining an account of the action of the undergradu- 
ates of Princeton College in abolishing hazing. Now 
it will be in order for the smaller colleges to "fol- 
low their leader" and take similar action. Why is 
it that we must wait till we have received the "cue" 
from the larger Colleges and Universities? Are our 
students in auy degree less progressive? are they 
afraid to boldly strike out in any movement? or are 
they any less able to see the injustice, the cruelty, 
the meanness and the tyranny of hazing, than are 
the students in Princeton ? We can answer in the 
afflirmative to none of the questions. There are 
men in the smaller colleges who have as much man- 
hood as any of the men in the larger colleges. There 
is as much love of justice, there is as much hatred 
of tyranny, there is as much contempt for mean- 
ness in the smaller colleges as in the larger ones. 
But it seems to be necessary that we receive the 
word from the great centers of college life before 
we may venture to change any of our established 
customs. The colleges are like the cities and towns ; 
the fashions are inaugurated in the large cities and 
the word goes out and gradually the country becomes 
the reflection, often poor, but always distinct, of 
the customs and fashions of the cities. The small 
college that will inaugurate any movement toward 
the raising the standard of morals ; toward bring- 
ing out the manhood instead of the selfishness of 
its students ; toward advancing the mental, moral 
and physical capabilities of its members, will have 
proved its right to be called college, and will make 
a name for itself which will attract hundreds to its 

During the present term we have heard more 
complaint of things being lost than ever before. 
Several hats have disappeared from the ante-room 
at the boarding-house and their owners have been 
unable to locate them afterwards, even though their 



names were plainly marked in the property in ques- 
tion. Test books and note-books have turned up 
missing at just the times when most needed, while a 
hundred and one articles of common, everyday use 
have gone astray in most unaccountable ways. De- 
plorable as the fact may be, it is evident that we 
have among us some persons who are not strictly 
conscientious. Perhaps it is all due to carelessness, 
but this would not always apply to those who have 
lost things. Neither would it apply to those who have 
taken the trouble to select a good hat, at the 
same time leaving an old, worn out one in its place, 
nor yet to those who have deliberately entered a 
room in the absence of the occupant and walked off 
with a book chosen from among a whole shelf-full. 
No one, without convincing evidence, care3 to ac- 
cuse another of stealinga thing, because stealing is 
held in bad repute in good society, besides being 
looked upon by the State as a crime, punishable by 
fine, or imprisonment, or both. Perhaps there are 
those who never thought of the matter in this light. 
If so, we would suggest that they think about it a 
few minutes and then return what plunder they may 
have collected for which they have no immediate 
use. Although something of a loss to the owner, 
and perhaps a cause of much inconvenience also, 
the taking of a hat, a book, or a set of notes is not 
of itself a very great crime, yet it is bad enough, 
and furthermore, it is a fore-runner of greater mis- 
deeds. After accumulating things around college for 
a while a fellow will become so used to it that when 
he goes out into the world and gets a situation where 
he has a chance, he will be liable to steal something 
that will get him into serious trouble, for theft is 
not dealt so generously with in most places as it is 
in college. At best, it is a bad habit and should be 
broken off. We are sorry that we have had occa- 
sion to mention such a lamentable circumstance, 
but are sure that it only needs to be brought be- 
fore the parties concerned in its proper light to 
make further comment unnecessary. 

The Outing for October contains an article entitled, 
"Training for Football," by James G. Lathrop, 
trainer for the Harvard eleven for this season. 
This article contains some radical ideas on training 
and is well worth the attention of managers and 


College foot-ball has been played but a few years 
in the West — not much over seven or eight prob- 
ably, — but now it is the most popular college sport. 
Kvery college of pretensions has its eleven, and the 
big daily papers of Chicago, Indianapolis, St. Louis 
and other large cities keep plenty of foot-ball news 
before their readers. 

The city of Chicago ha3 seveial teams of merit. 
Each year an eleven is organized by the Chicago 
athletic club, made up nearly entirely of ex-colle- 
gians of foot-ball fame. Some of the most cele- 
brated players of Yale, Harvard aud Princeton have 
been members of this team, and every Thanksgiving 
day this and some other well known eleven, furnish 
the amusement for sporty citizens of the Windy 
City. This year Dartmouth is to meet the Chicago 
eleven on Thanksgiving day. 

The Chicago University eleven, coached by 
" Prof." A. A. Stagg of Yale fame, is the strongest 
one of Chicago in the field. North-western and 
Lake Forest Universities located near Chicago, have 
both had strong elevens during the past two years, 
but they are not of the first rank. Outside of 
Chicago, the elevens that have competed most vigor- 
ously for first place, are those of the state univer- 
sities of Minnesota, Michigan and Wisconsin, and 
Purdue University of Indiana. Of these, Minnesota 
alone, was not defeated in 1893. Michigan however, 
had a very strong eleven, possibly the best in the 
west at the end of the season. Purdue and Wis- 
consiu fought hard for third place, but the latter 
beat Purdue, 36 to 30 " with the help of an umpire.'' 
Illinois University also had a strong eleven in the 
field, aud placed itself up in the front rank. 

The only foot-ball league in the Central- West, is 
the Indiana inter-collegiate. This has been a per- 
manent organization about five years, and every fall 
a series of games is played. For three years Purdue 
has won and the prospects are that she will repeat 
the process in 1894. An item of interest concern- 
ing the Indiana championship, lies in the LaFayette 
Cup. This is a beautiful $^50.00 silver cup, offered 
by the citizens of LaFayette to the college eleven of 
Indiana that will win the state championship three 



years iu succession. Purdue has the cup and uo 
doubt will keep it, as she has already won it for two 
successive years. The fact is, Purdue is without a 
real rival in Indiana. 

The only Ohio institution, whose eleven has pro- 
duced much of an impression iu the Western field, 
is that of Oberlin. This team made a tour last 
year, aud showed itself au antagonist of no insignif- 
icant calibre. 

The elevens above referred to, are the most 
important ones iu tne Central West. The colleges 
the} 7 represent have hundreds of students each, and 
every effort is made to play high class foot-ball. 
The best of coachers are employed. Staggof Yale 
is training the Chicago University eleven. Balliet, 
the redoutable center rush of the champion '93 
eleven of Princeton, is employed by Purdue. Mich- 
igan is also iu the hands of a Princeton man, il 
memory serves me rightly, and Illinois is being 
looked after by an old player of Pennsylvania Uni- 
versity. Systematic and hard training is indulged 
in, and it is a reward of merit to get a place on the 
'varsity eleven. 

During the past, the elevens of the West have 
been stroug in offensive, and weak in defensive 
work. The present season will no doubt witness a 
desirable development iu defensive play, as the 
coachers at work will almost certainly train forcibly 
in that direction. The season is now on, and iu six 
weeks will be over. In the meantime, if the sporty 
youth of the laud of baked beans will come west- 
ward, he will be able to witness contests upou the 
gridiron, such as will convince him that great foot- 
ball is played West as well as East. Where they 
build great universities in less than a generation, it 
doesn't take long to create a good foot-ball team. 

C. S. Plumb, '82. 

On the 14th of December, 1857, Mr. Justin S. 
Morrill, Chairman of the Standing Committee on 
Agriculture, introduced into the House of Represen- 
tatives, at Washington, a bill, appropriating to the 
several states, portions of the public lands for the 
purpose of encouraging institutions for the benefit 
of agriculture and the mechanic arts. The bill met 
with some opposition, but passed the House after a 
time, by a vote of one hundred and five to one hun- 

dred. It then went to the Senate aud passed that 
body, also after some delay, by a small margin, 
twenty-five to twenty-two. It was now, however, 
vetoed by President Buchanan, and upon its return 
to the House, it was unable to obtain the two-thirds 
vote necessary to carry it over the veto. 

In the Thirty-sixth Congress, however, it was 
received with general assent. On May 5th, 1862, 
it was again introduced and passed both houses, the 
Senate by a vote of thirty-two to seven and the 
House by the decisive vote of ninety to twenty-five. 
In a few days it received the signature of Abraham 
Lincoln and became a law. In the author's own 
words : "The bill proposes to establish at least one 
college in every state upon a sure and perpetual 
foundatiou, accessible to all, but especially to the 
sons of toil, where all the needful science for the 
practical avocations of life shall be taught, where 
neither the higher graces of classical studies, nor 
that military drill our country now so greatly appre- 
ciates, will be entirely ignored, and where agricul- 
ture, the foundation of all present and future pros- 
perity, may look for troops of earnest friends, study- 
ing its familiar and recondite economies and at least 
elevatiug it to that higher level where it may fear- 
lessly invoke comparison with the most advanced 
standards in the world. The bill fixes the leading 
objects, but properly, as I think, leaves to the states 
considerable latitude in carrying out the practical 

The bill provided that each of the several states 
should receive a quantity of public land equal to 
thirty thousand acres for every one of its senators 
and representatives in Congress, under the census 
of 1860. The land was duly made over to the sev- 
eral states. The largest number of acres received 
by any one state was 990,000. New York received 
this vast tract, and the advantage thus gained at 
the start was increased by the proposal of Hon. 
Ezra Cornell, who offered to the state two hundred 
acres of suitable land and half a million dollars in 
money, provided the Legislature would concentrate 
the National gift and his gift in a Dew university at 
Ithaca. The smallest amount of land given to any 
one state was 90,000 acres. This amount was re- 
ceived by several of the smaller states. Massachu- 
setts received 360,000 acres having at that time 
twelve Senators and Representatives in Congress. 



The grand total of all the land set apart was nine 
million, five hundred and ten thousand acres. If 
this land were iu one parcel it would make a terri- 
tory of fourteen thousand, eight hundred and fifty- 
nine miles, equal to the states of Massachusetts, 
Rhode Island and Connecticut combined and larger 
than either of the three kingdoms, Holland, Belgium 
and Hanover. 

There are, at the present writing, ten states which 
still hold the whole or portions of the original grant 
of laud. The largest amount of proceeds accruing 
to any state from the original grant is $900,000. 
The state receiving this sum was North Dakota, but 
against these figures stands the 120,000 acres still 
unsold belonging to South Dakota and valued at 
$1,200,000, as well as the 150,000 acres owned by 
New York which are valued at $1,035,000.00. The 
proceeds of the land disposed of, and the land still 
unsold amounts, roughly, to over $12,000,000. In 
every state but one the grant has been concentrated 
in a single institution. In Massachusetts alone, to 
the surprise of the rest of the country, a division 
was thought advisable and two institutions, one of 
agriculture and one of mechanic arts divided the 
proceeds of the grant. 


The editorial year is fast slipping away and the 
time is approaching when the senior editors may 
breathe a little easier ; but as they begin to con- 
sider how the vacancies to be caused by their re- 
tirement can be filled, the same old question still 
confronts them : Shall a man's character prevent 
him from being considered as a candidate for a 
position on the editorial staff? Is it advisable, or 
even safe, to have on the staff of a college news- 
paper, — in fact on the staff of any paper — a man of 
disreputable character? The question really 
amounts to this: Shall a mau's contributions to the 
paper be the only consideration in the election of a 
new board? 

Last year, if reports are true, it appears that the 
substance of this question was warmly discussed 
pro and con. Says one, "We care not what a man's 
everyday life and habits are, so long as he is a quick 
thinker, a ready writer, and can produce valuable 

articles for publication in our paper. What more 
can we ask?" 

However, careful thought presents a different 
view of this question. Is literary merit the only 
qualification for an editor? Here is a man known 
throughout the whole community as one of the 
ablest of farmers ; educated, shrewd, up to the times. 
There is, however, some doubt about his inside 
character. He drinks occasionally, perhaps swears 
more or less, and has been known to cheat a little. 
You do not want to let your farm to that man, 
despite the fact that he is a "good" farmer. You 
want a man with a fixed and reliable character. 

There is an able lawyer. He has met with good 
success, but in argument he has been known to 
stretch the truth for financial considerations, and has 
in other ways shown weakness of character. You 
do not want to employ him ; you are not willing to 
entrust your case to any but a man of firm and 
honest character. 

The college editor, too, must have something be- 
hind his literary ability that he may abvance the 
best interests of the paper and the college. If it is 
true that "out of the heart the mouth speaketh," 
then out of the heart the hand writeth, and from 
a wrong and diseased heart, evil and disastrous 
communications will in time be sure to flow. 

Then again, a paper's influence will depend on 
the character of the editors. College editors who 
are respected outside of their editorial sphere, will 
exert a powerful influence in print. And we want 
our paper not only to tell the news and serve as an 
organ for literary development, but also to exert a 
strong influence among the faculty, students and 
trustees, in fact among all with whom it comes in 
contact. Careful selection, as necessary in choos- 
ing editors as in any other important matter, cannot 
fail to bring about this desirable result. 

If any such question as we have discussed shall 
arise in the future, let those who. have power of 
election reason carefully before they decide that 
literary ability is preferable to character. 

The Industrialist, for Sept. 1 contains an excel- 
lent article entitled, "The Student." Itis written 
by Pres. Geo. T. Fairchilds of the Kansas State 
Agricultural College. It may be found in the 
Library Reading Room. 



Secretary, A. B. Smith. 


Class Orator, F. L. Warren 

Campus Orator, H. A. Ballou 

Pipe Orator, A. F. Burgess 

Campus Poet, T. P. Foley 

Ivy Poet, D. C. Potter 

"What Fools We Mortals Be," F. C. Tobey 


Toast Master, 



Prophet's Prophet, 


Trickster and Juggler, 

End Men, 

Class President 
E. A. White 
W. A. Root 
H. L. Frost 
C. B. Lane 
Shiro Kuroda 
M. J. Sullivan 
C. L. Stevens 


Class Supper — H. A. Ballou, F. L. Warren, A. 
F. Burgess, H. S. Fairbanks. 

Photograph— J. Marsh, F. C. Tobey, H. W. 

Cane— H. B. Read,C. W. Crehore, W. L. Bernis. 

Promenade— W. L. Morse, E. H. Clark, R. S. 
Jones, W. C. Brown, C. M. Dickinson. 

Flower— S. P. Toole, H. E. Clark, E. A. White. 

Music— G. A. Billings, A. B. Smith, E.A.White. 

Class Day — R. A. Cooley,S. Kuroda, C. B. Lane, 
C. L. Stevens. 

Printing— D. C. Potter, H. D. Hemenway, T. P. 
Foley, M. J. Sullivan. 

Class Cup — C. M. Dickinson, W. C. Brown, C. 
L. Stevens. 

Reunion- H. L. Frost, H. D. Hemenway, J. H. 
Jones, W. A. Root, A. B. Smith. 

Committee on Committees — A.F. Burgess, Jasper 
Marsh, H. A. Ballou, H. L. Frost, F. C. Tobey. 


The committee of the Union Lecture course has 

arranged a course of entertainments and lectures 

for the coming season which bids fair to surpass 

any in its history. The rates are extremely low 

and every student should plan to attend. It is a 
rare opportunity to hear some of the best orators 
and platform speakers in the country, and the con- 
certs included in the course are well worth the price 
of the tickets. The following is the program of en- 
tertainments : 

Nov. 3 Grand vocal and instrumental concert b} - 
the Lotus Glee Club of Boston. 

Nov. 14. R. S. MacArthur, D. D., "Oliver 

Nov. 29. Col. George W. Bain, "Among the 

Dec. 12. Prof. R. L. Cumnock, Elocutionist of 
Northwestern University. 

Jan. 23. Amherst College Glee, Banjo and Man- 
dolin Clubs. 

Feb. 6. Jahu Dewitt Miller, "The Three Thirds 
of a Man." 

Feb. 27. Miss Lucy Wheelock of Boston, "The 
Land of Little People." 

Mar. 13. Charles C. Bolton, "The Four Napo- 
leons" (illustrated). 

Mar. 27. Rev. Frank L. Goodspeed, "Three 
Disagreeable Men." 

Apr. 10. Amherst Musical Talent, vocal and in- 

Worcester Tech., 44 ; Aggie, 0. 

The home team went to Worcester Oct. 20 and 
received a crushing defeat at the hands of the 
Worcester P. I. eleven. We fail to understand how 
this should have taken place when Aggie has made 
such a good showing against teams that have defeated 
Tech. with ease. We can only say that Aggie was 
out-played at every point and that the boys were not 
in the game from the start. 

The line up was as follows : 


Harris, r. e. 1- e., Crehore 

Lelaud, r. t. 1- t., Holley 

Harrington, r. g. 1- g-, Burrington 

Riley, center, BaLlou 

Brigham, 1. g., r. g., H. B. Read 

Booth, 1. t., r. t., Ecldy 

Ware, capt. 1. e., r. e., capt., Marsh 

Warren, quarter-back, Harper 

Mavo, 1 , ,„ , , f Marshall 

Allen,} half-back, | Nichols 

Morse, full-back, Washburn 

The score— Tech., 44; Aggie, 0. Time— two halves 20 
and 25 m. Umpire— H. L. Dadmun. Referee, W. L. 
Morse. Attendance — 500. Linesman— G. C. Gordon. 

4 2 


— Company drill is now in order. 

— Marsh, '95, was visited by his brother last week. 

— The Glee Club was photographed by Schillare, 
Oct. 20. 

— C. W. Hearn photographed the foot-ball team 
Oct. 23. 

— Warren, '95, was taken sick last week and has 
gone home to recuperate. 

— G. R. Mansfield, '97, has entered the Sopho- 
more class of Amherst College. 

— Palmer, '97, has left college. He is in town 
for a day or two on a farewell visit. 

— D. C. Potter, '95, was received into the College 
Shakespearean Club last Saturday night. 

— A new college button is being considered. It 
consists of a modification of the state seal. 

— The Senior class has adopted a class cane. 
The canes will probably be here in about a week. 

— The glee club has reorganized and elected A. 
B. Smith leader, and H. Warren Rawsoh, business 

— The Veterinary hour has been changed from 
11.15 to 8.15 for Wednesdays. Thursdays and 

— C. I. Go ssmann and C. A- Norton have been 
promoted to corporals and assigned to Companies 
A and D respectively. 

— Topic cards for the Y. M. C. A. prayer meet- 
ings have been printed and distributed among mem- 
bers of the Association. 

— The Rural Club of Boston of which Francis H. 
Appleton is Pres't. will visit the college next week. 
They will be guests of Pres't Goodell. 

— John W. Kimball, State Auditor General, and 
William D. Hawley, 1st clerk, inspected the state 
property of the college a short time ago. 

— R. E. Smith had his arm so badly injured in 
the game at Wesleyan University last week that it 
will be impossible for him to play again this season. 

— Three prizes, consisting of six, five and four 
dollars, have been offered by the Horticultural De- 
partment to those members of the Junior class 
writing the best essays on the Junior trip. 

— Win. N. Tolman, a graduate of the college in 
'87, has been made 1st Lieut, and Signal officer, 
commanding First Brigade Signal Corps, M. V. M. 

— The class of '97 has organized a whist club, 
and elected L. L. Cheney, president; C. I. Goess- 
mann, vice president; J. A. Emrich, secretary and 

— On account of the large number of rain that 
have been laid up this season fool-ball practice had 
ceased for a few days, but now all the men are on 
the campus once more. 

— Part of the college herd arrived two weeks ago 
from South Dakota. Fach animal has been exam- 
ined for tuberculosis, but examination failed to 
show the slightest traces of the disease. 

— The class of '96 has formed a whist club and 
elected H. W. Rawson pres't, R. L. Hayward vice- 
pres't, F. P. Washburn sec., A. S. Kinney treas. 
Directors, W. B. Harper, E. W. Poole, F.H.Read. 

■ — The committee of overseers of the college, con- 
sisting of A. C. Varnum of Lowell, George Cruick- 
shanks of Fitchburg and John E. Kimball of Ox- 
ford made a three day's examination of the college. 

— The War Department at Washington has 
shipped two new breech-loading cannon, with equip- 
ments, which are to be used at the college instead of 
the old Napoleons. Thej' will probably be here 
next week. 

— Prof. Fernald is very busy getting out his re- 
port to the Gypsy Moth Commission. He has con- 
sulted with Supt. Doogue of the Boston Public 
Grounds in regard to exterminating the Gypsy 
Moth in Boston. 

— Last Wednesday the Sophomore class cele- 
brated their "mountain day." They visited the 
notch, at Mt. Holyoke, and also the Mt. Holyoke 
house. Prof. Stone pointed out many rare botany 
specimens to the class. 

■ — The Press Club organized last Wednesday 
night as follows: Pres., D. C. Potter; vice-pres., 
M. E. Sellew ; sec. and treas., T. P. Foley; Ex- 
ecutive com., C. B. Lane and F. L. Clapp. J. M. 
Barry was elected to membership. 

— The Sophomores arc to have microscopic 
botany under Prof. G. E. Stone. This is the first 
time that any of the lower classes have had au op- 
portunity to study this subject, and it is certainly a 
valuable acquisition to their curriculum. 



— Friday evening a debate was held under the 
auspices of the Washington Irving Literary Society. 
The question under debate was a very important 
one, "Ought the Sophomore class to have played 
foot-ball with the Freshman class and two years' 
men, as a class?" 

— President C. S. Murkland of the New Hamp- 
shire College of Agriculture and the Mechanic Arts 
has been visiting the college. He wished to find 
a professor to take the chair of Agriculture in his 
college. Pres't Goodell recommended a couple of 
our graduates to his consideration. 

— Friday night Prof. E. R. Flint delivered a lec- 
ture on' L Origiu and Construction of Mountains, "be- 
fore the Natural History Society. A large number 
were present, and the lecture proved to be very iu- 
t"resting as well as instructive. The next lecture 
under the auspices of this society will be Nov. 2d, 
bv Prof. Lull. 


After some delay occasioned by stormy weather, 
the Sophomore class at last celebrated Mountain 
Day on Wednesday, Oct. 15. The barge left the 
Botanic Museum at 8.15, and passing through 
Hadley arrived at the Half-way house on Mt. Hol- 
yoke at 10-30. Here the party scattered to climb 
the mountain or to look for botany specimens. 
Nearly all went to the house on the top of the 
mountain and were well repaid for their trouble by 
the excellent view of the surrounding country there 
obtained. By using the telescopes many places at 
a distance could be distinctly seen. 

At dinner time the class again assembled, and 
after discussing the delicate viauds which they had 
brought, once more set out, going by way of South 
Hadley and reached the Notch late in the afternoon. 
Here a stop was made to give time for collecting 
specimens, and many rare ferns and some flowers 
were obtained in spite of the lateness of the season. 
A pleasant ride home,enliveued by jokes and songs, 
ended the day, which will long be remembered as 
one of the pleasantest in the history of the class. 
Many thanks are due to Dr. Stone for his kindnt ss 
in spending a day off with the boys, and we trust 
that they will show their appreciation of it by doing 
their best possible work in his department in the 

About this time of the college year there exists 
more or less feeling between the two lower classes ; 
feeling which often leads to various pranks and 
practical jokes which are not always of the friend- 
liest nature. They are of no great consequence, 
but by a little exaggeration may be made to seem a 
great deal worse than they are. Timid little fresh- 
men in their letters home are prone to magnify the 
petty persecutions to which they are subjected ; and 
college men in general rather enjoy shocking their 
friends by telling the awful things they have done. 
Tu either case they may be innocent of any wrong 
intentions but if they only knew it they are placing 
their college in a false position. Our college in 
particular is especially free from any thing that can 
be called hazing. Once in a while, if a freshman 
in both senses of the word, is seen to be suffering 
from a swelled head he may be given a little cold 
water treatment ; but no man is ever molested who 
conducts himself with propriety. If a man does 
get a few hard knocks, it is because he deserves 
them. No one need hesitate to send their sons 
here, for fear of their being injured in either life or 



* * 
Even the most casual observer of human nature 
must have asked himself why it is that a bad example 
should be more potent ihau a good one ; why, with 
our eyes fully opened we should choose to follow the 
erring rather than the virtuous ; thereby losing to 
ourselves all that is best and noblest in this world 
and making our lives a failure. Among young men 
especially in our colleges is strange perversity most 
noticeable. In every class there is to be found one 
or t»vo men who are distinguished throughout their 
course as " sports." There are some men who 
drink, gamble and associate with loose companions, 
in fact possess all the qualihcatious of fast young 
men. They are men of good abilities, for it takes 
a smart man to be a success as a mean one, and as 
a consequence of all this are looked upon as heroes 
by many of the more steady going students. The 
average freshman seems to consider that if he is 
going to make a man of himself he must follow in 
the footsteps of these illustrious ( ?) leaders. If they 



could see how ridiculous these efforts cause them to 
appear; if they conld realize the contempt with 
which they are regarded by the majority of the 
student body, they would rneud their ways if they 
had an atom of self-respect. More thati this they 
are losiug all the benefits of their college course. 
As a man sows so shall he reap, and by indulging in 
pernicious habits in his youth he is destroying all his 
chances of making anything of himself in after life. 


'72. — Dr. John C. Cutter of Worcester, has pre- 
sented a valuable collection of books to the library. 
This is the second gift of books to the college by 
Dr. Cutter; such generosity of the alumni is hearti- 
ly appreciated by all who are interested in our wel- 

'83.-— Dr. J. H. Wheeler of the Rhode Island ex- 
periment station, visited the College and the Sta- 
tions during the past week. 

'87. — Dr. Fred A. Davis, 120 Charles street, re- 
moved to 66 Beacon Street, corner Charles, on 
October 1, 1894. 

'89. — Robert P. Sellew, who was formerly the 
manager of the advertising department of the New 
England Farmer, is now a travelling salesman for 
the Cleveland Linseed Oil Co., of Cleveland, Ohio. 

Ex-'89. "Mrs. Edmund Oldham announces the 
marriage of her daughter, Florence Ruby, to Mr. 
Frederick Robinson Huse, Saturday, October 6, 
1894." Mr. and Mrs. Huse may be found at home 
after November 1, at 240 Summer St., Maiden, 

'90. — Last Wednesday, at noon, Miss Fannie E. 
Graves and H. D. Haskins were united in marriage 
at the bride's home in North Amherst, in the pres- 
ence of a large number of guests. The ceremony 
was performed by Rev. E. W. Gaylord, the bridal 
couple standing under a pretty canopy of flowers 
and leaves. The gifts were many and valuable. At 
the close of the ceremony refreshments were served. 
— Amherst Record. 

'90. — John S. West is now a divinity student at 
57 Divinity Hall, University of Chicago. 

'91. — John B". Hull, Jr., is now the business pro- 

prietor of the Hathaway Cafe\ Address, 614 At- 
lantic Avenue, Boston. 

'91. — Walter C. Paige is now located in Salem, 
Ore., as General Secretary and Physical Director of 
the Young Men's Christian Association. The asso- 
ciation is at 250 Commercial street. 

'91.— Mr. Claude A. Magill, of the firm of 
Thayer & Magill of Westfield, was married Octo- 
ber 23 to Miss Fannie L. Sheldon of Maiden, Mass. 
Their home is now at 14 Madison street, Westfield, 

'92. — F. G. Stockbridge has accepted a position 
as Farm Superintendent at the Watkinson Farm 
School, 394 Park street, Hartford, Conn. 

'93. — C. A. Smith has been spending a few days 
at the college. Smith was a '94 man of Sheffield 
Scientific Institute of Yale. 

'93. — The Life is in receipt of the following an- 
nouncement : "Mr. and Mrs. E. D. Blood announce 
the marriage of their daughter, Alice, to A. Edward 
Melendy, Wednesday, August the first, eighteen 
hundred and ninety-four, Sterling, Mass." 

Ex-'94. — ErastusJ. Starr of Spencer, Mass., was 
married October 1, to Miss Flora Bemis of the 
same town. 

'94.— J. H. Putnam is at Midland Park, N. J., 
acting as dairy manager of a large farm owned by 
a Mr. Stevenson. 

'94. — A. H. Kirkland, who has been employed 
for the past summer by the Gypsy Moth Commis- 
sion, has recently been appointed Assistant Ento- 
mologist for the Commission. 

'94. — T. S. Bacon, alumni editor for the Life of 
last year, is a student in the First Class of Harvard 
Medical School, 688 Bojlston St., Boston. Ad- 
dress, 24 Washington St., Natick, Mass. 

'94. — H. M. Fowler and A. H. Cutter are travel- 
ling in Maine for a Boston poultry firm. 

'94. — G. H. Merwin has been dangerously sick 
with typhoid fever but is now convalescent. 

'94. — E. D. White's address is Highlands, 
Macon county, North Carolina. 

'94. — A. C. Curtis has obtained a position as 
Inspector, Purchasing Agent's Department, N. Y. 
N. H. & II. R. R., Boston, Mass. 



'94. — F. L. Green is at 255 Euclid Avenue,Lyun, 
Mass., with F. A. Smith, market gardener. 

'94. — After November 1, W. S. Sanderson will 
be located at 34 South Market street, Boston, with 
VV. W. Rawson, seedsman. 

Ex-'97.— H. C. Hunter of South Natick has 
entered Harvard College. 


Princeton, N. J., Sept. 28 (Special) .—The 
undergraduate body at a mass-meeting held at 
noon to-day in Alexander Hall resolved unanimous- 
ly that hazing should be abolished at Princeton. 
The sentiment against hazing has gradually been 
growing, especially siuce the bad effects of the 
practice upon the college attendance have been 
seen, until it became strong enough to influence 
the presidents of the various classes to call a mass- 
meeting. President Blair, of the senior class, pre- 
sided. Brown, '95, moved that ''hazing be abol- 
ished from Princeton College." Addresses in 
favor of the motion were made by Captain Trench- 
ard, Johnston, '96, and Reynolds, '97. No oppo- 
sition was offered, and the motion went through 
with a rush. Calls were made for Dr. Patton and 
Dean Murray. When they appeared the chairman 
announced that it had been decided to abolish all 
hazing in the college. President Patton then said, 
in part : 

Mr. President and Gentlemen : I think I speak 
the sentiment of the dean and faculty when I say 
that no announcement could be more gratifying to 
us all than the one which has just been made by the 
chairman of this meeting. I think I speak the sen- 
timent of the noble lady who gave us this building 
when I say that no movement could be more in 
harmony with her desires than that which has been 
represented by the meeting called this morning. 
This quiet opening, this exemplary start that has 
been made so far this year on the part of the under- 
graduates, are due to the kindly admonition on the 
part of the dean of this college, who had placed 
upon him in my absence the opening of the college. 
I think that you all, and every lover of the college, 
should be congratulated on the action taken this 
day. This meeting would not be complete unless 
the dean said a few words on his own part. 

The dean said : 

Gentlemen : I am most happy at the decision you 

have reached. You remember that Mr. Alexander 
said, in his speech at the opening of the college, 
that the sentiment that existed in Princeton College 
was a very good sentiment indeed. We have had 
an example of Princeton sentiment this morning. I 
think it ought to make every one glad who loves 
Princeton College to hear of this decision. I tell 
you that discipline goes but a little ways unless the 
students take hold themselves to cure the evil. I 
congratulate you all, and every lover of Princeton, 
on your decision to-day ; and now we will have a 
happy, pleasant college course. — Daily Paper. 

John J. F. Amidon. 

Tell me not in scornful numbers 

Marriage is an empty dream ! 
For the man is dead that lingers — 

Maidens are not what they seem. 

Men are real ! Maidens earnest ! 

Single life is not their goal. 
Single art and thus remainest 

Was not spoken as a whole. 

Lonely hall or virgin sorrow 

Is not destined end or way ; 
All must act that each to-morrow 

Find more married than to-day. 

Art is long and time if fleeting ! 

And our hearts when love we meet, 
Then like morning drums are beating, 

While shy glances sweetly meet. 

In the world's broad field of battle, 

In the intercourse of life, 
Be not craven-hearted cattle ! 

Seek companion true for wife. 

Trust no future, howe'er pleasant ! 

Some one else may change thy fate I 
Act, act In the living present! 

Lest with thee it be too late. 

Loves of great men all remind us 

We can gain our wives in time, 
And, departing, leave behind us 

Love-links in the sands of time. 

Love-links that perhaps another, 

Living single blessedness, 
A forlorn and tongue-tied bach'lor, 
Seeing, shall his love confess. 

Let us, then, be up and wooing 

Fair love true when she is met, 
Still achieving, still pursuing, 

Learn to labor and to get. 

— Brunonioji. 

4 6 



Hear the recitation bell, 
Brazen bell ! 
"What a dreary, weary hour its rhythmic throbs foretell ! 

From the tower on Harvard Hall 

Comes its irksome lecture-call, 

In a melancholy clang, 

With a bumping, brassy bang, 

From the ugly tower tall 

On the top of Harvard Hall. 
How it says that for a sour and voluminous long hour 

We shall delve 

On history 12 
In the Grind infested bower! 

How it shrieks ! 

How it creaks ! 
How the perspiration leaks 
From the deathly, pallid face 
Of the Sport, whose hurried pace 

Echoes round 

On the ground ! 

How he talks 

As he walks ! 

Hear him curse 

In language terse 
At the horrid Harvard bell, 
Grinding out sweet Leisure's knell! 

At the bell, bell, bell, 

He says "Hell, Hell, Hell!" 
At the brawling, bumptious banging of the bell. 

— Harvard Advocate. 

The University Students' Journal has discarded 
its former make-up and adopted the attractive and 
popular magazine form. The staff is a strong one. 

College Life publishes an article in its issue of 
Oct. 22, on the question, "Why encourage Collegiate 
foot-ball?" The writer gives several goad reasons 
why foot-ball should be encouraged. 

A committee having charge of the religious exer- 
cises at the State University reports, ''All Profes- 
sors are urged to attend chapel regularly." Let 
the good work go on. — College Life. 



Hard and Free Burning Coals 

5gS=»Orders by mail will receive prompt attention. «Jg§ 



B. & H. and ROCHESTER, $1.00 UP. VERY HAND- 
SOME DUPLEX, $1.50, $2.00 AND $2.50. 
For Fine Fruit, Confectionery and Fancy Biscuit go to 

O. 6. COUCti & SON'S. 


Bookseller, Stationer and Newsdealer. 




Dining Room f See Cream Parlors. 

g^^Catering for Parties a Specialty. ^^ 
36 Main Street, .... Northampton, Mass. 




Pleasant St., Amherst. 


Society, Class and Group Work a Specialty 





I have the ammunition to fit 
you with. On your way to the 
Post Office stop and look at my 
stock of 

Hats, Caps, Gloves, 







VOL. V. 


No. 5 

AGGIE LijF £. 

to the eyes. Many in South College have elimi- 
nated this trouble by purchasing, at their own ex- 

Published Fortnightly by the Students of the Mass. 
Agricultural College. 

pense, lamps, shades and wires by which the extra 
light is carried to their desks. It would be a favor 
greatly appreciated by the students if the authori- 
ties who have the matter in charge would assist 

Terms $1,00 per year, in advance. Single copies, 10c. 
Postage, outside United States and Canada, 25c. extra. 

Entered at the Post Office as second-class mail matter. 

them in putting in extra fixtures or separating the 


C. B. LANE, '95, Editor-in-chief. 

W. L. MORSE, '95, Business Manager. 

T. P. FOLEY, '95, Exchange. 

F. C. TOBET, '95, Alumni. 

E. A. COOLEY, '95, Local Items. 

R. L. HAYWARD, '96, i Note , s ., and Comments. 
' ' t Library Notes. 

P. A. LEAMY, '96, Athletics. 
H. H. ROPER, '96, ) T ita __ 
J. L. BARTLETT, '97, ( ^ aeiav 7- 

double lamps in the center of the room. The elec- 
tric plant seems to be working satisfactorily and 
the college is to be congratulated on having such a 
plant at their control. 

While our publication is no respecter of politi- 
cal parties yet the overwhelming republican victory 
of last Tuesday seems to call for some comment on 

Students and Alumni are requested to contribute. Communica- 
ions should be addressed Aggie Life, Amhekst Mass. 

our part. A study of the returns indicates that 
there has been a general revolution in politics, and 
both the old parties received better support than was 

Edi ii-t© rials „ 

predicted before election. This is probably due to 
the fact that the people, on deliberate judgment, 

During the absence of our reviewing editor we 
have dropped the book notices from our columns. 
But some of our readers have expressed a desire to 
have them continued, so we shall give at least one 
column to these reviews in the future. 

know more what to depend on from the old parties 
than from the new, the latter being as yet merely 
an experiment. During the last Presidential cam- 
paign the calamity howlers and redfire orators were 
so vociferous in their denunciation of all the old 
and established principles of the republican party 
that many impetuous voters were deluded into join- 
ing hands with democracy and populism, thus re- 
sulting in the election of a Democratic President 
and Congress. Perhaps the most telling argument 
advanced was that, "The Tariff is a tax," for 
if there is any one thing that the ordinary man 
will fight, tooth and nail, it is a tax, let it come in 
whatever form it will. The majority seemed to 
lose sight of the important consideration that it is 
better to have taxes and employment, and money 
to pay them with, than to have freedom from taxes 
with no employment and no money with which to- 
pay for anything. Aside from their irrational dis- 
paragement of the Protective Principle the Demo- 

South college extends congratulations to old 
North. No longer will the question of college oil 
cans and smoky lamps trouble the occupants of 
North College : no longer will the cry, "more light" 
resound throughout its halls of learning. Students 
of South College can say from experience that this 
replacement of kerosene lamps by electricity means 
a better distribution of light. The incandescent 
lamps as they are now situated give a sufficient 
light for study provided the study tables are in the 
center of the room, but if the student has a desk 
that must be placed at the side of the room, the 
light is dim and casts a shadow which is very trying 



crats made man}' and varied promises, which, 
though high sounding aud alluring, an}' one who 
would take the trouble to think about the matter 
might have known could never be carried out. The 
fifty-third Congress, with its overwhelming Demo- 
cratic majority, was a most excellent example of 
the old Scriptural adage, "A house divided against 
itself cannot stand." Of the eleven Democrats on 
the Ways and Means Committee, including the 
famous Chairman, only three will be left in the 
next House. What an object lesson for future 
generations ! The campaign was fought out square- 
ly on the issue of Free Trade vs. Protection, with 
the various side issues in different states, as in New 
York, where Honest Government vs. Tammanv 
Rule was the all absorbing local question. The 
people have now had nearly two years of Demo- 
cratic rule and attending "prosperity." They have 
seen the country plunged in financial disaster and 
industrial ruin. They have known the want of the 
necessaries of life. They have attributed the mis- 
fortune to the general incompetence of the Demo- 
cratic leaders. Whether the verdict rendered at the 
polls was a righteous one, time alone can decide. 
We shall watch with interest the action of the new 
Congress, for on the wisdom and moderation of the 
majority depends in great part the result of the 
national election in 1896. 

It is not our purpose to find fault with any asso- 
ciation in college, or to criticise their methods of 
procedure, but our attention has been repeatedly 
called to the fact that many young fellows in col- 
lege who bear a good character, men who stand well 
in their classes and are worthy members of society, 
have been refused admission to a certain religious 
association connected with the college. Is it neces- 
sary in order that one should be counted among 
the faithful, to lead an exemplary life, to belong 
to a certain denomination, to be as near perfec- 
tion as it is possible for man to reach in this life? 
What is the object of an organization of this kind 
if it is not to raise humanity from a lower to a 
higher plane? Should one of our college students 
be refused admission who has the desire in his 
heart to become a better man and asks only the 
friendly assistance of his fellow students? If as 
the glorious hymn tells us "Salvation's free," why 

is it reserved for the few and not extended to the 

many ? 

We are always glad to note any progressive step, 
especially along the line of agricultural education in 
any of its numerous branches. Specialization in 
farming, as well as in other industries, is coming 
more and more every year to be the rule with the 
most successful and prosperous farmers. In this 
connection Dairy Education is at the present day 
occupying a prominent place in the minds of nearly 
all the leading agricultural educators of the country. 
Many good house-wives will sniff at the idea of go- 
ing to school to learn butter, or cheese making, yet 
many a young man, or woman, either, could do 
worse than to take a course at some good dairy 
school. Many graduates of such institutions are 
occupying positions as managers and assistants in 
creameries and cheese factories at salaries higher 
than those received by many professional men, 
while the demand for such graduates is steadily on 
the increase and even at the present time cannot be 
half supplied. There has come to our notice an ex- 
tract from the Fourth Annual Report of the Indi- 
ana State Dairy Association, by C. S. Plumb, M. 
A. C. '82, Director Purdue University Agricultural 
Experiment Station, in the course of which he gives 
some interesting facts in regard to Dairy Schools, 
some of which we take the liberty of quoting. For 
instance, the following :— "Every man, who has a 
just pride in his business, should endeavor to be- 
come as familiar as possible with the factors which 
bring to him the greatest ultimate success. The 
dairy school will assist the dairy man as will no 
other agent, and if he cau make it possible to at- 
tend for one term there will never be regret for the 
time and money spent, if earnest attention is given 
to the work. The cost is small. All the necessary 
expenses of board, rooms, etc., in one of the best 
schools, having a terra of four weeks, is given at 
but thirty dollars, while the authorities of another 
school, giving a course of twelve weeks, places the 
necessary expenses of the course at sixty-eight dol- 
lars." At still another school a course of eight 
weeks was set down as costing but from forty to 
fifty dollars, including car fare from home and re- 
turn. The first practical working dairy school was 
established as a branch of the Wisconsin Agricul- 



tural College. This was so successful that the ex- 
ample was followed by several other states having 
large dairy interests, so at the present time, special 
courses in dairying are provided at the Agricultural 
Colleges of Wisconsin, Minnesota, Michigan, New 
York, Pennsylvania, Indiana, Iowa, Maine and 
Vermont. Wisconsin devotes entirely to dairying 
a building and equipments costing $40,000. New 
York a $50,000 building, Minnesota one costing 
$25,000, while others are doing excellent work in 
less costly structures. We are glad to announce 
that there is soon to be established at M. A. C. a 
course in dairying which is calculated to be one of 
the promiuent features of the institution. When 
this departure, is added we shall expect it to re- 
ceive large and earnest patronage and support. 
Quoting again from Mr. Plumb, "We are living in 
a pushing, hustling age in all departments of in- 
dustry. The economy of business is studied as 
never before, and every possible scheme is con- 
sidered to improve and perfect methods by which 
better results may be secured. The little details of 
business are no longer thought unimportant — they 
are often considered the essentials of success. The 
dairy industry is moving along in this march of 
progress. During the past few years it has made 
wonderful progress in America." In Massachu- 
setts, dairying brings to the farmers of the state 
one fourth the total income of the farms. In view 
of its importance it must therefore be concluded 
that dairy education will receive hearty support and 
patronage in this state. 

In a recent issue of this paper, a graduate of the 
college stated that in his opinion, the students would 
get better results by not spending too much time in 
manual labor and more time in studying, especially 
during the last year or two of the course. This 
would seem to be a correct view of the matter. 
There are a large number of students who, to 
reduce their expenses do more or less work 
in the various departments of the college. 
Some work as much as thirty or thirty-five hours a 
week. While a moderate amount of work can be 
easily done by the average student, without forcing 
him to neglect his studies, yet this amount of work 
may be carried to excess, just as much as athletics 

or amusements may be carried to excess. The 
primary object of a college student is not to lay up 
money, but to get an education. Of course, a 
student who intends to pursue some branch of agri- 
culture can obtain a great deal of practical knowl- 
edge by spending his spare time in working in 
some one of the departments ; but when he takes 
time for work which he ought to spend in study, he 
is doing himself an injustice which he will some day 
regret. How much easier it is to study in the 
morning when we are fresh, than to study in the 
evening when we have been working all day. The 
whole body becomes exhausted and must have a 
time for rest before the brain can perform its work 
to good advantage. If a student is obliged to either 
work a large part of the time, thus paying his ex- 
penses, or leave college, let him work and stay, by 
all means, and get all the good he can from his 
course ; but it would be more profitable — especially 
at the present price of labor — for him to borrow 
money, if possible, to pay his way, rather than to 
exhaust his strength by working all day and then 
studying late at night. The Labor Fund is, no 
doubt, of great benefit, and it has done much toward 
building up the college ; since the opportunity of 
obtaining work and thus reducing expenses offers 
a considerable inducement to prospective students ; 
but the man who performs manual labor, to the 
neglect of his studies, must necessarily lose many 
opportunities in his college course. 

The Fall Tennis Tournament has been played off 
the past week. Mr. R. S. Jones has been declared 
champion in singles and Messrs. R. S. Jones and 
H. W. Rawson, champions in doubles. As is 
customary in the fall term the following prizes were 
awarded to the winners : For singles, $3.00, for 
doubles, $2.50 each. The tournament has been in 
most respects a very successful one, a great deal of 
interest being taken in it by most of the students. 
The tennis association intends to hold another tour- 
nament in the Spring term. 

The University of Michigan sent out a class of 
seven hundred and thirty-one this year, the largest 
ever graduated from an American college. — Purdue 



Aggie, 16 ; Williston, 0. 

The home team went to Easthampton, November 
3, and defeated the Williston eleven. The game 
was rather slow at times, yet as a whole 
Aggie played a good game. Williston could not 
make any considerable gains against Aggie, while 
Aggie's men often made runs of 15 and 20 yards, 
and could also break through Willistou's line. 

The game began at' 3-46 p. m., Willistou's ball. 
Sands kicked the ball 40 yards down the field to 
Marsh who made 20 yards before he was downed. 
Crehore, Marsh and Sullivan, round left end 
and tackle and Burringtou through right tacxle 
made good gains. With the ball in Aggie's terri- 
tory 10 yards from the center Marsh made a beauti- 
ful sprint of 70 yards and secured the first touch- 
down in one minute. Marshall kicked goal. 
Score 6-0. 

Sands kicked the ball down the field 35 yards, 
Crehore carried it back 25 yards. The ball soon 
goes to Williston on fourth down. Winne gains 
five yards, but on the next play Williston fumbles 
and Harper secures the ball. Washburn bucks ceu- 
ter for 6 yards. Burringtou, Fairbanks, Crehore, 
Marshall and Sullivan each make gaius here, Cre- 
hore making 20 yards around left end. Bonney 
does some fine tackling for Williston at this stage 
of the game. When the ball is within two yards of 
WUIiston's goal they brace up and secure the ball 
on fourth down. Nevins punts the ball 30 yards. 
By repeated plays arouud end and Burringtou 
through tackle the ball is forced back to within one 
yard of Willistou's goal when Marshall goes through 
his own tackle and makes the second touchdown in 
ten minutes. Marshall fails at goal. Score 10-0. 

Sands kicks off. Crehore gains 20 yards. Marsh 
and Marshall go around end and Washburn bucks 
center for good gaius. Williston gets the ball on 
fourth down. Winne takes the ball but Marshall 
breaks through and forces him back five yards. 
Nevins punts. Aggie gains slightly hut Williston 
braces up again and forces Marshall to punt. 
Bonney catches the ball and makes the best run of 
the game for Williston. Crehore and Eddy make 
fine tackles and prevent Williston from securing a 
touchdown. Williston fumbles the ball and Crehore 
secures it when time is called. Score 10-0, 

The second half opened with Aggie's ball. Toole 
kicks off and Winne catches the ball but is tackled 
at once by Marshall. Williston fumbles the ball 
and Sullivan gets it. Aggie soon looses it on 
fourth down. Williston cannot gain so Nevins 
punts. Burrington, Crehore, Marsh and Marshall 
each make repeated gains until the ball is within 
three yards of Williston's goal when tbe ball is 
fumbled and Williston makes a touchback. They 
liueup on the 25 yard line and Williston punts. 
Crehore gets the ball near the center. Williston 
holds Aggie and Marshall punts. Sands, Winne 
and Comstock make gains but the ball goes to 
Aggie on fourth down. Marsh makes 20 yards 
round eud. From the ten yard line Burrington 
breaks through and makes the third and last touch- 
down. Marshall kicks goal. Score 16-0. 

Sands kicks off. Crehore gains 15 yards. Toole 
bucks center for six yards. The ball is given to 
Williston for holding. Crehore tackles Winne and 
forces him back four yards. Nevins punts. The 
umpire gives the ball to Williston for holding by 
Sullivan. Marshall tackles Winne back of the line. 
Nevins punts. Comstock is hurt and HambliD 
takes his place. Crehore gains 30 yards around 
left end and time is called. Score 16-0. 

The work of Bonney at tackling and Sands and 
Winne at rush'ng were commeudable for Williston. 
Marshall and Crehore did excellent tackling and 
together with Marsh and Burrington carried off the 
honors for Aggie. 


Sullivan, 1. e., 
Fairbanks, 1. t., 
Burrington, 1. g., 
Kinney, r. g., 
Eddy, r. t., 
Marsh (capt.) r. e. 
Marshall, 1. h., 
Crehore, r. h., 
Washburn, Toole, 


r. e., Bonuey 

r. t., Durgin 

r. g., Leary 

center, Schwerin 

1. g., Murray 

1. t., Carpenter 

1. e., Hamblin, Comstock (capt.) 

quarter-back, Clapp 

r. h., Sands 

1. h., Winne 

full-back, Nevins 

The score— Aggie, 16; Williston, 0. Touchdowns- 
Marsh, Marshall, Burrington. Time — One twenty-five 
and one twenty minute half. Referee — Morse of Aggie. 
Umpire — Leech of Williston. Linesman— Wescott of 

Twenty-two Yale graduates are at present coach- 
ing foot-ball teams. — Purdue Ex. 



i n 



Attendants upon colleges and professional 
schools are by common consent called students. 
Yet not all, by any means, accomplish the work of 
a student in the true sense, — a successful searcher 
after knowledge. Some are by nature dull, "born 
so," for whom neither can wealth buy capacity nor 
diligence supply its absence. Some are too bril- 
liant, so that dazzled by their own brightness, they 
find no need of study. Some are too busy to study ; 
politics of societies, social converse, friendly gossip, 
story-reading, and even daily toil, cousume both 
time and energy. Some have no time for study or 
its fruits, but come to college because they are sent, 
because it is the proper thing in their set, or be- 
cause they have nothing else to do. Some are 
failures simply from ignorance ; they have not 
learned how to study. Every student at the end of 
his course sees how little he knew of the best ways 
of study at the outset, and often makes the remark, 
"If I had only known how, what I might have ac- 
complished in the four years !" 

The genuine student has always and everywhere 
a somewhat distinct conception of 


This purpose is the foundation of energy. At 
first it is simply the general one, to know — to know 
instead of to guess, or even to believe. A genuine 
student intends to be one who knows, in all the 
possibilities of knowledge. He takes to books as 
the source of knowledge, possibly with little power 
to distinguish the true from the false. But this 
purpose leads to the clearest distinctions, and makes 
the student a questioner. From books he turns to 
teachers, and from teachers to the sources of 
knowledge in nature, always questioning, "How 
much of this do I know, and how do I know that I 
know it?" 

At a second stage of progress in a student's de- 
velopment his purpose changes by fixing more defi- 
nite limits to the knowledge sought. The sea of 
knowledge embraces particular continents of explo- 
ration, and each student finds a place of importance 
to explore. It may be the accident of favorable 

conditions that determines his choice, but a genuine 
student somehow discovers the impossibility of 
grasping all knowledge and the more intense inter- 
est of certainty in special sciences. The purpose 
is simply carried to its natural outcome from a 
larger acquaintance with the extent of knowledge. 
If this definite purpose is formed to early, it is 
likely to develop a pedant instead of a student, to 
cultivate conceit instead of humility, and so ob- 
struct genuine inquiry. But the definite limit to 
inquiry must be accepted at length because of the 
natural limit to human intellect and strength. 
To carry out his purpose the student must have 


Such ideals come to us gradually ; they cannot be 
found ready made. We cannot even adopt the 
good ones our neighbors display. Teachers cannot 
give them, but can inspire them. Little by little 
they are built by acquaintance with books, things 
and people. Each natural gift helps to make the 
ideal definite, and each step of progress in accord 
with the true purpose makes the ideal more grand 
and more significant. Sometimes it is too indefi- 
nite, however grand, to be a satisfactory stimulant; 
sometimes it is too definite to bring out the latent 
individual powers. An imitator of another can 
never be the best of students, and yet a grand ideal 
that cannot be studied in parts gives but little in- 
centive to definite present exertion. The ideal in- 
cludes one's best conception of purpose, plan, 
method, facilities, and surroundings. Of these it 
is needful here to dwell only upon 


To describe a student's methods of study so that 
another can adopt or imitate them is a difficult task, 
because no two people exactly resemble each other 
in mental habits more than in physical. One can 
do his best work in early morning, even before 
breakfast ; another finds an hour of late evening 
worth the most for hard study. One devours his 
lesson in haste, and ruminates upon it afterward ; 
while another digests each thought as he meets it, 
and gains added strength for the next. There are, 
however, a few general methods worth transcribing. 
A true student plans for his studies definite periods 
of time as nearly in uniform order as possible. His 
times for study are as well marked in his habits as 
his meal times. He can put off either, but he feels 



the loss. His order of lessons is as real as is a 
succession of courses at a dinner, though the rea- 
son for choice may he different. He adapts his 
lessons to the time at his disposal, to the circum- 
stances favoring study, and to his physical condi- 
tion. He does not assign to hours of natural wear- 
iness or dullness any ahstruse thinking, but stimu- 
lates his mind at such times by the most enticing- 
facts and problems. 

A thorough student studies his own habits of 
memorizing, and perfects them. He seeks all the 
methods of association, by words, forms, ideas, 
and principles, that make memory trustworthy. He 
never for a moment allows the outside aid of memo- 
randa or of contact with the printed page through 
the finger-ends. Indeed, the less use he has for 
books in the classroom the better he likes his work. 

In the class-room a true student finds his best 
hours of study upon the subject of his lesson. The 
bright thoughts of his teacher and his fellow-stu- 
dents are his best text, and even his dull neighbor 
is a good whetstone to his own abilities. 

The genuine student is always an interrogation 
point in the presence of uncertainties, though he 
never asks questions simply to quiz his teacher. If 
he knows a fact needed for clearing up doubt, he 
voluuteers it in a way that shows his desire to con- 
tribute to the wants of others, not to display his 
abundance of knowledge. 

To sum up, the student pa? - excellence is one who 
works to know, raises his ideals with each attain- 
ment, and studies his methods and means as well 
as his texts. — The Iudustrialist. 


One is probably nowhere more powerfully im- 
pressed with the vast extent of the West than 
on the broad rolling prairie, where he can ride for 
miles without seeing a tree or house to relieve the 
eye from the monotony of the landscape. The 
horizon looks like a vast ocean where many vessels 
like clouds tack and veer, all sailing in the same 
direction. There is absolutely nothing to attract 
your attention ; no woods, no hills or rocks, no 
farms with waving grain ; nothing but space whose 
solitude rivals the ocean. 

The only feature that breaks the monotony of 
the plains are the great river-beds that cut through 

the laud testifying to the age of this body of matter 
which we call earth. Now, they are nothing but 
wide valleys where a little water is found, but once, 
probably in the glacial period, they were immense 
river beds where the melting ice from the north es- 
caped into the ocean. That these valleys are due to 
erosion is proved by the rocky mounds that are 
frequently found in the valleys, and which have 
been left there by the water wearing away the sur- 
rounding earth, leaving the rocks which still bear 
marks of the immense glacier. Sometimes this may 
also be traced by the perpendicular walls or sides of 
the valley where the earth has been worn away 
leaving exposed the different rock strata, which are 
very iuteresting to study as they go down from one 
hundred to two hundred feet below the level of the 
land. A great deal of the rock is full of mica. One 
of the finest sights I ever saw was the sun gleaming 
on one of these mica cliffs which was more than a 
hundred feet high and over a mile long ; it seemed 
like gold ; it sparkled ; it dazzled the eye. 

One can imagine how the buffalo used to roam 
over the prairies, how wild horses and cattle used 
to graze upon the grass, when the Indian made this 
his hunting-ground. But now nothing is left except 
a. few antelope and the prairie-dog. Now and then 
a village is seen. Here in the same burrow lives a 
dog, an owl, and a rattlesnake. As you approach 
one of these villages hundreds of prairie-dogs scam- 
per to their holes, clash in head-foremost but im- 
mediately reappear, their heads sticking out to 
watch for the approach of danger. 

The white man has come and is slowly settling 
the western part of the country. By his ingenuity 
and inventions he is building up the country, setting 
out trees and irrigating the laud. At present, if one 
rides far enough, he will come to one of those inev- 
itable county seats which speculation has caused to 
be built in the western states. A few years ago I 
spent a summer in one of these places where the 
wily speculators had built a fifty-thousand dollar 
brick court house whose grotesqueness was indes- 
cribable, surrounded as it was by the broad expanse 
of buffalo grass that had not yet been broken by 
the travel of civilization. But in some Eastern 
newspaper one reads of the fast growing city of 
Bingham which has already built a fifty thousand 
dollar court house, whose neighboring farmlands have 



been analyzed and found to be the most fertile in 
that section of the state, and future growth and 
prosperity is assured by everyone. In corning into 
view of one of these so-called cities, which seem so 
lost, so forlorn, one is led to believe, if he has read 
Arabian Nights, that some roc in flying by has be- 
come weary of the burden of his master's palace 
and dropped it there on the plains. Yet in a few 
more years this barren waste will be a prosperous 
growing country. All it lacks is a little more of the 
"cream of population" from Europe and some of 
our modem rain-makers. R. D. W. '98. 

^©lle^f P©tf| Q 

—Drill in the Drill Hall now. 

— Birnie, '98, lias left college to study surveying. 

—Aggie foot-ball stocks took a rise after the 
Williston game. 

— The new guns have been shipped and will soon 
be at the college. 

— The week of prayer for young men was observed 
by the Y. M. C. A. 

— H. W. Moore has returned to college after an 
absence of three weeks. 

— Watch for the Index ; it will contain many 
pleasant surprises for you. 

— Electricity has reached North college at last 
and is greatly appreciated. 

— The senior division in chemistry visited the 
Amherst gas works, Nov. 3. 

— A bus load of students went with the foot-ball 
team to the Williston game at Easlhamptou. 

— C. A. King has been elected to the '97 Index 
board to fill the place vacated by G. R. Mansfield. 

— G. A. Drew has been elected secretary of the 
class of '97 iu place of G. R. Mansfield who has 
left college. 

— The football season has come to a close and 
the team has disbanded. The record of the season 
is three defeats and three victories. 

— The second entertainment of the Union Course 
is given to-night. Rev. R. S. MacArthur is the 
speaker, subject, "Oliver Cromwell." Everyone 
should hear him. 

— Several of the students went home to vote last 

— Mr. E. A. Thompson has been appointed elec- 
trician to take full charge of the college plant and 
is also to assist Prof. Warner iu the instruction in 
practical electricity. 

— F. L. Warren, '95, who went home sick a few 
weeks ago will probably not be able to return to 
college this term. During his absence E. H. Clark 
has acted as foot-ball manager. 

— President Goodell was called to Philadelphia 
last week to attend the funeral of his brother, Dr. 
Wihiam Goodell, Gynecologist. He was an in- 
structor in the University of Pennsylvania. 

— L. Javolovictz from Liepsig, Germany, repres- 
enting a large publishing company has been visiting 
Dr. Stone who is an old friend of his. Mr. 
Javolovictz is traveling in this country visiting the 

— The Chess club met in C. M. Dickinson's room 
Wednesday evening, Oct. 31, and elected the fol- 
lowing officers : Pres.,C. M. Dickinson; vice-pres., 
H. B. Read ; sec'y, J. A. Emrich ; treas., J. M. 
Barry ; directors, A. B. Smith, H. W. Moore, F.B. 
Shaw, C. I. Goessmann. 


Clianute — "Progress in Flying machines ." 

This liitle work has to do with flying machines in 
distinction from balloons. The author tries to sat- 
isfy himself whether with our present mechanical 
knowledge and appliances we may hope to fly 
through the air. He believes the problem solved. 
Abbott — The Birds about us. 

A finely illustrated book on birds, told in the 
charming style of the author of "A Naturalist's 
rambles about home." 

Stagg and Williams — Scientific and practical treat- 
ise on American Foot-ball. 

No need to call attention to this. It will appeal 
to every foot-ball lover at once. Stagg writes it 
and Williams backs him up. Go to it and you will 
learn all about "Revolving Wedges from a Dowu" 
or "Tackle criss-crosses with tackle iu a play 
round the end." 
Lloyd — Wealth against Commonwealth. 

The story of trade combinations and trusts. An 



attempt on the part of the author to answer this 
question put by the men and women who do the 
work of the world. "How is it that we who pro- 
fess the religion of the Golden Rule and the politi- 
cal economy of service for service, come to divide 
our produce into incalculable power and pleasure 
for a few, and partial existence for the many who 
are the fountains of these powers and pleasures?" 
A very interesting and valuable contribution to the 
literature of Monopoly. 
Gonkling — City Government in the United States. 

This little primer on the science of city govern- 
ment, written by an alderman of New York city is 
sure to be welcomed by students of political science. 
It is one of the first attempts to write in English a 
popular work on municipal organization. The com- 
parisons with foreign cities are especially valuable 
and ought to furnish food for thought to ever}' true 

T. M. G. A. TOPICS. 

Nov. 15. God's way the only way. II Kings 5 : 
1-14 ; Acts 4:12; I Cor. 3:2. S. Kuroda. 

Nov. 18. Our daily duties. I Cor. 10:31; Col. 
3 : 17; II Peter 1 : 5-11. A. E. Dutton. 

Nov. 22. Thanksgiving and Thanksliving. Eph. 
5: 15-20. G. D. Leavaus. 

Nov. 25. Praise Service. Ps. 135 : 1-3 ; Acts 
26 : 23-26. E. A. Bagg. 

There are many men who come to college with 
the intention of attending strictly to their studies, 
but whose very popularity too often thwarts their 
best purposes. They become President of this, 
that and the other organization, join the musical 
clubs, write for the papers, go into athletics, are 
popular in society, and perhaps even maintain a 
good standing in their class. This certainly shows 
a wide diversity of talent, and their companions 
call them good all-round men. The trouble is that 
they get around into a great many things, but do 
not get all around any one thing. Concentration of 
energy accomplishes much. — Brunonian. 

Cornell University is a heavy loser by the forest 
fires in Wisconsin. It had about a million dollars 
invested in pine lands which have been burned over. 
— Purdue Exponent. 

©te$ and (©mmen'tl, 

Andrew Carnegie once said that our colleges 
turned out a lot of "educated loafers." Now 
while such a statement, in the sense in which he 
uses it, is wholly untrue ; still we have recently 
been forced to believe that some college men, es- 
pecially college editors, are decidedly lazy. They 
do not devote the time and energy to their work 
which they should. A few days since we spent sev- 
eral hours looking over a large flle of college papers, 
including exchanges and many of our own issues, 
and in all the departments we fouud a tiresome 
sameness in thought and expression. This to our 
mind does not show lack of ability, but a lack of 
effort. We would see more originality and greater 
diversity of expression ; and these can be obtained 
by nothing but the most persistant application. In 
asking for originality we are aware that we are re- 
questing what is almost an impossibility; almost, 
but not quite. The preacher tells us that "there is 
no new thing under the sun ;" and the greatest of 
German writers, Goethe, says "There is nothing 
worth thinking but that has been thought before," 
He also adds, "The most foolish of all errors is for 
young writers to believe that they forfeit true origi- 
nality in recognizing a truth which has been recog- 
nized by others." Granting all this, there is still 
room for originality. There are a great many ways 
of thinking the same thing. Right here we would 
s&y. however, that a writer must not rely on him- 
self alone. He cannot evolve from his inner con- 
sciousness ; for originality "rests not on individual 
cleverness, but upon a broad and deep relationship 
between the writer and that which he would inter- 
pret." However difficult of achievement, originality 
of thought may be there is surely no reason why, 
with the abundant resources of the English language 
there should not be greater variety in expression. 
To this even we can attain, only by hard work. We 
who would write, must read and study and observe ; 
or else our writings will be but meaningless jumbles 
of words and common phrases. We should attach as 
much importance to our editorial writings as we 
would to our prize essays. When we do this, every 
issue of our papers will be eagerly awaited by its 
readers, and we shall hear no more about the "puril- 
ity" and "insipidity" of the college press. 



'74. — Edgar H. Libby is the editor of The Ranch, 
North Takima, Washington. 

'78. —Dr. Frederick H.Osgood, lecturer in the 
veterinary department at Harvard, has been ap- 
pointed president of the Massachusetts cattle com- 
missioners to succeed Pres. Levi Stockbridge who 
resigned recently. 

'86. — Dr. Winfield Ayers is located at 47 West 
93d Street. New York City. 

'89. — Franklin W. Davis, of Ihe Boston Journal, 
informs the Life that he became the father of a fine 
little girl on Aug 24th last. 

'92. — Mr. H. M. Thomson, assistant agricultur- 
ist at the Hatch Station and secretary of the class 
of '92, sends the following news items concerning 
members of his class. It is hoped that other class 
secretaries will follow Mr. Thomson's example. 

H. C. West is employed by the Gypsy Moth 
department of the Mass. Board of Agriculture. 

M. G. Williams, M. D. V., is agent for Mass. 
Cattle Commissioners. Address, 50 Village Street, 

F. H. Plumb of the editorial department of the 
Orange Judd Co., Springfield, was married, Oct. 
SO, to Fannie Ethel Cooler at 25 Chapel St., West- 
field, Mass. Mr. and Mrs. Plumb will be. at home 
on Tuesdays in December at 397 East Worthington 
Street, Springfield, Mass. 

'94. — L. J. Sbepard and E. H. Alderman have 
gone into partnership. The firm will be known as 
Shepard, Alderman & Co., florists and dealers in 
vegetables and poultry, Oakdale, Mass. 

On October 13, there occurred the base-ball game 
between the full-blooded Indians from the Ponca 
City, Indiana, school and Purdue ; in which Purdue 
won by the score of 12 to 0. The Indians real 
names were : C. Monona, c ; Phillips, p ; Francis, 
ss ; Mitchell, lb; Ray, 2b; Smith, 3b ; L. Modona, 
rf ; Cerie, If ; and Eagle, mf. They played a very 
fine game but failed to hit Brown, and consequently 
met their first goose egg of the season. — Purdue 

It may or may not be true that the falling off in 
the number of students at Princeton is due to hazing. 
It is a fact, however, that the two colleges where 
the falling off in the number of students is largest 
this year had the worst hazing scrapes last year, and 
they are Princeton and Cornell. It is an instruc- 
tive coincidence anyway. — Daily paper. 


At a mass meeting of students of the Purdue 
University to-day a resolution was adopted con- 
demning all hazing practices and the participants 
therein . This is an endorsement of the action of 
the faculty in dismissing the twelve students 
yesterday. — Daily paper. 

The students of Purdue University assembled in 
Mass meeting on November 10th passed resolutions 
embodyiug the unanimous sentiment of the student 
body in condemnation of the practice of hazing and 
pledging themselves to actively oppose and prevent 
such acts in the future. 

The immediate cause of this movement was the 
hazing of a freshman by twelve sophomores and 
the aggravating notoriety given to the affair by the 
press. The twelve offenders were found out and 
summarily dismissed from the University. 

(W. E. S. '82.) 
The above clippings are chapters in the story of 
the movement agaiust hazing which is going on in 
many of the larger colleges throughout the country. 

The Courier- Review, of the University, has an 
editor-in-chief and a managing editor. That is a 
style at double-headed authority that would make 
the very devil smile. 

The man who looks upon college journalism as 
an insignificant thing is not posted in college matters. 
Nearly every college of any standing in the country 
to-day, publishes a paper. The majority of these 
are monthlies, but quite a number publish weeklies, 
and several of the larger Universities dailies. The 
college paper then embraces a great number of pub- 
lications varying all the way from the brisk little 
daily to the more bulky and substantial monthly, 
but all animated by much the same spirit and all 
bearing evidence of college influences. — Ex. 



The Chinese orderly called the roll — 

The tourist delighted fell; 
For he felt in the depths of his Yankee soul 

"Twas his old time college yell. 

— Ex. 

The Ohio Wesley an University has just received 
for a new library the large sum of $50,000. — Purdue 

Twenty-eight foreign countries and every Ameri- 
can stale and territory except three are represented 
at the University of Pennsylvania. — Ex. 

Sow an act and reap a habit ; sow a habit and 
reap a character ; sow a character and reap a des- 
tiny. — -Spanish Proverb. 

Oliver Wendell Holmes, novelist, scientist, essay- 
ist, poet, is dead. What a crowd of thoughts this 
brief sentence sends surging through one's mind ! 
some sad, some joyous. Sad it is to think that 
even the "Last Leaf" has falleu ; that of all those 
men who, twenty years ago, were giving the world 
the best essays, stories and poems that have ever 
flowed from an American's pen, not one is living. 
And now he who for so many years has been charm- 
ing us by his wit, learning and versatility of his 
novels, his occosional poems, and above all of his 
Breakfast Table Series, has passed away. — Illini. 

The University of Michigan has enrolled two 
Chinese women as students. — Ex. 

Of the 195 professors, instructors and tutors of 
Yale University, 164 are Yale graduates. — Purdue 

Scarlet has been adopted as the college color of 
the University of Chicago. — P. Ex. 

Our Willie passed away to-day, 

His face we'll see no more ; 
What Willie thonght was H 2 

Proved H 2 S0 4 . 

— Bowdoin Orient. 



Hard and Free Burning Coals 

ggP'Orders by mail will receive prompt attention. ^^ 



B. & H. and ROCHESTER, $1.00 UP. VERY HAND- 
SOME DUPLEX, $1.50, $2.00 AND 82.50. 
For Fine Fruit, Confectionery and Fancy Biscuit go to 

O. 6. COUCH & SON'S, 


ooksB!(er s Stationer mil Newsdealer. 




Room f See Cream Par 

Jgp'Catering for Parties a Specialty ..^JSg 
36 Main Street, .... 

Northampton, Mass. 


Pleasant St., Amherst. 




Society, Class and Group Work a Specialty 






I have the ammunition to fit 
you with. On your way to the 
Post Office stop and look at my 
stock of 

Hats, Caps, Gloves, 







VOL. V. 


No. 6 

Published Fortnightly by the Students of the Mass. 
Agricultural College. 

Terms $1,00 per year, in advance. Single copies, 10c. 

Postage, outside United States and Canada, 25c. extra. 

Entered at the Post Office as second-class mail matter. 


C. B. LANE, '95, Editor in-chief. 

W. L. MORSE, '95, Business Manager. 

T. P. FOLEY, '95, Exchange. 

F. C. TOBET, '95, Alumni. 

R. A. COOLEY, '95, Local Items. 

I Notes and Comments. 
} Library Notes. 
- P. A. LEAMY, '96, Athletics. 

R.L. HAYWARD,'96, 

H. H. ROPER, '96, I T ifD „ ^ 
J. L. BARTLETT, '97, \ Literary. 

Students and Alumni are requested to contribute. Communica- 
ions should be addressed Aggie Life, Amherst Mass. 

Ed i-to rials. 

In looking over the numbers of Life for the last 
year, one immediately notices the absence of origi- 
nal contributions of verse. This lack of poetry in 
a college paper is much to be deplored. In other 
college publications a large amount of space is de- 
voted to the poetic contributions of the students, 
and this forms one of the most entertaining and at- 
tractive departments. Surely there are some men 
in college this year who, if they would, could fur- 
nish us much valuable material in this line. A col- 
lection of short verses and poems in every number 
would soon come to be considered, from a literary 
point of view, the best part of the paper. At least 
we ought to have occasional contributions. Let 
our poets wake up and make use of their latent 
powers for the benefit of the public. 

We are forced to make periodic mention of sev- 
eral abuses which creep into college circles and one 

of the most fruitful of these comes in connection 
with the abuse of the college reading room. The 
Directors have endeavored to do the best they could 
under the circumstances to accommodate all and at 
the same time do what they were able to prevent 
the mutilation and destruction of the public proper- 
ty in their charge, for such the furniture and publi- 
cations are and as such they should be treated by 
all. The carelessness of a few renders almost value- 
less some of the publications. They are pulled 
out of their covers, torn and thrown about 
the room until they are St only for the waste- 
basket. Is it any wonder that the buyers 
complain? We are all old enough, and should 
have pride enough to keep us from doing such 
things. Small children are not supposed to know 
how papers and books should be used, but surely 
we have all passed the infantile stage of our exis- 
tence ; and furthermore we owe it to ourselves and 
to our college mates to be less careless in the use 
of the reading-room. 

Let us not slight the military salute. There are 
few customs which are of more usefulness, in a 
military college. The salute, as practiced at this 
college, looks well but there is something more than 
looks to it. It means the mutual recognition of 
teacher and student. When properly giveu and re- 
cognized it means unity of action and of purpose. 
But to attain its full meaning, it must be participated 
in by both parties and slighted by neither. The 
smallest deviation from the attitude of respect by 
either party is immediately noticed by the other. 
"Whatever is worth doing at all is worth doing 

A little less than two years ago the college was 
presented with the land for an athlet'c field, and at 
that time it was hoped that men then in the lower 
classes would enjoy it before graduating. To-day, 



the land is as it was then, covered with scrub pines 
and underbrush, practically speaking, a barren waste. 
Is it not time that some movement was made to- 
ward reclaiming this land, and putting it to the pur- 
pose intended by the donors ? If we are to have a 
field, why not have it now? The money required 
to do this work will not come without the asking, 
and wc have no doubt that if some enterprising 
person took the matter in hand, the necessary sum 
would be pledged. Are we so indifferent to the 
welfare of our athletics as to take no interest in 
this work ? The work of the college in athletics is 
often criticised and if some of those over anxious 
critics would expend some of their energy in help- 
ing the good work along, we feel free to predict 
there would be less cause for complaint in the 
future. With our magnificent building, our thor- 
oughly equipped laboratories, our large and efficient 
corps of instructors, grounds so beautiful and 
extensive, with all these supported by a generous 
commonwealth, it would seem out of place to ask for 
more from such a benefactor. It rests then with 
the student body and the alumni to provide the 
necessary funds. Let the work be done and let 
each one do his duty. 

The tide of excitement over foot-ball this season 
reached its greatest height in Springfield last Satur- 
day, and from now till the middle of December the 
ebb will be rapid. The game Saturday was dis- 
tinguished by an unusual number of accidents to 
the players. This was quite a surprise to prominent 
foot-ball men, as it was expected that the new rules 
would eliminate them to a large degree. Harvard 
scored on Yale for the first time since '90. Yale's 
team work has generallly been regarded as superior 
to that of Harvard, but this year Harvard clearly 
outplayed Yale in this respect. Yale however ex- 
celled in punting and line breaking but her ends 
often gave way to Harvard's backs. The fact that 
Harvard lost her half-backs early in the game partly 
accounts for her defeat, but to attribute Yale's vic- 
tory entirely to her luck would be unjust to her ex- 
cellent playing. Harvard had fewer veterans on 
her team and was at a disadvantage in this respect 
as was shown by Yale's breaking through her center 
and making a touchdown, which is a rare play for 
large teams. Harvard's work was steady and 

plucky throughout and at times her work was bril- 
liant. At drop kicking, Fairchild clearly outclassed 
Thorne, and the failure of the referee to allow the 
last goal seems peculiar, to say the least. Yale 
won the game on its merits. She will lose seven of 
her veterans this year and this loss will doubtless 
greatly affect the strength of her team next season. 



As a college we are closely connected and in 
many ways associated with one of the best and 
finest equipped experiment stations in the country. 
Much of the work done in the fields about the col- 
lege is along the lines laid out by our board of ex- 
periment station directors and many of the practi- 
cal lessons given us in the class room are the re- 
sults of this work condensed by our professors and 
made applicable to the subject in hand. Neverthe- 
less to the average student the object and actual 
operation of one of these institutions is a closed 
page, something about which he knows little and 
perhaps cares even less. 

To one who takes the trouble to look farther than 
the surface of this work and study the details of its 
performance a view of the subject is presented 
which cannot fail to interest him and to make him 
feel that the day has indeed come when science and 
agriculture shall go hand in hand, and when the 
Chemist, Entomologist and Botanist shall put their 
shoulders to the wheel to lighten the load upon the 
shoulders of our struggling and over burdened 

All along the line of the growth and development 
of the Agricultural Experiment Station it has met 
with many difficulties and much opposition. The 
question was often asked whether its work would in 
any way benefit the ordinary farmer. Time has 
passed and we may now look at the results for the 
answer to the question. Facts which are now ac- 
cepted as the fundamental principles of all agri- 
cultural pursuits we can trace directly back as the 
results of its efforts. Not only the farm, but the 
orchard, garden and dairy have profited by it, and 
without doubt every intelligent farmer in the country 
has, or might have been, benefited by observing its 



When we consider the great result accomplished 
and the interesting processes by which it is all 
brought about we can but wonder why our student 
body does not improve its opportunity of observing 
the workings of an experiment station, and of de- 
riving the many and useful lessons which it might 
from one of these institutions which have so well 
fulfilled all that was desired of them and have so 
amply repaid the outlay which State and Nation 
have made in their behalf. F. P. W. 


While there have been in the last few years, 
many civil wars and rumors of wars, the world as a 
whole has been comparatively free from interna- 
tional conflicts. It was not then without much sur- 
prise that early in July we received news of a war in 
the far East between China and Japan, two of the 
oldest and most peaceful nations in the world, over 
the control of Corea, a small country situated to the 
northeast of China and bodering on the Japan sea. 
Naturally the question was asked, "What is the 
cause of this conflict ?" To answer this question 
we muse look into the history of Corea. 

For many years Corea has been set against west- 
ern customs and progress. Possessing a civiliza- 
tion of her own as old as that of China, she 
despised all innovations. She hated Japan be- 
cause of the invasion of 1592, when Japanese 
armies overran her whole territory. To other 
nations, on account of her bigotry and hatred of 
foreigners, she has shown little friendship. 

In 1873 the young king of Corea became of age 
and was made ruler in place of his father, who had 
been regent. Knowing that his character and 
ability were much inferior to those of his 
lather, China began to move her frontiers 
toward Corea, across a strip of about fifty miles of 
hitherto debatable laud, and four years later she 
annexed the whole of this strip. 

Meanwhile Japan had concluded a treaty with 
Corea by which that country was recognized as an 
independent nation. A few years later her inde- 
pendence was acknowledged by the United States, 
and by European nations. This deed of kindness 
by Japau was ill-repaid by the barbarous Coreans. 
The old bigoted spirit of opposition to foreigners 
and to Christianity had been revived by the deposed 

regent, and in 1882, the Japanese Legation in 
Seoul, the capitol of Corea, was attacked by a 
Coreau mob, and four ministers were murdered, 
the rest escaping to Japan. Immediately Japan 
replaced her minister and provided him with a mili- 
tary guard, while China sent to Corea several regi- 
mentsof soldiers to help preserve the peace. Again, 
in 1S84, the Japanese Legation was attacked, the 
residence burned and the minister forced to leave. 
In this attack the Coreans were aided by the 
Chinese soldiers. The result was that a treaty was 
made between Japan and China, which bound each 
country not to send troops to Corea without first 
notifying the other. This was the real source of 
difficulties between the two nations. For a long time 
in Corea, official corruption and heavy taxes had 
been causing local rebellions. In May of this year, 
an uprising occurred in a fertile section of Corea aud 
thousands of men were in arms. Unable to subdue 
this insurrection the Corean government asked aid 
of China, and China, without first notifying Japan, 
sent troops into Corea. 

Surely it was now time for Japanese feeling 
against China aud Corea to run high. Even after 
Japan had recognized Corea as an independent 
nation, the Japanese Legation had been twice 
burned and Japanese residents in Corea had been 
obliged to flee for their lives. The treaty had been 
frequently broken and China had been allowed an 
influence in Corea which wholly prevented the latter 
nation from being independent. Beside these, 
many other barbarisms and insults bad been com- 
mitted. Kim Ok Cinm, a young Corean, who, hav- 
ing studied in Japan and having favored Japanese 
progress, was the leader in the reform movement of 
1884, was decoyed to China and there murdered, 
his body being mutilated according to the ancient 
barbarous costoms of the Chinese. Feeling in 
Japan reached such height that Her Otori, the 
Japanese speaker, was sent to Seoul arriving there 
July 9. He uad with him a regiment of soldiers, 
and was followed a week later by a corps of five 
thousand men. 

After receiving an affirmative reply to his ques- 
tion, "Is Corea an independent state?" Her Otori, 
in the name of his government, demanded certain 
reforms which should secure to Corea a stable form 
of government and preservation, of treaties. After 

6 4 


some deliberation Corea decided to comply with 
these demands. Meanwhile China had been asked 
toco-operate with Japan in the intended reforms, 
but, being opposed to all reforms and progress in 
civilization, she refused to do so. Moreover, 
Chinese influence was brought to bear on the Coreau 
government, which wavered, and finally, changing 
its mind, refused to accept the reforms. This re- 
fusal brought out Japan's ultimatum. Corea must 
hold herself wholly independent of China, and 
Chinese troops must be withdrawn from Corea. If 
no answer were received to this proposal before 
night on July 22, it would be considered as 

It was rejected. In the morning of the 23d, 
when the Japanese minister came with his military 
guard to the palace gates, he was fired on by the 
soldiers in the palace, but secured admittance after 
a short skirmish. The war had commenced. Already 
the Chinese troops were being conveyed in trans- 
ports, and the fortified town of Asan became the 
principal Chinese camp. A Chinese army was 
marching north across the frontier toward Seoul. 
Japan also began to transport her army to Corea. 
War was not declared by either nation until after 
the 1st of August, but on July 25, three Japanese 
warships captured a cruiser and sunk a transport 
filled with Chinese soldiers. All reports of the war 
have been rather unsatisfactory but enough has 
been heard to prove that Japan has had much the 
best of the conflict. A great battle was fought on 
September 14 at Ping Yang, and a Chinese army 
of twenty thousand men was demolished. There 
was also a naval battle on the 19th. The total 
Chinese loss has been placed at about ten thousand 
men. The Chinese fleet is helpless and Japan can 
transport troops in any direction without molesta- 
tion. The Japanese can either occupy Formosa or 
strike directly at Pekin ; for although China has 
great resources of men and money, it is probable 
that an army of twenty-five thousand men could 
seize PekiD and obtain any terms they demanded. 
The Japanese army is organized on the European 
system ; here soldiers are well trained and full of 
spirit, but they are small compared with the 
Chinese. Her fleet consists of fifty modern vessels, 
many of which are among the fastest in the world. 
She has many foreign officers and there is no doubt 

that she can drive the Chinese navy from the seas. 
On the other hand, the Chinese are well drilled but 
not so well supplied with modern equipments, 
although they are marvelous shots with bows or 
with their native flint-lock rifles. There can be no 
doubt of the final success of Japan if the war is not 
interrupted by other nations. 

What then will be the result of this war? It is 
evident that Japan's first move will be to make 
Corea independent. If left alone Corea would 
soon fall into the hands of some European nation — 
a state of affairs very dangerous to the welfare of 

Fusan, in Corea, is the key to the Japan Sea, 
and, if this Gibralter should fall into the hands of 
Russia or England, the Japan Sea would become 
the battleground of these two nations. 

But aside from the question of international in- 
terests, the success of Japan will cause a rapid 
advance in civilization in Corea and China. Japan 
is, in the Orient, what our own country is in this 
hemisphere, the highest representative of civiliza- 
tion. She possesses enlightened institutions. She 
has laws equal to those of any nation and her pen- 
alties are just. China stands for bigotry and bar- 
barism, for darkness and savagery. Her science is 
merely a superstition ; her laws are barbarous, her 
punishments awful, her politics corrupt. If she 
succeeds in this war, she will force Corea back to 
her old state of sluggishness, ignorance and hatred 
of foreigners and foreign customs. But if Japan 
succeeds, it means to Corea reform and progress 
in both government and commerce. Whatever suc- 
cess she obtains she will use with justice and mod- 

Japan herself has made great strides in civiliza- 
tion in the last twenty-five years, and, in opening 
up these comparatively ancient nations to the en- 
lightment and progress of to day, she will have 
taken a still greater step — she will have conferred a 
lasting benefit on them as well as the rest ol the 

The Zoological Museum has been newly arranged 
and will be open for inspection and study as follows : 
From 4 to 5, Monday, Tuesday, Thursday and Fri- 
day afternoons ; and from 3 to 4 Wednesday and 





The goal posts have fallen ; the aspiring candidate 
for foot-ball honors has a hair cut. The maroon 
and white sweater has been turned over to the new 
manager, the hero of the gridiron is about to"down" 
the turkey, the diet of the training table is a thing 
of the past, and the foot-ball season of 1894 has 
passed into histor}'. 

The opening game of the season was played on 
Pratt Field with the Amherst college elevea, and 
although we were defeated our team proved conclu- 
sively that Amherst was not out of our class. It 
was hoped that the management would arrange 
another game later in the season but circumstances 
prevented such an arrangement. A few days later 
Mt. Hermon was defeated on our campus. Al- 
though the Hermon men were much heavier than 
ours they were unable to break up Aggie's splendid 
interference and prevent long gains through tackle 
and around the ends. The next game was played 
under unfavorable circumstances, it being arranged 
for the Saturday after the annual junior trip and 
several of the players were away from college for 
some time previous to the game at Hartford. Their 
absense prevented systematic practice, and on 
account of this, Trinity had a decided advantage and 
and defeated Aggie with ease, in an uninteresting 
and lifeless game. Shortly after this our eleven won 
a splendid victory at Middletown by defeating Wes- 
leyan in a close and exciting contest. This victory 
was duly celebrated at the college that night, when 
the news came of our victory. 

Our rejoicing was changed into sorrow when our 
team was defeated by "Tech." at Worcester by 
some unaccountable means. How we could receive 
such a defeat at the hands of a team much interior 
to ours we are at a los to imagine. The fact re- 
mains the same, however, it was the defeat of the 
season. The last game was played at Easthampton, 
in which our boys defeated Williston and closed the 
season, having won fifty per cent of the games 

A brief review of the work of the men who com 
posed the team may be of interest, and it is our 
purpose in speaking of them to deal as fairly by 
each one as possible. It is but just to say that 
Captain Marsh has worked a wonderful change in 

the team since the season opened and to him is due 
a large share of the praise awarded the eleven. His 
individual work has been brilliant, and it has had 
an inspiring effect on the whole team. His gentle- 
manly treatment of his own men as well as his op- 
ponents won for him the admiration of all. 

Crehore, who played at half-back, seldom lost a 
chance to gain, was found in every play, and was 
known as one of the hardest workers on the team. 

Fairbanks, the left tackle, played a fine game, much 
better than last year, but was not over fond of hard 
practice. Could always be relied upon to play a 
steady game. 

Read, the right guard, astonished everyone by 
his resolute work and contributed greatly to our 

Ballou was strong at center and handled men 
much heavier than himself with ease. 

Warren was the finest tackier on the team, and 
his illness was much regretted. Opposing teams 
found it difficult to get around his end. 

Sullivan played in Warren's position creditably 
in the Williston game. 

Toole was prevented from playiag in mauy of the 
games by sickness and his absence was keenly felt 
by the management. 

Burrington, the left guard, has played in that 
position ever since coming to college, and played a 
better game this year than ever before. No man on 
the team was as thoroughly reliable as Burrington, 
and he has always worked hard for success. The 
team next year will have reason to congratulate 
themselves in having so able a captain. 

Marshall, the left half back, has played a star 
game and gained more ground than any other man, 
excepting Crehore. He was in every play, and al- 
though light has more pluck and endurance than 
many a heavier man. He will make an able manager 
for the team next year. 

Washburn, played at full-back and bucked center 
fearlessly and was always sure to make a gain. He 
could always be relied upon to tackle his man, and 
put life into the game. 

Harper, the quarterback, was the coolest man on 
the team, and was never known to lose his head in 
a game. A good tackier and good at breaking up 

Kinney, substitute guard, played one game only, 



and gives promise of being an excellent man in the 

Nichols played a strong game as end, and will be 
a valuable man for the team next year. 

Si. aw, one of the best men on the team, injured 
his knee early in the season and was unable to play 
again. It is to be hoped that he will be fully re- 
covered before next year, and be able to resume his 
position at end. 

Eddy, the only '97 man on the eleven, did re- 
markable work for his first year on the team and 
givf s great promise for the future. 

Too much cannot be said in praise of the work 
of Professors Lull and Smith. The work of the 
former in coaching the team was of high order, 
while the latter did excellent work for the team on 
the field. 

In conclusion we would say, that, we hope the 
manager for 1895 will have more than one game on 
the home grounds during the season, provided the 
college contributes as liberally as they did this year 
toward the support of the team. 

— Thanksgiving recess begins this morning. 

— Four weeks more and Christmas. 

— Putnam, '94, visited his society brothers at col- 
lege last week. 

— Marsh, '95, received a short visit from his 
brother, Nov. 15 and 16. 

— The goal-posts were taken in last Friday. No 
more foot-ball this season. 

— G-. D. Leavens, '97, is improving slowly but 
still makes use of his crutches. 

— H. F. Howe, '97, of Cambridge has been called 
home to attend the funeral of his father. 

— F. G. Todd of the Two Years' class has be- 
come a member of the Q. T. V. Fraternity. 

— The Inspector General of the United States 
Army has been inspecting the college buildings. 

— Professor Washburne was absent from his du- 
ties for a few days suffering from a slight illness. 

— Beaman of the Two Years' class has left col- 
lege. He will return and enter the regular course 
next year. 

— A. H. Kirkland, '94, has returned to Maiden 
where he is to continue scientific work on the Gypsy 

— Many of the students attended the Harvard- 
Yale foot-ball game. Their sympathies were mostly 
for the Harvard eleven. 

— S. Kuroda, '95, will speak before the Presby- 
terian Board of Missions held at Philadelphia, Pa., 
Dec. 5, on Japanese Missions. 

— F. A. Bates, Supt. of the Gypsy Moth Com- 
mission, spent a few days in town last week with 
Asst. Entomologist A. H. Kirkland. 

— North College must again depend upon lamps for 
a short period. The electricity has been shut off 
in order to finish work on the plant. 

— Prof. Hays of the Minn. State Agricultural 
College and Director of the State Experiment 
Station visited the college last week. 

Bulletin No. 56 of the State Experiment Station 
has just appeared. The bulletin shows the analysis 
of several grades of fertilizer and also the value of 
food stuffs. 

— The foot-ball association has elected the fol- 
lowing officers for the season of 1895-96 : Captain, 
H. C. Burrington ; manager, J. L. Marshall. 

— On Friday night, Nov. 16, Dr. Stone delivered 
before the Natural History society a very able and 
instructive lecture on"Syrnbiosis in the plant world." 

— The group of pines north of South College is be- 
ing removed to make room for the new road to the 
barn. The old shed that was in the grove will be 
removed to the ravine. 

— The Athletic Association has elected E. S. 
Jones, pres't, and H. C. Burrington, sec. and treas. 
The directors are arranging for a series of indoor 
meets to take place during the winter term. 

— H. L. Frost is still absent from college, but 
it is expected that he will return after the Thanks- 
giving recess. His ailment has been long and severe 
and be has the sympathy of the student body. 

— President H. H. Goodell has been in Washing- 
ton for the past week, on business connected with 
the consolidation of the Hatch Experiment Station 
with the State Experiment station. After the meet- 
ing of the trustees in January, both stations will be 
under one head. 



— The directors of the Natural History society 
have asked Lieut. W. M. Dickinson, Commandant 
to deliver a lecture before that society on "Life on 
the Plains." He will probably lecture in a few 

— A. B. Cook, '96, has charge of the Zoological 
Museum, where he will be found an hour every 
afternoon, time as stated in another column, ready 
to show visitors about and explain anything relating 
to the collection. 

— The trial week of the electric plant has proved 
to be a great success, the only objection being that 
the lights are shut off at eleven o'clock. A petition 
has been presented to have the lights continued 
until 12 o'clock. 



Founded, 1886 — Incorporated 1890. 


Article I. — Name. 
This Club shall be known as the Massachusetts Agri- 
cultural College Club of New York. 
Article II. — Objects. 
The objects of this Club shall be : 

1. The promotion of agriculture. 

2. The advancement of the Massachusetts Agricultural 


3. The uniting of its members for mutual improvement 

and social fellowship. 

Article III.— Membership. 

Section 1. There shall be two classes of members : (a) 
active members ; (b) honorary members. 

Sec. 2. Active membership is open to all former stu- 
dents of the Massachusetts Agricultural College, and to 
all who have been or are connected with its Boards of 
instruction and government. The names of all such who 
shall attend the Annual Banquet as a guest of the Club, 
or by paying the Banquet fee, shall be placed on the active 
membership roll. 

Sec. 3. Honorary membership may be conferred by a 
unanimous vote of the Executive Committee. 

Sec. 4. The Club by a two-thirds vote at the annual 
meeting may expel a member. 

Sec. 5. Any member may resign by sending his letter 
of resignation to the Secretary, provided he is not in 
arrears to the Club. 

Article IV. — Dues. 

Sec. 1. Honorary members shall be exempt from the 

payment of admission fee and dues, and shall enjoy all 
the privileges of active members, except that they shall 
not vote nor hold office; nor shall they have any right or 
title to, nor interest in the property or assets of the Club. 

Sec. 2, The annual banquet fee shall be five dollars and 
the Executive Committee shall reserve plates for those 
who pay said fee, five days or more before the banquet, 
to the Secretary-Treasurer. 

Article V. — Officers. 

Sec. 1. The Officers of this Club shall be a President, 
First and Second Vice-Presidents, a Secretary-Treasurer, 
and a Choragus, which collectively shall constitute the 
Executive Committee of the Club and shall be elected by 
ballot at the annual meeting to serve from the adjourn- 
ment of said meeting to the adjournment of the next. 
Article VI. — Duties of Officers. 

Sec. 1. The President shall preside at all meetings of 
the Club and Executive Committee. 

Sec. 2. In the absence of the President, the Vice- 
Presidents shall perform his duties in the order of their 

Sec. 3. The Secretary-Treasurer shall act as the Cor- 
respondent of the Club, and handle the funds subject to 
the order of the Executive Committee. 

Sec. 4. The Choragus shall have supervision of music 
at the Club reunions. 
Article VII. — Powers of the Executive Committee. 

The Executive Committee shall have power : 

1. To fill any vacancy among the officers by a majority 
vote of those present at any regular meeting. 

2. To make purchases and contracts for the Club, but 
it shall have no power, unless specially authorized, to 
render the Club or any member thereof liable for any debt 
beyond the amount of money which shall at the time of 
contracting such debt be in the treasury, and not needed 
for the discharge of prior debts and liabilities. 

3. To invite guests to the meetings of the Club, and 
transact any other business which does not conflict with 
this constitution. 

Article VIII. — Meetings. 

Sec. 1. The Annual Meeting and Banquet of the Club 
shall be held in December, at a time and place to be 
appointed by the Executive Committee. 

Sec. 2. Special meetings of the Club may be called by 
the Executive Committee for the promotion of its objects. 

Sec. 3. Meetings of the Executive Committee shall be 
held whenever needed. 

Sec. 4. No assessments or collections shall be imposed or 
made at any meeting of the Club. 

Article IX. — Amendments. 

Sec. 1. This Constitution may be amended by two- 
thirds vote of the Club at any annual meeting. 
Article X. — Property. 

Sec. 1. The legal title to all property, effects and assets 
of the Club shall be vested in the Executive Committee. 



Sec. 2. The Corporate Seal of the Club shall be? 

President, William Perkins Birnie, 71, Springfield, Mass. 

1st Vice-President, Alfred Armand Hevia, '83, New York. 

2d Vice-President, Hezekiah Howell, '85, Monroe, N. Y. 

Secretary-Treasurer, Alvan Luther Fowler, '80, N.Y. City 

Choragus, Harry Kirke Chase, '82, N. Y. City. 

The Ninth Annual Banquet will be held about the mid- 
dle of December; communications should be addressed to 

A. L. Fowler, 137 Centre St., New York City. 


1886— The Ariston, 1,730 Broadway, November; tempo- 
rary officers chosen : - S. C. Thompson, 72, Pres't; 
H. F. Hubbard, 78, Vice-Pres't; J. A. Cutter, M.D., 
'82, Sec'y-Treas. ; J. F. Barrett, 75, member Exe- 
cutive Committee. Banquet at Martinelli's, Decem- 
ber, Asa W. Dickinson, 74, presiding.* 

1887— Clark's— J. F. Barrett, 75, Pres't; H. F. Hubbard, 
78, Vice-Pres't; J. A. Cutter, M.D., '82, Sec'y-Treas. 

1888— Clark's— S. C. Thompson, 72, Pres't; H. F. Hub- 
bard, 78, Vice-Pres't; John A. Cutter, M. D., '82, 

1889— The Arena— John A. Cutter, M. D., '82, Pres't; S. 
C. Thompson, 72, Vice-Pres't; A. W. Lublin, '84, 
Sec'y-Treas.; S. D. Foot, 78, Choragus. 

1890— The Arena— Sandford D. Foot, 78, Pres't; F. G. 
Urner, 77, 1st Vice-Pres't; A. W. Dickinson, 74, 
2d Vice-Pres't; A. W. Lublin, '84, Sec'y-Treas. ; J. 
E. Foot, M. D., 76, Choragus. 

1891— The Arena— Asa W. Dickinson, 74, Pres't; F. H. 
Libby, 74, 1st Vice-Pres't; C. E. Young, M. D., '81, 
2d Vice-Pres't ; A. W. Lublin, '84, Sec'y-Treas.; 
John A. Cutter, M. D., '82, Choragus. 

1892— Murray Hill Hotel— Asa W. Dickinson, 74, Pres't; 
C. E. Young, M. D., '81, 1st Vice-Pres't; W. P. 
Birnie, 71, 2d Vice-Pres't; Alfred W. Lublin, '84. 
Sec'y-Treas.; John A. Cutter, M.D..'82, Choragus. 

1893— Grand Union Hotel— E. H. Libby, 74, Pres't (ab- 
sent); Charles E. Young, M.D.,'81, 1st Vice-Pres't. 
(presiding); H. F. Hubbard, 78, 2d Vice-Pres't; 
Alfred W. Lublin, '84, Sec'y-Treas. (resigned) ; A. 
L. Fowler, committee appointee; Frank G. Urner, 
77, Choragus. 

* The officers are listed opposite the year of termination of 
their service, i. e., the year in which the Banquet was held 
under tlielr auspices. 

Henry H. Goodell, LL.D. 
Capt. Chas. Morris, U.S.A. 
Hon. Levi Stockbridge. 
Henry E. Alvord, U.S.A., B.Sc, C.E. 
Charles L. Harrington, M.A. 
Henry W. Parker, M.A., D.D. 
1st Lieut. C. A. L. Totten, U.S.A. 
George F. Mills, M.A. 

71 — Andrew L. Bassett 
William P. Birnie 
William H. Bowker 
George C. Woolson 

72— William E. Bullard 
Samuel T. Maynard 
Frederick W. Morris 
Frederick M. Somers* 
Samuel C. Thompson 

73— James H. Webb 

74 — Frank E. Adams 

John M. Benedict, M.D. 
Asa W. Dickinson 
Wm. H. Doubleday 
Edgar H. Libby 
William Lyman 
Frank A. Towne 

75 — George A. Andreae 
Joseph F. Barrett 
John A. Barri 
Prof. Wm. P. Brooks 
Henry S. Jackson 

76— Willis W. Cary 
Charles H. Phelps 
Joseph E. Root, M.D. 

77 - Henry F. Parker 

Frank H. Southworth 
Frank G. Urner 

78— Sandford D. Foot 

* Deceased. 

H. G. K. Heath 
Henry F. Hubbard 
Charles E. Lyman 
Frederick Tuckerman 

79— Edgar S. Chittendon 

'80 — Alvan L. Fowler 

'81— Charles L. Flint 

Austin Peters, D.V.S. 
Prof. Clarence D. Warner 
Charles E. Young, M.D. 

'82— Charles E. Beach 
Harry K. Chase 
John A. Cutter, M.D. 
Samuel J. Holmes 
Edward S. Jones 
Herbert Myrick 
Prof. J. B. Paige, V. S. 
John C. Piatt 
James S. Williams 
'83— Alfred A. Hevia 

'84— Alfred W. Lublin 

'85— G. H. Barber, 

M.D..U. S. N. 
H. Howell 
B. Tekirian 
G. G. Woodhull 

'86— W. Ayres 
W. A. Eaton 

'87-F. C. Allen 

'89— F. R. Huse 


The new electric plant at the college is one of 
the be9t in New England and the sis days trial was 
very satisfactory. 

The engines and dynamos are situated in the 
basement of the wing of the new barn occupied by 
the dairy, and in the rear of the rooms in which the 
churns and butter workers are to be placed. As we 
enter the engine room we see at our right the Man- 
ning upright tubular boiler; on the left is the coal 
room, and directly in front is the engine, a Harns- 
burg Ideal of 100 horse power. This is a model 
engine for an electrical plant. It is a high speed 
engine working about 280 strokes a minute, with a 
stroke of 12 by 12. At one side is the National 
feed water heater, supplied by a Worthington 
pump. This completes the steam department. The 
d\namos are two in number. One is a direct cur- 
rent generator to supply power for the motors, and 
the other a Thomson-Houston Alternator, capable 
of running 500 incandescent lights. On the right 



of the dynamos and in the rear of the engine room 
is the double switch board. The right half is for 
the direct generator and the left half for the alter- 
nator. Necessary appliances for measuring the 
amount of work done and an indicator showing ap- 
proximately the number of lamps burning are situ- 
ated here. On the right and above the switch-board 
are the lightning arresters, two for each dynamo 
For using the electricity there are two motors, one 
of 15 horse power for running the fodder and ensi- 
lage cutters, aud one of 7 1-2 horse power for use 
in the dairy. 

The buildings lighted are the north college, with 
115 lamps; south college, 130 ; laboratory building, 
45 ; stone chapel, 80 ; drill hall, 25 ; farmhouse, 
20 ; the horse barn, 10 and the cattle barn 60 ; mak- 
ing nearly 500 in all. 

Connections are made so that in case of an acci- 
dent to the alternating dynamo, the light may be 
supplied to the dormitories from the direct genera- 
tor. This is the reason why two sets of wires were 
strung to south college, the larger set being for the 
direct generator, and the smaller one for the 

The six days trial proved everything to be in per- 
fect condition. Some complaint has been made 
about the quality of the light, but this will be rem- 
edied by changing the 102 volt lamps in the labo- 
ratory and north college for 104 volt lamps, the 
same as are in the other college buildings, and run- 
ning the dynamos for 104 volts. The work was clone 
by John M. Fox of Portland, Maine, who had the 
contract for the entire equipment, including the en- 
gine and boiler. 

The engineer in charge will be Edmund A. 
Thompson, who was for several years in partner- 
ship with H. D. Fearing, in the hat manufacturing- 
business, but later with the American Shoe Co. of 
Providence. M. E. S. 

T. M. C. A. TOPICS. 
December 6. — How to study the Bible. Acts 8 : 

20-35 ; Luke 24 : 44-46. G. A. Billings. 
December 9.— Readiness to serve God. Rom. 1 : 

13-16; Gal. 6: 9-10. H.E.Clark. 
December 13. — True growth, what it is, and how 

to get it. Eph. 4: 11-32. F. C. Millard. 
December 16. — Christian ideals. Matt. 5:1-16, 

48. R. A. Cooley. 


The library now numbers fifteen thousand seven 
hundred forty-six volumes. Two books worth the 
notice of everyone, especially students of the Labor- 
Problem and the Division in Political Economy, are : 
Pullman's, '-Strike at Pullman;" and Wright's, 
"Report of the Chicago Strike." 

His many admirers will be glad to find "Emer- 
son's Essays," in two volumes, which have re- 
cently been placed on the shelves. Another collec- 
tion of much merit is "Montaigne's Essays," also 
in two volumes. 

Those interested in ghost-lore and mental phe- 
nomena will fiud some very instructive and fascina- 
ting reading in Podmore's, "Apparitions and 
Thought Transference," a volume recently obtained. 

For the Division in Forestry, especially, and all 
others who are interested in Botany aud its special 
branches, we would recommend a perusal of Har- 
tig's, "Text-Book on the Diseases of Trees." 

There are several other new volumes of minor 
importance which space forbids our noticing ; but 
we must add, — be on the lookout for a new book on 


At a special business meeting of the Mass. Agr'l 
College Alumni Club of Massachusetts held in 
Boston on Nov. 14, the following officers were 
elected for the ensuing year : 

President, Chas. A. Bowman, '81, Winchester. 
Office, 3 Hamilton Place, Boston. 

Clerk, Wm. A. Morse, '82, Melrose, Office, 28 
State St., Boston. 

Treasurer, James R. Blair, '89, 386 TremontSt., 

Directors, Dr. Chas. W. McConnel, '76, 171 A 
Tremont St., Boston; H. N. Legate, '91, Common- 
wealth Building, Boston; Atherton Clark, '77, 140 
Tremont St., Boston. 

It was voted to hold a dinner in Boston sometime 
during the winter. 

'82.— Dr. Charles S. Plumb, Professor of Agri- 
culture of Purdue University, in company with the 
agricultural professors of Minnesota and Kansas, 
visited the college and the stations last week. 



'92. — Charles S. Graham. instructor at the Lyman 
school for boys, spent a short vacation with his 
classmate, H. M. Thomson of the Hatch Experi- 
ment Station. 

'94. — J. H. Putnam is now at Sutton, Mass. 

'94. — Theodore S. Bacon of Harvard Medical 
school served as usher at the dinner of the Home 
Market Club held iu the Mechanic's Building, Boston, 
Tuesday evening, Nov. 22. 

'94. — P. E. Davis made a short visit at the col- 
lege last week. 

'94. — Claude F. Walker of Yale is at his home 
for Thanksgiving. 


We congratulate The Williams Weekly on the 
fair and manly style of its editorials concerning 
their foot-ball team. Before any of the champion- 
ship games had taken place the editorials urged the 
sympathy and support of the students for the team. 
When Williams had been defeated by Dartmouth, 
the Weekly swallowed the defeat and manfully con- 
gratulated the winning team. Nothing but good 
words for the team and enthusiasm in its victories, 
appear in the columns of the Weekly. Whatever 
the result of the game with Amherst, we shall ex- 
pect the same straight forward style of comments. 
A team with the backing of such a clean and lojal 
publication deserves success. 

The Cadet, Maine State College, is evidently a 

The New Hampshire College Monthly contains a 
bright article on the "Waste Paper Basket." 

New York has recently passed a law to punish 
hazing in college, and Judge Cooley pronounced it 
a most important decision for the protection of 
higher education. 




Hard and Free Burning Coals 

rders by mail will receive prompt attention .*J£& 



B. & H. and ROCHESTER, $1.00 UP. VERY HAND- 
SOME DUPLEX, $1.50, $2.00 AND $2.50. 
For Fine Fruit, Confectionery and Fancy Biscuit go to 







Dining Room flee Cream Parlors. 

ggp^Catering for Parties a Specialty. ««g§3 
36 Main Street, .... Northampton, Mass. 


Pleasant St., Amherst. 

Photographic Studio. 

Society, Class and Group Work a Specialty 





I have the ammunition to fit 
you with. On your way to the 
Post Office stop and look at my 
stock of 

Hats, Caps, Gloves, 








VOL. V. 


No. 7 

Published Fortnightly by the Students of the Mass. 
Agricultural College. 

Terms $1,00 per year, in advance. Single copies, 10c. 

Postage, outside United States and Canada, 25c. extra. 

Entered at the Post Office as second-class mail matter. 


C. B. LANE, '95, Editor. in-chief. 

W, L. .MORSE, '95, Business Manager. 

T. P. FOLEY, '95, Exchange. 

F. C. TOBEY, '95, Alumni. 

R. A. COOLEY, '95, Local Items. 

t> t TTAVWATjn >ok S Notes and Comments. 
E. L. HAYWAED, 96, j Library Notes . 

P. A. LEAMY, '96, Athletics. 
H. H. ROPER, '96, ) T ,,.„„„„„ 
J. L. BARTLETT, '97, Litciary. 

Students and Alumni are requested to contribute. Communica- 
jons should be addressed Aggie Life, Amherst Mass. 

E»drto rials. 

Students who are interested in the progress of 
freedom and education in foreign nations, will 
watch carefully the course to be taken by Nicholas 
II, the new Czar of Russia who is placed at the head 
of one hundred and twenty millions of subjects, over 
whom he has absolute control. Will he give them a 
greater liberty or will he oppress them as did his 
ancestors? At present he seems disposed to carry 
out the plans of the late Czar in desiring to keep 
peaceful relations with the other powers of Europe. 
It is reported that he is the instigator of a plan to 
establish free public schools, and also, that he is 
considering the project of forming some kind of a 
Parliament, a plan which was nearly executed by 
his grandfather, Alexander II. He has appeared 
openly in the streets of St. Petersburg without a 
guard, a step which may, by showing the trust he 
places in his people, so disturb the nihilists that 
they will not dare to harm him. Although by his 

descent he is bound to the tyranny and misrule of 
a long line of ancestors, it is very probable that in 
this age of progress he may do much for the ad- 
vancement of even barbarous Russia. 

Before you read any further into this editorial, 
please let it be understood that it is an alumni edi- 
torial. All undergraduates and others are excused 
from reading it, as it is simply intended for the 
graduates from '71 to '94 inclusive. We take a little 
space now and then to tell them how glad we always 
are to receive communications from them. How 
the editor's heart jumps for joy when he receives a 
contribution from an alumnus! He is glad to be 
noticed by our graduates even, if in being noticed, 
he is refused a contribution or his methods criticized. 
Criticism, whether just or unjust, is better than 
indifference. We have often held out to our alumni 
the glittering reward of seeing their names in print, 
but we have discovered that they are not to be 
caught by such chaff. We have often shown them 
that they should be loyal to their Alma Mater and 
her interests, and should write for the paper but we 
fear that many of them have acquired responsibili- 
ties, even per chance, "taken unto themselves a 
wife," and that they prefer being loyal to their fam- 
ilies than to their college. We cannot say that we 
blame them for these preferences. Indeed, judging 
by the remarkable way in which each succeeding 
class follows the example of its predecessors we 
must conclude that we will probably do likewise 
when we go out. However, they are not all so bur- 
dened with cares as to forget the poor, humble, 
unknown and overworked College Editor. We 
occasionally receive articles from them and these 
articles are the best things we print which is not 
remarkable, considering their experience. Finally, 
we would invite the comment, even the criticism of 
all graduates. If there is anything you would. 



like to say about the way the paper is being 
run ; if there is any great wrong which lias been 
striving for a hearing, or any revolutionizing idea 
struggling for utterance, send it along. Don't be 
afraid that it will be put into the waste basket. We 
promise that nothing of the kind will happen to it. 
If it is too severe on us we can change a few words 
here and there, and put it under "Contributed," as 
"A Humorous Communication from an Alumnus." 


The Ninety-six Index Board takes pleasure in 

annouucing to the college and public, that the 

twenty-sixth volume of the Index is now complete 

and will be placed on sale December 18, at 10-30 

A. M. 

The present volume of the Index is the largest 
ever published, containing two hundred and sixteen 
pages. Typographically, the book is far in ad- 
vance of any previous volume, it being compiled at 
nearly double the expense of any work of our pre- 
decessors. It is bound in maroon silk and has a 
beautiful design stamped in silver on the cover. 
New type has been used throughout, and the paper 
employed in printing the book was Warren's Best 

The illustrations are numerous and beautiful. 
There are about seventy in number ; of these, five 
are from steel plates, and thirty-eight are halftones. 
The pen sketches show plainly that they are not 
the work of a novice but a careful reproduction of 
artistic work. 

The literary features we feel sure will be both a 
surprise and gratification to all who are interested 
in the literary progress of the college. We would 
make special mention of the "Captain's Dream," 
"A College Course as Seen From Actual Life," "A 
Modern Miracle," etc. 

The alumni list is the largest, most complete and 
correct ever published. No pains have been spared 
in this department, and names and addresses have 
ibeen arranged and compiled with special care. 
Aside from the Alumni we have communications 
from eight different classes written especially for the 

The humorous side of college life has not been 
neglected and in this respect we believe our publi- 
cation will be a long remembered one. 

The work of the Board has been done with a view 
to improve the already high standard attained by 
our predecessors, and wo believe, we have fulfilled 
the duty intrusted to us faithfully, conscientiously 
and with credit to the college and the class we 

Toe Ninety-six Index Board. 



"Why is the study of Engl'sh required at the 
Mass. Agricultural College?" "Why should any 
of the time of the students in this college be given 
to the study of English Literature?" These ques- 
tions are sometimes asked by persons who, in their 
strong desire that the students here should receive 
the greatest possible benefit from their college 
course, fear lest the time devoted to the study of 
language and literature be wasted on studies that 
are of no practical value. 

In the report of the committee of ten on Second- 
ary School studies prepared under the auspices of 
the National Educational Association we find the 
following statement from the Conference on the 
Study of English: "The main direct objects of the 
teaching of English in schools seem to be two: (1) 
to enable the pupil to understand the expressed 
thought of others and to give expression to 
thoughts of his own ; and (2) to cultivate a taste 
for reading, to give the pupil some acquaintance 
with good literature, and to furnish him with the 
means of extending that acquaintance." 

While these are stated to be the objects of the 
teaching of English in the schools we may accept 
this as applicable to the colleges also. Although 
the course of study in the public or secondary 
school is not so articulated with the course of study 
in the college that the two are but parts of one 
educational system ; yet the college may be regarded 
as an advanced school. The college students are 
indeed older than those in the school and the 
methods of instruction in a college should be 
adapted to an advanced stage of progress ; yet, if 
"men are but children of a larger growth," the 
object that the teacher of English in the secondary 



school has in view is practically the same as that 
which inspires the instructor in English in a college. 

Accepting, then, the two objects stated above as 
applicable to the college we find that the import- 
ance of the first, even to the students in an agri- 
cultural college, is quite generally admitted. Abil- 
ity to understand the expressed thought of others 
and facility in expressing one's own thought, — 
these surely are acquirements whose value even to a 
farmer and a farmer's boy cannot be denied. The 
last few years have witnessed marked progress in 
the development of the science of agriculture and 
of sciences closely allied to it. The results of these 
investigations, published as bulletins and reports, 
are, however, as sealed books to many intelligent 
farmers simply because the words and phrases in 
which the writers thoughts are conveyed are not 
intelligible to the uuinstructed mind. The influence, 
too, of the rising generation of agriculturists in the 
grange, through the agricultural paper, in the halls 
of State legislature or on the floor of Congress will 
be greatly increased if he has learned to give effec- 
tive expression to the thoughts that burn within 
him for the promotion of his own interest and that 
of his fellows. 

But the second of the objects stated above does 
not always receive the same cordial approval. 
When it is proposed there is a shake of the head 
and an expression of doubt. "Not practical ;" 
"learning such things won't help a boy to earn his 
bread and butter ;" "you can't make money by read- 
ing books," — these and remarks of similar import 
show that, in many minds, there is a distrust of the 
value of a study that does not give a student in- 
creased ability to earn the "almighty dollar." A 
commercial value is thus put upon the various 
branches of study. Mind training is brought down 
to the level of muscle training, that process by 
which skill in practicing a trade is acquired. The 
student becomes a four years' apprentice to masters 
more or less skillful, while development of mind, 
growth in character, cultivation in the imagination, 
the tastes, the affections, are wholly ignored. This 
is not the view of education expressed by that emi- 
nent scientist, Thomas Henry Huxley, who says, 
"Education is the instruction of the intellect in the 
laws of Nature, under which name it includes not 
merely things and their forces, but men and their 

ways ; and the fashioning of the affections and of 
the will into an earnest and loving desire to move 
in harmony with those laws." It is not the view of 
that countless number of men and women who, 
from the vantage-ground of a wide experience, have 
pondered earnestly and patiently upon the great 
problem of education in its relation to human life ; 
nor is it in harmony with the words of Him who 
taught that "a man's life cousisteth not in the 
abundance of the things that he possesseth." Since, 
then, education has a value other than one purely 
commercial, and since experience has shown that 
the cultivation of a taste for reading and as 
acquaintance with good literature are educators in 
themselves, is it not plain that these should be 
sought at an agricultural college? 

The graduates of our agricultural colleges may be 
divided into two general classes ; the first composed 
of those who find their life work in business, in 
scientific pursuits, or in the professions ; the sec- 
ond, of those who return to the farm of their 
fathers, eager to enjoy the possibilities that it offers 
and to do their part in giving dignity to the humble, 
quite life of a tiller of the soil. We may dismiss 
the first class from our present consideration for 
most of its members soon find that a more or less 
extended acquaintance with some branch of good 
literature is necessary to success in their chosen 
work. But how is it with the members of the sec- 
ond class? Is it of any importance that they culti- 
vate a taste for reading and form an acquaintance 
with good literature? 

The affirmative answer to this question must be 
given for other than financial reasons. It is not to 
be denied that our college-bred farmer must give 
his first thought and care to the interests of his 
farm. Necessary expenses must be paid, the 
principles learned at the college must have thought- 
ful and judicious application on the farm, the com- 
forts of the home must be provided ; taxes, and in- 
terest on a possible mortgage must be paid. All 
these are to have their place ; but if these be all, if 
there be no enjoyment in books, in the beautiful 
thoughts and inspiring utterances of those men who 
have been the teachers of the ages, in short if there 
be devotion to the material alone and no cultivation 
of the spiritual, then will a life that might be rich 
in the fruits of culture and the mellowing and 

7 6 


ripening for the winter of old age be poor and 

sour and dwarfed indeed. 

"Not such should be the homesteads of a land 
Where whose wisely wills and acts may dwell 
As King and law-giver, in broad-acred state, 
With beauty, art, taste, culture, books, to make 
His hour of leisure richer than a life 
Of fourscore to the barons of old time. 
Our yeoman should be equal to his home, 
Set in the fair, green valleys, purpled-walled, 
A man to match his mountains, not to creep 
Dwarfed and abased below them." 

G. F. M. 


Changes of considerable importance have re- 
cently been made in the college course in chemistry. 
The order of studies is now as follows, beginning 
with the third term of the freshman year. 

Three terms of lectures and experiments on the 
non-metals and metals ; two terms of qualitative 
inorganic analysis ; two terms of lectures and ex- 
periments in organic chemistry. During the sen- 
ior year the course will be varied, somewhat, ac- 
cording to the future plans of those taking it. It is 
assumed that two classes of students will avail 
themselves of the senior optional chemistry, namely, 
those who wish to learn the theory and practice of 
the science and those who only care to study the 
simpler chemistry of the more important farm oper- 
ations. The course will cover the advanced sub- 
jects in chemistry, taught in the technological insti- 
tutions of the highest grade, chief attention being 
given to industries connected with agriculture. 

The subjects of the main course will be taken up 
in the following order : Chemical Physics; Quanti- 
tative Analysis ; Organic Analysis ; Chemical Liter- 
ature ; Special study of food elements, the alimen- 
tary canal, digestion and assimilation of foods, an- 
imal secretions and excretions ; chemistry of irilk, 
butter and cheese ; Pathological Chemistry ; Chem- 
istry of Plant Growth and Plant Diseases ; Fertil- 
izer and Fodder Analysis. 

This outline does not represent the actual course 
of this year, for the reason that the change has 
just been inaugurated and requires time for com- 
pletion. The present junior class will begin or- 
ganic chemistry a few weeks later than is here indi- 
cated, and the seniors having had no organic chem- 

istry previously, began this study last October. 

Notwithstanding this disadvantage, the seniors 
have done a large amount of work, and nearly com- 
pleted the chemistry of methane. Their laboratory 
work has thus far included, in physical measure- 
ments, determinations of specific gravity, vapor 
density, atomic and molecular weights, by various 
methods, and specific heats ; inorganic chemistry, 
elementary quantitative analysis, and the prepara- 
tion of about forty substances, including the various 
ingredients of illuminating gas, gasolene, kerosene, 
vaseline, paraffine, soaps, sugar, etc. 

With this for a beginning and plenty of enthusi- 
asm, the class of '95 will appear next June not far 
behind the good set for future classes. 

Wide experience has amply proven that chemistry 
like physics and biology must be taught in the labo- 
ratory. From the beginning of the course, as much 
time as possible will, therefore, be given to practice 
by the student, this being guided by lectures. The 
laboratory instruction is more prominent during the 
latter part of the course and especially in the senior 
year. It is expected that soon all of the general 
subjects will be brought into the required years. 
Then the senior study will be altogether on ad- 
vanced ground. Students who take senior chemis- 
try may, if diligent, prepare themselves directly 
for experiment station work. This of course can 
be more thoroughly accomplished by taking a year 
or two of graduate study. During the latter part 
of the senior year, and the entire graduate course, 
the chief objects of study will be questions con- 
nected with the feeding of plants or animals or with 
other industries. 

Various subjects, such as, Determinative Miner- 
alogy, Assaying and special study in Benzine Deri- 
vatives can be taken up by those desiring to do so. 
They are not included in the main course, agricul- 
tural subjects being given the preference. 

The enlargement of the chemical department has 
made possible this introduction of more organic 
chemistry in the college.^ The farmer's task is to 
produce, at the lowest cost, from the inorganic 
material of air and water, fiber, sugar, starch, fat 
and albumen. In the intricate process of building 
up vegetable and animal products, no such thing as 
the immediate change of carbon, hydrogen and 
oxygen into starch as of these elements and nitro- 



gen into albumen, occurs. The changes are pro- 
gressive and numerous, in both plants and animals, 
even when they proceed in physiological order. 
When diseased conditions exist they are still more 
complex. It is therefore important that the farmer 
should be familiar, not only with the mineral sub- 
stances concerned in these generations, but also, 
with the simple and more and more complex prod- 
ucts of their union. In possession of this knowl- 
edge the student in agriculture or any other de- 
partment of natural science will be able to pursue 
nis work with greater profit than was heretofore 


After the good hearty support which has been 
given to football this fall the athletic spirit of the 
college should not be permitted to lose any of 
that strength which led to so good a record on the 
field but it should be encouraged and fostered by a 
good series of Gymnasium games both for the fun 
there is in them and for what they do towards pre- 
paring candidates for baseball and the track. 

Last year's plan of having games eveiy Satur- 
day was good and productive of good results but 
these games should be but tests and should not con- 
stitute the entire gymnasium work of the 

Everyone knows that from steady regular work 
alone we can hope to gain good and the occasional 
work which the body does when only the Saturday 
games are entered is apt to be productive of more 
harm than good. Hence a man should choose sev- 
eral events, not too many, in which he hopes to ex- 
cell and by systematic, almost daily work train 
himself to tha highest degree of perfection. It is 
manifestly wrong for one man to try for every 
event as is some cases the training necessary is 
very different but there are certain games which 
seem naturally to group themselves together as the 
hammer, shot, and wrestling, jumping and vault- 
ing, running, boxing, and fencing. And by judic- 
ious choice a man can perfect himself in several 
with much the same methods of ti .lining. Of 
course the hammer thrower must wait till spring 
but an iudoor shot can be procured which may de- 
velop a strong man and a record maker in that 

event. Our gymnasium is small for distance run- 
ning as the turns would be of necessity sharp, but 
practice in short dashes may easily be had, bene- 
ficial principally in giving the man that quick start 
so necessary in these days and so woefully absent 
from most of our races. Hurdle racing is possible 
on a limited scale in our gymnasium and is a grand 
good thing to make a man strong and light on his 
feet. All the different styles of jumping can and 
should be regularly practiced this winter and with- 
out the spring-board too as the use of that is never 
permitted in Inter-collegiate games. Pole vault- 
ing is a very pretty game and one which our lighter 
men should strive for a record in, and as a mere 
exercise bar vaulting should be practiced as well, 
as it strengthens the legs wonderfully. 

The boys are also greatly benefited by hard 
walking, that to the distance of two miles can well 
be practiced this winter for our record in that 
event should be higher. 

Wrestling, both Greco-Koman and catch as can, 
are of great value provided the element of quick- 
ness as well as that of strength is allowed to enter 
in ; it however should be trained for a little at a 
time as the strain on the heart is great. 

Good scientific boxing I should approve of, but 
not indiscriminate slugging, such as I saw last year, 
where little or no attempt seemed to be made to ward 
off the blows of the opponent. That sort of thing may 
harden the facial muscles but does little else, 
whereas good boxing develops quickness aud con- 
trol of muscles greatly. 

A quite similar game so far as results go, is fenc- 
ing, both with foil and broad-swoid though of the 
two perhaps the foil is to be preferred as greater 
skill is required to attain perfection in the art. 

I should advocate the planning of a regular sched- 
ule of games to be published so that "he who runs 
may read" and he who boxes as well, and then with 
that date in miud let him aim to win. In order to 
stimulate competition I would suggest that the in- 
dividual be not lost sight of in the class aud while 
the class scoring the most points wins, let the man 
scoring the most points be called the college cham- 
pion aud his name together with those of the record 
holders for the season be engrossed in a suitable 
manner and hung in the Trophy room. A man may 
be ever so loyal to his class and college but the 

7 8 


chance for personal gain and glory is almost always 
a stronger motive, or I mistake human nature. 

In order that one may work and work well he 
should have suitable clothing. A gymnasium suit 
is not a costly affair and so adds to one's comfort 
besides the saving of ones other clothes that it is a 
very good investment. It need only be a shirt, run- 
ning pants and rubber soled shoes and the whole 
outfit should not cost over a dollar and a half. Then 
after his exercise, if one is at all weary or heated, 
a bath or even a dry rub and the every day garb 
again makes the man feel alive and ready for work 
of a soberer sort. 

All of this indoor work should have still in view, 
the field day in the spring and that must be made 
the crowning event of a successful athletic year. 

Seniors, this is the home stretch and your last 
chance to make a record as athletic men and to the 
other men I may only point to the marvelous records 
in every thing which this year has shown, to con- 
vince you that the world demands progress and that 
progress may not be achieved except as the price of 
effort. R. 8. L. 

"I am what I am." The person who will take 
this little sentence for a motto and rely on it will 
find in it a reservoir of strength, from which to 
draw in times of trouble. Reflection on this motto 
will show one that he is the author of his own 
worth. Some one may wrong him, but if he be 
not deserving of accusation, his consciousness of 
being right will be like a mother's consoling words. 
"Truth crushed to earth will rise again." Many a 
noble character has had to stand the test of slander 
and falsehood. But these are only the "refiner's 
fire," and truth will come out as pure gold. These 
are principles that apply very closely to student- 
life. Popularity is too often blind. It goes in a 
stream. A word may turn the tide all for or 
against some one. This is not right. If students 
be trained intellectually why can't they also become 
"cool-headed"enough not to follow unauthenticated 
rumor and not to rush like merciless vultures to 
prey upon a fellow student's character before jus- 
tice has rendered her sentence. Let the truth be 
known and then remains time enough for punish- 
ment or praise. — Earlhumite. 

Colfeg? N°*?S- 

— Glynn of the First Year Class has left college. 
— E. O. Bagg, ex-'95, was in town last Saturday. 
— The final mid-term examinations were held 
Dec. 4, 5, and 6. 

— Hayward '96, has left college. He will go to 
Yale to study law. 

— E. H. Alderman, '94, was at the college for a 
short time last week. 

— F. L. Warren, '95, has returned to college 
after a long absence. 

— The class of '98 have placed in the library 
eight volumes of fiction. 

— H. L. Frost, '95, has returned to college after 
an absence of five weeks. 

— A number of the seniors sat for their class 
photographs last Saturday. 

— About thirty students remained at the college 
during Thanksgiving recess. 

- The fall term closes Wednesday, Dec. 19, and 
the winter term will open Thursday morning, Jan. 3. 

— E. C. Howard '93, has been appointed Princi- 
pal of the Westport High School, Westport, Mass. 

— Professor R. L. Cumnock, elocutionist, appears 
iu the Union Lecture course at the Town Hall to- 

— Frost '95, is organizing a singing class to take 
lessons under Prof. Thomas Charmbury, the first 
part of next term. 

— Elia3 D. White '94, is at South Atlanta, Ga., 
manager for Peck & Houghton, wholesale dealers 
in cattle and feed. 

— William F. Ganong, professor of Botany in 
Smith college will deliver a lecture here the first 
week of next term. 

— Prof. C. D. Warner has been in Boston for the 
past three weeks on business connected with the 
Experiment Station. 

— H. C. Buniugton has been promoted to first 
Sergeant of Co. D, and I. C. Poole has been pro- 
moted to duty sergeant of Co. A. 

— The Polo Association has elected the follow- 
ing officers: W. C. Brown, pres. ; C. W. Crehore, 
vice-pres. ; J. L. Marshall, sec. and treas. 



— G. W. Pasell of the First Year Class accident- 
ally cut bis foot during the vacation while working 
on the pines back of North College. He was taken 
to Dr. Perry's hospital. 

— Pres. Goodell and several of the professors 
were in Newburyport a few days last week attending 
the meeting of the State Board of Agticulture. 
Prof. Mavnard and Prof. Brooks delivered lectures 
before the Board. 

— C. H.Jones, '90, has left his position at the 
State Experiment Station and sailed for -Jamaica, 
where he will go to examine some phosphate de- 
posits for a large fertilizing company. He will 
spend the winter there, and perhaps return to Am- 
herst in the latter part of the spring. 

— The dramatic club has elected the lollowing 
officers for the season 1894-95 : President, E. Hale 
Clark; vice-pres't, W. C. Brown; sec and treas., 
C. M. Dickinson ; business manager, John M. 
Barry; stage manager, F. E. DeLuce ; executive 
committee; H. D. Hemenway, M. J. Sullivan and 
John M. Barry. A series of entertainments has been 
planned for the winter term. 

The Boarding Club has been a great help to stu- 
dents in years past by giving them reasonable board 
at a reasonable rate. It was my privilege to be a 
Charter Member of the club, and since its manager. 
I was with the club in its darkest days, and have 
since watched its growth with interest and pleasure. 
There were always some in the club who would find 
fault, but within the last two terms almost every- 
one has taken up the fault finding. Some of the 
members seem to think that the club will run itself, 
and all that they need to do is to pay their money 
and get perfect satisfaction. We would not say 
that out of seventy-five or one hundred students all 
would be satisfied with the same board, but when 
nearly every member finds fault, and many leave 
and board themselves, then there must be something 
unusually wrong. The boarders lay much to the 
manager and say many hard things of him. But 
they forget that the club is run by the members for 
the members, and that if they do their duty, no man 
cau be manager of the club who does not so direct 
the affairs as to give satisfaction, for it lies within 
their power to remove from office any man who does 

not give that satisfaction. Carelessness and neglect 
are the cause of the trouble ; neglect on the part of 
the members in failing to attend the meetings and 
in failing to require their manager to do what they 
want to have done. — Why, at the regular meeting 
at the close af the spring term (here were not mem- 
bers enough present to elect the officers, yet they 
expect the club to run smoothly and to give satis- 
faction. Another cause is neglect and carelessness 
on the part of the manager, by failing to provide 
suitable provisions, and failing to require that they 
be cooked and served in a proper manner. In the 
early years of the club, the officers were not paid 
for their services, yet I am free to say that in pro- 
portion to the number of members, far more work 
was done then for nothing than is done now for 
pay. The final cause is neglect and carelessness 
on the part of the matron, she (ailing to cook the 
food properly and serve it in a neat manner; also 
failing to provide a suitable variety in the line of 
vegetables and fruit. The reason is that it is too 
much trouble to prepare them, or because she is short 
of help and does not have time, consequently she sub- 
stitutes in the place of fresh fruit and vegetables, 
canned goods and dried apple. When the meeting 
is called at the close of this term, let every man be 
there and cast his vote. When the officers are 
elected, tell them what you want and what they 
must do. This is not too much to ask ; you pay 
them for their work and it is your privilege to tell 
them what I hey are expected to do. When the 
officers hire the matron, let them require of her that 
she do her work with neatness and care. Then 
the club will be in the future what it has been in 
the past, a heip both to college and student. 

W. M. S. '88. 

What song does an electric car sing on its last 
trip at night? — I'm going home to dynamo. — Colo- 
rado Collegian. 

Outline of a short story : — 
Chapter I — Maid one. 
Chapter II — Maid won. 
Chapter III — Made one. — Ex. 
A pair iu a hammock 
Attempted to kiss ; 
But In less that a jiffy 
•siq:} ajin pspuB[ iaqx 

— School Secord. 




Although Forestry has appeared for several years 
in our curriculum, no one has ventured to take it as 
a separate study until the present year. This term 
it has been taken by three seniors as an elective 
and ranked as a separate division of senior work. 

Many of the under classmen have inquired con- 
cerning the work of this division ; they have asked 
whether or not it is a study that would prepare 
them for an occupation upon graduation. 

An American can scarcely have a true concep- 
tion of Forestry. It is a science that for many years 
has been fostered and encouraged by the thickly 
settled European countries, the governments hand- 
ling their forest lands as an enterprising farmer in- 
creases the yield of his acreage. As the population 
of America is so rapidly increasing and the forests 
are being laid waste, the question of a rational 
forest policy is becoming one of national importance. 

The Division of Forestry at Washington is sim- 
ply a division of the Agricultural Department with 
Mr. B. E. Fernow as Chief. The chances for a 
position in that department may or may not 
come about in the near future. It all depends up- 
on the action of Congress. Like all new depart- 
ments, or divisions, of government work, it must 
grow slowly, but, as the forests are so rapidly dis- 
appearing, Congress must, very soon, take a more 
decided stand in regard to this matter. 

The President, in his last message, urged upon 
congress the necessity of new legislation to protect 
the government lands. The State of New York, at 
its last election, adopted an article in its new con- 
stitution that is an advance in the direction of 
Forestry. Other states are moving in this line of 
work. There is no doubt but that in a few years, 
perhaps five, there will be a demand for scientific 
foresters, — a demand that will be greater than the 

At present, however, there is, from a business 
standpoint, no golden opportunity in the line of 
forestry. It is an interesting study for the botanist 
and if he will take it up, content to wait a little for 
a position, he will feel amply repaid for his labor. 

It won't help your own crop any to sit on the 
fence and count the weeds in your neighbor's field. 
— Ex. 

^lotes &nd (ommentl. 

We are telling no news when we say that outside 
of those who play, and a few enthusiasts, the ma- 
jority of people look upon football as a "rough, 
brutal" game, but little better than prize lighting. 
Now, as we all know, of this majority probably not 
one in a hundred have ever seen a game in their 
life. Where then do they get this terribly mistaken 
impression of the game which is dear to the heart 
of every true college man? If you will read the 
Sporting news as published in our newspapers you 
will see at once to the source of it all. In their desire 
to be sensational they have not spared even the 
football notes. We read the account of the Prince- 
ton-Pennsylvannia game, and if we had not seen 
the heading we might have been easily persuaded 
that we were reading of a bloody battle between 
savages. "The men played like fiends; there was 
continual sluggiug on both sides and after every 
rush the men emerged with black eyes and bloody 
noses;" "After nearly every play one more player 
is left writhing in agony on the turf." These are 
ouly a few of the absurd exaggerations. It is need- 
less to say that they are utterly ridiculous and non- 
sensical. They are slanders not only on the game 
but on college students as a body. College players 
are gentlemen, not roughs, and gentlemen will not 
indulge in "promiscuous slugging." Instead of 
saying that a man lay still to catch his wind, he 
"lies writhing in agony." How- awful! Out of 
the whole number of players in the country how 
many are ever seriously injured ? And why is it 
that bright intelligent young fellows will persist in 
offering themselves as voluntary sacrificing in such 
a bloody caused? How many of our men are there 
but what have been visibly benefited by the sea- 
son's work? Not one. Their strength, courage 
and powers of endurance have all been increased ; 
and the men will say as much themselves. If papers 
want to indulge in flights of fancy in writing up the 
sensational details of a murder, or a divorce case 
let them ; but for goodness sake let them stick to 
plain facts when they are writing up a football 

"The greatest thing any man has to do is to live, 
and it ought to be the best thing that he does." — Ex. 




Dear Mother : I'm awful glad you thought to 
send me that cake for Thanksgiving. In fact, I am 
real thankful. I didn't get much of it myself. You 
see, at college when we get anything from home, 
we have to treat and some of the boys saw the ex- 
pressman stop at my door and came in to see what 
he had left. Of course I had to open it then and 
as soon as they saw what was inside Ihey chorused, 
"My, what a fine spread that will make. Just get 
a turkey roasted and we can make some coffee on 
your stove, and then if you get some nuts and such 
stuff we can have a big time." They didn't wait to 
be invited, they just invited themselves — it's a way 
my classmates have. Well, I hated to spend so 
much money on eatables but it seemed as though I 
couldn't get out of it. We had the fixings and just 
fifteen of the boys came around — there were only 
three of them that I had spoken to about it, but 
when they dropped in of course they helped us eat. 
They ate up everything I had gotten ready and 
spilled coffee on the carpet and got crumbs all over 
the floor, and while I was gone out for some water 
they smashed up a whole lot of crackers in my bed 
— 1 found them later. This morning my landlady 
gave me an awful roasting for getting the room in 
such a condition. I didn't get any of the cake you 
sent me except some crumbs that stuck to the paper 
which the boys overlooked. It was good though — 
from the way the boys eat it. The boys seem to 
be so very friendly and good to me that I am awful 
glad to treat them, but I would have liked a little 
cake myself. Please send me another draft. That 
spread left me out of cash again. Next time you 
send a cake, wrap some clothes around it and tie in 
a laundry bill so that I can get it home safely and 
invite only the fellows I want to have in it. 
Your loving son, 

Charlie Greene. 
— College Life. 

It will soon be fairly a question whether the 
letters B. A. in the college degree stand more for 
bachelor of arts or bachelor of athletics. — Harvard 

Here is what the Purdue Exponent says about the 
affair at Purdue : 

If there has been any doubt in the minds of the 
people in regard to the attitude of the student body 
of Purdue toward "hazing," there certaiuly need 
be none now. To all fair-minded people the action of 
the student mass meeting October 10, 1894, was deci- 
sive. After a fair and honest discussion of the trouble- 
some question of "hazing," the student body unani- 
mously voted that haziug was opposed to the best 
interests of a college, and that as students of Purdue 
University they desired to forever abolish such 
practices at Purdue. This is certainly very plain, 
and no one need misconstrue its meaning. To us 
we believe it means that hazing at Purdue is a thing 
of the past. We are honorably bound to discourage 
such affairs at Purdue ; and if we do, Purdue will 
never be troubled hereafter with hazing. The idle 
talk of a very few that the action of the students in 
the mass meeting will have no bearing on the future 
of the college is of no consequence ; for the question 
was passed entirely on its merits, and there was no 
misunderstanding. That the students were earnest 
in this matter is shown by the fact that all amend- 
ments to the question were unanimously voted down. 
They wanted the question to pass on its merits, and 
it did. This is certainly a great step forward, and 
as one of our professors has so well said, "There 
will be no steps backward with Purdue." We may 
safely conclude that hazing is a thing of the past. 

And here is the result of an interview with one 
of the expelled men : 

Having had personal interviews with a number of 
the students connected with the recent "hazing" 
and feeling that they have been too severely criti- 
cized, we deem that it is nothing more than justice 
to give them a hearing through the columns of the 
Exponent. One of the gentlemen admitted freely 
that "hazing" was opposed to the best interest of 
any college, and stated tnat he did not feel that any 
injustice had been done him by the University, since 
he realized that the good of the school demanded 
the dismissal of all connected with the affair ; and 
although he was sorry he must leave the University, 
yet he had no one to blame but himself. Such un- 
prejudiced views, under such circumstances, go to 
show that the boys engaged in this unfortunate 
affair are not so bad as they have been represented 



to be. In justice to the boys, we will say that we 
have not been asked by anyone to defend or explain 
this affair, but do it because we believe that justice 
demands it. 

To the uninitiated interpreting the victorious 
rooster's crow by the magic key of party prejudice 
it might seem that bribery, intrigue and corruption 
are now gasping in the throes of death as the de- 
feated party steps down and out, while the herald- 
ing trumpet peal that announces the inauguration 
of the victors is mellowed by a mystic sweetness 
explained as the fragrance of the budding hope of 
immaculate purity in politics. — College Life. Next! 


FOR M. A. C. CLASS '95 IS 

392 Boylston Street, 

Engagements for sittings as to date, etc., apply 
to Photo Committee Senior Class, J. Marsh, Chair. 

Amherst College '95, Tufts College '95, 

Dartmouth College '95, Wellesley College '95, 

B. U. College Liberal Arts '95, Mt. Holyoke College '95, 
Wesleyan University '95, Lazell Sem. '95, &c., &c, 


B. & H. and ROCHESTER, $1.00 UP. VERY HAND- 
SOME DUPLEX, $1.50, $2.00 AND $2.50. 
For Fine Fruit, Confectionery and Fancy Biscuit go to 

O. 6. COtiCH & SON'S. 


ooksftr, Stationer M Nowsdealor. 




Dining Room f !ce Cream Parlors. 

£@=-Catering for Parties a Specialty. «»gg 
3G Main Street, .... Northampton, Mass. 


Pleasant St., Amherst. 

Photographic Studio. 

Society, Class and Group Work a Specialty 




Hard and Free Burning Coals 

gfg^Orilers by mail will receive prompt attention. ^^ 





I have the ammunition to fit 
you with. On your way to the 
Post Office stop and look at my 
stock of 

Hats, Caps, Gloves, 


OOHjXjECS-E outpittee, 



VOL. V. 


No. 8 


learning the practical side of military life. Each 
student will soon have au opportunity to sign a 

Published Fortnightly by the Students of the Mass. 
Agricultural College. 

petition for the encampment. 

Terms $1,00 per year, in advance. Single copies, 10c. 
Postage, outside United States and Canada, 25c. extra. 

Entered at the Post Office as second-class mail matter. 


C. B. LANE, '95, Editor-in-chief. 

W. L. MORSE, '95, Business Manager. 

T. P. FOLEY, '95, Exchange. 

F. C. TOBEY, '95, Alumni. 

R. A. COOLEY, '95, Local Items. 

b t mvWA-Rn >q« ( Notes and Comments. 
R. L. HAYWARD, 96, j Library Notes . 

P. A. LEAMY, '96, Athletics. 
H. H. ROPER, '96, | T lte ,._ 
J. L. BARTLETT, '97, ] ^ neraT 7- 

Students and Alumni are requested to contribute. Communica- 
ions should be addressed Aggie Life, Amherst Mass. 

The examination of the police force of New York 
City by the Lexow committee has unearthed an ap- 
palling display of corruption. Beginning with the 
reluctantly admitted testimony and half-implied, 
half-concealed admissions of the several suspected 
patrolmen, the truth concerning the extent and 
methods of this immense system of bribery has 
gradually come to light. As the investigation went 
on sergeants and captains were implicated, each 
witness adding some detail of abuse or negligence or 
bribery, to swell the ever accumulating mass of evi- 
dence against what was once called the "finest 
police force in the world." Perhaps the most sur- 
prising thing about the investigation is the calm and 
discriminating way in which these astonishing facts 
have been treated by the daily press. When, after 
nearly all of the suspected minor officials had been 
called to the witness stand and when at last Super- 
intendent Byrnes was called upon for his evidence 
and when he admitted that in a few years he had 
raised the sum of ten thousand dollars to the sum 

tV*V^N-*t* V ViSS.t'A&ViS^ S*\mt*S. 


A few months ago we published an article entitled 
"Will Science Supplant Religion." In this issue 
we present the other side of the question, under the 
subject "Theology Supplanted by Science." 

The idea of a week's encampment at Framinghairj 
early in June, has been brought up again by Presi- 
dent Goodell who is heartily in favor of such a plan. 
By petitioning the Board of Trustees to lake some 
action in the matter while the present Legislature 
is in session the necessary appropriation will prob- 
ably be obtained and the battalion will be enabled 
to spend a week in camp at a small expense. The 
advantages resulting from this outing, if success- 
fully carried out, would be many and great. More 
about the real duties of a soldier could be learned 
than in any number of ordinary drills. Surely every 
student ought to be eager to carry out this project, 
offering, as it does, such excellent opportunities for 

of three hundred and fifty thousand dollars by the 
aid of a well-known financier to whom he had had 
the fortune, in his official capacity of rendering 
valuable service ; when this fact became public, one 
of the daily papers attempted to justify the Super- 
intendent in his action. How can any city expect 
to have an efficient police force when it has for its 
Superintendent of Police a man with as little judg- 
ment, to give him credit for sincerity, as has Super- 
intendent Byrnes. He has been rewarded for his 
personal services in behalf of Mr. Gould in such a 
way as to make it extremely difficult for him to dis- 
charge the duties of his position with absolute im- 
partiality. He should have known better than to 



get into such a "scrape." It is not surprising, 
however, to learn that the admissions of the Super- 
intendent are looked upon with so much indifference. 
WheD we consider the revelations which have been 
made by the miuor officials we are prepared for any- 
thing. As the New York Tribune says: "The 
public mind is in such a state, in fact, that the dis- 
covery of a member of the force who has done so 
much in the line of duty as to refrain from the com- 
mission, himself, of the crimes he is employed to 
suppress, excites an emotion of gratitude." The 
Superintendent has practically resigned and the 
country will watch with interest the outcome of this 
remarkable case. 


The tribulations of the '96 Index Board are over, 
the College Annual appeared promptly on time, and 
now the editors may rest upon their laurels. 

It is an excellent volume. The maroon silk cover 
with its artistic design, the usual increase in size, 
the enameled paper, together with the attractive ar- 
rangement of the printed material and its typo- 
graphical beauty makes it a truly attractive volume. 

It seems to have been the endeavor of the edi- 
tors to make their work more truly representative 
of the fun-loving spirit that shows itself so invaria- 
bly in college life. Not halting here and there as 
have some of the past boards, they have gone fear- 
lessly onward, "hitting" the students, not sparing 
the faculty, and bravely facing the criticism of class 

The introduction of miniatures of the members of 
the class and the appearance of the Board's picture 
are the innovations of the work. These new de- 
partures are certainly in the line of progress, for a 
class of thirty issuing a publication for the benefit 
of the college should unquestionably be well repre- 
sented in the work. 

The book is appropriately dedicated to our presi- 
dent, H. H. Goodell. It gives a short sketch of 
the lives of each member of the faculty, enumer- 
ating twenty members. A half-tone shows the 
photographs of Lieut. Dickinson, Professor Lull, 
and Prof. R. E. .Smith, members of the fac- 
ulty whose pictures have not appeared in the past 
Indexes. The classes and fraternities are arranged 
in the usual manner. Ample space is given to the 

college organizations and clubs. An outline of the 
twenty-fourth commencement appears, together 
with the '94 Class Oration by J. E. Gifford. Special 
care has been taken with the Alumni department 
and it is, probably, the most reliable of auy yet 

As representative of the literary interests of the 
college the book is somewhat of a disappointment. 
The Board accomplished but little of real literary 
merit; not that it lacked the ability but, as the size 
of the book was limited and so much time and room 
was taken for the innovations, sufficient prepara- 
tion could not be given for such work. Several er- 
rors were made in the compilation of the matter 
which were due wholly to the "rush" that must oc- 
cur at the end of the term. 

"The Captain's Dream," is worthy of especial 
praise, being beautifully written and full of interest. 
"The College Course as Seen From Actual Life," 
written by F. S. Hoyt, '93, is a valuable article for 

The '96 Index is subject to criticism but, on the 
whole, it should be criticised kindly. It is undoubt- 
edly one of the best, if not the best, Index yet 


At the beginning of the spring term of 1894 a 
sum of money was pledged for the support of the 
base-ball team. Of this sum less than one-half was 
collected, thus leaving the base-ball association in 
debt, and no money with which to carry on the nec- 
essary practice the following winter term. Hoping 
that some may feel disposed to pay all or a part of 
what they pledged, I take the privilege of pre- 
senting the present financial conditiou of the associ- 
ation. This year we shall cut down all unneces- 
sary expense, and will secure as many games on the 
college campus as possible. To be successful in 
these games, we must support our team, and fur- 
nish them with the necessary means for practice 
during the winter. If all who owe anything to the 
base-ball association will kindly pay it to P. A. 
Leamy, Treasurer, the team and otficers will do all 
in their power to repay their supporters on the dia- 
mond this coming season. 

H. L. Frost, M'g'r. 





At the beginning of every winter teim of college 
the question comes to us : Are we to have a win- 
ning base-ball team next spring? It is a question 
that concerns eveiy man iu college and one which 
can only be decided by the co-operation of each 

After our disastrous experience last, season it is 
time we awoke to a realizing sense of the duty that 
rests upon us as a college to put a winning base-ball 
team on the field. For the last few years this team 
has not been quite up to the standard it should at- 
tain. The standard of a college is judged to a 
large extent by the athletic teams it sends out. In 
what class would a stranger put the Massachusetts 
Agricultural College if he judged it by our base-ball 
team last spring? As to the reason why we do not 
have a better team every man has a different excuse 
to offer, but the main reason would seem to be lack 
of enthusiasm and training. 

Last year there was but little competition. Al- 
though eighteen or twenty men began practice in 
the winter several dropped from the race in a week 
or two and at the beginning of the spring term 
there were only ten or eleven men trying for the 
team. Now this is not as it should be. To attain 
success in base-ball as well as in foot-ball there 
should be sharp competition for every position. This 
year there are several men already trying for posi- 
tions on the team, and we hope this is but the be- 
ginning of the number who will come out for prac- 
tice. Another requisite is proper training. Why 
not make a change this year and have a competent, 
energetic trainer for a short time before the season 
opens? In this way we might be able to win the 
first game and this would go a long way towards 
making the whole season a success. It is very im- 
portant that there should be some practice in 
batting before the season opens. A man can hardly 
be expected to make a good showing iu the first 
game if he has not had a certain amount of practice. 
Also practice in sliding bases should not be neg- 
lected. Anyone who witnessed our game at Mid- 
dletown last spring will admit that this is a valuable 
point. There is apparatus for this practice iu the 
gymnasium. Why not use it? 

These suggestions may seem commonplace but 
they are suggestions that are put iu practice in 
other colleges and even in academies. This year 
we have as good materia! as we have had for many 
years. All that is needed for a winning team is 
practice. Every student should have a personal in- 
terest in the matter and give his time or money, or 
both. Come out and practice every day and do not 
give up in a week or two but remember the old say- 
ing ; "If at first you don't succeed, try, try again." 

F. H. R. 

The election of the next editorial board of the 
Like will take place Friday, March 8, at 7 p. m. 
Only students of the regular four years course are 
eligible to membership. All candidates for posi- 
tions on the board must hand their names to the 
Editor in-Chief on or before Jan. 23. The election 
will be made on the basis of the work accomplished 
by the candidates from Sept. 1, '94 to March 6, '95, 
at 7 p. m., when the competition is closed. It might 
be said here that the Senior editors on the board 
are given credit for the work which they do on the 
paper, in the English department during the present 
term. This is now only an experiment, but if suc- 
cessful it will, no doubt, become an established cus- 
tom in the future. This should be an inducement 
to candidates, especially from the class of '96. 



In former years my diary says, 
I've made resolves to mend my ways. 
The opening year is pictured there 
By firmest vow and promise fair, 

My breakfast hour I would amend, 
Less cash for toothsome daiDties spend, 
My bed each morning I would make, 
More care about my room I'd take. 

I'd have my notes all np to date, 
Rise with the sun and study late ; 
The oft enjoyed cigarette, 
The darkest path of exile met. 

But time has taught her lesson true, 
And leaves but this for one to do 
This year — Resolved that I will make 
No new resolves I'm sure to break. 

F. P. W. 




A great struggle has been going on for many 
years between Science and Theology. Almost 
without exception, all of the great scientific truths 
which have been demonstrated during the last four 
centuries have met with the most severe denuncia- 
tion in their endeavors to obtain the attention of 
the people. These truths have been almost invari- 
ably in direct opposition to the accepted creeds and 
dogmas ot the day, and have been denounced, and 
ridiculed, and sneered at, as often as they have 
appeared. Appealing, however, to the reason and 
experience of men, they have overcome alike ridi- 
cule, contempt and denunciation, and have obtained 
at last, the approval of the civilized world. 

This struggle between Science and Theology has 
gradually acquired the nature of a struggle for life. 
It is an example of the great law of the ''survival 
of the fittest." The opposing forces occupy decidedly 
antagonistic positions and while each individual 
skirmish of the great conflict seemed to have for its 
object the establishment or dispersion of some one 
idea, yet as the struggle went on, it became finally 
apparent that one of the two opposing forces must 
be crushed at last. 

Theology entered this conflict eutrenched in the 
customs and habits and lives of the people and re- 
enforced by the power of its own vast prosessions 
and wealth. But its weapons have always been 
warped by prejudice and its methods of warfare 
have received the condemnation of all just men. It 
has been its custom to toiture and slaughter the 
prisoners which it has obtained in the fight, and 
the joints of its armor have finally become rusted by 
the tears of its many victims. 

Science, at first poor, unknown, and feeble, with 
the sword of truth as its only weapon, with its arm 
nerved by reason and experience, has attacked and 
routed dogma after dogma, and to-day commands 
the respect and sympathy of millions. 

History places the first important skirmish of this 
conflict in the fifteenth century. We find the forces 
of Science in the person of Cecco d'Ascoli, attack- 
ing the idea, which at that time was universal, that 
the earth was flat, and supported by pillars. Cecco 
believed that the earth was round and he said so. 
The news spread rapidly. Cecco wtis taken prisoner 
and for his heinous offense was burned alive at the 

stake. The whole world shuddered. Theology 
sent up to the skies a shout of thanksgiving. 
Science fell back in dismay. Here was a victory 
for Theology. The offender had been caught and 
punished"! But such a victory must bear its fruit. 
The reaction of human reasou against this atrocious 
crime was intense and powerful and when a few 
years later Magellens circumnavigated the globe 
Theology gave up its outer line of defense which it 
had held for centuries and retired to stronger forti- 

Later in the same century a slight skirmish oc- 
curred between Christopher Columbus and the 
learned men of Spain. The details of this struggle 
were remarkable only for the display for bigotry and 
prejudice on the part of the learned men. Colum- 
bus was brought before the leaders of the Theologi- 
cal forces and suffered a complete and crushing 
defeat at their hands. The weapons used by the 
doctors were texts from the Psalms and St. Paul 
and St. Augustine, against which the reasoning, 
the arguments and the facts of Columbus were 
hurled in vain. When, however, Columbus returned 
from the New World having demonstrated the truth 
of his theories, the army of Theology retired again 
from the field and fell back to a still stronger line 
of defense. 

The next important contest was when Kopernik's 
book, setting forth his now famous discoveries on 
the Solar system was condemned by the Theologi- 
cal leaders as sacriligious, Kopernik, himself, dying 
a disappointed and broken-hearted man. For 
a time it appeared a victory for Theology but when 
the world at last saw the mighty truth which Koper- 
nick had discovered, the forces of Theology were 
obliged to abandon their final line of outer fortifi- 
cations and retire to their strongest citadel. 

But the most important struggle in this entire 
conflict was when Galileo's telescope, accomplishing 
a work impossible to the ruder instrument of 
Kopernik, completed the discoveries of the latter 
and filled in the missing links of the Coperuican 
system. There were the armies of Theology 
rallied for a final assault. Catholic and Prostest- 
ant alike united in the work of silencing this great 
discoverer. He was attacked on all sides finally 
taken prisoner. Brought before the Inquisition, 
with an awful death hanging over him, he recanted, 



"I, Galileo, being in my seventieth year, being a 
prisoner and on my knees, and before your 
eminences ; having before my eyes the Holy 
Gospel which I touch with my hands, 
abjure, curse and detest the error and heresy of 
the movement of the earth." Science hid its face 
for shame. The shouts of triumph from the 
Theological army rent the skies. The world looked 
on in wonder. The greatest scientific truth the 
world has ever seen had been dashed to earth as a 
falsehood. Well might the armies of Theology 
shout their triumph, for it was their last victory. 
Discoverer after discoverer took up and pushed for- 
ward the work of Galileo and demonstrated the 
truth of his theory. It stands to-day one of the 
most wonderful discoveries ever made by man. 

La flaee with his developed nebular hypothesis ; 
Draper's and Fraunhofer's discoveries in the solar 
spectrum ; Albert's pioneer investigations in Chem- 
istry and Botany ; Roger Bacon's wonderful achiev- 
ment with clocks, lenses, burning specula and tele- 
scopes ; Vesalins with his great work on human 
anatomy ; Boyer, introducing inoculation as a pre- 
ventive against small-pox ; Jenner's discovery of 
vaccinatioir ; Buffon's researches in Geology ; Silh- 
man, Hitchcock, Huxley, Darwin and a host of 
others ; such have been the leaders and their weap- 
on's on the scientific side in the later struggles of 
this conflict. They have been denounced ; they 
have been attacked ; they have suffered ; but they 
have at last triumphed. In the hundreds of skir- 
mishes which have taken place the armies of 
science have steadily gained ground and are to-day 
stronger than ever before. 

The world is moving forward. Andrew Clark, 
formerly president of Cornell University, says: 
"Put together all the effort of all the atheists who 
have ever lived, and they have not done so much 
harm to Christianity and the world as has been 
done by the narrow-minded, conscientiousness men 
who persecuted Roger Bacon." The truth of that 
statement is being recognized all over the world to- 
day. Science has no quarrel with the religious man. 
Science holds out to him the right hand of good 
fellowship. It is only the narrow, the bigoted, the 
superstitious, who fear the revelations of Science. 
Slowly but surely the great truths which can never 
be contradicted are coming to light. One by one 

the superstitions of men are giving way before the 
geologist's hammer, the biologist's lens, the sur- 
geon's knife, the astronomer's telescope, and the 
chemist's crucible. Science goes to the bottom, 
discovers the truth and declares it, be the conse- 
quences what they may. Science never believes 
till it has proof. Science took a handful of sand, 
constructed a telescope, and brought the heavens 
into the hands of man. Science means doubt, in- 
vestigation, progress. In the words of Ingersoll, 
"Science took a tear from the cheek o( unpaid 
labor, converted it into steam, and created a giant, 
which turns with tireless arms the countless wheels 
of toil." 

In the final analysis, the truths will appear. And, 
at the last, Science will stand with its feet firmly 
planted on the earth over which it has so often 
traveled, and which it has laid bare to the eyes of 
men, and after having given to man all knowledge 
and truth possible, concerning this world, will reach 
out and into the universe around us and touch the 
very stars. 



A. M. 

8-00— Chapel. I 10-30 A. m.,— Church Sumlay. 

8.30-Inspection of rooms, Sat. I 4-45 p m.— Drill, M., T., Th. 


Four Tear's Course. 



A. M. 

8-15— Electricity 

Chemistry M. T. W. 

Eotomology M. T. W 


Zoology Th. F. 


9-15— Agriculture 

Chemistry M. T. W. 

Entomology M. T. W. 


English Lit. Th. F. 

10-15— -Mathematics 

Agriculture M. T. 

Law M, 

English W. Th. 

Chemistry T. W. Th. 


11-15— Chemistry T. W. Th. 


Mechanics M. W. Th. F 

English M. 

Zoology T» 

1-90— Pol. Econ. 

2 00— Botany M.W. Th. F. 

Drawing W. 

English T. 

3-00— Botany M. W. Th. F. 

English T. 

Mil. Sci. T. 

Drawing W~. 

4-00— German W. F. 

5-00— German M. T. Th. 



8-15-Chemistry T. W. Th. 


Drawing M. T. F. 

9-15-French M. T. W. Th. 

Drawing M. T. F. 

Physiology F. 

English VV. Th. 

10-15— Botany M. F. 

Latin M. 

Physiology T. W. Tt 


Algebra T. W. Th. F. 



ll-J5-Botany M. T. P. 
English W. Th. 
2-00— Drawing M. T. Th. 
3-00- Drawing M. Th. 


8-15— Agriculture M. W. Th. 

915— Veterinary 

10-15- Chemistry T. F. 
Forestry W. Th. 

11-15-Chemistry T. F. 
Forestry W. Th. 
2-00— Agriculture T. 

3.00— English M. T. F. 
Geometry W. Th. 

Latin W. Th. F. 

Agriculture M. T. W. Th. 


Agriculture T F. 
Horticulture W. Th. 
Chemistry M. T. F. 
Horticulture W, Th. 
Agriculture M. 
Horticulture T. 
Chemistry W. Th. 
Algebra M. T. F. 
Chemistry W. Th. 
English M. T. F. 
Algebra W. Th. 

Colle£? JSSotfs. 

— H. C. Burlington spent Sunday at home. 

— A. C. Curtis and I. C. Green, '94, were in town 
Dec. 15. 

— F. E. DeLuce is absent from college on account 
of sickness. 

— H. C. Burrington and C. A. Nutting will carry 
the mail this term. 

— Several of the students have been afflicted re- 
cently with the mumps. 

— S. F. Howard, '94, is teaching in a private 
school in MoutgJinery. 

— G. A. Drew, '97, and J. W. Allen, '97, are 
afflicted with the mumps. 

— A good resolution for the new year, pay your 
subscription to Aggie Life. 

— Quite a number of the students enjoyed the fine 
skating on the Connecticut river last week. 

— G. \V. Pasell of the First Year class has recov- 
ered from his injury and returned to college. 

— P. S. Eaton of Nyack, N. Y., has entered the 
freshman class. He is a brother of \V. A. Eaton, 
'86. Mr. Eaton is rooming at Mrs. Gilbert's. 

— A. M. Nowell has left college to enter the 
Bussey Institute at Jamaica Plains. He intends to 
direct his whole time to the study of Forestry. 

— We wish to correct the statement made in our 
last issue that"R. L. Hayward,'96,had left college." 
He is away only temporarily and will return some- 
time during the present term. 

— Chapel exercises were suspended Dec. 16. 

— W. L. Pentecost, '96, spent last week at home. 

— It is rumored that C.F. Palmer, '97, will return to 

— A few of the students spent the holidays at 

— The band has recently been photographed by a 
local photographer. 

— The pulpit was occupied last Sunday by Rev. 
Mr. Keedy of Hadley. 

— The '95 Index Board was photographed by 
Schillaire last Saturday. 

— The drill hour will be from 4-15 to 5-15 this 
term, the same as last winter term. 

— '96 Index was on sale Dec. 14. The book was 
well received and the returns were excellent. 

— The senior class albums will be furnished by 
J. G. Roberts of Boston, the same as last year. 

— The Class of '96 held an auction sale of draw- 
ings, cuts, and half-tones of the Index, Jan. 3. 

— The Reports of the Secretary of Agriculture for 
1893 were distributed to the students last week. 

— Base-ball practice has begun in the drill hal' 
with M. J. Sullivan as captain. There are about 
four batteries in practice now. 

— The schedule for drill this term is as follows ; 
Monday and Tuesday, Juniors, sabre drill ; Sopho- 
mores and Freshmen, manual of arms ; Thursday, 
Company drill. 

— At a meeting of the Tatnuck Farmer's club held 
in Worcester, Dec. 28, H. W. Moore, '96, read a 
paper on "The Science of Agriculture," and A. S. 
Kinney, '96, read a paper on "Botany, and its rela- 
tion to agriculture." These papers were also read 
before the Holden Farmers' and Mechanics' club, 
Jan. 2d. 

— At a meeting of the South Bristol Farmers' 
club held at New Bedford, Dec. 29, D. C. Potter, 
'95, delivered a lecture on "Grasses and Forage 
Crops," and E. W. Poole, '96, I. C. Poole, '96, and 
H. R. Sherman of the Two Year class read papers 
on the following subjects: "The Educational Ad- 
vantages of the Massachusetts Agricultural College," 
"Life at the Agricultural College," and "Small 
Fruits and their Culture," 



— F. W. Colby, '97, will not return to college. 

— H. T. Edwards has recovered from the mumps. 

— Rice of the Two Year class has joined the choir. 

— We understand that the glee club is making 
good progress. 

— Holt, '98, and Atkins of the First year class 
have joined the band. 

— P. F. Felch, '96, has left college to work in a 
greenhouse in Worcester. 

— G. A. Billings, '95, and E. A. Bagg, Second 
Year, have joined the glee club. 

— A singing school has been organized at the 
college under the instruction of Prof. Charmbury. 
The class meets Tuesday evenings. 

— A. X. Petit will continue the advanced class in 
dancing this winter and a new class of beginners 
will be formed. The class will meet on Monday 

— The senior class has elected the same class 
officers as last term with the exception of polo cap- 
tain, H. L. Frost, who declined the office. C. W. 
Crehore was elected to this office. 

— The sophomore class have elected the following 
officers for the winter term : President, J. L. Bart- 
lett ; vice-president, F. W. Barclay; treasurer, C. 

A. Peters; secretary, Geo. A. Drew; historian, J. 
Albert Emrich ; base-ball captain, C. I. Goessmanu ; 
polo captain, A. M. Nowell ; sergeant-at-arms, P. 
Henry Smith. 

— On Friday, Dec. 14, Lieut. Dickinson spoke 
before the Natural History History Society on"Life 
on the Plains." The speaker told of his early ex- 
periences as a soldier in the West, aud described 
several Indian raids in a very interesting and enter- 
taining manner. There was a very large attend- 
ance, and several members of the faculty were 

— The Boarding Club held a meeting at the close 
of last term aud elected the following officers : Pres- 
ident, first director and business manager, P. A. 
Leamy, '96 ; second director aud vice-president, C. 

B. Lane, '95 ; third director, secretary and treasurer, 
J. Marsh, '95 ; fourth director, VV. L. Pentecost, 
'96 ; fifth director, R.P.Nichols, '96 ; sixth director, 

C. A. King, '97 ; seventh director, R. D. Warden, 

— Pres. Goodell is going to Augusta, Me., for a 
few days. He will speak before the Maine Board 
of Agriculture on "Agricultural Education." 

— '96 held a class meeting Jan. 11, and elected 
the following officers: Pres., H. R. Rawsou ; vice- 
president, F. P. Washburn; secretary, H.H. Roper ; 
treasurer, A. S. Kinney ; sergeant-at-arms, Geo. 
Tsuda ; base-ball captain, P. A. Leamy ; polo cap- 
tain, J. L. Marshall. P. A. Leamy was elected 
pipe custodian for the ensuing year. 

— The College Catalogue will contain in the 
Appendix, three valuable and interesting articles: 
An illustrated article by Lounsberry '94, on the 
Orthezia, insects particularly destructive in green- 
houses. An illustrated article describing the Omni- 
meter, by Prof. Washburn. This instrument en- 
ables the operator to do away with chaining. The 
distance between any two points may be instantly 
read on the instrument. An article by Prof. Stone 
on certain plant diseases, especially those particu- 
larly destructive in greeenhouses. The Catalogue 
will contain three illustrations of the new barn with 
description. An inside view, an outside view and 
a view of the horse barn. It will also contain the 
plans of two stories of the barn which have been 
drawn by a member of the Junior class. 

— At the meeting of the Trustees of the College, 
held on Jan. 1, it was voted to ask the Legislature 
for appropriations for the following objects : First, 
The erection of an addition to the Iusectary. This 
is to be thirty-two feet by thirty-six feet and two 
stories in height. It is to contain a study fifteen 
by eighteen feet and two private laboratories up 
stairs. This building is necessary for the accom- 
modatiou of the Senior electives in Entomology. 
The appropriation asked for is $3000. Second, 
The U. S. Government has granted the use of the 
new breech-loading canon on condition that shelter 
be provided for the same. An appropriation of 
$1460 is asked for, for the erection of a gun shed 
which will contaiu in addition to a place for the guns, 
a shooting gallery for practice. Third, Two hun- 
dred dollars for the erection of a gallery in the Drill 
Hall, for the accommodation of visitors. 

How much suushine has come out of a bottle of 
ink? And yet people will judge by appearances. — 






Grand Union Hotel, December 19th, 1894. 

President William Perkins Birnie, '71 in the Chair. 
Alvan Luther Fowler, '80, Secretary. 
Sanford Dwight Foot, '78, temporary Choragus. 
Guests: President Goodell ; Prof. Henry W. Park- 

ker, D. D. ; A. H. Merrill, Capt. 
U. S. A. ; C. A. L. Tolteu, Lieut., Retired, U. S. 
A. ; Prof. George. F. Stone, Ph. D. 

The theme for discussion was, The College ; 
President Goodell described the present condition 
of the institution and that the object of the admin- 
istration was to make it first in everything pertain- 
ing to Agriculture; that it was desired to turn out 
quality rather thau quantity ; that the Faculty was 
grateful to the New York Club for having held suc- 
cessful re-unions annually since its inauguration a 
record not made by any other Alumni institution ; 
the guests followed with brief speeches; members 
of the Club spoke as follows: Dr. J. Clarence Cut- 
ter, 72, Jas. H. Webb, '73, Col. Asa W. Dickin- 
son, '74, J. B. Barrett, '75, Frank G. Diner, '77 ; 
Sauford D. Foot, '78, Prof. Chas. Wellington, '73, 
S. C. Thompson, '72, Dr. John A. Cutter, '82, H. 
Howell, '85, Chas. A. Goodrich, '93, A. W. Lublin, 

Considerable was said as to the alumni having a 
more satisfactory meeting and dinner Alumni week, 
time to be set aside for such purposes which would 
be encroached upon by nothing else ; also a dinner 
in cider time during the fall at Amherst of all past 
students and graduates. It was voted that the 
Club place the matter in the hands of President 
Goodell, he to co-operate with the other alumni as- 
sociations and get the best result possible. One 
speaker requested the alumni to back up "Aggie 
Life" more than is now done. 

Officers elected are: President, James H. Webb, 
'73 ; 1st vice-President, Dr. John Clarence Cutter, 
'72 ; 2nd vice President, Chas. A. Goodrich, '93 ; 
Secretary-Treasurer, Alvan L. Fowler, '80; Cho- 
ragus, Harry K. Chase, '82. 

Under the constitution membership is only at- 
tained by attending a dinner ; this year showed 5 

accessions ; Capt. Merrill ; Professors Stone and 
Wellingtru, Dr. J. C. Cutter, '72 and Mr. Good- 
rich, '93. The meeting adjourned at 1 a. m. 

A. L. Fowler, Secretary, 
133 Centre St. New York. 

The South Bristol Farmers' Club held its fourth 
winter meeting at New Bedford, Dec. 29, 1894. 
Many of the alumni were present, several taking 
part in the proceedings. 

At the opening of the meeting, Pres't Howland 
stated that the day should be known as "Agricult- 
ural College day," all the speakers being graduates 
or students of the Mass. Agr'l College. Pres't 
H. H. Goodell of our college, presided at the meet- 
ing. E. W. Poole, I. C. Poole, H. R. Sherman, 
aud D. C. Potter spoke upon interesting subjects. 

The club then took a recess for dinner, the alum- 
ni taking part in the afternoon session. 

'72.— Chas. G. Flagg, Director of the R. I. State 
Experiment Station, was at the College recently to 
visit the new barn that he might perfect plans for a 
new one at Kingston, R. I. 

Ex-'74. — The Popular Science Monthly of Decem- 
ber gives an extended notice of a book entitled, 
"Systematic Science Teaching," written by Ed- 
ward Gardiner Howe, of the class of 1874. 

'78. — A. A. Biigham has been appointed Non- 
resident Lecturer on Agriculture at the University 
of Vermont. 

'90. — Mr. David Barry, who acted as instructor 
in electricity during the hitter part of last term at 
our College, was married, Jan. 7, to Miss Mary 
Doherty of Amherst. After a short wedding trip 
they will reside in Amherst. Mr. Barry is the Su-_ 
perintendent of the electric light and gas works of 

'90. — C. H. Jones reports that he has arrived at 
the Swan Islands where he has set up a chemical 
laboratory for the analysis of phosphates. 

'82. — Dr. J. B. Paige has been appointed Assist- 
ant Secretary for Mass., of the United States 
Vetemiarv Medical Association. 



©teg and (ommenfe. 

Out with 1 he Old ! In with the New! Another 
year gone ; another mile-stone passed on the high- 
way of time. And yet were not tacts such stubborn 
things we should be inclined to doubt that so long a 
time had really passed since we took up our pen to 
welcome the advent o( the year which has so re- 
cently gone into history. There is a solemn warn- 
ing to us all in this rapid flight of time : a warning 
that we should improve each day as it comes, for, 
ere we know it, it is gone, never to be recalled. The 
past is dead but what of the future? The usual 
batch of good resolutions has doubtless been made, 
to be broken in the usual manner ; but it occurs to 
us that there are one or two resolutions which we 
all might make and keep to our mutual advantage. 
First of all be it resolved that we will pay our dues 
and subscriptions promptly. As from alar we hear 
the loud "Amen" of the managers and treasure! 8. 
Furthermore, be it resolved that we will not have 
a "bad cold" or "severe headache" oftener than 
once a mouth. But above all be it resolved that 
at all times and in all places we will labor to uphold 
the fair fame and name of Old Aggie. 

Perhaps we ought to make some remark about at- 
tendance at the W. I. but out of regard for our per- 
sonal safety we refrain. We do feel called upon, 
however, to refer to the attendance at the Gym. In 
spite of ali that has been said and written on this 
subject, the attendance does not seem to increase. 
A few who intend to enter in the Weekly Meets, 
or who are beginning practice for Field Day may 
be found there ; but the larger body remain as in- 
different as ever. They have been told that their 
health, longevity and standing in studies would be 
benefited by daily exercise ; but all to no purpose. 
We would now appeal to the student's personal van- 
ity ; a commodity of which, unlike money, we all 
have our share. Next to a beautiful woman the 
most pleasing sight in our every day life is an erect 
square shouldered and graceful man. A man whose 
carriage and build give him some excuse for calling 
himself a "Lord of creation." A man can afford 
to work an hour a day for this consideration, if no 
other. Suppose you can't do the "giant swing" or 
run a hundred yards in ten seconds ; your time will 
not be wasted if you become able to do nothing 
more then stand erect, walk gracefully, and dispense 
with a cane. 


Down the lane, through the clover 

Tripped a little maiden. 
The sky was blue the heavens over; 

The air with fragrance laden. 

As she passed someone spied her 

Coming through the clover; 
Left his plough, was soon beside her — 

A sturdy, handsome lover. 

Dancing eyes, her lips all smiling, 

Golden hair a-tumble; 
"Could a girl be more beguiling?" 

Thought her lover humble. 

In his arms he clasps her tightly ; 

Happy man to win her! — 
But hark ! she speaks— Do I hear rightly? 

"Papa, come to dinner." H. T. 

When one of those usually infallible juniors 
wanted to use concentrated H 2 S0 4 , he called for 
the "consecrated acid." Another, iu speaking 
of the same compound, termed it "that concentric 
acid." If straws indicate the direction of the 
wind, the first shows unmistakable theological 
tendencies, and the latter has evidently been 
constructing gear teeth. — Purdue Exponent. 

The students of Northwestern University are re- 
quired to pledge themselves not to take part in any 
hazing or cane rush. — Brunonian. 

He asked a miss what was a kiss 

Gramatically defined, 
"It's a conjunction, sir," she said, 
"And hence can't be declined." — Ex. 

There are twenty-two new tennis courts on Jarvis 
Field, Harvard. — Ex. 

"Foot-ball was a crime during the reign of Henry 
VIII." — Collegian. 

Iu Psychology Class : Professor — We take up the 
study of the brain to-morrow. Take the first ten 
pages. I am in hopes to get some brains here be- 
fore we get through. — College Folio. 

Cholly (the sophomore) — Dweadful jokah, that 
Hardsens, do you know it? Fwed — No. In what 
way? Cholly — I asked him what became to col- 
lege fob and he said he came to get an education. — 
Chicago Inter-Ocean. 

The first ingredient in conversation is truth ; the 
next, good sense ; the third, good humor ; the fourth, 



T. M. C. A. TOPICS. 
Jan. 17. "One thing is needful." Luke x: 38- 
42 ; Matt, iv : 4 ; Ps. xxvii 
Jan. 20. Come and see. 
K. Jones. 
Learning from our mistakes. 

4. C. W. Delano. 
John i: 39, 46; John 

iv : 29. B 

Jan. 24. 
xxvi : 9-20 

Jan. 27. 
Matt, xxiii : 16-26. 

E. A. Bagg. 
Confusing good with evil. 
W. A. Root. 


Is. v: 20: 

FOR M. A. C. CLASS '95 IS 

392 Boylston Street, 

Engagements for sittings as to date, etc., apply 
to Photo Committee Senior Class, J. Marsh, Chair- 

Amherst College '95, Tufts College '95, 

Dartmouth College '95, Wellesley College '95, 

B. U. College Liberal Arts '95, Mt. Holyoke College '95, 
Wesley an University '95, Lazell Sem. '95, &c, &c, 


Merchant Tailor 

Business £ uifcs, §£20. 
Custom Pants, $5. 


Burt House, opposite the old Alpha Delta Phi House. 

A bicycle catalogue 
can be more than a 
mere price-list of 
the maker's goods. 
It can be beautiful 
■with the best work 
of noted artists and 

?ners. Rich in information besides. Such a 

: is the 

Columbia Bicycle 

which tells of New Model Cnlumbias, their points 
of excellence, and their equipment. The book is 
free at any Columbia agency, or is mailed for two 
2-cent stamps. You who propose to ride cannot 
do without it, for it tells of the best bicycles — 



$60 $50. 

The Columbia Desk Calendar will make work at your desk 
easier and pleasanter. By mail for ten cents in stamps. 


General Offices and Factories, 



Photographic Studio. 

Society, Class and Group Work a Specialty 







I have the ammunition to fit 
you with. On your way to the 
Post Office stop and look at my 
stock of 

Hats, Caps, Gloves, 







VOL. V. 


No. 9 

Published Fortnightly by the Students of the Mass. 
Agricultural College. 

Terms $1,00 per year, in advance. Single copies, 10c. 

Postage, outside United States and Canada, 25c. extra. 

Entered at the Post Ollir-.e as second-class mail matter. 


C. B. LANE, '95, Editor-in-chief. 

W. L. MORSE, '95, Business Manager. 

T. P. FOLEY, '95, Exchange. 

F. C. TOBEY, '95, Alumni. 

E. A. COOLEY, '95, Local Items. 

■o t nAvwAun w ( Notes and Comments. 
E. L. HAYWAED, 98, j Llbrary Notes . 

P. A. LEAMY, '96, Athletics. 
H. H. ROPP:R, '9(5, | T „._ . 
J. L. BAETLETT, '97, ! " rciai T- 

Students and Alumni are requested to contribute. Communica- 
ions should be addressed Aggie Life, Amherst Mass. 


We publish in another column, a statement of 
the platform and objects of the A. P. A. This or- 
ganization has developed in a most remarkable way 
and is attracting a great deal of attention in the 
daily press. We leave it for our readers to judge 
as to the justice of the claims of this organization 
upon the American people. 

In consideration of the success attending the in- 
■ traduction of the electives in the Senior year, the 
idea is suggested of extending this system to the 
Junior class. It would seem that the average stu- 
dent, after spending two years in general study, is 
fully competent to judge for himself what brandies 
he wishes to pursue during the remainder of his 
course. The advantages of special training are so 
great and so numerous as to hardly need mention- 
ing. The fact that a man is well-informed in some 
one branch of knowledge, changes him from a 

mere smatterer to an authority in his special field. 
The addition of another year of elective studies 
would give a much better opportunity of completing 
an education than is offered by the present course. 
Instead of leaving college before the end of the 
sophomore year, as many do, students would be 
more anxious to sta}* and finish their course. If it 
is impossible under the present circumstances to 
make the course in the junior year wholly elective, 
the choice of even a few departments would do 
much toward making this year more attractive. We 
believe this would be a step in the right direction 
and it ought to be taken so, as it would make the 
college course more attractive and give better ad- 
vantages for special work. 

"Hitch your wagon to a star," is a sentence of 
Emerson as rich in meaning as it is terse in ex- 
pression, that suggests a thought well worth con- 
sideration during our college course. Probably no 
student is without some ideal, some longed-for at- 
tainment, some purpose more or less definite, that 
consciously or unconsciously sways the actions and 
inspires the efforts of each day. Yet, while there 
are few so aimless as to mechanically perform 
daily tasks with no purpose whatever in view, it is 
equally true that there are those whose ambitions 
and aims are so narrow and so low that they are 
little better than no aims at all. We need not only 
have a purpose but it must be high. It is cer- 
tain, we cannot live above the ideal we hold. We 
shall necessarily fall far short of it, yet if that 
which we are striving to reach is above and beyond 
us, whatever advances we make toward it will lead 
us in an upward course and beyond present attain- 
ments. Only as our ideal is above us can its mag- 
netic influence lift us to a higher level. We may 
well ask ourselves to what we have fastened and 
whither are being drawn the wagons of our live* 

9 8 


laden w;th choicest possibilities and powers. Of 
vastly larger meaniog would be the opportunities of 
our course if each student in this and in every col- 
lege in this land entered into the work, the posses- 
sor of a comprehensive ideal and a definite purpose, 
to the realization of which there is the determina- 
tion to bend every thought and endeavor. Each 
must seek and choose for himself his own guiding 
star ; an ideal that is high but not so remote that it 
canuot exert its power on the commonest and small- 
est details, so removed that we are not connected 
with it, so clouded and dim that it canuot shed up- 
on us its light and glow and beauty. Possess a 
right ideal and see it clearly ; mark its outline sharply 
and hold to it firmly. Doing this, no life can wan- 
der to waste and loss, because unled by an inspir- 
ing purpose, the guiding star of life. 

"And right here, the Kansas State Agricultural College 
has taken a step in advance of other schools. There is 
no foundation here for the idea that the man of the Col- 
lege belongs to a separate genus. Contests of any kind 
are entered into more for the sake of the activity than 
for the "beating" of anyone. Feeling between classes 
goes no further than a good-natured quizzing. There is 
plenty of innocent fun which often runs into the ridicu- 
lous but not the barbarous. Rushes and hazing were 
never known here. All through the course our student 
citizens keep in touch with the world and when they 
finish find little trouble in making themselves useful to 
tha State that educates them." 

The above clipping was taken from an article, 
describing life at the Kansas State Agricultural 
College. The article appeared in the Neio England 
Homestead, date of Jan. 26. The paragraph quoted 
shows a near approach to the ideal Agricultural 
College. It shows that we are much behind our 
western neighbors in the simple matter of behavior. 
The "wild and woolly west" is no longer a descrip- 
tive phrase. There is hardly a College for men in 
Massachusetts which has not at some period of its 
histoiT been the scene of midnight hazing which 
would gladden the heart of a South Sea Islander, 
or of cane rushes and tree rushes which would rival 
the Spanish bull fight in cruelty and brutality. A 
college which can show such a clean record as the 
Kansas State College is certainly to be congratu- 
lated. '"There is no foundation here for the idea," 
the article says, "that the man of the College be- 
longs to a separate genus." We try to excuse Col- 

lege pranks on the ground that the student is not 
exactly the same as an ordinary citizen. This 
western college will allow no such claim. There 
are between five and six hundred students in this 
same college too. Not a bad showing, for an insti- 
tution which cannot hold out such inducements as 
hazing and rushing to its wouli freshmen. 

Under the excitement of the occasion, men will 
commit acts in a body which they would blush to 
do as individuals. There is no reason why the law 
which protects the law-abiding citizen on the high- 
way should not also protect the law-abiding citizen 
in College. "When they finish," the article says, 
"they find little trouble iu making themselves use- 
ful." And the reason is that they "keep in touch 
with the world." Many of our students isolate 
themselves from the world to prepare for the battle 
of life in the world. They spend four years of life 
away from the world regarding themselves mean- 
while as a sort of special genus of man often com- 
mitting unmanly and foolish acts which they expect 
to discontinue and forget on the day of graduation, 
but which will remain in their memories for a long 
time, as checks upon their best and highest devel- 

At a meeting of the Athletic Directors it was 
voted to hold two Indoor Meets this winter term, 
the first to be held on Feb. 16, and the second to be 
held on March 9. All men wishing to enter any 
event must hand in their names to the Sec. and 
Treas. of the association, one week before that 
event takes place. The events are as follows : 
Feb. 16. March 9. 

Standing broad jump, 
Mantling high kick, 
liunning high kick, 
1-22 mile walk, 
Hatule board jump, 
Running high jump. 
Traveling rings, 

25-yd dash, 
Wrestling, 3 classes. 
Parallel Bars, 
Indian club swinging, 
Flying rings, 
Horizontal bar, 
Rope climb. 

3 standing broad jumps, 
Pole vault. 

A tax of $.50 has been levied on the College by 
the association. 

Per order, 

R. S. Jones, Pres. 

C. A. Norton, Sec. pro tern. 




Tue continual misunderstanding among the stu- 
dents of tl" "college in regard to the lights of 
the Two Ye . men has led the Life to an inves- 
tigation of this subject. At the Mass Meeting 
of the college held last Wednesday eveniug the 
question of allowing the members of the Two Years' 
Course to wear the pin which has just been accepted 
by the college was raised and settled for tlia present. 
The position this course should hold in the college 
organization was also touched upon and settled sat- 
isfactorily for the present year. We think the col- 
lege acted wisely in this matter but it was difficult 
to settle the question completely as no one under- 
stood thoroughly the position of the Two Year men. 

Until this question of the true position of the Two 
Years' Course is settled and the action duly recorded 
in the records of the college, there will be continual 
misunderstanding aud ill-feeling which will be detri- 
mental, not only to the Two Years' Course but to 
the college in general. It is to be hoped that the 
members of the Four Years' Course will not criticise 
the Two Years' men too severely until this matter 
can be thoroughly investigated. 

At a meeting of the Trustees of the Mass. Agr'l 
College, it was voted to establish a School of Agri- 
culture that would help farmers' sons and others, 
who could not spend the time or money for a four 
years' course. This school was to be called the 
Wilder School of Agriculture in honor of Marshall 
P. Wilder, a man who worked very zealously-<a*nd 
accomplished much for the establishment of our col- 
lege. The next question was " where shall this 
school be located?" It was decided that this school 
should be established temporarily, at least, at the 
Mass. Agr'l College. 

Thus it is evident that this School of Agriculture 
is by no means a department of the college. It has 
been placed here to be sure, but placed here simply 
because it was the most convenient and proper loca- 
tion. The Mass. Agr'l College is a state institution 
controlled by a Board of Trustees. The Board 
receives its authority from the state, thus it is that 
the state sanctions and supports the Wilder School 
which is connected with the college. 

Having defined the position of the course in so far 

as it concerns the faculty aud trustees let us look at 
it from the standpoint of the student body. In the 
first place we wish to state that we have some doubt 
as to the advisability of considering the course as 
entirely separate from the college. The course has 
been placed here at the expense of the Mass. Agr'l 
College. There are a number of men in college 
seekiug for an opportunity for work in order that 
they may cover a part of their expenses, but the 
Labor Fund is drained by men who are not members 
of the college. Students of ihe School of Agricul- 
ture occupy rooms in college which are sought for 
by members of the regular course. The question of 
scholarship also arises. Such questions as these, 
however, are technical aud the student body has no 
right to discuss them. Nevertheless the Two Years' 
Course is here and we must deal with it justly. As 
long as it is so iutimately connected with the college 
as at the present time, it should certainly enjoy all 
tlie privileges that it is possible to extend to it. 

As a matter of courtesy, the classes of the School 
of Agriculture should be allowed to wear the college 
piu while the present condition of affairs exists. It 
would seem to be abetter plan, however, if the stu- 
dents should consider the college as a University in 
this respect, then the classes of the School of Agri- 
culture could decide upon an emblem for their depart- 
ment aud the college or University pin would be 
appropriate for all. 

It would be a suicidal policy for the college to 
exclude the members of the School of Agriculture 
from athletics. The college wants not only their 
services but their money. Last fall the School of 
Agriculture gave liberally for the support of the foot- 
ball team and a larger per cent, of the amount 
pledged has been paid into the treasury than by any 
other class. If our athletic association succeeds in 
forming a league with some other colleges, the posi- 
tion of the School of Agriculture must be aualagous 
to that of the Dartmouth Medical School. The 
Medical School aud Dartmouth College are both 
controlled by the same board of trustees, as is the 
case with the School of Agriculture and the Mass. 
Agr'l College. As Amherst and Williams have 
voted to exclude medical students of Dartmouth 
from their triangular league, such action would lie 
in the power of our supposed league. 

It is admitted by all, that in class contests the 



School of Agriculture should not assist the freshmen 
or sophomore classes of the tegiilur course. The 
classes must take military drill because they receive 
state and government money. 

As long as the School of Agriculture is located 
here, and its members are willing to support our 
college organizations; we ought to welcome and 
encourage its members, that both the School and 
the College may work together for the interests of 


As the college, after many difficulties and delays, 
has at last received the much talked of "new field 
guns," a description of them may be of interest to 
some of the readers of Aggie Life. 

The guns proper are made of steel ; they are 
rifled, and as their name implies, breech-loaders 
The principal parts are the tube, jacket, trunnion- 
hoop, sleeve, key-ring, base-ring, locking-ring, vent- 
brushing, securing screw, retracting-stud, rear- 
sight, socket, and breech mechanism; each of these 
parts are subdivided into many others, the naming 
of which, even, would be too lengthy for this 
article. In the manufacture of these guns, the dif- 
ferent parts are built separately, and then assembled ; 
this is done by expanding the jacket, trunnion-hoop, 
sleeve, and key-ring, by heat and then passing them 
over the tube, where after cooling, the contraction 
holds them in place; the locking-ring is insetted 
with a driving fit, and the base-ring screwed home 
iu the threads previously cut to receive it ; the gun 
is next rifled, and the remaining parts, including the 
breech mtchansm, fitted; holes for vent-brush- 
ing and the front sight are then drilled, and lastly 
the completed gun is weighed and stamped. 

The principal dimensions of the gun are as 
follows : 

Total length, 90.70 inches. 

Length of tube 85.20 inches. 

Length of jacket, "27.15 inches. 

Length of rifling, 70.925 inches. 

Length of powder chamber, 10.00 inches. 

Weight of gun, 829 pounds. 

Weight of charge, 3.75 pounds. 

Weight of projectile, 13.5 pounds. 

No. of lands, 24. 

No. ol groo\es, 21. 

Width of lands, 0.1188 inches. 

Width of grooves, 3 inches. 

Depth of grooves, 05 inches. 

Twist uniform, one turn in 30 calibers. 

Caliber diameter of bore, 3.2 inches. 

These guns are mounted on carriages, which are 
as correct and convenient as experiment and ex- 
perience could devise; they are built, wherever 
practicable, of steel, and are well adapted to rough 
usage, such as they will undoubtedly receive, in 
time of war. The equipment is also very complete, 
and a place appears to have been provided for carry- 
ing every article that is necessary for their 
proper use, when on a campaign ; thus in the trail 
is a compartment in which the oiler, pouches, lan- 
yards and loose primers, can be carried ; under the 
foot-board of the limber is another compartment, in 
which the wheel-grease can, oil-can and tool-box are 
carried ; beneath the limber chest, on either side, is 
a water-tight circular compartment, iu which un- 
broken boxes of friction primers are carried ; the 
limber chests are divided into three compartments; 
the center one being for cartridges, and the two end 
ones for projectiles ; these chests are covered with 
heavy cotton duck, which, before being put on, is 
thoroughly saturated with raw linseed oil ; the gun 
carriages are provided with brakes, which are used 
to hold the rear wheels during firing, and thus pre- 
vent much recoil. 

The drill with these guns is very different from 
that of the old 12 pd. Napoleons; a gunner and 
five canoneers only beiug required ; the gunner, be- 
sides having general charge of his piece, attends to 
the pointing, opens and closes the breech, and in- 
serts the charge ; No. 1 attends the brake on his 
side, rams home the projectile, and fires the piece ; 
No. 2 attends the other brake aud serves ammuni- 
tion ; No. 3 assists the gunner ; No. 4 serves am- 
munition ; No. 5 prepares the ammunition, taking 
it from the limber chest. 

These guns are similar to those with which our 
artillery regiments are now supplied, and can be 
used when within 4000 yards of the enemy; they 
have great advantage over the muzzle-loading can- 
non, for we obtain with them, not only a greater 
number of shots, m a given time, but greater initial 
velocity. and consequently greater accuracy in firing, 
and at much longer ranges. 

W. M. Dickinson. 

Lieut. U. S. Army. 




There may be some among the readers, of the 
Life who have not a clear idea of what the A. P. 
A. is, so a few words regarding its origin, history, 
and object ma)' not be out of place in these col- 
umns. The A. P. A. is of purely western origin 
aud western growth, and until very recently it has 
not taken any great hold upon the people east of 
Ohio. Some people who know little of the or- 
der take it to be one of the older organizations, such 
as the American Protestant Association or the 
American Protective League; but the A. P. A. is 
unconnected with these, and is hardly more than 
two years old. It has over one million members, 
who have been obtained, not through coercion, or 
drumming, or hope of reward, for there is no finan- 
cial benefit attached to it; those who have joined 
have had to go into their own pockets for its sup- 
port, but they joined it because they bt-lieved in 
the movement and thought it worthy of their sup- 

Its members are composed of Republicans, Dem- 
ocrats, Prohibiti mists, and Populists. They are not 
required to be natives of the United States, but 
they must be Protestants. The principal object of 
the A. P. A. is to crush Romanism, and it has there 
fore, brought down the wrath of the Roman Catho- 
lic church on its head. It is political, but non-par- 
tisan, and works for the election of the best men, 
irrespective of party. 

The following is, in substauce, the platform of 
the A. P. A. 

Protection of free Public Schools. 

Objection to State aid to sectarian institutions. 

Restriction of immigration. 

Uniform naturalization laws for every State, with 
extension of tetm of Probation. 

In choosing public officials, preference is given 
to lho<e who are independent of foreign, temporal 
or ecclesiastical control. 

Taxation of church property. 

Tiie opening of private and parochial schools, 
convents and monasteries, to public inspection. 

The last two planks in the above are not univer- 
sally included in the national platform, but one in- 
cluded in many of the State orders, as is also the 
Prohibition of liquor traffic in certain States, as 
well as the extension of the elective franchise to 
women ; but the first five articles are universally 

recognized as the principles of the A. P. A., in 
spirit, if not in so many words. 

01 course there were cjuscs which led to the up- 
rising of such an organization, and these may be 
added in order of their importance. 

The Roman Catholic attack on our Public School 

The attempted foreignizing, by force, of whole 
communities, in language and religion, by Romish 

The complete control of our great cities by 

The fact that our army aud navy is almost wholly 

The remarkable increase of untaxed church 

The frequent desecration of the American flag by 

The Jesuit control of heads of government at 

The well-known public declaration of the Pope, 
that the United States is his one bright hope of the 

The universal brag and bluster of Romish orators 
and newspapers, that Americans are cowards, and 
that all the good that has ever come to this country 
has come from Romanists. Of course this may or 
may not be so, as Car as the truth of the facts are 
concerned, and it is not for the writer to give his 
opinions, but they are, as far as is known, the sen- 
timents of the A. P. A. 

L. L. C. 


Voted : That the college disapprove of any stu- 
dent wearing the letters ' M. A. C." on his sweater, 
jersey, or cap unless he has ph.yed on some athletic 
team or taken a first prize in an athletic event. 

Vo'etl: to adopt a college pin patterned after the 
state seal. Messrs. Loamy, '96, Eddy, '97, and 
Wright, '98, were appointed a committee to procure 

The question of allowing the students of the 
School of Agriculture to wear the pin was brought 
before the meeting. It was finally voted that the 
students of the School of Agriculture choose for 
themselves whether they wear the college pin or one 
of their own adoption. 

A. F. Rcrgess-, Pres. 
II. B. Read, Sec. 



Colleg? Np*fS- 

—Henry Holt, '98, has left college. 

— Seniors are very busy on their theses. 

— F. E. DeLuce, '06, has returned to college. 

— B. W. Rice is another victim of the mumps. 

— Baxter, '98, has been suffering from the mumps. 

— A mass meeting of the college was heklJau. 22. 

— Burrington, '96, has not yet returned to 

— John Allen, '97, has recovered from his attack 
of the mumps. 

— H. S. Courtney has been elected polo captain 
of the First Year class. 

— There were no extra drills Jan. 19 and 26 on 
account of the absence of the Lieutenant. 

— Hearn, the senior class photographer, will be 
in town again about the middle of February. 

— J. A. Emrich has been elected polo captain of 
'97 to fill the vacancy left by A. M. Nowell. 

— J. H. Jones, '95, has been absent from college 
for a few days on account of trouble with his lungs. 

— Prof. W. P. Brooks lectured before the Deer- 
field Valley Farmer's Institute at Charlemont, Jan. 

— There are ninety men taking chemistry this 
term, sixty-eight of whom are having laboratory 

— Friday evening, Jan. 18, the Q. T. V. frater- 
nity gave a reception to the resident alumni of the 

— F. P. Washburn, '96, started for his home in 
Maine last Monday night. He will be absent about 
a month. 

— The estate of the late Capt. Colby was dis- 
posed of by auction last week, J. Marshall Barry 

— General Lew Wallace's lecture on "Turkey aud 
the Turks" delivered in College Hall last Friday 
evening was well attended. 

— Robert E. Lewis, State college sectretary of the 
Y. M. C. A., with one or two college workers will 
take charge of meetings to be held under the 
auspices of the Y. M. C. A., Feb. 9 and 10. 

— After some delay a college pin hasbeen adopted. 
It emnodies the state seal, being white on the face 
with the letters M. A. C. in maroou. 

— Base-ball practice has begun in earnest. In 
addition to the regular practice the candidates are 
drilled each day in Prof. Robert's set of exercises. 

— W. L. Morse, '95, represented Aggie Life at 
the meeting of the Massachusetts Agricultural 
College Alumni Club of Massachusetts held Jan. 25. 

— To-morrow being the day of prayer for col- 
leges, Rev. Mr. Bassett, a former instructor in 
mathematics at the college, will speak before the 
college at 8-15 a. m. 

■ — Prof. G ; S. Goodale, instructor in Botany in 
Harvard, will give an illustrated lecture before the 
Natural History Society, Feb. 8. This is to be the 
first of a series of scientific lectures. All are in- 
vited to attend. 

— At a meeting of the directors of the M. A. C. 
A. A. held Jan. 23, it was decided to hold two in- 
door meets this term, one Feb. 16 and the other 
Mar. 9. The points won in these two meets wi'l 
count 50% in the contest for the banner. 

— The cannon have at last arrived. They will 
soon be mounted on the carriages which ar- 
rived some time ago, and members of the sophomore 
class will be taken in squads aud instructed in the 
manual of the piece so that we may have artillery 
drill next Commencement without so seriously in- 
terfering with battalion drill next spring. 

The following clipping has been received from 
one subsciiber together with the cash for his sub- 
scription. The clipping evidently worked a con- 
version in his case. We recommend it to the at- 
tention of delinquent subscribers. "An editor works 
365 12 days per year to get out 52 issues of a 
paper ; that's labor. Once in a while somebody 
pays a year's subscription ; that's capital. And 
once in a, while some son of a gun of a dead beat 
takes the paper a year or two aud then vanishes with- 
out paying for it ; that's anarchy. But later on justice 
will overtake the last named creature, for there is 
a place where he will get his just deserts ; that's 



©te$ and (ommen-fe. 

In looking through the columns of our home pa- 
per, a few days since, we noticed that a crusade is 
being carried on there against the unnecessary ex- 
penses which those graduating from the High School 
are now obliged to incur. Thinking of the matter 
it has occurred to us that a somewhat similar move- 
ment might be made in our colleges to the advan- 
tage of many of the students. We are fully aware 
of the fact, where college customs are concerned, 
students are an extremely conservative body, and 
resent nothing so quickly as an attempt to depart 
from time honored precedent. With Pope, they be- 
lieve that "Whatever is, is right;" but even at the 
risk of falling under their dire displeasure, we must 
in this instance disagree with them. Not only at 
graduation time, but all through the college course, 
students are called upon to meet rnany unnecessary 
expenses, or endure the shame of evading them. 
During the four years there are class and society 
banquets, promenades and numerous minor ex- 
panses; and every graduate can testify to the heavy 
drain on his pocket-book at commencement time. 
Now these things are in themselves all well and 
proper; but especially in a college like ours, where 
so many of the students are men of limited means, 
it does seem as if some of them might be done away 
with. At least one third of the students of this col- 
lege are working all or part of their way, and many 
are in addition obliged to borrow money. The 
main objects of a college education are the training 
received and knowledge acquired. With the class 
of men above mentioned it is of prime importance 
to attain these objects at the smallest possible cost. 
They can afford nothing but necessities. Any man 
is justified in working hard, practicing self-denial, 
even in incurring debt for the purpose of acquiring 
an education ; but he is not justified in such courses 
for the purpose of paying for that which is wholly 
unnecessary. Yet do so they must, or endure shame 
and mortification, and to a certain extent social os- 
tracism. It is the height of absurdity for a man 
who works early and late, practices great self-denial, 
perhaps boards himself, to pay five or even two dol- 
lars for an elaborate course supper or dinner, sim- 
ply because college custom has decreed that he must 

do so, or be thought wanting in the proper pride 
and class patriotism. Occasionally a man swallows 
his pride and as a consequence, his place is vacant 
at a table where his presence would be most accep- 
table. We cite this merely as one of many in- 
stances. If indulgence in what may be termed 
these luxuries, means nothing more for a man than 
a little extra hard work it is not so bad ; but when 
he has to borrow money as many do it is wholly 
wrong. No young man is justified in incurring debt 
for anything but the greatest necessities. One man 
cannot reform the world, and we bring the subject 
to your attention merely as food for a little serious 
reflection ; feeling at the same time that we are ex- 
pressing the heartfelt sentiments of many besides 

The wintry sun on a winter day 
Rims o'er his course in a cheerless way, 
His last cold ray at eventide 
Gleams on a snow clad mountain side. 

Beside the road which circles round, 
A school house stands on the rocky ground, 
And guardian pines of the forest near 
Have watched it there for many a year. 

Its ugly frame and finish show 

A form and style of long ago, 

For fifty years of moss have grown 

Where paint and putty ne'er were known. 

In a warmer clime and a fairer land, 
The buildings of a college grand 
Show for themselves where Heaven's plan 
Has met the helping hand of Man. 

Nothing in common have the two, 

Yet each has had its work to do. 

And each has had a part assigned 

In that great work which makes mankind. 

And now through generations gone, 
And those the future brings along, 
Who is there who shall have the the grace 
To say each has not filled its place? 

Each in its own particular way, 
The college and the school house grey, 
Can show the past with conscious pride, 
In future labor side by side. 

— f. p. w. 




A few of the volumes recently added to the 
library are the following : 

Vegetable, Wasps and Plant Worms. By M. C. 
Cook. It is uncertain whether this work should be 
classed in the ranks of botanical, or entomological 
literature. It is an English production and one of 
the first of its kind ever published. Students of 
entomology and mycology alike will find it a book 
of absorbing 'interest. 

The Meeting Place of Geology and History. J. 
W. Dawson. This is also by an English author. 
"The object of this little book is to give a clear 
and accurate statement of facts bearing on the 
character of the debatable ground intervening be- 
tween the latter part of I he geological record and the 
beginning of sacred and secular history/' It is writ- 
ten in plain, concise and comprehensive language 
and is well worth a thorough perusal. 

American Spiders and Their Spinning Work. 
McCook. The third and last volume of the series 
of this title, profusely illustrated, containing thirty 
colored plates and involving twenty years of re- 
search and investigation. A valuable contribution 
to Science. 

Social Insects. C. V. Riley. A book of espec- 
ial merits as coming from the pen of the efficient 
Head Entomological Division of the United Stales 
Department of Agriculture. The name of the book 
is sufficiently suggestive. The various insects are 
considered from both a scientific and economic 

The Story of the Civil War. Ropes. An ac- 
count of the Rebellion from an entirely different 
standpoint from that of any other writer, by the 
eminent military critic and writer, John Codman 
Ropes. A book of universal interest, covering the 
first part of the War from its beginning to the 
opening of the campaigns of 1S62. 

The Chicago Strike. Wright. A report of the 
United States Strike Commission, of which Carrol 
D. Wright was Chairman, appointed by the Presi- 
dent, July 26, 1894, to investigate the labor 
troubles in Chicago and vicinity during the early 
part of the summer. It contains evidence on bollf 
Bides of the question and the unprejudiced deduc- 
tions of the Commission in regard to the matter. 

The Railways and the Republic. J. F. Hudson. 
The third edition, revised and enlarged, considering 
the railroads in their various relations, as to the 
public, politics, law, commerce, speculation, com- 
petition and combination. 




Last Friday evening, Jan. 25, was the occasion 
of the annual dinner of the Massachusetts Agricul- 
tural College Alumni Club of Massachusetts, held 
at Hotel Quiney. Boston. About sixty members 
were present and a very enjoyable evening was 
spent by all. Secretary Hill of the Stale Board of 
Education was a guest and speaker. A cause of 
regret to all was the unavoidable absence of Presi- 
dent Goodell who was attending some official busi- 
ness in Washington, D. C. Olher members of the 
faculty were present and made remarks. 

President Charles A. Bowman called the meeting 
to oriier after the pleasant reception which preceded 
the principal exercises of the occasion and intro- 
duced as the first speaker of the evening Mr. Wm. 
H. Bowker '71, one of the Trustees of the College. 
Mr. Bowker spoke at some length and made many 
interesting points and references, one of them being 
a humorous allusion to the '9G Index which caused 
general merriment, and in fact brought down the 

Mr. Hill was the next speaker. He was followed 
by Maj. Alvord, Hon. Wm. R. Sessions. Professor 
Maynard, Lieutenant Dickinson and Professor Eer- 
nald. the last three representing the Faculty. Mr. 
Osgood of the State Cattle Commission was the last 
speaker and gave a few interesting points in regard 
to his work in that capacity. 

It is to be regretted that the time became so lim- 
ited as to prevent the representative of Life having 
a chance to speak. He had prepared some very 
interesting remarks to make to the alumni which 
could have been spoken with much greater effect 
than they can be written. As the matter stands at 
present we shall be obliged to speak more plainly, 
perhaps, through these columns, lhau will be pleas- 
ant for some of the delinquent subscribers. 





'88. — Mr. F. F. Noyes is at preeent engaged in 
equipping the street cars of the Jacksonville Street 
Railway Co., with electrical apparatus. His address 
is, The Screvern House, Savannah, Ga. 

'88. — Albert I. Haywiad, a prominent member of 
the Ashby Giange, was in town last week. 

'90. — Jan. 14, a sou was born to Edgar Gregory, 
of the firm of James H. Gregory & Son, Marble- 
head, Mass. 

'91. — Willard W. Gay has accepted a responsible 
and lucrative position in Philadelphia. He is super- 
intending the construction of an American wild 
flower garden on the estate of G. A. Guscomc, 
President of the International Steamship Co. 

'94. — Arthur C. Cunis, formerly agent for the 
N. Y., N. H. & H. II. R., has accepted the position 
of Professor of English and Military Science in 
St. Austin private school on Staten Island. 

'94. — Mr. P. E. Davis will act as a general agent 
for the firm of The Eagle Publishing Co., formerly 
of Petersburg but now of Albany, N. Y. 

President Jordan, of Stanford University, has 
given au outline of the improvements contemplated 
at the University by Mrs. Stanford as soon as the 
conns allow. Upou the distribution of the estate 
of the late Senator Stanford about $3,000,000 will 
pass to the University. The remainder of the 
estate will come under Mrs. Stanford's control and 
she will devote it to the institution during her life 
and bequeath it to it at her d<ath. A handsome 
library building, to cost $150,000, is what Mrs. 
Stanford wishes to commence iu the spring. An 
exact duplicate of this building will be built 150 
feet away, to be devoted to a museum and labora- 
tory for the natural history department. These 
buildings will stand in front of the present quad- 
rangle and as the building plans are carried out in 
future will be connected by other buildings, which, 
with a m mumental arch 8b' feet high in the center 
will constitute a facade 1,000 feet long, of a group 
of buildings and will be apart of the outer quad- 

rangle which will inclose the present one. Other 
buildings to be erected are a memorial chapel, girls' 
dormitory, to cost $250,000, and a chemical build- 
ing to cost $(10,000. It is proposed that the pres- 
ent facilities be trebled during the next three years, 
providing accomodations for 500 students. — Pur- 
due Exponent. 

"In nearly all the Southern universities there is 
a sentiment against "cribbing" sufficiently strong to 
suppress it. At Vanderbilt University, Nashville, 
Teun,, a class court tries the member accused of 
"cribbing," and if it finds him guilty, requests him 
to leave. When a student at the University of Vir- 
ginia is caught cheating in his examinations his 
classmates go to his room, pack his trunk, and es- 
cort him to the depot. — Purdue Exponent. 
In cap and gown I saw her go — 
The daintiest sight the world could show, 
The cap aslant with mocking air, 
The gown blown lightly here and there — 
I watched her with my heart aglow. 

Throughout the passing centuries slow, 
In many garbs maids come and go. 
Sweet souls ! They had been twice as fair 
In cap and gown. 

O, Grecian girls in robes of snow, 
O, satin belles of long ago. 
However gay your dress or fair, 
I tell you, ye could not compare 
With the new maid, ye cannot know — 

In cap and gown. — Ex. 

Yale professors do something besides teaching, 
as it is announced that within the past six months 
eight books have been issued irom their pens and 
six others are in press. — Ex 

The Junior wrote home to his father : 
"Dear Dad: 
It costs a great deal to live here ; 
Please send some more money." He 

Soon got a check, 
A check on his college career. 

— Tale Record. 
When the patriotic citizens of Chicago think of 
the quantity of free advertising Japan is receiving 
at the present time, it just makes their mouths 
water, and they can hardly coutrol an almost irre- 
sistible impulse to declare war on St. Louis. 

— Printers Ink. 



The Nebraska Slate Journal claims to have the 
largest circulation in Nebraska, and declares that 
this claim is susceptible of proof. There used to 
be a saying : "There is no Sunday west of the 
Mississippi and no God west of Omaha." That 
condition does not exist now, however, whatever 
may have been the case formerly, and Pi inters' Ink 
would advise the man from Lincoln to weigh his 
words before he utters such as are here credited to 
him. — Printers' Ink. 

FOR M. A. C. CLASS '95 IS 

392 Boylston Street, 

Engagements for sittings as to date, etc., apply 
to Photo Committee Senior Class, J. Maesh, Chair- 

Amherst College '95, Tufts College '95, 

Dartmouth College '95, "Wellesley College '95, 

B. U. College Liberal Arts '95, Mt. Holyoke College '95, 
Wesleyan University '95, Lazell Sem. '95, &c., &c, 


Merchant Tailor 

Business Suits, $20. 
Custom Pants, $5. 


Burt House, opposite the old Alpha Delta Phi House. 



A bicycle catalogue 

can be more than a 

mere price-list of 

the maker's goods. 

3, It can be beautiful 

= =;=y .; — "" ji with the best work 

a£B5.^ -~££gs§g]|} of noted artists and 

Rich in information besides. Such a 



•which tells of New Model Cnlumbias, their points 
of excellence, and their equipment. The book is 
free at any Columbia asencv, or is mailed for two 
2-cent stamps. You who propose to ride cannot 
do without it, for it tells of the best bicycles — 



$60 $50. 

The Columbia Desk Calendar will make work at your desk 
easier and pleasanter. By mail ior ten cents in stamps. 


General Offices and Factories, 





Photographic Studio. 

Society, Class and Group Work a Specialty 





I have the ammunition to fit 
you with. On your way to the 
Post Office stop and look at my 
stock of 

Hats, Caps, Gloves, 






VOL. V. 


No. 10 


these departments could be used to better advantage 
in those departments which have a more direct bear- 

Published Fortnightly by the Students of the Mass. 
Agricultural College. 

ing upon agriculture. Also, that an agricultural 
college is no place for such studies, and that it is 
not fulfilling its object when it places such subjects 
in its curriculum. While there may be some weight 

Terms $1,00 per year, in advance. Single copies, 10c. 
Postage, outside United States and Canada, 25c. extra. 

Entered at the Tost OiBcc as second-class mail mutter. 

in these arguments, we believe the balance is on the 


C. B. LAXE, '95, Editor in-chief. 

W. L. MORSE, '1)5, Business Manager.' 

T. P. FOLEY, '95, Exchange. 

F. C. TO BEY, '95, Alumni. 

E. A. COOLEY, '95, Local Items. 

E.L. IIAYWARD,'96, j ^I^rar^Note™* 8, 
P. A. LEAMY, '96, Athletics. 
H. H. ROPKR, '90, ( T ;.„,.„„„ 
J. L. BARTLETT, '97, j Litorary. 

Students and Alumni are requested to contribute. Communica- 
ions should he addressed Aggie Life, Amherst Mass. 

Aggie Life will he sent to all subscribers until its discontlmi. 
ancc is ordered, and arrears paid. 

other side. As far as the cost of those courses is 
concerned, it is not very great, as instructors in 
other departments usually take charge of them and 
much of the apparatus is used in teaching other 
branches. A study of the languages is also a val- 
uable training for the mind, gives variety, and aids 
in the study of many of the sciences. A large num- 
ber of students go to Agricultural colleges to study 
the sciences, who could not afford to go elsewhere. 
It gives them an excellent start, and better still, 
this wide curriculum, gives them a good general 
education and enables students to take a broader 


view of things. The time has come when the farmer 
needs to know how to run a dyuamo and steam 

We wish to say in regard to the competition for 
positions on the new board of Life editors which is 
soon to be elected, that the Juniors are doing excel- 
lent work, but the work of the Sophomores and 
Freshmen as a whole, is very inferior, and unless 
there is a decided improvement before the election, 
the editors of the new board will be selected with- 
out regard to classes. Will you not respond '97 
and '98 or shall we have to depart from the usual 

engine as well as the electrician in the power house 
aud the engineer on the railroad. The fact that 
these courses are supported by the students i3 proof 
that they are not out of place in an Agricultural col- 
lege. Again, the curriculum of an agricultural col- 
lege must be made attractive. Agricultural branches 
alone would make the course narrow and monoto- 
nous. All tilings considered we believe that this 
wide range of studies for Agricultural colleges is a 
step in the right direction. 

The question is often asked why such subjects as 
Electricity, Civil Engineering, higher mathematics, 
Latin and French are taught in an Agricultural col- 
lege. It is true that these subjects have little or no 
connection with Agriculture and we believe it is a 
fair question. Those who are opposed to these sub- 
jects being taught claim that the money spent in 

TriE Forum for February prints a very interesting 
article by W. LeConte Stevens, entitled " Student 
Honor and College Examinations." The article ari- 
ses from the fact that a list of questions dealing with 
the subject had been prepared aud sent to a member 
of the Faculty of each of forty-three institutions of 
higher education, in all parts of the United States. 



The list of institutions selected includes Harvard, 
Yale, Williams, Amherst, Dartmouth, M. I. T., 
Trinity, United States Military Academy, etc. In 
twenty-two of the forty-two institutions responding 
to the request, written examinations were exclu- 
sively employed ; in only one were the examinations 
exclusively oral ; the remaining institutions com- 
bined the two methods. Twenty-nine correspond- 
ents wrote that the students were not required to 
pledge the work independently done ; thirteen insti- 
tutions require a pledge that no aid has been given 
or received. The article brings out very forcibly 
that iu Southern colleges, the traditional standard 
of honor in the examination room is very exacting. 
As an example of the truth of this statement, the 
author cites the case of the student in a well-known 
Southern college, who, upon being delected in the 
"very unusual crime of cheating in au examination," 
retired from the college limits to a hotel where he 
was waited upon by a committee of his fellow stu- 
dents. The committee informed him that he might 
send a dray to the college for his trunk, and then 
soberly escorted him to the depot and saw him safe 
aboard the train. The author remarks upon the 
great difference in regard to this matter of "crib- 
bing" between Northern and Southern universities, 
and attributes the same to the system of espionage 
applied in most Northern institutions. A move 
ment in the direction of student control of all cases 
of discipline of this character has been inaugurated 
in several Northern universities, notably Priucetou, 
Cornell and Williams. The article closes with a 
hopeful view of the situation while suggesting stu- 
dent self-government as a safe and practical remedy 
for the evils which it presents. 

College Hall, the principal building of the R.I. 
College of Agriculture and Mechanic Arts, was par- 
tially destroyed by fire, Jan. 27. The building con- 
tained the president's office, chapel, reading and 
recitation rooms, besides the rooms of some of the 
students and members of the faculty. It also had 
a physical laboratory and carpenter's shop iu the 
basement. The loss was &75,000. 


When the sinner is dying and unto his friends 
He says that the future looks bright, 

Does he mean that as into the shadow he goes, 
The blaze will soon come into sight? 


About half a century ago the anti-Catholic party 
of America founded in New York city a secret oath- 
bound order which soon received the name of the 
Know-Nothing party. The main idea of this party 
was anti-Catholicism, and the vile outrages which it 
committed and its miserable end are well-known to 
all. The Know-Nothing party was an excellent ex- 
emplification of the fact that no permanent lasting 
structure can be built on a rotten foundation. The 
Know-Nothing party, because of its un-American 
object and its disgraceful attacks on innocent law- 
abiding people, brought upon itself the condemna- 
tion of all American citizens, both Catholic and 
Protestants and in a short time the party entirely 
disappeared. Such is the history of the first Amer- 
ican anti-Catholic society of and importance. 

For thirty years, little was heard of the anti-Cath- 
olic idea. Until the notorious career of the Know- 
Nothiugs had been partially forgotten it was useless 
to attempt to enlist the sympathy of the American 
people in any attack on Catholics or on their 

Finally, however, in 1887, in a small town in 
Iowa was born the American Protective Associa- 
tion, having for its object the same old idea of anti- 
Catholicism which had brought disgrace and shame 
to American citizenship so many years before. 
Founded, as was its predecessor, on principles 
which were in opposition to the Constitution of the 
United States, and having for its object the break- 
ing up of the country's peace and prosperity, rath- 
er than its protection, the A. P. A. received little 
attention during the first years of its existence. It 
wrs not until it introduced into its platform such 
drawing cards as Temperance, Woman Suffrage, 
and numerous other national questions, that the A. 
P. A. obtained its present strength of numbers. To- 
day the society boasts of the fact that it contains 
over a million members, but it should be remem- 
bered that they have a large army of prohibitionists, 
another of Woman Suffragists, smaller armies with 
other principles and a few anti-Catholic3. 

Why is the A. P. A., with its object of crushing 
Romanism, un-American and uu-Conslitutional? 



In the Constitution of the United States we find 
these words "No religious test shall be required as 
a qualification for any office of trust or profit." Yet 
we find the sternest requirement of the A. P. A. to 
be this, that no member of the A. P. A. if elected 
to any political office shall have for any one of his 
appointees a person of the Catholic faith. Thus a 
man who has taken an oath to support the Consti- 
tution and afterwards carries out the principles of 
the A. P. A. is deliberately breaking his oath and 
and violating the Constitution of the country. 

A short time ago an Ohio mayor, a member of 
the A. y. A. appointed to some minor office a 
Catholic, a man of unquestioned honor and ability. 
For this act the mayor was publicly denounced from 
one end of the laud to the other and declared by 
the A. P. A. to be publicly disgraced. Is this not 
in direct opposition to both the spirit and words of 
the Constitution. Has this country reached the 
point where character and ability count for nothing 
in the appointment of public officers and is the relig- 
ious test to be applied in their stead? The Constitution 
says, if a man is qualified for a position, let him 
have it, no matter what his religion. The A. P. A. 
says, "if a man is a Catholic, honor and integrity 
count for nothing, fire him out." The Constitution 
has proved itself to be the most wonderful docu- 
ment ever produced by man and has governed a 
great republic for a century. Is it now to be super- 
seded by a society a few years old, a society with a 
foundation of nought but religious jealousy? 

Does our country's history show a need of pro- 
tection from Catholics ; if this fact can be proved 
the A. P. A. has a good right to exist? But in the 
entire record of Catholicism in the United States, 
from the landing of the Pilgrims to the present day, 
we do not find one half the outrages perpetrated by 
Catholics against our government, that were com- 
mitted in a single year by the Kuow-Nothings 
against innocent and law abidiug Catholic citizens. 
Does this record show a need of protection from 
Catholic influence, or a need of protection from so- 
cieties founded with the object of injustice to a class 
of the country's most respectable and loyal citizens? 

It has been said that "the army and navy are al- 
most wholly Romanized." If any one believes this 
let him refer to statistics and he will surely be con- 
vinced of the incorrectness of the statement. It is 

true that there is, and always has been, a Catholic 
element and a Catholic influence in the army and 
navy, but never iu our country's history has this el- 
ement proved itself iu any way undesirable. During 
the Civil War when every soldier in the army was 
put to the highest test of his loyalty to country and 
flag, none stood the test better than the Catholics. 
From the lowest private to the commanding gen- 
erals none were more brave and loyal than those of 
the Catholic faith. It ha9 been said that the 
Catholics deserted in larger numbers than the Prot- 
estants, but here again statistics favor the Cath- 
olics and show that the number of Catholic desert- 
ers was not larger comparatively than that of the 

Another plank in the A. P. A. platform is Pro- 
tection of free Public Schools. It is an unfortunate 
fact that Catholics have never been given a fair 
chance to place before the people their position in 
regard to the public schools. In many cases where 
Cai holies have advanced ideas in regard to the pub- 
lic schools they have been vigorously denouueed. 
Catholic children form a large part of the American 
schools to-day and Catholics have a right to expect 
that their opinions in regard to the methods of edu- 
cation in public schools should at least be respect- 
fully and carefully considered. Catholics as a class 
do not oppose our present school system, they mere- 
ly ask that their children be taught ai Catholic 
children, and this they certainly have a right to 

Such are a few phases of the A. P. A. question. 
There are many others of lesser importance, but all 
tend iu one direction, and all can be summed up in 
the single idea, anti-Catholicism. 

The question is, is it right in a country where all 
men are supposed to be free and equal and where 
no laws govern a man's religion, for a certain class 
of people to be persecuted and prohibited from 
holding any public office of trust or honor? We 
leave the question to the fair and intelligent decis- 
ion of our readers. H. T. E. 

We recommend the following to our advertisers 
that are to be. 

Little drops of water 

Make no great display ; 
But little drops of printers' ink 
Turn the tide your way. 

— Printers Ink. 



Why is it that at the close of tins nineteenth cen- 
tury we enjoy comforts and privileges never before 
equaled in the history of the world? Why is it that 
the last fifty years have been marked by so mar- 1 
velous a development in all branches of industry, in I 
all social and political problems, in everything which 
may promote the welfare and happiness of the 
people? It is because of the growing sentiment in 
favor of independence of thought and independence 
of action. It. is because certain men were not con- 
tent to think and act as their ancestors did ; were 
Dot content to be slaves to custom and to follow in 
the ruts of superstition and ignorance. They struck 
out for themselves in the broad field of knowledge, 
and today we recognize in them some of ihe world's 

greatest benefactors. 

Luther was not satisfied with the prevailing re- 
ligion of the time. In spite of the most violent op- 
position, he gave his life to the establishment of a 
new faith, resulting in a general broadening of re- 
ligious thought. Columbus was an old man before 
be could enlist the least sympathy in his enterprise, 
yet how glorious was the success which finally 
crowned his efforts. Garrison, the great abolition- 
ist agitator, sacrificed wealth and happiness that he 
might plead with a scoffing public for justice to the 
negro. To-day we honor his memory. 

It is needless, however, to enumerate other ex- 
amples. Take the history of the world from the 
time of Noah till to-day, and you will find that those 
men who stand out as leaders in some great move- 
ment, social, political or industrial, were men who 
thought for themselves and acted accordingly, re- 
gardless of popular prejudice. They were denounced 
as fanatics, they were ridiculed and persecuted, but 
the spirit of independence can never be crushed out, 
either by derision or by threats. 

A friend of mine once expressed it as his opinion 
that popularity was two-thirds of a man's life. 
Popularity two- thirds of a man's life! He probably 
meaut that two-thirds of the enjoyment which a 
popular man gets from life is due directly to his 
satisfaction in his own popularity. It seems to me 
that there is a very small margin left for the satis- 
faction which should arise from the knowledge of a 
high and noble character from pure aims and an 
honest life. 

It is natural and excusable for a man to wish to 

become popular, but when he sacrifices his manhood 
and acts against his own convictions in order to 
gain the commendation of his fellows, he wrongs, 
not only himself, but all mankind. I will dispense 
with the satisfaction which popularity affords, if I 
am obliged to yield one jot of my independence. 1 
do not wish to be popular, if I must gain popularity 
by catering to the whims of my companions. Popu- 
larity is a fickle mistress. The least suspicion, and 
the man is cast aside. But if he can satisfy his 
own conscience, there need be no fear that he will 
not be able to withstand the scoffings of the world. 

It is a blessed thing that in every age some inde- 
pendent mind has had the courage to stand by its 
convictions ; to utter its honest thought, fearless and 
undismayed. Such a mind marks one step more 
toward the era of liberal thought. 

"But," you say, "We cannot all be leaders. We 
cannot all establish a precedent." Perhaps not, but 
every man can be independent. In every judge- 
ment he can take a road of his own. Every mind 
can be true to itself, can think, investigate and de- 
cide for itself. 

Thoreau, the great poet naturalist, whose whole 
life at Waldeu was a protest against the extrava- 
gance and dependence of the present generation, 
once went into a shoe-maker's shop to order a pair 
of stout cowhide boots, very serviceable, but not at 
all stylish. The shoe-maker refused to make them, 
giving as his reason, "They do not make them so 
now." "When I hear this oracular sentence,'' says 
Thoreau, "I am, for a moment, absorbed in thought, 
emphasizing to myself each word in order that I 
may come at the meaning more clearly. They — do 
-not — make — them — so — now. Who are they, and 
what authority have they in a subject which concerns 
me so nearly." He finally comes to the conclusion, 
which all true men should reach, that they should 
have no authority whatever, either in the purchase of 
a pair of shoes or in subjects of greater importance. 
I take Robert G. Ingersoll to be the grandest 
type of the independent man. Whatever may be 
our individual opinions in regard to his belief; 
whatever may be our decision concerning his ideas 
of God, of man, of human destiny, we cannot but 
admire the absolute independence of the man. Think 
of the moral courage required to stand in his posi- 
tion, enduring the scorn and hatred of almost every 



religious denomination in the world. Eev. M. J. 
Savage of Unity Pulpit, Boston, says of him, "No 
mau in the country is more conspicuously gifted 
with all those qualities which make a man popular 
than is he. And, in my judgment, there is no 
office in the gift of the people, not excepting the 
White House itself, that he might not reasonably 
expect to gain, provided he would be willing to even 
keep still. He need not have changed his opinions, 
it would have been enough if he had done as many 
others do, — covered Hum vp." Mr. Savage is an 
eminent man. He treats all subjects candidly and 
fairly ; his words caDuol but carry conviction. In 
this age of dodging and posturing for effect, how, 
then, can we feel anything but admiration for the 
man who thus chooses to sacrilice wealth, honor, 
everything which can make this life happy, rather 
than "cover up" his honest convictions. That is in- 
dependence ! Mis stirring words, "Give me the 
storm and tempest of thought and action, rather 
than the dead calm of ignorance and faith," will be 
the motto in years to come for men who hold inde- 
pendence of thought and independence of action to 
be the true secret of success. 

s. w. F. 


It is more than probable that many friends and 
graduates of the College are not fully acquainted 
with its elective departments. The men in the low- 
er classes are no doubt looking forward expectantly 
to the time when they shall be able to devote them- 
selves to subjects which are more to their tastes ; 
yet should they be asked what studies they expect 
to elect, many of them would be unable to tell just 
what branches are to their tastes. It is more es- 
pecially for the benefit of those aud of the friends 
and graduates of the college that this article on the 
Entomological department is prepared. 

Introductory to the senior course in entomology 
is the instruction in Zoology, both by lectures and 
by laboratory work, in the first two terms of the 
junior year and a general survey of the science of 
entomology in the spring term. This gives a good 
foundation for the more thorough study of the last 

The equipment of the department is good and is 
improving. Reagents, compound microscopes aud 
accessaries, microtomes and other kinds of appara- 

tus too numerous to mention, are at the student's 
command, aud one finds himself unhampered by the 
want of anything necessary for his researches. Con- 
nected with the laboratory is a good department li- 
brary which the student finds constant need of con- 
sulting. Preserved specimens of insects are fur- 
nished for the student to study. 

Professor Fernald who is at the head of this de- 
partment, studied under the renowned naturalist, 
Agassiz and is a mau of wide note aud many years 
of experience both as a scientist and as an in- 
structor. Of his position in entomology it may be 
said that lie is the rec< gnized authority on the 

The course in this department is all that could 
be desired. Each man is personally interviewed 
and a course marked out for him which is planned 
to fit his individual case. For instance, a man who 
is expecting to be a market gardener, after he has 
finished the prescribed fundamental course, takes 
up a line of study preparing him to recognize and 
fight the garden insect pests to the best advantage. 
The one who expects to be a teacher is instructed 
in a manner to aid him as a teacher. The one who 
expects to be a farmer, pays special attention to the 
insects of the field. The one who expects to run a 
greenhouse studies the greenhouse pests. The for- 
restcr studies the insects of the forest. Each 
chooses the course best adapted to his particular life 
work. Whatever the course, the student is con- 
stantly referred to literature. Thus he obtains a 
wide and practical store of information. A great 
deal of stress is laid on drawing and almost every 
important thing observed is carefully drawn, thus 
fixing it indelibly in the mind. 

In anatomy, external and internal, a great many 
things discovered arc of so much value as to be 
worth saving, consequently a great many speci- 
mens are mounted and studied under the microscope. 
In learning to do this, the student acquires a knowl- 
edge of the methods of staining, sectioning, and 
mounting which are of great value to him. 

Each student is required to prepare a thesis on 
some subject in his special line of entomology, 
aud to make it as original as possible. This con- 
stitutes a very interesting feature of the course. It 
is a source of great satisfaction to a student to feel 
that he is doing work which no one has ever accom- 
plished before, 



College |S!ot?s- 

— 20° below zero. 

— Thompson, '98, has gone home for a few days. 

— The electricity class has begun electric light 

—J. S. Eaton, '98, has joined the D. G. K. 

— H. H. Roper, '96, has gone home for a two 
mouths' stay. 

— The Two-year class have just received some 
very pretty caues. 

— Remember the first indoor athletic meet next 
Saturday afternoon. 

— Gile, of the first-year class, was at home for a 
s short time last week. 

— Alexander, of the two-year class is confined to 
his room with the mumps. 

— The midterm examinations will take place the 
16th and 23d of this month. 

— Todd, of the second-year class, has gone home 
with an attack of the mumps. 

— F. E. Barrett of the First Year class was at 
home for a few days last week. 

— One of the objects of interest at the plant house 
now is a bunch of ripe bananas. 

— The Glee Club will give a concert at North 
Hadley Feb. 19. This is their first engagement. 

— On Feb. 2d, Prof. Paige attended a banquet, at 
Boston, given by thegraduates of McGill University. 

— W. L. Bemis, '95, is teaching in the Amherst 
grammar school during the absence of Miss Wash- 

— The severe cold last Tuesday night caused con- 
siderable damage in the drill hall, bursting several 
of the water pipes. 

— Prof. Brooks addressed a farmers' institute of 
the Worcester Northeast Agricultural Society, at 
North Orange, Friday, Feb. 8. 

— Those who attended the lecture on Immigration 
in the town hall last Wednesday evening were well 
paid for their disagreeable walk. 

— The report of the college was presented to the 
legislature last week, and it will probably be ready 
for distribution in a few weeks. 

— The sophomore corporals are now receiving in- 
struction in the use of the new breech-loading can- 
non under Lieuts. Bemis and Cooley. 

— The Senior division in chemistry are contem- 
plating a visit next Saturday to the paper works of 
Holyoke and breweries of Springfield. 

— The Dramatic club have decided upon the 
famous trial scene from the Pickwick papers for 
their next production, "'Bardell vs. Pickwick." 

— A prize drill will take place Mar. 14th. A 
solid gold medal will be presented to the best drilled 
cadet. The medal is the gift of I. C. Greene, '94. 

—Prof. W. S. Ganong, of Smith College, will 
lecture before the Natural History Society next 
Friday evening at 7-30. All are invited to attend. 

— At the last meeting of the faculty, a petition 
for elective studies in the junior year was laid on 
the table to be discussed at 6ome more convenient 

— Pres't Goodell and Professors Goessmann and 
Brooks have been in Boston for the past few days 
attending the meeting of the State Board of Agri- 

— The committee of Agriculture in the legislature 
has reported a bill to make operative the act of last 
year, consolidating the State and Hatch experiment 

— Prof. G. S. Goodale of Harvard University 
was unable to keep his engagement with the Natural 
History Society last Friday evening on account of 
the storm. 

— The Reports of the Secretary of Agriculture 
for the last ten years with the exception of 1886 
were distributed to those students desiring them 
last week. 

— From the number of students seen wending 
their way up by the Experiment station Sunday 
evenings, one would think revival services were 
being held at North Amherst. 

— A committee of the faculty of the college has 
been appointed by Pres't Goodell to confer with the 
directors of the various athletic associations, and 
aid in promoting athletics at the college. 

— Thursday morning, Jan. 31, the students were 
addressed by Rev. Austin Bassett of Ware. In the 
afternoon, college exercises were suspended to allow 
those who wished, to attend services at the village. 



— It was hoped that Mr. B. Fay Mills would ad- 
dress our Y. M. C. A., but as he was unable to come, 
the Y. M. C. A of Amherst college kindly extended 
an invitation to the members of the M. A. C. to 
attend the meetings conducted there. 

— Last Tuesday eve the members of the Phi 
Sigma Kappa society went on a sleighride to Had- 
ley. The members were the guests of the young 
ladies society of Hadley, and in spite of the cold 
weather they had a very pleasant time. 

— The exercises at the college chapel last Sunday, 
were conducted bj- Robert E. Lewis, State seo'y of 
the Y. M. C. A., and Mr. Brown who is a graduate 
of Yale. They also addressed the members of the 
college Y. M. C. A., Sunday afternoon and evening. 

— Some "wise solons" attempted to introduce a 
bill into the legislature to establish a chair in Veter- 
inary at the college. These men no doubt meant 
well but they are a little behind the times as we 
have had a chair in Veterinary here for several 

— Several young ladies have written to Pres't 
Goodell in regard to entering the college next year. 
For a number of years this has been a co-educa- 
tional institution and it is a surprise to the faculty 
that the young ladies of the state have not seen the 
advantages offered here for a good liberal education. 

And now cometh the autumn clays, 

It calls up sad reflection 
To see the freshman chasing round, 

Making his bug collection. 

It fills one's eyes with blinding tears, 
To hear the wofnl story, — 

Of how the sophs made chlorine gas 
In the chemical laboratory. 

And if you hear in thunders loud, 
Of how to save the natiuti; 

Flee not in haste it only is 
A junior's first oration. 

The air gets blue, the sun grows dim, 
The chaos seems to meet us, 

For now cometh the autumn days, 
And the senior writes his thesis. 

"I simply dote on Horace !" 

Cried the Boston maid : "Don't you?" 
And the maiden from Chicago, 

Wondering, queried, "Horace who." 

— Colorado Collegian. 

When the winter winds are howling and the chimney 

sighs and groans, 
And from out the fireplace, shadows flicker like the 

gnomes at piny, 
While I think of haunted houses, and a chill runs through 

my bones, 
Then I light my pipe contentedly and puff, and puff away. 
Pun", puff, puff! 

Though the storm is wild and rough, 
A pipe of good tobacco 
Brings us happiness enough. 

Who says the time for dreaming is when sleep has set- 
tled down 

And benumbed our finer senses ! Is it so? I answer 

These dainty, feathery cloudlets with the brightest dreams 

While the incense floats so lightly, as I puff, and puff away. 

Puff, puff, puff! 

Though the wind the casement cuff, 

A pipe of choice tobacco 

Brings to vision dreams enough. 

In the blue smoke curling round me rise the Carolina hills, 
And the valleys of Virginia, blooming like the maiden 

With the sunlight on the meadows and the ripples on the 

And the reapers gaily singing, as I puff, and puff away. 
Puff, puff, puff! 

What though fortune should rebuff! 
In a pipe of sweet tobacco 
There is happiness enough. 

Old friends come flocking back again, forgetting for the 

We are not boys together now as in the olden day; 
Companions of my childhood — aud one sweet face seems 

to smile 
As I heave i. deep-drawn sigh for her aud — puff, and puff 

Puff, puff, puff! 

Though the world go smooth or rough, 
A pipe of rare tobacco 
Brings me happiness enough. 

But I smile for I'm contented, and no visions can provoke, 
Though the years are growing thicker, aud dark locks 

are tinged with grey ; 
Still I take my ease at evening with the scented clouds of 

Care forgetting, Time unheeding, as I puff, and puff away. 
Puff, puff, puff! 
Youth is genial, age is gruff; 
But a pipe of rich tobacco 
Brings me happiness enough. 



f^ote$ &r\d (ommsnll. 

In his annual report President Eliot of Harvard 
speaking of foot-ball says: "The game grows 
worse and worse as regards foul and violent playing, 
and the number and gravity of the injuries which 
the players suffer. It has become perfectly clear 
that the game as now played is unfit for college use." 
He further compares the game to a "bull-fight" or 
"the sports of the Roman arena." It goes without 
saying that in a limited sense President Eliot is 
right ; but inasmuch as he makes no exception to 
his statements he is wrong. The game of foot-ball 
is what the players make it, a fair and honorable 
contest, or a prize fight. The teams of two or three 
of the larger colleges have brought foot-ball into its 
present disfavor by forgetting that they are gentle- 
men and playing like a band of nifflans. Instead 
of foot-ball being unsuitable to colleges, it is the 
colleges that are unsuited to foot-ball. In the case 
of Harvard, Yale and Princeton the players are 
practically determined to win by fair means or foul. 
In the last Yale-Haivard game this was very evi- 
dent as those of us who saw the game can testify. 
In the Harvard-Pennsylvania game, however, there 
was nothing of the kind. Both teams were willing 
to play a fair game and abide by the result. Among 
the smaller colleges it is the same way, and as a 
consequence there are no "broken bones, sprains or 
wrenches" such as result from slugging and foul 
playing. It is the men who play the game, not the 
game itself, that are responsible for. the strong feel- 
in" against foot-ball. When students learn to play 
honorably and like gentlemen, we shall hear less 

about "broken bones" and "bull fights." 


* * 

A day or two after reading the constitution in our 
last issue on the A. P. A. we chanced upon a short 
newspaper item that seemed to us most significant. 
It stated that the "Catholic priests and Protestant 
ministers of Bay City, Mich., have got together and 
organized a Christian union the object of which is to 
bring about a greater respect for each other's beliefs 
and to remove the intolerance created by the A. P. 
A. and kindred organizations." "We are not told 
where the millenium is to begin, but Bay City seems 
to be a likely place for it." A great deal of the 

prejudice which exists between Catholics and Prot- 
estants is due to ignorance of each other. In any 
case religious intolerance should be the last thing to 
be heard of in this "enlightened nineteenth cen- 
tury," and in a country which was founded by men 
seeking freedom of religious belief. A movement 
like the A. P. A. is unworthy the support of any 
true American citizen, and but ill deserves the 
attention now granted it. 



'78. — On February second, Henry Francis Hub- 
bard was married to Miss Julia Anne Callygan at 
New York City. 

'81. — Mr. Joseph L. Hills, chemist of Vermont 
Agricultural Station, visited the chemical labora- 
tories last week. 

'82.- Dr. James B. Paige was expected to deliver 
an address yesterday before the farmer's institute 
at Great Barrington. His subject was "Tubercu- 
losis in Cows." 

'82. — Mr. M. B. Kingman of Amherst addressed 
our Y. M. C. A. the 3d of February. 

'92. — E. T. Clark has resigned his position as 
superintendent of stock at the Levi P. Morton stock 
farm and accepted a situation as the superintendent 
of Duke's farm. This farm is the largest stock 
farm in New Jersey; it is owned by Mr. J. B. 
Duke, president of the American Tobacco Company 
of N. Y. 

'93. — E. A. Hawks of Hudson, Mass., has been 
in town for a short stay. 

'94. — Louis M. Barker has finished a course at 
Martin's Business College and is now at his home in 
Hanson, Mass. 

'91. — The address of Arthur C. Curtis as given 
iu the last issue was incomplete. Curtis is now the 
Commandant of Cadets and Instructor in Mathemat- 
ics and Science at St. Austin's School, West New 
Brighton, Staten Island, N. Y. 

Ex-'97. — Charles A. Ilanlett has entered the 
United States Military Academy at West Point. 

It is worth reflecting on that the colleges are ris- 
ing up in their indignation and prohibiting football 
are institutions that have never turned out winning 
teams. — N. Y. Press 

Aggie life. 


Library |Sl©"te§. 

Among ihe recent additions to the library the 
following are worlh noticing : — 

In Bird Land, by L. S. Keyser. 

Those interested in observing nature will find this 
small book contains, in something of a narrative 
form, a pleasant description of our feathered friends 
in the order in which they return from their winter 
sojourn. It is free from technical terms and may 
be read without difficulty by any lover of nature. 

William Shakespere, by Barrett Wendell. 

This work contains the life of Shakespere. the 
literature and theatre in England uulil 1587, and a 
discussion of Shskespere's works. The latter com- 
prises the bulk of the book, the whole being founded 
on lectures given at Harvard College. 

Municipal government in Great Britain, by Albert 

A book of moderate size giving "such an account 
of the working of municipal institutions in Great 
Britain as would supply the information that Amer- 
ican readers might find most suggestive and useful 
for their purposes," the city governments of Glas- 
gow, Manchester, Birmingham and London being 
taken as examples and discussed in detail. 

Twenty-five Years of Scientific Progress, and 
Oilier Essays, by YV. N. Rice. 

A small book containing four essays, the title of 
the book being that of the first essay, the others 
being "Evolution," "The Degree of Probability of 
Scientific Beliefs," and "Genesis and Geology." 

A Short History of Chemistry, by F. P. Venable. 

A small book giving an account of the progress 
and development of chemistry from its beginning 
among the ancients. The great number of discov- 
eries in comparatively recent times are mentioned 
concisely, making a general view of the history of 
chemistry within reach of students whoee lime is 

A History of the United States Navy from 1775- 
1S93. By E. S. Maclay, with technical revision by 
Lieut. R. C. Smith, U. S. N. 

In two volumes of about six hundred pages each. 
A complete history of the United Stales Navy in 
connection with t he War of the Revolution, wars 
with Fiance and Tripoli, the War of IS 12, minor 
wars and expeditions between 1815 — 1861, and the 
Civil War, containing numerous maps, diagrams, 
and illustrations. 


Harvard is the oldest college in the country and 
the first in many departments of learning. When 
the President of Harvard College says, as he has 
said, that "foot-ball is unfit for college use," it 
looks very much as if one of the picturesque features 
of modem life was about to disappear. 

President Elliot is a very positive man, and when 
he officially denounces foot-ball as an evil forced on 
the colleges by "a tyrannical public opinion, partly 
ignorant and partly barbarous," it is an indication 
that in his domain the tackle and the touchdown are 
about to be relegated to the list of lost arts. 

President Eiiot's counter-blast applies only to 
Harvard College, but without Harvard there can be 
no Harvard-Yale game and presumably no other in- 
tercollegiate game. The importance of Harvard in 
college foot-ball does not arise from her supremacy 
in the game. On the contrary, her function has 
been to serve as what is vulgarly known as a "pud- 
ding" for Yale. But in foot-ball as in all other 
contests it is quite as necessary to have a loser as a 
winner, and the withdrawal of Harvard will leave a 
void which no substitute can fill. The loss of foot- 
ball will be more than made good if it shall help in 
restoring the colleges to their original functions as 
institutions of learning. — Ex. 

"Say, mother, since our boy's come back to spend the 

Have you noticed how he's actin' sort o' crazy in his ways? 
Jes' now while I'se out milkin', Jim came rushin' round 

the barn 
With a great big yellow punkin a tucked beneath his arm 
He didn't know I'se watchin' an' you ought t' see the fun. 
Why, Jim, he'd hug that, punkin an' jest bend down an> 

An' then he'd slide 'bout forty feet an' roll around and 

An' then he'd twist and crawl a while, an' then he'd holler 

An' then he'd go 'way back agin an' ruffle up his hair, 
An' then he'd come a rushing down on that ole punkin 

there ; 
An' then he'd toss it way up high an' let it hit hira square, 
An' Jim he'd catch it every time an' didn't seem to care; 
An' he kep' a runnin' faster an' atwirlin' round and round. 
Till everything was all mixed up — boy, punkin, hair and 

I'se just about to go to Jim, for I was gettin' scared. 
When he commence to singin' out as higher up lie reared, 
'A, B, C, P, Y, Z, George Washington," Columbus, Light 

Horse Harry Lee, boys hit 'em hard.' 



At first I thought poor Jim had history on his mind; 

But when he said 'Boys, hit 'em hard,' an' grabbed that 

puukin rind 
I give Jim up for good an' all when back he come like 

An' stopped an' sighted at the barn an' then begun a flxin' 
That ole punkin on two sticks, an' first tiling that I knew, 
High over barn an' house an' all, away that punkin flew; 
An' there he stood withflyin' hair, our boy, our poor ole 

A yellin' like a maniac— Rah, Rah, Rah, Ri, Ro, Rom ; 
An' oft" he went a tearin' through the golden, rustlin' corn, 
An' then I called to him, sez I, a feelin' all folorn, 
'Good bye, Jim, take kere o' yourself.' " 

— Earlhamite. 


FOR M. A. C. CLASS '95 IS 

392 Boylston Street, 

Engagements for sittings as to date, etc., apply 
to Photo Committee Senior Class, J. Marsh, Chair- 


Amherst College '35, Tufts College '95, 

Dartmouth College '95, Wellesley College '95, 

B. U. College Liberal Arts '95, Mt. Holyoke College '95, 
Wesleyan University '95, Lazell Sem. '95, &c, &c, 


Merchant Tailor 

Business Suits, §520. 
Custom Pants, $5. 


Burt House, opposite the old Alpha Delta Phi House. 

A bicycle catalogue 
can be more thau a 
mere price-list of 
tlie maker's goods. 
It can be beautiful 
with the best work 
of noted artists and 
Such a 

designers. Rich in information besides, 
book is the 

Columbia Bicycle 

•which tells of New Model Olumbias, their points 
of excellence, and their equipment. The book is 
free at any Columbia airency, or is mailed for two 
2-cent stamps. You who propose to ride cannoc 
do without it, for it tells of the best bicycles — 



$60 $50. 

The Columbia Desk Calendar will make work at your desk 
easier and nleasanter. By moil lor ten cents in stamps. 


General Offices and Factories, 




Photographic Studio. 

Society, Class and Group Work a Specialty 






I have the ammunition to fit 
you with. On your way to the 
Post Office stop and look at my 
stock of 

Hats, Caps, Gloves, 






VOL. V. 


No. 11 


Published Fortnightly by the Students of the Mass. 
Agricultural College. 

Terms $1,00 per year, in advance. Single copies, 10c. 

Postage, outside United States and Canada, 25c. extra. 

Entered at the Post Office as second-class mail matter. 


C. B. LANE, '95, Editor-in-chief. 

W. L. MORSE, '95, Business Manager. 

T. P. FOLEY, '95, Exchange. 

F. C. TOBEY, '95, Alumni. 

R. A. COOLEY, '95, Local Items. 

■r t mvwipn >afi ( Notes and Comments. 
R. L. HAYWARD, 96, j Llbrary Notes . 

P. A. LEAMY, '96, Athletics. 
H. H. ROPER, '96, 
J. L. BARTLETT, '97 

Literary . 

Students and Alumni are requested to contribute. Communica- 
ions should be addressed Aggie Life, Amherst Mass. 

Aggie Life will be sent to all subscribers until its discontinu- 
ance is ordered, and arrears paid. 


The idea of the students giving a reception dur- 
ing the latter part of the present term has re- 
cently been put in motion b}' a member of the fac- 
ulty. Whether this plan is carried out or not, it is 
surely time that something should be done to make 
the social side of college life more attractive. 
Placed as many students are, away from home for 
the first time in their lives, they have great need of 
social advantages and these seem to be espec- 
ially lacking here at the college. While, of course 
the primary intention of every student is to make 
the most of his time in his studies, yet a moderate 
amount of recreation must be taken to keep him in 
good condition, morally as well as physically and 
mentally, and a few opportunities of coming in eon- 
tact with the refining influences of society would do 
much to break the monotony of the daily routine of 
the winter term. 

The Twenty-third Annual Report of the Massa- 
chusetts Agricultural College has just been issued. 
As a catalogue of the college, it is in keeping with 
(he prosperity and growth of the institution. To 
the graduates of the college, this report should be 
of especial interest, for it shows the rapid advance 
and the superiority of our college as an educational 
center in Agriculture and Mechanic Arts. The 
curriculum has been strengthened and extended, 
two new members have been added to the faculty, a 
first class dairy school is soon to be established, and 
the new barn and electric plant is in full operation, 
all this is a source of satisfaction to members and 
friends of the college. During the past year, our 
President has worked zealously for the interests of 
all. The faculty and trustees have accomplished 
all that could be expected. It seems a humorous 
fact that, at the time when a new catalogue shows 
us to be at the height of our prosperity, we should 
be afflicted with that contagious disease--colIege 
blues. There are indications, however, that an 
anti-toxine has been discovered that will soon 
prove effective. 

According to all accounts, the city of New York 
finds itself, at present, an example of that familiar 
saying, "out of the frying pan iuto the fire." Hav- 
ing, by dint of great agitation, and appeals to its 
citizens through the pulpit and newspaper, roused 
its honest voters to a sense of interest in its munici- 
pal affairs, and having triumphantly and completely 
routed the rank and file of Tammany Hall, it now 
discovers to its intense disappointment and chagrin 
that it has thrown off the rule of one set of politi- 
cal bosses only to find itself in the hands of a wire 
puller and "peanut" politician of the opposite party. 
It was claimed through a letter written by a per- 
sonal friend of Thomas Piatt and published in the 
New York Sun a few days ago that Mr. Piatt was 



the principal agent in the nomination and election 
of Mayor Strong, and that at any time before the 
election by opposing Mr. Strong he might have 
completely destroyed the latter's chances of ob- 
taining the office which he now holds. Such a claim, 
coming as it does immediately after the completion 
of one of the most marked reforms which the city 
has ever experienced, shows not only the contempt 
of Mr. Piatt's friend and presumably of Mr. Piatt 
himself for the opinions and votes of the popula- 
tion of the city but shows as well the esteem in 
which Piatt is held by those who know him. That 
the claim is unsubstantial goes without saying, but 
palpable evidence is not wanting to prove that the 
leader of the Republican Party of New York City 
is not a very remarkable improvement over the 
bosses whom he has displaced. With a now thor- 
oughly aioused and vigilant citizenship, however, 
there can be little doubt that his actions will be 
closely watched and anything but the most trans- 
parent motives sharply criticised. With the daily 
press almost unanimously condemning his political 
actions, and with the literary organs of the party 
of which he is the leader frequently commenting 
unfavorably upon the methods of his leadership, his 
opportunities for intrigue and corruption are daily 
growing less and less, but while he maintains his 
present methods of "peauut politics," and con- 
tinues in the position of leadership which he now 
holds, he will remain a constant menace to faithful 
service and honest government in the greatest me- 
tropolis of our country. 

Two classes of people deal with every kind of 
work in the line of human activity : those who do 
what presents itself to be done, and those who ex- 
cuse themselves from doing. In business and 
professional life, in mechanical and mental labor, 
in whatever way men are occupied the rule holds 
good that success is a close attendant upon those 
who do, promptly, earnestly, and perseveringly the 
things to be done, and that failure is inevitably con- 
nected with continual excuse for not doing. Abil- 
ity to do is one great object which all education has 
in view ; "not merely by and for the sake of thought, 
is education, but in a still higher degree by and for 
the sake of action." Power of quick and skillful 
execution, commands over outside forces, ability to 

control instead of being controlled, are the results 
of doing what is to be done without demur or ex- 
cuse. College is the place to develop this quality 
upon which depends so much. The student who 
meets fairly and squarely the obligations resting 
upon him in recitation and society room, and in oth- 
er directions of college activity, is the one who will 
be able to meet responsibility later in life, for abil- 
ity to do, comes through doing and lack of power 
through constant excuse. Life is a continual pres- 
entation of things to be done, and the person who 
meets obligations with a sturdy purpose and honest 
endeavor is one to whom life is no burden but a 
perpetual delight. 


The Glee Club gave its first concert of the sea- 
son, Feb. 18, in Village Hall, North Hadley, be- 
fore an appreciative audience of townspeople and 
students from the College. 

The club is larger this year than ever before and 
the change seems to be a move in the right direction. 

The selections were well chosen and were re- 
ceived with frequent encores. Especially pleasing 
were the medley, and the solos by Mr. Bagg. 

The club showed the good results of long and 
frequent practice, and although haunted by the poor 
acoustic properties of the hall, they made the con- 
cert a success in every way. 

After the entertainment all enjoyed the supper 
prepared by the young ladies of the Y. P. S. C. E., 
after which college songs were in order. At a rea- 
sonable hour all returned to College having passed 
a very pleasant evening. 


Winter's wind so cold and dreary 
Sweeps across the campus. Weary 
With its ceaseless winging through the day. 
Stirs the dry and whitening grasses, 
Moans, as through the trees it passes 
Sadly on its chill unwelcome way. 

Sways the staff with flag unwinding ; 
Swings the staff-ropes ; always fluding 
Work to do as swift it journeys by; 
Sings its saddening tale of sorrow ; 
Wails its desolation ; borrowed 
From the barren fields and stormy sky. 

F. P. T. 





There was a time, and not so very many years 
ago either, when the Bible (we hope), the diction- 
ary, the almanac and perhaps Webster's Spelling 
Book, were the sum and substance of many farmer's 
literary possessions. It might be that some un- 
healthy sentimental weekly paper found its way 
countryward. That depended on the audacity of 
the canvasser. Often he could succeed in convinc- 
ing the reading-starved country folk, that his paper 
was "enteitaiuing, instructive and reliable, besides 
offering to each and every subscriber who pays the 
insignificant sum of one dollar, several valuable and 
highly recommended works of art, worth in them- 
selves far more than the paltry price of all." 

But thanks to better mail facilities, and cheaper 
rates, the papers of a better class, the magazines, 
and an occasional book, began to reach even forest 
seclusion. Out of this condition of things, and an 
occasional visit to some large town or city as a sort 
of stimulus to the literary appetile, came the general 
call for free libraries, not only in the rich towns, but 
in the poor ones. The people demanded it, and the 
legislators, those slaves who are only redeemed oc- 
casionally from their bondage to the people, by the 
lobbyist, had no choice but to obey, or leave on the 
nest political landslide. Thus it came to pass, that 
in 1890, under the yellow dome on Beacon Hill and 
in full view of the gallant codfish, the idea of a f:ee 
library commission was evolved, enacted, and carried 

The Free Public Library Commission of Massa- 
chusetts was, of course, an experiment. There was 
no precedent for such action. But Massachusetts 
"needs no encomiums" and has more than once es- 
tablished her own precedent. The fathers of the 
idea were evidently not in love with red tape, even 
in libraries, and designed the new provision to be 
as simple as possible. Its intent was to do the 
greatest good to the greatest number, and have the 
state pay for it. But the towns were first to demon- 
strate their willingness to receive and foster the 
child-library when it was given. Yet the larger 
initial expense was the gift from Mother Massachu- 
setts. The State selects and furnishes one hundred 

dollars worth of books. But to obtain them, any 
town not already having a free public library must 
choose a board of library trustees, as already pro- 
vided by statute. Next there must be satisfactory 
provision for the maintenance. The town is also 
required to appropriate a sum commensurate with 
its valuation for the support and care. If the val- 
uation exceeds $1,000,000 the sum is $50 ; if over 
$250,000 and less than $1,000,000, $25 ; and if less 
thau that, only $15 is required. 

At the beginning of the trial of this act, there was 
in the state 211 towns or cities having free public 
libraries, under town or municipal control. Fifty- 
one had the partial help or cooperation of the town, 
and 21 libraries were independent of the town. 
Two towns had libraries charging a fee, and sixty- 
six had no library at all. Mr. Tillinghast, the State 
Librarian, told me recently that some seventy lib- 
raries have been established under the act of 1890, 
and that there are but thirty towns, now in the 
state that have not a free public library. This is of 
a total of 352 towns and cities. 

One of the first effects of the acceptance of the 
provisions of the library act has been to call forth 
gifts of money, or books, from residents or summer 
visitors of the towns concerned. And in many 
cases these gifts have taken a form calculated to 
afford a library structure or a permanent book fund. 

In the year 1893 over a half million of dollars 
was given by piivate individuals for the purchase of 
books or the erection of libraries in Massachusetts. 
Other states have followed her example. New 
Hampshire has alaw passed in 1892 similar to the 
Bay State statute. Connecticut has an act of the 
same intent, but in that state the town is by law re- 
quired to raise the same amount of money for the 
establishment and maintenance of the institution 
that it desires the state to give in books, the limit 
being $200. All the New England states excepting 
•'Little Rhodv," now have some form of free library 
commission, and the idea is spreading. 

The New York plan is a novel one, and, it is 
claimed, has made a splendid showing. It, how- 
ever, involves more conditions and is not nearly as 
simple as the scheme first set afoot by Massachu- 
setts. Yet there is much of good in it. There is a 
Board consisting of five members of the staff of the 
State Library. This Board selects libraries of 100 



volumes or of 50 volumes, as the case may require, 
several different lists being used. They are loaned 
to towns for six months. Cards, cases and cata- 
logues are furnished with them, and they become a 
temporary town library. But to get them it is nec- 
essary to have either a library already to which to 
send the books, or to be a "university-extension 
centre." Or they will be sent on petition of 25 
resident tax payers, one of whom must be a real 
estate owner and act as trustees and assume the 
responsibility. A fee of five dollars for 100 books 
and of three dollars lor fifty volumes, is chaiged to 
cover the expenses of transportation. 

One especially commendable feature of the New 
York system is of later origin than the first plan. 
It is the making up of libraries on special topics, 
to be sent to reading rooms or clubs, or to respon- 
sible individuals who wish to pursue some particular 
line of study and have not the means to purchase. 

There can be no doubt that such a plan of free 
libraries as has been evolved in New England is not 
only pleasing to the people but satisfies a positive 
hunger of mird. In New York the largest circula- 
tions have been found to be in the smaller towns 
whither few books had ever strayed. It has been 
the same in the experience of the Massachusetts 
commission. At one especially small town in New 
York, one reader took out 38 books iu six months. 
And they were well selected volumes. All mere 
trash is excluded from the selections of any of these 
library boards. The average cost in New York is 
something less than a dollar a volume. The Massa- 
chusetts commission have not seldom ahsisted small 
libraries to purchase works of considerable cost 
which these institutions could not otherwise have 
had. They have aimed to select works of most 
value, not regarding the cost price. 

New York reports a girl of thirteen who took out 
32 books in the six mouths sojourn of the little one 
hundred volume library. A boy but two years 
older read 25. The taste seems to run almost en- 
tirely to reliable fiction or historical works. Many 
of the towns report that the works of lighter fiction 
are not as popular as those of travel, biography or 
natural history. In a Massachusetts town of some 
size, 39 cards were taken out the first day 
of the opening of the library. Such plans require 
a large expenditure by the state to be sure ; but 

they work much good in the educational advance- 
ment of the people, and help to make them intelli- 
gent voters, interested citizens, appreciative of the 
much that is going on in the world at large. 

Franklin Ware Davis, '89. 


Feb. 16, 1895. 
Batule Board Jump. 
1. Coole.y '95, 6 ft. 6 in. 
2 and 3. R. S. Jones '95, 6 ft. 5 in. 
2 and 3. Warden '98, 6 ft. 5 in. 
Standing High Kick. 
Eaton '98, 7 ft. 11 in. 
Kinney '96, 7 ft. 8 in. 
Goessmanu '97, 7 ft. 5 in. 

Standing Broad Jump. 
Goessmann '97, 8 ft. Ill in. 
Toole '95, 8 ft 9| in. 
Harper '96, 8 ft. 8\ in. 

Running Hitch and Kick. 
Eaton '98, 8 ft. 3 in. 
Kinney '96, 8 ft. 2 in. 
Hemenway '95, 8 ft. 1 in. 
Pole Vault. 
Fairbanks '95, 8 ft. 5 in. 
Ballou '95, 8 ft. 2 in. 
Charmbury '98, 7 ft. 11 in. 
Half Mile Walk. 

Cheney '97, 4 min. 4£ sec. 
Goessmann '97, 4 min 24 1 sec. 
Hemenway '95, 4 min. 24£ sec. 

Traveling Rings. 
Fletcher '96. 
Ballou '95. 
Dickinson '95. 

Three Standing Jumps. 
Toole '95, 27 ft. 7 in. 
Ballou '95, 27 ft. 4 in. 
Emrich '97, 27 ft. \ in. 

Running High Jump. 
Eaton '98, 4 ft. 10. 
Warden '98, 4 ft. 9 in. 
Goessmann '97, 4 ft. 8 in. 













Points by classes : 
'95, 32 points. 
'9G, 12 points. 
'97, 16 points. 
'98, 21 points. 

Per order 

E. S. Jones, Pies. 

C. A. Norton, Sec. pro tem. 


Throughout an extended period of her history the 
United States possessed no navy worthy of the 
name. The ships that had fought so valiantly in 
the War of 1812 and had astonished the whole 
world with their success against the greatest naval 
power then in existence had become useful only as 
training ships, and valuable only from an historic 
point of view. 

The War of the Rebellion being essentially a con- 
flict of land forces did not give rise to the building 
of a navy which could in any way hope to compete 
with those of other nations. Not until long after 
the smoke of Giant's last campaign had cleared 
away and the country had for many years enjoyed 
the blessings of peace, present and prospective, did 
the Government really turn its attention to the 
building of a fir^t class line of coast defenders and 
battle ships. 

To the patriotic young American citizen of to-day 
this enlargement and extension of our naval power 
means something more than the mere building and 
launching of ships. It means not only that the 
country to which he belongs possesses an adequate 
means of defense for her cities and harbors, but al- 
so that the American navy is no longer the laughing 
stock of the world but has at last become a power 
in itself which can command and hold the respect 
of all contemporaries. 

There was at one time a very general feeling 
prevalent that first class steel ships of a large size 
could not be built in America ; that were such a 
piece of work undertaken we should have to go to 
England either for our building materials or for our 
plans of construction. A few years have dis- 
proved the assertion, and the "Massachusetts" and 
the "Indiana," now afloat and the "Iowa," ap- 
proachiug completion in the yards of the Cramp 
Bros, of Philadelphia are among the greatest 
monuments of American skill and enterprise. 

Let us consider for a moment the characteristics 
of an American built man of war. Constructed on 
the most approved scientific principles and iu view 
of a large bonus offered by the Government for 
every extra quarter knot the speed attained has 
been wonderful and unparalleled. With contracts 
calling for 18 and 20 knots per hour many of these 
ships have earned for their builders a gain of over 
a quarter of a million dollars by extra speed. 

Their defensive armor is of the greatest strength 
and perfection known to man at the present day 
while the batteries which frown from their steel 
clad decks are models of the gunmaker's art. 
Manned by the true hearted and patriotic American 
sailor, are not such ships as these indeed worthy of 
being the defenders of the Star Spangled Banner? 

Every summer for a number of years the "\\ bite 
Squadron" has cruised along our North Atlantic 
coast and when the swift and silent commerce de- 
stroyers and coast defenders have ploughed the 
Bay of Fundy or Long Island Sound the crowds 
that have gathered every where to cateh a glimpse 
of the terrible yet beautiful monsters show that the 
patriotism of the American people is still alive, that 
the spirit which filled the hearts of the men who 
fought under Hull and Decatur still exists. 

And the good work continues to progress as it 
should. In the American Congress Republicans 
and Democrats, where they cannot agree on any- 
thing else are united in realizing the value of the 
old saying, "In time of peace prepare for war." 
And in thus preparing for war they are in a way 
taking the best measure of prevention, for every 
new warship that carries the American flag, be it in 
Atantic or Pacific waters, carries with it the security 
and protection of the American people, and the ac- 
knowledged respect of all the nations of the world. 

F. P. W. 

T. M. C. A. TOPICS. 

Feb. 28. Follow me. Matt, ix : 9 ; John xxi : 18- 
22. L. F. Clark. 

March 3. Prayer of faith. Mark xi : 23, 24 ; 
James v : 13-20. C. W. Delano. 

March 7. The word of God. Heb. it: 12; II 
Tim. 3:14-17. R. A. Cooley. 

March 10. The water of life. Is. lviii:11; 
John iv : 13, 14; vii: 37-39. F- W. Barclay. 



C©11e^ flo-fefs- 

— Reception ! 

— Where is P — I — m? 

— Battalion inspection to-morrow. 

— C. F. Palmer, '97, has returned to College. 

— The first indoor athletic meet was held Febru- 
ary 16. 

— A. C. Birnie, ex-'97, visited college Saturday, 
February 16. 

— The mid-term examinations were held Febru- 
ary 16 and February 23. 

— A. F. Burgess, '95, and E. H. Clark, '95, spent 
a short, time at their homes last week. 

— The Y. M. C. A. enjoyed a sleighride to North 
Hadley Tuesday evening February 19. 

— The Glee Club gave the second concert of the 
season at North Amheist last evening. 

— The members of the Senior class are now 
selecting their theses for Commencement. 

— The medal for the Prize Drill has been received 
and can be seen in the Lieutenant's office. 

— Singing-school, under the instruction of Prof. 
Charmbury is beiug held each Tuesday evening. 

— G. A. Billings, '95, received a severe burn on 
the right hand while performing an experiment in 
the laboratory last week. 

— R. S. Jones, '95, has been elected Manager of 
the base ball team to fill the place left vacant by the 
resignation of H. L. Frost. 

— Prof. B. K. Emerson of Amherst college will 
deliver a lecture in the chapel, March 1, at 8 p. m. 
Subject, Geology of the M. A. C. Farm. 

— Washington's birthday was observed as a holi- 
day at the College, and chapel exercises were sus- 
pended on Sunday on account of the recess. 

— The Senior Agriculturists are planning to 
accompany Prof. Brooks on a somewhat extended 
educational trip in the eastern part of the state. 

— The following are the members of the "Flint 
Six" chosen from the Junior class to compete in 
the oratorical contest next commencement: F. L. 
Clapp, F. E. Deluce, S. W. Fletcher, P. A. Leamy, 
S. Sastre and F. P. Washburn. 

— Dr. J. B. Lindsey addressed the farmers insti- 
tute of the Three Counties Agricultural Society at 
South HadW last Friday, the 22d of February. 

— M. E. Scannel, ex-'96, died at his home in Am- 
herst Sunday, February 17, after a long illness. 
About twenty of his classmates attended the funeral 

— In looking over the result of last Saturday's 
athletic meet we cannot help but notice the large 
number of points won by '98. This is certainly a 
good record for so small a class. 

— Lieut. Dickinson is planning a mock court 
martial to be held Friday evening, for the instruc- 
tion and amusement of the Battalion. T. F. Foley 
is to be Judge Advocate General and P. A. Leamy 
Council of the accused. 

— The M. A. C. Glee Club gave an entertaining 
concert at North Hadley, Tuesday evening, Febru- 
ary 19. They have made arrangements for con- 
certs at North Amherst, Tuesday, February 26 and 
at Belchertown, Thursday, February 28. Other 
engagements will be announced later. 

— Friday evening, February 15, Prof. Ganong, 
instructor of Botany in Smith College, delivered a 
lecture before the Natural History Society on the 
subject "Meaning of Size and Form in Plants." 
The lecture was illustrated with a stereopticon, and 
was of value and interest to those who attended. 

— Plaus are now being made for an informal re- 
ception to be given by the College Fraternities, Fri- 
day evening, March 15. It is hoped to make this a 
success and establish as an annual social feature of 
[ the college. It is desired that all of the students 
and their friends, resident Alumni and faculty will 
be present. The Glee Club and Orchestra will fur- 
nish music. A short program of dancing will be 
furnished during the latter part of the evening for 
those who wish it. The following are the commit- 
! tees from the different fraternities : Morse, '95, and 
Brown, '95, from the D. G. K. ; Ballou, '95, and 
E. H. Clark, '95, from the Q. T. V. ; Root, '95, and 
H. E. Clark, '95, from the P. S. K. ; Foley, '95, and 
Clapp, '96, from the C. S. C. 


He came to see her stormy nights, 

When he had nowhere else to go; 
She liked to see him at such times, 

And so she called him her raiu-beau. 





The evening casts its shadows o'er the Bay of Fundy 

The rising fog of the distant East steals swift across the 

Old Grand Manan stands alone amid the settling night, 
With dark sea wall and farther out, its Southern Harbor 

On such a night when all outside was mist and storm and 

The old light-keeper sat and told this tale of long ago. 
* * * * 

In days of yore, his story went, when the border land 

was new, 
And the gallant "spirit of seventy-six" had brought the 

country through 
Her struggle with the Briton's troops and the Hessians 

hireling host. 
Some veterans of the war had formed a village on the 

And here had prospered year by year a little island town 
Till the Second war with England brought its pride and 

prospects down. 

'Twas the fairest morn of all the year when the hated 

British fleet 
Sailed up the bay with loaded guns to sweep the village 

Amid the group that gathered round the hill above the 

A Colonel stood, had won his rank when the flag of Bur- 

goyne came down. 
"No hired slave of the British crown shall have my 

sword," said he, 
Then the Colonel broke his sword in two, and threw it 

into the sea. 

The winter season came and went, but the foreign fleet 

went not, 
And the woe which they had wrought had left a panic 

stricken spot 
Till their Captain went with his vilest crew on a stormy 

winter's clay 
To burn a Yankee fishing boat that was anchored in the 

Then homeward drove without a care, till the breakers 

round them tossed, 
Their craft had struck the dreaded "Wolves" and all but 

one was lost. 

One man alone survived the wreck, the storm swept rock 

had gained, 
And hung amid the blinding spray that all about him 

Now who will brave the angry sea to bring him back to 


Will no one speak? Were these brave men that would not 

lend a hand? 
"Then I will go" a voice cried out they had not heard 

And a girlish form had launched a boat upon the foamy 


The Yankee Colonel's daughter May, unheeding warning 

Had dared to face the wildest sea and wilder wind and 

She made the trip with Heaven's help and with the men 
that came 

Fast in her wake, whose daring deed had brought them 
all to shame. 

She reached the shore aud fainting fell, when conscious- 
ness returned, 

To find the British Captain saved, her loyal heart had 


And the history tells the rest of the tale, how the ships 

all sailed away, 
And the little town was left in peace for many a passing 

But little was told of the border maid who feared not 

wind nor wave, 
And risked her life in an open boat for the foeman she 

would save. 

F. P. W. 

Library JSIo-fces. 

Books added to the library since the last issue of 
the Aggie Life : 

Report of the Massachusetts Board of World's 
Fair Managers. This book contains many fine cuts 
aside from the reports of various committees. The 
illustrations are well worth notice aud the accom- 
panying text gives information concerning the 
Massachusetts exhibit. 

English History in Shakespeare's Plays, by B. E. 
Warner. A history deduced from Shakespeare's 
plays and covering a period of three hundred years 
from the reign of King John to Henry VIII, the 
object being to aid the understanding of certain 
phases of England's national development. 

The Pygmies, by A. de Quatrefager. This emi- 
nent anthropologist, in this work, first devotes him- 
self to the history of the Pygmies of the ancients 
and the Pygmies of Eastern countries ; then com- 
pares the intellectual, moral aud religious characters 
of various tribes. There are doubtless those who 
will find it interesting to read of these little blacks 



who have been the subject of legends and poems, 
and who are to-day scattered and separated, and 
often hunted by races larger and stronger. 


If repair were always equal to waste, life would 
be ended by accident rather than old age. In early 
years the balance is admirably preserved and it is 
not until a man has lived about fifty years that he 
really feels that old age is creeping on, although 
his physical energies may have been growing weak- 
er for many years. 

The renovation of the body depends on the blood, 
and if this deteriorates the general health of the 
body suffers. Deposits, mostly of calcareous mat- 
ter, collect and the blood is hindered from going to 
all parts of the body and therefore it cannot fully 
perform its functions. All the organs become os- 
sified and sooner or later according to the various 
conditions, death results. 

The food we eat and the water we drink go to 
make up the blood, and it is to these then that we 
must look for the means of prolonging our lives. 
Without these there is no life, but some varieties of 
food contain a minimum amount of the elements 
which tend to ossify the body. Certain acids 
found in fruits assist the blood in removing these 
deposits and distilled water also tends toward the 
same end. Apples and oranges contain these acids. 
Ordinary water contains more or less of lime and 
this aids in the premature hardening of various parts 
of the body, especially the bones. 

Scientists claim that there is no part of the body 
which is not fitted to exist for at least 200 years. 
The kidneys are the shortest lived and they may 
live for 200 years while the skin may live 900 and 
the bones 4000. We cannot defy death neither are 
we obliged to go through this life blindly, taking 
just what comes along. We may, by research, find 
the secrets of nature and apply them to the renew- 
al of the body. 

The most rational methods of keeping old age at 
bay are to avoid all foods which consist in any con- 
siderable part of calcareous matter ; make fruit oc- 
cupy a prominent place in our diet thus furnishing 
sufficient acid for the body ; avoid excess in eating 
and drinking and above all take sufficient and reg- 
ular exercise. e. w. c. 


'75. — P. M. Harwood, formerly a professor of 
Agriculture at the Michigan Agricultural College) 
has been spending a few days at the College. 

'83. — Dr. J. B. Lindsey, of the Massachusetts 
State Experiment Station, has declined a call to the 
department of Chemistry iu the Iowa State College. 

'87. — Clinton S. Howe of Marlboro, Mass., is 
spending the winter in Florida. 

'88. — J. E. Holt has changed his address to An- 
dover, Mass. 

'90.— A. M. Stowe of Hudson, Mass., will build 
a new barn iu the spring to replace the one burned 
last November. 

'90. — Dr. Harvey T. Shores of Post Graduate 
Hospital, New York, is now located at 197 State 
Street, Springfield, Mass. 

'91. — A. H. Sawyer is at his home in Sterling, 
Mass., nursing a broken ankle. 

Ex-'93. — Benjamin Sedgwick is now situated at 
Sharon, Conn. 

'94. — The thirty-second report of the College con- 
tains, in the appendix, an article of scientific value 
published by C. P. Lounsbury. The subject of the 
article is "A New Greenhouse Pest." 

'94. — H. P. Smead of Greenfield has been spend- 
ing a few days at the college. 


In memory of our Classmate, 


Who died in Amherst, February 17, 1S95. 

miereas. It has been the will of the Heavenly Father to 

remove from our midst our beloved classmate and friend, 

Michael Edgar Scannel, aud 

Whereas, During his short stay with us. he won the 
respect and esteem of us all, by his quiet and genial dis- 
position, be it 

Resolved, That we the members of the Class of Ninety- 
Six do sincerely mourn his loss and do extend our heart- 
felt sympathy to his bereaved relatives in their affliction, 
and be it further 

Resolved. That a copy of these resolutions be sent to 
the family of the deceased and be published in the college 

The Class of Ninety-Six. 
W. L. Pentecost, ) 
F. L. Clapp, I Committee. 

J. L. Makshall, J 




The list of events for the Indoor Meet, Saturday, 
March 9, is as follows : 

Twenty-five yard dash. 

Light weight wrestling, 135 lbs. and under. 

Middle weight wrestling, 158 lbs. and under. 

Heavy weight wrestling, anyone. 

Parallel Bars. 

Indian Club Swinging. 

Flying Rings. 

Horizontal Bar. 

Rope Climb. 

Entries must be handed to Norton, '97, on or be- 
fore Saturday, March 2d. 

Per Order, 

Athletic Association. 


In accordance with the custom established last 
year the Glee Club will give its final concert of the 
term, Tuesday evening' March 12, in the chapel. 
Special care will be taken to make the program in- 
teresting and attractive. Although unfortunate 
circumstances have somewhat retarded the work of 
the club, five concerts have been arranged, two of 
which have already been given. As this is one of 
the best ways of advertising the college, let every 
man altend this concert and give the Glee Club his 
hearty support. 

A. F. Burgess, Manager. 

The following clipping was taken from the "Com- 
munication" column of the Williams Weekly. We 
give it to our readers hoping that some one may 
decipher the same and inform us as to ''just what" 
the author is driving at. 

Queiiy. — What do you really think from your col- 
lege experience thus far, observance of, and talks 
with, your fellows, your estimates of those gradu- 
ated, and the look to you of the outside world, is 
the better for you, now (if looking to a profession) 

to reasonably fix upon it with a preference, and a 
reference, a somewhat admitted trend, or resolutely 
dismiss all consideration until graduation? 

A Fhiend. 


The plumber came clown like a wolf on the fold, 
His pockets well crammed with solder and gold; 
Five hours and a half he made love to the cook, 
And sixty-five dollars he charged in his book. 


The business managers of the baseball and foot- 
ball teams at Rutgers have been allowed 80 per 
cent, of all excess of receipts over expenditures. 

— Williams Weekly. 

Carlyle tells an interesting anecdote of Dr. John- 
son : "While attending college at Oxford, John- 
son's poverty forced him to act as servitor. His 
clothes were by no means of the richest material, 
and his shoes were well worn. A charitable gen- 
tleman had compassion on the poor, struggling 
young man, and one day left a new pair of shoes at 
his door. Johnson found the shoes; but he felt 
that it were better to stand in his own shoes even 
though they were worn so that they no longer pro- 
tected his feet from the snow and slush." A grand 
lesson this for each of us. It is better every time 
to be just what we are. — Hiram College Advance. 


The President will be at his office at the library from 
11 to 11-30 a. M. and 2 to 4p. ji. every day except Saturday 
and Sunday. 

The treasurer will be at his office at the Botauic 
Museum from 4 to 5-30 p. m. on Wednesdays and on Sat- 
urdays from 3 to 5-30 p. M. 

The college library will be open for the drawing of 
books from 2 to 4 p. m. and from 6-30 to 8 p. m. every 
day in the week except Saturday and Sunday ; on Sat- 
urday from 8 a. M. to 12 11., from 1 to 4 p. m. and from 
6-30 to 8 p.m.; on Sunday from 12 m. to 3 p. m, for 
reference only. 

Amherst College library will be open from 8-45 a. m. to 
6 p. M. and from 6-30 to 9-30 p. M. except on Sundays and 
the holidays. M. A. C. students may obtain the privi- 
lege of using this library by applying to Pies. Goodell. 

Mails are taken from the box in North College at 1.00 
p. m. and 8.00 p. m. week-days, and at 7.00 p. m. ou Sun- 




Said a Snow-shoe proud to a Skate one day, 
"You're a bright little chap, I really must say, 
Yet, pity you and your friends I must, 
You're not iu it' with the 'upper crust.' " 

But that sharp little skate had a "temper', fine, 
And so replied with an air benign, 
"Your 'upper crust' is all very nice, 
But wherever I go I always 'cut ice.' " 



FOR M. A. C. CLASS '95 IS 

I Cu ill 

392 Boylston Street, 

Engagements for sittings as to date, etc., apply 
to Photo Committee Senior Class, J. Marsh, Chair- 

Amherst College '95, Tufts College '95, 

Dartmouth College '95, Wellesley College '95, 

B. U. College Liberal Arts '95, Mt. Holyoke College '95, 
Wesleyan University '95, Lazell Sem. '95, &c, &c, 


Merchant Tailor 

Busiusss Suits, $20. 
Custom Fants, $5. 


Burt House, opposite the old Alpha Delta Phi House. 

-* c <Sr"--.&^v T *--s* r "»re*^ n r%.=/~*x*..^ 


is the 

A bicycle catalogue 
can be more than a 
mere price-list of 
the maker's goods. 
It can be beautiful 
with the best work 
of noted artists and 
Rich iu information besides. Such a 

Columbia Bicycle 

■which tells of New Model Columbias, their points 
of excellence, and their equipment. The book is 
free at any Columbia acency, or is mailed for two 
2-cent stamps. You who propose to ride cannot 
do without it, for it tells of the best bicycles — 



$60 $50. 

The Columbia Desk Calendar will make work at your desk 
easier and pleasanter. By mail lor ten cents in stamps. 


General Offices and Factories, 




Photographic Studio. 

Society, Class and Group Work a Specialty 






I have the ammunition to fit 
you with. On your way to the 
Post Office stop and look at my 
stock of 

Hats, Caps, Gloves, 





VOL. V. 

AMHERST, MASS., MARCH 13, 1895. 

No. 12 

Published Fortnightly by the Students of the Mass. 
Agricultural College. 

Terms $1,00 per year, in advance. Single copies, 10c. 

Postage, outside United States and Canada, 25c. extra. 

Entered at the Post Office as second-class mail matter. 


C. B. LANE, '95, Editor-in-chief. 

W". L. MOUSE, '95, Business Manager. 

T. P. FOLEY, '95, Exchange. 

F. C, TOBEY, '95, Alumni. 

R. A. COOLEY, '95, Local Items. 

i Notes and Comments. 
Library Notes. 
P. A- LEAMY, '96, Athletics. 
H. H. ROPER, '96, j L iterarv 
J. L. BARTLETT, '97, j ±jlterar 7- 

R. L. IIAYWARD,'96, 

Students and Alumni are requested to contribute. Communica- 
ions should be addressed Aggie Life, Amherst Mass. 

Aggie Life will be sent to all subscribers until its discontinu- 
ance is ordered, and arrears paid. 


With the present issue, the Life Board resigns 
its badge of office and hands over to the new 
Board the. reins of government. We have written 
our last editorials, have corrected our last batch of 
proof and willingly yet reluctantly too, make way 
for those who follow us. The work has often been 
exacting but never tiresome. We extend our sin- 
cere thanks to all who have in any way assisted us 
and wish the incoming Board the highest measure 
of success. 

In connection witli the athletic meet at the Gym- 
nasium last Saturday, the question comes up — is it 
not possible to have for the various events, judges 
who shall be absolutely impartial and who shall con- 
duct the affair in a manner satisfactory to all con- 
cerned ? There are always a few dissatisfied per- 
sons on such an occasion, but when the fault-finding 

becomes general, there is some unusual cause 
for the same. Every year more or less objec- 
tions have been raised concerning the decisions 
given, and this year has been no exception. Any 
man present on Saturday, who happened to have 
had the necessary experience, was asked to serve 
as judge, and, as a result, several complaints of 
unfairness were made. The fault would seem to lie, 
not with the judges, but with the Athletic Associa- 
tion for neglecting to make suitable provision for 
conducting the meets. 

There comes to our table the first issue of the 
Herd Register and Breeders Journal, a 60 page 
quarterly issued from the office of the American 
Guernsey Cattle Club, Win. H. Caldwell, Sec'y and 
Treas., Peterboro', N. H. It is a magazine care- 
fully selected in the interests of the Guernsey breed . 
It gives in easily accessible form euch records, 
news, tests and illustrations as are of interest to 
Guernsey breeders, and at the same time the entries 
and transfers as recorded in the office of the Club. 
Such a publication of its nature and makeup will 
not only be a credit to the breed but of great value 
to breeders in their endeavors to give the breed the 
recognition due her. It will be a valuable means of 
preserving the history of the breed. It deserves 
the support of all interested in Guernseys and is 
published at a subscription price of $2 a year. 

The best and to those geographically removed, 
the only index of the life of an institution is its pub- 
lications. Sludent papers are justly taken as 
reflectors of the thought and aspirations of the stu- 
dents. It is therefore of great importance that 
these instruments should be truly representative. 
We desire to actualize this ideal. But this is no 
easy task ; it is an exceedingly difficult one. And 
why? Chiefly because students in general in attend- 



ing to their prescribed courses have little time to 
devote to college journalism. There is a remedy, 
however, and its success is being demonstrated in 
other colleges. It is simply to give credit, as is 
done for any study, to those doing work on college 
papers. This is only reasonable, for the work done 
in this department aside from the presenting of the 
college to the world, is second to none in the prac- 
tical results to the student. We are pleased with 
the attitude the head of the English department has 
manifested of late in regard to this important 


Emerson, in his essay on "character" says, 
"There is nothing real or useful that is not a seat 
of war." This saying should come home to college 
men. When we consider that nearly all of the per- 
manent improvements which have ever been made 
in society or government have been the results of 
years of contest and even violence and when we re- 
member that saying concerning the New England 
town meeting: "It is in the sturdy clash of mind 
agaiDst mind that the town meeting finds its real 
power, "we must admit the value of debate and the 
importance of conflicting opinions. We have had a 
Debating Society in College ; but where is it to-day? 
Dead, and ready for burial. The proper thing now 
is a wake and then a funeral. But let us hope that 
the W.I.L.S.was not destined for such an untimely 
fate. Can we not find some college Hamilton who 
can"touch the corpse" of our dead society and have 
it "spring upon its feet?" Or must we wait for a 
more propitious time or perhaps hang our hopes 
upon some patent "gold cure," "elixir of life," or 
"anti-toxine." The case is evidently beyond War- 
ner's Safe Cure, or even Hood's Sarsaparilla. We 
have not yet tried Lydia Pinkham except in very 
small doses, but our faith in this last mentioned 
remedy is weak, at least as far as the Debating 
Societ}' is concerned. Or, if the debates which oc- 
casionally take place in some of the rooms could be 
transferred to a hall, they would form a basis for 
something further in this line. 

— The senior division in chemistry visited the 
paper mills at Holyoke,the brewery at Springfield, 
and the pulp mills at Mt. Tom, Mar. 2, under the 
guidance of Prof. Wellington. 


At the present tirai, many opinions exist as to 
ihe usefulness and influence of Oratory upon our 
latter nineteenth century civilization. By oratory, 
we mean forensic speech, lecturing, and preaching. 
It has been stated by a well known public man that 
no speech in Congress ever really influenced the 
passage of a bill. Again, it has been affirmed that 
the age of lecturing has passed. And as for preach- 
ing, it has been made an open question as to 
whether or not it is as far reaching as formerly in 
its effect upon (he public mind. 

Without entering into a discussion of the fore- 
going statements, it is evident that they have been 
made as a result of the influence caused by the rise 
of the greatest power of modern times — the Press. 
The orator, the lecturer, the preacher no longer 
"soar;" classical illustrations and pretentious fig- 
ures of speech are shunned; and the appeal to the 
emotions of an audience has been succeeded by the 
appeal to the intellect. Oratory is now a matter of 
business. It is practical, and exists not for itself 
but for a purpose. He who talks for the sake of 
talking must stand aside for his more practical 

In view of these facts, it might be well to ask 
ourselves the purpose of modern College Oratory. 
One would naturally think, if it is true that oratory 
is passing away on account of the more powerful 
influence of the Press, the study of oral expression 
would likewise give way in favor of the study of 
written expression. That oratory has not given 
way, however, is very evident. The popularity of 
the public debates between representatives of our 
great universities and the prominence given to ora- 
torical departments in almost all our higher institu- 
tions of learning show us at once that oratory is at 
present taught with more popularity and zeal than 
ever before. 

In the first place, we may say that the study of 
oratory in the American College does not exist for 
the purpose of making elocutionists, lecturers, or, in 
the pure sense of the term, orators. It does exist 
for the purpose of making men. However general 
or indefinite this term may be, it does not, I think, 



need any close definition. We all know what a 
man is. And as this making of men is the aim, we 
may say that the great and fundamental purpose in 
view is the promotion of the general culture of the 

This end may, of course, be promoted by divers 
methods. In fact the object of a truly college educa- 
tion is that the students may be given such studies 
as will best foster this general culture. But as 
related to the department of oratory, it can be said 
that the promotion of general culture is directly 
affected, among others, in three ways : First, and 
most important, there is aroused in the student a 
confidence in himself to instruct and hold the atten- 
tion of others ; second, there is created an acquaint- 
ance with the hest writers and speakers ; aud third, 
there is fostered a close and practical interest in 
the affairs of the day. 

In regard to the first, the arousing in the student 
of a confidence in himself to instruct and hold the 
attention of others, it is, perhaps, in this direction 
more than in any other that the results of the bene- 
fits gained are shown. Many instances might be 
cited ot students entering college with no idea of 
their , powers to hold the attention of their class- 
mates, and with an utter lack of knowledge as to 
the method of expressing orally the thoughts that 
may be in their possession. And yet many of these 
same students who in their first attempts at speak 
ing before their class halt, stammer, grow nervous, 
aud even fail, by means of a thorough course in 
oratory find themselves in their senior year above 
and beyond all this, and ready to go forth into the 
world knowing that they can rely upon themselves 
if ever called upon to address an audience. 

Of course, important as are the results just men- 
tioned, they never could be attained without a close 
acquaintance with standard writers aud speakers ; 
and during the early part of a course in oratory, 
the student is compelled to go to these for his 
thought, the reason of which will presently be 
shown ; and this clo3e touch with prominent men 
naturally arouses a keen interest in the political and 
social affairs of the day. 

To work out this purpose, there is in general one 
main course of study. While many methods may 
exist, the idea is practically the same in all of our 
colleges. The course embraces two distinct parts : 

The first being the study of oratorical expression 
by means of borrowed thought; and the second, 
study of oratorical expression by means of original 

As to the first part of this work, much depends 
upon the student's understanding just what is ex- 
pected of him. Realizing that he has hitherto had 
but little if any training in the art of speaking, he 
feels that the first thing to be learned is the method 
of expression. In order, therefore, for him rightly 
to accomplish this he must give most of his time to 
overcoming defects such as arise from ignorance, 
awkwardness, or nervousness. The thought dur- 
ing this part of the course must be in a measure, 
secondary. Therefore, he selects the thoughts of 
others as models or standards, and endeavormg to 
make them his own, he studies the inflection of the 
words and sentences. Thus he perfects himself in 
the mechanical accompaniments of the piece. Of 
course the great danger here, is that the student 
will look upon this part of the work as too mechani- 
cal. In his eagerness to "get through the thing" 
he will sacrifice accuracy of expression to speed, 
will permit the words that he has committed to 
memory to get ahead of the th night and the result 
will be of but little value. Let the student make 
the thought his own aud then he will be its master. 

The thoughts that are "boi rowed" must be 
standard. By this we mean selections that have 
been spoken or written by men whose oratorical 
reputations are acknowledged to be high. In this 
way alone can the rules of expression be rightly 
taught. The student is setting himself a standard. 
Let him choose the best, amd the result will be ap- 
parent. Therefore in this part of the course it is 
advisable to shun those selections that are meant 
only to eutertain or to provoke laughter. The 
student is not far enough advanced to enter the 
realm of the humorist or the story teller. The 
humorous selections that crowd our Readers aud 
Speakers are productive of but little good in the 
matter of real training for the immature speaker. 
What the student needs is practice in the expres- 
sion of real and deep thought. 

The second and more advanced part of the course 
consists, as has been said, in the study of oratorical 
expression by means of original thought. Here the 
student enters upon an entirely different method of 



procedure. Having set himself a standard, having 
overcome the mechanical difficulties of expression, 
he works, as it were, upon his own ground. Thus 
is he called upon to study Invention ; and this brings 
forth originality. And so, the student is required 
to prepare orations upon subjects connected with 
the lime, or to enter into debate with his class-mates 
upon various questions that have local or national 
interest. In the matter of debates we see that it is 
a step in advance of the delivery of oration- ; for 
the debating must be done without any previous 
preparation except in the matter of thought. No 
student is allowed to write out and commit a debate. 
The expression of the thought must be extempo- 

Finally, what shall we say of the student's attitude 
towards the study of oratory? More than in any 
other department of college work, the student must 
be personally interested in the work. The success 
of the course depends upon the student himself. 
For it is he who does the work, who reaps the har- 
vest, and not the instructor. All the latter can do 
is to lead, to suggest, to advise. 

The student must also remember that the hearer 
is as important a part of a course in oratory as the 
speaker. He should give the same attention to the 
speakers as he would wish when in their position. 
Thus can he aid them to more successful renderings, 
and at the same time benefit himself by watching 
the efforts of others. 

His attitude towards prize contests should be 
carefully examined. They must or ought to be a 
secondary consideration. Not that we would advise 
their discontinuance, for all of us wish to excel, 
and they are occasions that bring the college 
speakers in close touch with the public. But the 
student who pursues his course in oratory simply to 
be a prize winner mistakes the fundamental idea of 
its existence. Let him realize that he is preparing 
himself for life, and the results that are wished for 
will be attained. 

Herman Babson. 

—The Y. M. C. A. has elected the following 
officers: Pres., B. K. Jones, '95; vice-pres., L. F. 
Clark, '97; treas., C. F. Sherman, '97 ; correspond- 
ing sec'y, R. J. Armstrong, '97; recording sec'y, 
Geo. Tsuda, '96. 

March 9, 1895. 
The second and last regular Indoor Meet of the 
term was held on .Saturday last and the results are 
given below. The wrestling occupied so much time 
that a number ef the scheduled events were forced 
out and omitted. The following is a list of events 
aud winners with points by classes. 


1. Lewis, '95, 6 seconds. 

2. Moore, '96. 

3. Hemenway, '95. 


1. Warden, '98. 

2. Moore, '96. 

3. Lewis, '95. 


1. Barclay, '97. 

2. Hemeuway, '95. 

3. Peters, '97. 


1. Sastre, '96. 

2. Moore, '96. 

3. Warden, '98. 


1. Capen, S. A., '96. 

2. Crehore, '95. 

3. Fletcher, '96. 


1. Fairbanks, '95. 

2. Shaw, '96. 

3. Lewis, '95. 

Total points 03' classes : 
'95 — 19 points. 
'96—18 " 

'96 S. A.— 5 points. 
The remaining events, the heavy-weight wrestling 
and the 25-yard dash, will be held Wednesday even- 
ing, March 13, at 7-30. 

Per order, 
R. S. Jones, Pres. 
C. A. Norton, Sec. and Treas. 




Last Wednesday evening was the occasion of a 
Mock Court Martial in Stone Chapel which passed 
off very successfully under the able direction of 
Lieutenant Dickinson. 

The Court was called to order by the Lieutenant 
who briefly explained the methods and customs of 
procedure at regular Court Martials. 

After the roll-call of the officers the accused was 
brought forward. He was asked if he had any 
objections to any officer of the Court sitting in 
judgment on his case and at once objected to Capt. 
Bailou on the ground that he was a witness for the 
prosecution. Court was then cleared and after due 
deliberation the objection was sustained. 

The nest step in the proceedings was the swear- 
ing in of the Court after which the accused intro- 
duced as his counsel P.A.Leamy, Esq. The charge 
was then read and consisted of three counts, viz : 
Appearing on Inspection in improper uniform ; ap- 
pearing on Inspection improperly shaved ; and inat- 
tention on Inspection. All three counts on the day 
aud date of February 28, 1695, between the hours 
of 4.15 and 5.15 p. m. 

The accused entered a plea of guilty on the first 
count and not guilty, to the second and third. 

Capt. Bailou was the first witness called for the 
prosecution. He testified that he knew the defend- 
ant, Herbert W. Rawson, and that on February 28, 
1895, said Rawson appeared for Inspection without 
proper trousers but he could not remember as to the 
other charges. 

Witness was cross-examiued by Counsel Leamy 
who brought out the fact that witness did not know 
what color the trousers worn by Rawson were ; al- 
so that the defendant bore an excellent character 
and reputation in his Company, and, in fact, was 
fully up to the best, as a general thing, in appear- 
ance, dress, neatness and attention. 

H. T. Edwards, Sergeant of Capt. Billou's Com- 
pany, was the next witness called by the prosecu- 
tion. He testified substantially the same as Capt. 
Bailou had done before him, and, in addition said 
that Rawson was not properly shaved. Quite a dis- 
cussion took place at this juncture in regard to what 
constituted a proper shave for a man with such a 
beard as Rawson's. It was finally decided that 

auything less than a quarter of an inch should be 
considered all right in such a case as his. 

The Counsel for the defence cross-examined wit- 
ness Edwards to little purpose. He evidently knew 
little about the case, anyway, and meant to keep 
what he did know to himself. 

Private Tobey was next called and sworn. He 
was examined closely by Judge Advocate Foley 
and brought out the evidence that the accused was 
guilty of the third count of the charge. Counsel 
Leamy was unable to break down testimony of wit- 
ness on cross-examination and after a few ques- 
tions by the Court the prosecution rested its case. 

The defense was opened by the re-examination of 
Capt. Bailou. He testified as to general good ap- 
pearance and good character of the defendant. 
Lieutenant Bemis was next called and sworn. He 
testified that defendant was of exceptionally good 
character and when under his command had always 
been noted for the special attention he paid while 
on duty. 

Adjutant Clark was then called to the stand and 
testified as to high standing of defendant in compar- 
ison with the remainder of the Batallion. 

Private Barrett was the next to take the stand 
and testified as to defendant's popularity with the 
boys ; also as to circumstance of his losing a cap, 
and borrowing his, the witness's, to go on drill 
with, at one time during the illness of witness. Also 
testified that defendant's room was frequently the 
meetiug place of half a dozen, or more, of the fel- 
lows, at the same time, and that fooling and horse- 
play sometimes took place there, during which, things 
were frequently upset and misplaced and not in- 
frequently taken from the room. That the defend- 
ant should be unable to find his military trousers 
did not surprise witness at all. The wonder was 
that he could find any of his belongings. 

Corporal Norton was the last witness called for 
the defense. He brought out no new points and 
simply substantiated some of foregoing evidence. 

Counsel Leamy then spoke briefly for the defense, 
admitting the guilt of accused on first count but not 
on last two, explaining and excusing the defendant 
on the evidence submitted, and recommending him 
to the mercy and clemency of the Court. 

Judge advocate Foley summed up the case for 
the prosecution in a few well chosen words and then 



the Court was cleared for the purpose of deliberat- 
ing on the case. After a few minutes deliberation 
the Court was again opened and the decision given. 
The defendant was found guilty of the first count 
and therefore guilty of the charge. Sentence was 
at once pronounced and seemed to meet the ap- 
proval of the defendant, as he entered no appeal 
from it. It is as follows : "The Court decrees that 
the Defendant, H. W. Rawson, be sentenced to 
Cornell for two Years." 

(Court Adjourned.) 


On the morning of Feb. 27, five young men might 
have been seen at the Mass. Central Station, Am- 
herst, waiting for the 6-09 train. The day was a 
little cold but otherwise bright and clear. The train 
arrives, the conductor shouts "All Aboard," the 
engineer opens the throttle and off we go, leaving 
professors and studies behind, with several instruc- 
tive and pleasant days ahead. 

The first place visited was Wayland. Here we 
found a team waiting for us and we were conveyed 
to the home of Isaac Damon. He had a herd of 
about forty Holsteins. One of his cows, Northern 
Queen, holds the following records: She has given 
93 lbs. of milk in one day, and 76 lbs. of butter in 
72 consecutive days. 

Bidding Mr. Damon adieu, we were driven to 
Francis Shaw's place where we found a herd of 80 
of the best Guernsey cattle in the state. One of his 
cows, Lilly Alexander, has given twelve hundred 
pounds of milk in one year. He also surprised us 
by showing us a bull, Select Son, which he milked 
before us all. The animal, however, is not milked 
every day. Mr. Shaw's barns were neat, clean and 
well ventilated. 

We next visited the farm of E. I. Bowditch in 
South Framingham. He has about 650 acres in his 
place and keeps about 200 cows, 225 sheep, and at 
the time we visited him had 140 spring lambs ready 
for the market. The poultry farm of Mr. Perkins 
came next in order. The owner had 8 poultry 
houses, each 180 feet long, and connected by an 
alley one quarter of a mile in length. He had 3000 
hens, 3 incubators in operation and chickens vary- 
ing in size from the newly hatched chick up to the 
broilers weighing 1 1-4 lbs, 

The cattle belonging to Mr. Ellis were next seen. 
Two years ago he had 82 Jerseys, but tuberculosis 
has swept away all but three. He had 8 Aberdeen 
Angus, 2 Herefords,and several grades. We spent 
the night in Framingham. The next morning we 
took the cars for Southboro where we visited the 
Burnett place. Here we saw the preparation of 
milk and cream for the Boston market, and also the 
preparation of the famous Deerfoot bacons and 
sausages. J. Montgomery Sears's Jerseys and Mr. 
Choate's Ayrshires were next seen. The former 
are noted for their butter, the latter for the produc- 
tion of milk. These were nice cattle and well 
worth seeing. Sears's barns were built on the 
modern plan and his other buildings showed care in 
their arrangement. That night we stopped with J. 
A. Harwood, the owner of the Dutch Belted cattle. 
These cattle are entirely black except a pure white 
belt around the body. Mr. Harwood has offered 
one of his bulls to the college and it will be sent as 
soon as convenient. 

The next morning we visited Mr. Henry Stock- 
well's place. Mr. Stockwell is the father of the late 
Harry G. Stockwell of the class of '94. He had a 
herd of Devons and they were all fine looking ani- 
mals. He showed us the premiums which he had 
taken at the agricultural fairs last fall and there 
were enough to cover an ordinary table, the blue 
predominating. A few places near by were visited, 
and then we started for home, having had a very 
piofitable trip. 

This was the first trip of the kind and it is hoped 
it will be repeated by the succeeding classes. We 
received the kindest attention possible. We could 
not have been better received had we been the sons 
of kings. We were met at the stations and carried 
both ways by our thoughtful hosts. One does not 
realize the value of such a trip until the experience 
is acquired. The trip will long be remembered by 
those who made it, and much credit is due to the 
one who so carefully and thoughtfully planned the 
excursion. h. e. c. 

— Captain J. S. Pettitt, 1st Infantry, Military In- 
structor at Yale University, will act as judge in the 
Prize Drill to be held Thursday, Mar. 14. On the 
evening of the same day he will deliver a lecture, in 
the chapel on ordnance, which will be illustrated by 
views of West Point. 




— H. H. Roper, '96, has returned to college. 

— A mock Court Martial was held in the chapel 
Mar. 6. 

— The second gymnasium meet was held Satur- 
day, Mar. 9. 

— F. C. Tobey's brother spent a few days with 
him last week. 

— A. H. Kirkland and C. L. Brown, '94, visited 
college last, week. 

— P. A, Leamy, '96, went home last week to 
serve as moderator. 

— Prof. Maynard has been elected a member of 
the Amherst school board. 

— Dr. Leonard has presented to the Veterinary 
department a fine collection of spavins. 

- Prof, and Mrs. Maynard held a reception to 
the class of '96, Friday evening, Mar. 8, 1895. 

— J. S. Eaton, '98, has been elected class base- 
ball manager to fill the place vacated by H. Holt. 

— F. P. Washburn, '96, has returned to college, 
and has been promoted to First Sergeant of Co. D. 

— Prof. Warner has resigned the chair of Mathe- 
matics to enter the broker business in St. Louis, 

— C. B. Lane and H. B. Read, '95, have been 
confined to their rooms for the past week with the 

— An illustrated article by Foley, '95, describing 
life at the College, appeared in the New England. 
Homestead, date of March 2nd. 

— A. H. Kirkland, '94, delivered a lecture, March 
12, before the Boston Scientific Society, on "Some 
Strange Biological Phenomena." 

— The bill before the legislature asking for an ap- 
propriation of money for certain improvements 
about the college has been passed. 

— The Glee Club has given the following concerts 
in the last two weeks : At North Amherst, Feb. 26, 
Belchertown, Feb. 28. Huntington, Mar. 8. 

— H. VV. Rawson, '96, has left college to enter 
Cornell University. He will enter the class of '96, 
and after graduation take a post graduate course. 

— Mr. E. H. Forbush's lecture before the Natural 
History Society scheduled for March 15th, has been 
postponed to April 17th on account of the reception. 

— Remember the prize drill to-morrow afternoon. 

— The Faculty have appointed the following mem- 
bers as committee on Athletics: Prof. J. B. Paige, 
Lieut. W. M. Dickinson, Prof. R. S. Lull. This 
committee is to confer with the directors of the 
Athletic Associations in the interest of athletics at 
the college. 

— The Natural History Society has elected the 
following officers for the ensuing year : President, 
F. P. Washburn; vice-pres., H. E. Edwards ; sec. 
and treas., P. H. Smith; directors, P. A. Leamy, 
A. S. Kinney, C. I. Goessmann, C. A. Peters, R. 
D. Warden. 

— The following men were elected last Monday 
as members of the new Board of Life editors: 
Leamy, Roper, Washburn, Moore and Fletcher 
L'om the class of '96 ; Bartlett, Barry and King 
from the class of '97 ; and Warden from the class 
of '98. The Board organized Monday evening and 
elected the following officers : Editor-in-chief, P. A. 
Leamy ; business manager, F. P. Washburn. 

— Avedis Adjemiau, a native of Armenia, and a 
graduate of the University at Constantinople, Tur- 
key, contemplates entering college next fall. Mr. 
Adiemian holds the degree of M. A. but is at pres- 
ent after a practical knowledge of Agriculture. 
The conditions of agriculture in his native country 
are quite primitive and he desires to ground him- 
self in the principles of this science to be put into 
practice upon his return home. 

— On Friday evening, March 1, Professor B. K. 
Emerson of Amherst College delivered an illustrated 
lecture on "The Geology of the Agricultural Col- 
lege Farm." The lecture was one of a series which 
are being held under the auspices of the Natural 
History Society. Prof. Emerson is a well known 
authority on the subject of Geology and has been 
connected with Amherst College for many years. 
The lecture was a masterly review ot the origin and 
history of the land which forms the College Farm 
and upon which the College buildings are located. 
It was illustrated by maps and drawings and a 
special mechanical contrivance showing the manner 
in which the displacement of strata occurred. 
The lecture was well attended and very interesting 
and the Natural History Society is to be congratu- 
lated upon securing the presence of this eminent 




Treasurer's Report. Season of 1894. 


Bec'd from season of '93, 












Wesley an Univ., 



"Worcester Tech., 






Total receipts, 



Paid for stationary, 











uniforms and supplies, 



barge and carriage hire, 






hotel and traveling expenses, 



sample college pin, 



Mt. Hermon, 



second eleven, 



Total expenditures, 

$376 68 

Amount on hand to balance account, 

107 62 
484 30 

Amount on hand. 

Note from Base-ball Association, 






Bills receivable, 






$107 62 

Respectfully submitted, 

Francis P. Washburn, Sec'y and Treas. 

In accordance with a delightful custom, a small 
partv of seekers after knowledge, found themselves 
on the 10-30 train from Amherst to Northampton 
and Springfield. These Chemists, for such most of 
them proved to be, were bound on a trip to the 
Brewery at Springfield, the Paper Mills at Holyoke 
and the Pulp Works at Mt. Tom Station. Our first 
objective point was the Brewery and after arriving 
in Springfield we made haste to the large establish- 
ment of the Springfield Brewing Co. where the 
famous Tivoli Beer, with which many are familiar, is 
made. We were met here by the Superintendent 
of the Brewing Co. and shown the various processes 
of mashing ; first fermentation, second fermenta- 
tion ; adding of the Hop's Extract, etc. 

We learned that the barley is raised in 
Canada and thence shipped to Newark where the 
malting, that is the sprouting, or changing the starch 
into sugar, is accomplished. This malted grain is 
then brought to Springfield where the fermenta- 
tions are carried on. At the time of our visit the 
beer which was being brewed was of the variety 
known as Bock Beer, which contains a great deal 
of alcohol and is very bitter. Comparing this wilh 
our knowledge of Veterinary concerning the action 
of bitters in increasing the activity of the Stomach 
juices, vie at once conclude that Bock Beer is de- 
signed to act as a tonic during the spring when as 
the quacks tell us we experience that -'tired feel- 
ing." Owing to press of time we were unable to 
inspect the bottling department where the beer is 
charged with Carbon Dioxide which imparts that 
delicious sparkle and gives what the initiated term 
a good bead. 

I neglected to state that the tonic effect of Bock 
Beer referred to above had made such a marked 
effect on the appetites of some of our party that we 
hastily adjourned to the Cooley House where our 
only regrets were occasioned by the fact that our 
digestive compartments were not more capacious. 

We took the train and soon found ourselves in 
Holyoke where after some search we were able to 
find a mill in operation. The linen rags from which 
the best paper is made are imported from Europe 
and after being sorted are sifted, dusted, chopped up 
fine, cooked with alkalies and washed in the great 
tubs known as rag engines. Pulp thus prepared is 
then mixed in the coloring tubs. The combined 
product of all these operations flows out upon the 
paper machine, which taking at one end the pulp, 
which reminds one whose school days are not as yet 
left too far behind, more of disintegrated "spit 
balls" in solution, than of anything else, turns it 
out at the other end ordinary unruled foolscap. 
This is then sorted, pressed, ruled and bundled 
ready for market. 

The Mt. Tom Pulp works were started in order 
to utilize the waste of the lumber mills at that 
place. The process is essentially as follows. After 
removing all the black pitch and knots by machines 
specially adapted for this purpose the product is 
ground up line and passed into immense digesters 
where it is subjected to about 95 pounds per inch 



or six atmospheric pressures and the action of Cal- 
cium Hypo sulphite, which removes resinous matters j 
and with CaOCl bleaches the Pulp. After being i 
digested the process is nearly the same as that ! 
described for paper manufacture. 

These descriptions which I have given have been j 
of the most superficial kind. To realize the im- j 
mensity and complexity of the various processes, 
one must see for himself the transformation of grain 
into beer and wood and rags into paper. 

J. M. 


given under the auspices of the 
Natural History Society. 

Feb. 15.— Prof. W. F. Ganong, Ph. D., Professor of 
Botany, Smith College; subject, "The meaning of size 
and form in plants." The study of the relations of plants 
to their environment. Pflanzen-Biologie- of the Germans 
— is a comparatively new field in Botany, and Prof. 
Gauoug who has recently returned from Prof. Goebel's 
laboratory at Munich has paid much attention to this 

March 1. — Prof. Benjamin K. Emerson, Ph.D., Pro- 
fessor of Geology, Amherst College; subject, "The 
Geology of the Agricultural College Farm." Prof. Emer- 
son is too well known in Amherst to require any remarks. 
Not only has he been connected with Amherst College for 
many years, but has at different times given lectures on 
geology at the Agricultural College. 

March 15. — Mr. E. H. Forbush State Ornithol- 
ogist and director of the field work of the Gypsy 
Moth Commission ; subject, "The Food Habits of Birds 
and their relation to Agriculture." Mr. Forbush is an en- 
thusiastic Ornithologist and knows the habits of our 
songsters as few others do. His knowledge of Ornithol- 
ogy, however, is not provincial inasmuch as he has made 
expeditions to various parts of the United States for 
various scientific societies. This lecture has been 

April 12.— Mrs. Ellen H. Richards, M. A., B. S., Dept. 
of Sanitary Chemistry, Mass. Institute of Technology; 
subject, to be announced. Mrs. Richards has charge of 
the sanitary chemistry at the Mass. Institute of Technol- 
ogy ; has been identified with the State Board of Health 
for many years ; founder of the New England Kitchen, 
Supervisor of the Domestic Economy department at 
Chicago University, and is greatly interested in all ques- 
tions connected with domestic economy, and a recognized 
authority on all affairs pertaining to household chemistry. 

April 26. — Prof.C.F. Hodge,Ph. D.,Prof. of Neurology, 
Clark University, subject, "The Brain as a Basis of In- 
telligence." The department of Psychology at Clark is 

conceded to be one of the best equipped in this country. 
Prof. Hodge who is one of the adjuncts of this depart- 
ment is well known to physiologists and psychologists by 
his researches on the stimulation of living nerve cells, 
and other investigations pertaining to Neurology and 

May 10.— Prof. G. L. Goodale, M. D., LL. D., Prof, of 
Botany, Harvard University; subject, "New Zealand," il- 
lustrated with stereopticon. Harvard has for many years 
been the center of Botanical activity, and there are few 
American Botanists indeed who have not at one time or 
another received instruction there. Prof. Goodale is an 
Amherst graduate and former student of the late Prof. 
Edward Tuckerman. 

The officers of the society under whose auspices these 
lectures are being held are: President, H. L.Frost; 
vice-president, D. C. Potter; sec'y and treas., H. W. 
Rawson ; directors, C. M. Dickinson, F. P. Washburn, C. 
I. Goessmann, J. M. Barry. 


'78. — ■Mr. Charles O. Lovell is now at 591 Broad- 
way, N. Y., acting as agent for the Standard Dry 
flate Co., of Lewiston, Me. 

'82. — C. S. Piumb, professor of live stock hus- 
bandry and dairying in Purdue University, La- 
fayette, Ind., and director of the State Experiment 
Station, delivered two lectures on Feb. 19 and 20, 
before the School of Agriculture of the Ohio State 
University at Columbus, one on "The evolutiou of 
the dairy cow," and the other on "An udder study." 
The members of the University Farm Club,, a live 
student's organization, by unanimous vote elected 
Prof. Plumb an honorary member of that club. 

'86. — Richard F. Duncan, M. D., formerly of 
Williamstown, Mass., is practicing at Albany, N.Y. 

'87.— W. H. Caldwell attended the Special Insti- 
tute Course and Dairy School at the N. H. Agricul- 
tural College last week, as one of the half dozen 
specialists, each of whom lectured upon his favorite 

'92 — Homer C. West visiied the drill hall last 
Thursday during the drill hour. 

'92. — One of the most successful show herds of 
Guernsey cattle in the United States, if not the 
most successful one of late years, has been the 
Altamont herd owned by Mr. G. Howard Davison 
of Millbrook, N. Y. Mr. Davison has just sold his 
entire herd, excepting one animal, to Mr. J. B. 
Duke of Somerville, N. J. 



'93. — Frank H. Henderson is employed by French 
& Bryant, civil engineers of Brookline, Mass. He 
is at present engaged in the Metropolitan Park 

Ex-'94. — Dana W. Robbins is employed in the 
engineering department of the town of Brookline. 

'94. — C. P. Lounsbury will edit the next bulletin 
issued by the Hatch Experiment Station. The 
bulletin will deal with the injurious insects of the 
spring and fall. 

'94. — A. H. Kirkland, assistant entomologist of 
the Gypsy Moth Commission, was at the college 
last week. 


FOR M. A. C. CLASS '95 IS 

392 Boylston Street, 

Engagements for sittings as to date, etc., apply 
to Photo Committee Senior Class, J. Marsh, Chair- 


Amherst College '95, 
Dartmouth College '95, 
B. U. College Liberal Arts '95 
Wesleyan University '95, 

Tufts College '95, 
Wellesley College '95, 
Mt. Holyoke College '95, 
Lazell Sem. '95, &c, &c, 


erchant Tailor 

Business Suits, C20. 
Custom Pants, $5. 



The Standard for All. 

Burt House, opposite the old Alpha Delta Phi House. 




Highest Quality of All, 



Have you feasted your eyes upon 
the beauty and grace of the 1895 
Columbias ? Have you testecL&nci 
compared them with all others ? 
Only by such testing can you know 
how fully the Columbia justifies its 
proud title of the ' 'Standard for the 
World." Any model or equipment 
your taste may require, $1QQ 



Boston, New York, 

Chicago, San Fra?icisco, 
Providence, Buffalo. 

An Art Catalogue of these 
famous wheels and of Hart- 
fords, $80 $60, free at Colum- 
bia agencies, or mailed for 
two 2-cent stamps. 

Photographic Studio. 

Society, Class and Group Work a Specialty 






I have the ammunition to fit 
you with. On your way to the 
Post Office stop and look at my 
stock of 

Hats, Caps, Gloves, 




VOL. V. 

AMHERST, MASS., APRIL 10, 1895. 

No. 13 


Published Fortnightly by the Students of the Mass. 
Agricultural College. 

Terms $1,00 per year, in advance. Single copies, 10c. 

Postage, outside United States and Canada, 25c. extra. 

Entered at the Post Office as second-class mail matter. 


P. A. LEAHY, '96, Editor-in-Chief. 

F. P. WASHBURN, '96. Business Manager. 

H. W. MOORE, '96, As'st. Business Manager. 

H. H. ROPER, '96, Exchange. 

P. S. W. FLETCHER, '96, College Notes. 

J. L. BARTLETT, '97, Library Notes. 

C. A. KING, 97, Alumni Notes. 

J.M. BAKRT, '97, Athletics. 

R. D. WARDEN, '98. 

Students and Alumni are requested to contribute. Communica- 
ions should be addressed aggie Life, Amherst Mass. 

Aggie Liee will be sent to all subscribers until its discontinu- 
ance is ordered, and arrears paid. 


There exists in college at present a large class of 
students, who do no reading at all except of the 
regular test books assigned in their course of stud} - , 
and in the line of news and novels, standard or 
otherwise. Looking over the library, we find that 
the most used books are those placed on a few 
shelves devoted to fiction. Even of the men who 
read for the sake of the good it does them, we ven- 
ture to say that there are very few who read syste- 
matically, aud wiih a view to cultivating a taste for 
useful literature. This statement ought not to be 
true. In the use of our library which is stocked 
with writings on every subject of interest, and 
which in some special departments is the best in the 
country, we are offered advantages of reading, with 
which few will ever meet after graduation. Hence 
the need of forming while at college a habit of read- 
ing carefully. Such a habit will not only help the 

student in his studies, but will be of great value to 
him in after life. Reading should be limited neither 
to ordinary fiction and the newspaper, nor to works 
of science but should comprise both, thus broaden- 
ing the ideas and developing the character of the 

Once more the management of the Life has been 
changed and another year of its existence has 
passed into history. With the retirement of the '95 
editors the paper loses men whose place it is diffi- 
cult to fill and only by experience can we hope to 
successfully accomplish the work performed by 
them. Under their management the past year has 
been a succesful one in every - respect. Necessary 
alterations were made in the arrangement and nature 
of the material, laboring as they did to make it as 
nearly as possible a representative college news- 
paper, aud endeavoring to represent the true side of 
college life. It is to be hoped that we have served 
our apprenticeship faithfully and that in the future 
we may strive to emulate their praiseworthy exam- 
ple. No true college man will see issue after issue 
of the paper forthcoming without contributing some- 
thing to its welfare. And from the standpoint of 
common interest we predict, with confidence, an 
abundance of material thus giving us that chance of 
selection upon which, more than any other feature, 
the quality of the paper is dependent. In conclu- 
sion we trust that, in our opening issues, our read- 
ers will overlook our shortcomings aud criticise not 
too severely until our journalistic experience has 
been broadened. 

We have received a communication from an 
alumnus in regard to sending circular letters through 
the different classes. His idea is that a man shall 
write a short letter, giving the principal incidents in 
his life since leaving college, then mail the letter to 
a former classmate who shall do likewise. After 



going through the class the letter is to be then sent 
to the class secretary or to Aggie Life. Thus a 
brief true history of the Alumni would be accessible 
to all. We believe this idea is a good one, and that 
it should be carried out. At the present time if one 
wishes to hud out the whereabouts of an alumnus, 
he turns to the Index. The Index, necessarily, can 
give only the name, address, and present occupa- 
tion of the Alumni. This of course is uusatisfac- 
tory to one alter information as to their past history. 
The classes that have been graduated within a few 
years probably have a good idea of the location and 
business of their college mates, but it is safe to say 
that the older classmen have become more or less 
separated, and that engrossed in business they have 
lost sight of old time frieuds. Let them take hold 
of this suggestion and see what they can do with it. 

With the opening of the Spring Term we look 
forward to the beginning of the base-bull season. 
It is doubtless the earnest wish of us all that the 
season may be a most successful one in every 
respect. We are pleased to know that the manager 
has arranged for so large a number of games on the 
home field. This is what we want. Bui in order 
to have these games the manager must have the 
support of the student body especially in the finan- 
cial line. Let us be generous. Do not think that 
because there were so few foot-ball games on the 
campus last fall that it will be the same with base- 
ball. It does not show the proper college spirit if 
we do not do our best to support our athletic teams, 
so fellow students put your hands in your pockets 
and see how much you can Hud there to help along 
the good cause. Heretofore there has been a gen- 
erous response to the base-ball manager's requests 
so let it not be possible for anyone to say that we 
could not support the team in '95. The schedule 
arranged is one that we may be proud of and we do 
not wish any of the games cancelled. There are 
games with teams which we are glad to welcome to 
our campus or to meet elsewhere. Practice has not 
been neglected during the last term. The captain 
has his men well in hand and they are doing excel- 
lent work. With a week's out-of-doors practice 
they will be ready for actual work. We are pleased 
to notice that there are quite a number of candidates 
for positions on the team Irom the freshman class. 

Some of them are Sure of a place on the team. 
With the promising outlook and with the support of 
the students we ought to have one of the most 
successful seasons ever seen at Aggie. 

It is now about the time of the year for the 
annual effusions on the beauties of nature, the 
springing flowers, the singing birds, the babbling 
brooks, and moonlight visions. We are not going 
to discourse about these things, however, to any 
great extent, not but what they are all right in their 
proper places; but other things, more vital, claim 
our attention. We are all here for a purpose, and 
that purpose is to make the most of ourselves in 
every possible way. As an end to this, we must 
not neglect our studies. We must follow up out- 
line of work carefully, leaving no uncertain point 
until we have a thorough understanding of it. We 
shall find the college library a great help to us in 
manv ways, we expect, not only for the direct ref- 
erence books it contains, but for any side reading 
we may have time to pursue. The various museums, 
the different departments, and the surrounding 
country may also be visited by us occasionally and 
studied with profit. Another phase of bur college 
life must not be neglected either. Athletics must 
be supported, both financially and morally. All of 
us who can be of any possible use on the base-ball 
diamond must not fail to be present at the afternoon 
practice ; and further than this we must all con- 
tribute our share for the financial support of the 
team and the honor of the college will be at stake. 
Another thing many of us need to do is to cheer up 
a little. Too many of us have got in the habit of 
looking on the dark side of everything. This is one 
of the worst habits that can be formed. It not only 
makes ourselves uncomfortable but others, also, and 
if persisted in becomes chronic. No need to say 
what is thought of chronic grumblers. We all 
know too many such. Matters have been looking a 
little dark in some directions, but never mind. 
Everything will come right in time. We must do 
our part cheerfully and faithfully and then await the 
result. To conclude, let us all at the beginning of 
this new term make a supreme effort to do a little 
better than wc have ever done before in every way. 
Let us above all things look well to the honor and 
advancement of old Aggie. 






The first fraternity reception and dance was held 
in the drill hall March 15. The dance was ar- 
ranged and carried out by the combined forces of 
each fraternity. 

There were selections by the glee club from 8 to 
10 o'clock and dancing from 10 to 1 o'clock. 

The patronesses were Mrs. H. H. Goodell, Mrs. 
W. M. Dickinson, Mrs. J. B. Paige, Mrs. S. T. 
Maynard and Mrs. A. C. Wasliburne. The com- 
mittee on arrangements from the various fraternities 
were H. E. Clark, '95, chairman, W. A. Root, E. 
Hale Clark, H. A. Ballon, W. C. Brown, W. L. 
Morse, T. P. Foley and F. L. Clapp. 

The hall was handsomely decorated with cut 
flowers, potted plants, evergreens, and bunting of 
red, white and bine. The dance from a social point 
was one of the most successful ever carried out at 
the college. 

A feature was the military uniforms in which all 
the members of the college appeared. Several of 
the students have expressed their opinion that a 
dance of this nature ought to be held each term, 
and from the present outlook we believe that a 
similar reception and dance will be held in the 
near future. 

The grand march started at 10 o'clock and was 
led by E. Hale Clark, '95, and Miss Mabel E. 
Morse of Northampton. Music was furnished by 
King's orchestra of Brookfield. Among those pres- 
ent were : 

Lieut. W. M. Dickinson and wife, Prof, and Mrs. Wm. 
P. Brooks, Prof, and Mrs. A. C. Washburne, Prof, and 
Mrs. H. H. Goodell, Prof, and Mrs. F. S. Cooley, Prof, 
and Mrs. C. S. Walker, Prof, and Mrs. J. B. Paige, Prof, 
and Mrs. G. F. Mills, Prof, and Mrs. E. R. Flint, Prof, 
and Mrs. C. Wellington, Prof. Herman Babson and lady, 
Prof. G. E. Stone and lady, H. D. Haskins, '90, and wife, 
F. L. Arnold, "91, and lady, I. C. Green, '94, and lady, C. 
S. Crocker, '89, and lady, R. F. Pomeroy, '94, and lady, 
M. A. Carpenter, '91, and lady, C. H. Johnson, '91, and 
lady, H. M. Thomson, '92, and lady, Mr. and Mrs. H. H. 
Clark of Amherst, Miss Clara Wood, Miss Bessie Ash- 
ford, Miss Ethel L. Warren, Miss Alice M. Johnson, Miss 
Mary Davis, Miss Lillian Smith, Miss Mary Wiley, Mis,s. 

Susan Wilson, Miss Bertha Smith, Miss Retta Barrett, 
Miss Fannie Fish, Miss Minnie E. Bates, Miss Carrie 
Richardson, Miss Alice Maynard, Miss Mabel E. Pease, 
Miss Gertrude Wolcott, Miss Edith Root, Miss Julia Cha- 
pin, Miss Hattie Wiley, Miss Florence Wheeler, Miss 
Sadie Powers, Miss Edith Hall, Miss Fannie Eastman, 
Miss M. E. Durant, Miss Margie Hall, Miss Maud Dick- 
inson, Miss Ella Dickinson, Miss Mary Harrington, Miss 
Louise Trott, Miss Rosa Toole, Miss Lillian Alexander, 
Miss Mattie Bard well, Miss Maud Munsone, Miss Ethel 
Gilbert, Miss Mollie Wentzell, Miss Laura K. Wentzell, 
Miss Catherine Taylor, Miss Grace Huntley, Miss Bertha 
Pease, Miss Mabel Reid, Miss Bertha A. Bailey, Miss 
Edith Cooley, Miss Elizabeth Woodward, Miss Annie 
Dresser, Miss Isabel Paune, Miss Lucy W. Steadman, 
Miss Mabel E. Morse, Miss Jessie L. Hyde, Miss Belle 
Pease, Miss Helen Gould. 

Intermission took place at 11-30 and a light lunch 
was served. Great credit should be given to the 
committee for the able manner in which they con- 
ducted the affair. 


Apr. 20. Haydenville Athletic Club at Amherst. 

" 27. Worcester Polytechnic Institute at Amherst. 
May 3. Tufts at Amherst. 

4. . Worcester Polytechnic Institute at Worcester. 

8. Vermont Academy at Saxon's River. 

11.. Trinity at Amherst. 

18. Wesleyan at Micldletown, Conn. 

22. Williston at Amherst. 

25. Boston University at Amherst. 
June 8. Tufts at Medford. 
Open dates Apr. 17, 24, May 15, 29, June 1 and 5. 

Manager R. S. Jones would like to arrange for 
games on the above open dates. 

The following men are candidates for positions 
on the college team : — 
Pitcher :— Read, H. B. '95, Read, F. H. '96, Eaton 

'98, Harper '96. 
Catcher: — Leamy '96, Sullivan '95. 
First base : — Read, H. B. '95, Sullivan '95, Leamy 

Second base :— Warden '98, Clark, E. H. '95. 
Third base : — Marshall '96. 
Shortstop: — Read, F. H. '96, Stevens '95, Canto 

2 yr. '96. 
Left field :— Burgess '95, Capen 2 yr. '96. 
Center field: — Jones, R. S. '95, Goessmann '97. 
Right field :— Toole '95, Harper '96, 




The term social training, as applied to our cus- 
toms of modern life, lias a very extensive applica- 
tion. It includes not only that training received in 
the social functions of high life, but also, all occa- 
sions on which a body of people are brought 
together for the cultivation of those faculties which 
go to make up the higher pleasures of life. The 
aim of society, is not, as mauy who fail to properly 
investigate it believe, to afford pleasure merely lor 
the brute instincts of man. Social affairs, when 
conducted with just regard to propriety and moral- 
ity, are primarily, the outcome of man's inherent 
desire to hold intercourse with his fellow, man. We 
must not make the mistake of regarding dancing, 
feteing, and the like, as the mainsprings, the prin- 
ciples of social life. These are but the accessories 
demanded by an imperfect civilization as an excuse 
for holding this intercourse. Social training in its 
truest sense, is a process of broadening, of enriching 
and refining the mind, by communion with many 
other minds. 

The necessity of this sort of training for success 
in life, is imperative. Its benefits are not confined 
to a nanow circle, but extend throughout business, 
politics, and all the activities of our modern life. 
Business demands it, successful professional life is 
impossible without it, and the politician who lacks it 
will be a nonenity devoid of influence. Study the 
lives of the world's most eminent men, and almost 
without exception, you will find them to be men who 
were strict in paying their obligations to society. 
Our poet Whittier has been often given as an excep- 
tion, but even he, during his years of activity in the 
anti-slavery struggle, was brought into intimate 
contact with the greatest minds of the day. 

While the atmosphere of our college is rife with 
demands for greater material advantages, our crying 
need for a more extensive social life, is almost lost 
sight of. This should not continue ; we should 
awake to a realizing sense of the fact that we are 
neglecting a great opportunity for intellectual devel- 
opment, for intimate intercourse between different 
minds is in itself a liberal education. 

With the possible exception of one or two branches 
of study, in our college as it is at present, there are 
absolutely no sources from which the student can 
receive those refining influences so necessary to 

future success. Someone will point to our roll of 
graduates, a long list of comparatively successful 
men, and say, "Their social advantages were not 
greater than ours." No doubt, a practical education 
is very desirable, but our alma mater would achieve 
a much greater name, if her graduates were men 
fitted by social training to fill with ease and honor 
the positions in society for which they may be 

Do not think that because you intend to be a 
practical, scientific farmer, you can afford to leave 
uncultivated your social faculties. It were better 
far that in your character you fulfill the prophecy 
expressed in the following lines from Whittier's 
poem on New England farm life : 

"Even this simple lay of mine 
May seem the burden of a prophecy, 
Finding its late fulfillment in a change 
Slow as the oak's growth, lifting manhood up 
Through broader culture, finer manners, love, 
And reverence, to the level of the hills." 

F. E. D. 


True success in life depends not upon luck and 
chance, but upon the ability to see and the will 
power to do that by which we may be aided in the 
attainment of future good, in other words to seize 
aud improve our opportunities. Seizing our oppor- 
tunities means nothing more or less than improving 
an occasion for doing our duty. Therefore it is 
true that opportunities present themselves to every 
man, and if he permits them to glide by they will 
never return ; but let him not sit quietly down and 
wait for them as for some gift from heaven sudden 
and unexpected. Energy makes its own opportu- 
nites, because energy is always prompt to detect, 
and ready to execute the work that is necessary. 

The ability to recognize, and the mental force 
requisite to perform that which our judgment tells 
us is best in view of our future welfare is depend- 
ent upon both natural endowment and education. 
Inherited tendencies are apt to cling to one through 
life and either hamper or aid. 

If these tendencies are toward the right it is well ; 
if not it is the duty of education to eradicate them 
and to form new habits of such a nature as to allow 
one to fulfill his proper destiny. 



Our inclination for a certain study or profession 
has an important influence on the success which we 
shall have in that particular branch of knowledge. 
If a young mau wishes to learn mechanical engi- 
neering and has an aptitude for it, it would be the 
height of folly to compel him to study law ; true, he 
might study faithfully; he might make a good law- 
yer ; he might gain a moderate degree of success ; 
but he would never become famous. He would 
study, feeling it to be his duty, but, not being in- 
terested, he could never gain the success that he 
undoubtedly would have gained had his inclinations 
been consulted. Would Garfield have become famous 
as a canal-boat driver? Would Lincoln have ac- 
quired more than local fame as a rail splitter? No, 
well for the American nation that these men felt 
the unfitness of their occupations. 

Opportunities are constantly occurring to every 
one, and, if a proper use be made of them, other 
conditions being favorable, success from a worldly 
view is assured. 

To know how to make use of our opportunities is 
an education in. itself. To a thoughtless person 
many chances for self improvement may occur thac 
will not be turned to advantage because that person 
does not realize that such opportunities have pre- 
sented themselves ; and since nothing can be gained 
without exertion, the lazy mau allows opportunity 
after opportunity to slip through his fingers with no 
effort to seize it. Another person waits for a great 
occasion to make a bold strike for fortune or to do 
some heroic deed that shall win him honor and re- 
nown ; but he seldom succeeds for life is too short 
for many such chances to fall iu the way of man. 
Sir Arthur Helps says: "Be not over choice in 
looking out for what may exactly suit you, but rath- 
er be ready to adopt any opportunities that occur. 
Fortune does not stop to pick any one up. Favor- 
able opportunities will not happen precisely in the 
way you imagined. Nothing does." The success- 
ful man is the one that keeps his eyes open ; who 
tries to learn something new every day ; who spurns 
no knowledge that is useful or likely to be useful. 
Between two ways, he is quick to choose the better; 
he weighs carefully all points for and against; he 
is not rash ; his very carefulness itself, if it does 
nothing else, insures that he will do nothing lo be 
repented of in the future. Said Napoleon ; "Though 

a battle may last a whole day, there are generally 
some ten minutes in which its issue is practically 
decided." And so it is with life, then is one mo- 
ment when our duty is plainly before us, and, as 
we grasp or reject it will be our success or failure. 
Apropos of Napoleon, Wellington once said that 
there was no general in whose presence it was so 
dangerous to make a mistake, for he would see it 
immediately and immediately profit by it. His 
whole career, indeed, was a continual taking advan- 
tage of opportunities. 

The annals of nations are filled with the works of 
men who have achieved success and honor through 
their own efforts. Think of the generals, Grant, 
Wellington, Napoleon ; of the statesmen, Clay, 
Hamilton, Gladstone; of the orators, Webster, Cal- 
houn, Chatham, Pitt ; of the merchants, Astor and 
Stuart. The multifarious knowledge of Kingsley 
was acquired by his tact in seizing every opportunity. 
Elihu Burritt mastered eighteen languages and 
twenty-two dialects by makiug use of odd mo- 
ments. The grandest of them all is Lincoln whose 
early struggles for education, whose ultimate tri- 
umph, whose sagacity and vast comprehension of 
all duties devolving upon him as President of this 
republic, and commander-in-chief of the army, are 
familiar to every true American and need not be 
mentioned here. Truly he emphasized the maxim 
of Goethe. "Do not wait for extraordinary oppor- 
tunities but make use of common situations." 

A man may have integrity, perseverance, pru- 
dence, punctuality and yet be a failure; but give 
him the power to discriminate between the useful 
and the useless, to seize and improve the useful, 
and to reject the useless, and his success is certain. 

On Thursday, March 14, the competitive drill 
for the gold medal presented by Mr. I. C. Green 
'94, took place in the Drill Hall. The number of 
competitors was large, which together with the ex- 
cellent manner in which they drilled must have been 
a source of great satisfaction to the donor, as well 
as to Lieut. Dickinson. About twenty-live minutes 
alter the drill began, Captain Pettit, the judge, had 
selected his final squad of five men, which in less 
than ten minutes more, he had reduced to two, 
namely: Norton, '97, and Marshall, '96. Both 

I 5° 


these drilled well and for another quarter hour 
almost perfectly. Finally owing to a mistake on 
the part of Marshall the medal was awarded to 
Norton and immediately the Drill Hall resounded 
with the cheers of his classmates. 

Mr. Norton is justly proud of his trophy, as well 
he may be, not only for its intrinsic value, but for 
the honor it represents. 


1. This fact shall be constantly insisted upon, 
that all excuses are from attendance and not from 
assigned work, and that frequent absences, even 
though excused, may affect the class rank of the 
student. Absences from laboratory, or from field 
work will be regarded in determining such class 

2. Excuses from church or chapel shall be grauted 
or disallowed by the President ; all others by the in- 
structor in charge. 

3. Excuses for absence shall be presented to the 
instructor before such absence. If this should be 
impossible, then the student shall present his excuse 
at the earliest possible time thereafter. 

4. All excused absences shall be reported at the 
end of the term to the registrar ; and each unex- 
cused absence to the President within twenty-four 
hours from the time the instructor declares it 

C. S. Walker, 

Secretary of the Faculty. 



On the evening of March 14, Capt. J. S. Pettitt, 
1st Infantry, Military Instructor at Yale University, 
delivered one of the most interesting lectures that 
has ever been given at the college. His subject 
was "Life at West Point." The lecture was well 
attended not ouly by the students, but by the facul- 
ty and townspeople. Capt. Pettitt began his lec- 
ture by saying a few words about West Point, as to 
location, educational advantages, etc. After this 
he showed 'some 60 or 75 slides with the storeopti- 
con, which were all views of West Poiut, both in- 
terior and exterior. Capt. Pettitt held the atten- 

tion of his audience for a full hour and a quarter, 
and after he had finished his remarks, which were 
not only descriptive, but in some cases very witty, 
he was greeted with as much applause as any lec- 
turer ever received at the college. Every one who 
attended the lecture felt that he was amply repaid 
for the time spent and gratified with the opportuni- 
ty of learning so much about life at the National 
Military Academy. 


The Glee Club concluded last term's engage- 
ments with a concert in (Stone Chapel on the even- 
ing of March 12. A very fine programme was ren- 
dered in a highly creditable manner and was much 
enjoyed by those present. 

It is a matter of regret that the college failed to 
give the club the support which they so well de- 
serve, especially right here on the college grounds. 
Should another opportunity of hearing the club be 
given we hope students will not be backward in 
procuring tickets for themselves and friends, as 
only by our sympathy can this, or any of the col- 
lege organizations flourish. 

Nearly every number on the programme was 
encored. The singing of all the members of the 
club was good but the solos of Mr. Bagg deserve 
special mention. Mr. Smith, the leader, also de- 
serves much credit for the splendid work of the 
club, as well as for his excellent rendering of the 
several solos in the different songs. 

The program of the evening was as follows : 


1. Medley. 

2. Down by the Riverside. 

Solo, Mr. Bagg. 

3. Larboard Watch, 

4. Tom, the Piper's Son, 
f The Water Mill, 

\ Thou Art My Own Love. 







Drinking Song. 

f Flow Gently, Sweet Afton, 

\ Miller's Song, 
Interrupted Serenade, 

Solo, Mr. Bagg. 





f Spanish Proverb, 
I My Flo, 
Off for Philadelphia, 





J 5i 

jNf©te$ and (ommen'tl. 

If there is one thing more than any other which 
this college has reason to feel ashamed of it is the 
condition of its gymnasium — if the few broken 
pieces of apparatus found in the Drill Hall can in- 
deed be dignified by that name. No wonder the 
College makes such a poor showing in the indoor 
meets. It would probably be useless for us to at- 
tempt to show the college authorities that it is their 
duty toward the young men in their care to erect a 
suitable gymnasium and provide a competent in- 
structor for the same. Let every athletic man in 
college pay his athletic tax promptly and thus ena- 
ble the athletic directors to make needed repairs in 
the apparatus. 

There is something intensely disagreeable about 
wet feet and muddy shoes, especially so when it 
can be prevented by a trifling outlay of money. We 
don't wish to find fault; we have no desire to be 
styled "kickers," they are unpopular; we would 
be otherwise, but some things seem very strange to 
the observing. In stormy weather, we do not be- 
lieve it is possible for any one to make a trip from 
North College to the Boarding House without thor- 
oughly wetting his feet and squirting several quarts 
of thin mud up his trousers legs unless clad to the 
waist in water proof garments. And yet, all this 
might be remedied by the building of a few rods of 
concrete walk. Still it must be the proper thing to 
have it thus, else the "powers that be" would not 
content themselves at having it remain so. On the 
whole, we are inclined to believe it is as it should 
be ; we won't kick. 


A rumor which came to us during the last few 
days of the winter term to the effect that a system 
of cuts was about to be established in the College 
seemed to meet with the approbation and satisfac- 
tion of almost the entire undergraduate body. Now, 
however, that the faculty has met and inaugurated 
an entirely different order of things our ill-timed joy 
is turned to sorrow and the cup of happiness dashed 
from our lips. The question of absences has, no 
doubt, been as much a source of trial to the CQU.ege 

authorities in the past as of trouble and sorrow to 
the students. There is little doubt but that the old 
system was imperfect and needed changiug in every 
way, but to us it hardly seems as though the new 
arrangement were much of an improvement. We 
can but question the excellence of a policy which in- 
volves so many difficulties, both to students and 
professors in the obtaining of excuses. The sys- 
tem of a percentage of cuts which is now in use in 
many of our colleges and which is growing in favor 
every where seems to be the only true solution of 
the problem. In the matter of excuses from exam- 
inations under the eighty-five per cent, system we 
have kept pace with our contemporaries. Why not 
in this also? Ours is not supposed to be a prepar- 
atory institution, but one of the highest and farth- 
est advanced state colleges in the country. Let us 
live up to the standard. 

We come to college to obtain knowledge. In a 
certain sense knowledge is power. Knowledge, 
therefore, gotten from books is not to be despised. 
But to us at this age the knowledge is not so valua- 
ble as the getting of it. What a man needs to get 
at college is not a supply of knowledge that will 
last him a life time- — for he really uses in a direct 
way but very little of the knowledge he gets at col- 
lege — and quite likely ten years hence very few 
could pass the examination we are now able to mas- 
ter. But in the getting of this knowledge our minds 
have been disciplined and we have become their 
masters — so that whether in the future we are to 
pursue our studies further or are merely to deal 
with the world's practical business, we shall be 
equal to the occasion — shall be cool, calm, resolute, 
judicious and invincible. And if we have gotten 
out of our college days and work what we ought to 
have gotten, it is just this — the power to meet and 
overcome the difficulties of life and to avail our- 
selves of the opportunities of life, whether or not 
we can explain years hence the intricacies of classi- 
cal mythology or of human history, or of the gene- 
ra and species of nature's children as accurately as 
we could in the class-room. The important ques- 
tion is not whether we have inflated ourselves with 
knowledge, but whether we have grown by that 
which we have fed upon. Of all things deliver us 

J 52 


from the scholastic dude, who is not a sufficiently 
vigorous scholar to have a creative mind, but who 
is so crammed and weighted with the fruits of oth- 
er men's scholarship as to have no freedom of ac- 
tion in his own independent manhood. 


My heart is always pining for my far off woodland home, 
And the tears are always swelling to my eyes where'er I 

All this life has lost its pleasure, fortune smiles on me in 

I am longing for the breezes of my forest home again. 

All the birds are sweetly singing where the southland 
zephyrs blow, 

And the red deer lie a sleeping where the ferns begin to 

How the fleeting shadows mingle with the sunshine's 
brighter rays ; 

I am longing for those shadows and those happy spring- 
time clays. 

How the branches are a waving where the squirrels leap 

And the rabbits' ears are shadowed on the dark moss 

covered ground. 
All the pleasures of a city cannot match a forest glade, 
I am longing for the woodland and its cool refreshing 


When the mornings of the springtime set the pine tops 

all aglow, 
Anil the maple buds are swelling where the sap begins to 

My heart is almost breaking in this lonely world of tears, 
I am longing for the pleasures and the joys of former 


(olleg? f^otf$. 


The Williams boys is talkin' 'baout somethin' that they 

A feller which they calls a "coach," an' this here chap's 

To come an' learn 'em haow to throw an' bat agin a ball, 
But sez if they won't pay him he aiut goin' to come at all. 

Now tho' I aint no college man, I sez as haow it's right 
Fer them to git this feller, fer this year they've got to 

An' him which sez he won't shell aout to see no play like 

Ain't got no college spirits an' is talkin' through his hat. 
— S. Theums in Williams Weekly. 

— Base-ball on the campus. 

— Marshall, '96, has been promoted to be color 

— H. C. Burrington, '96, will not return to college 
till next year. 

— C. F. Sherman, '97, has left college to enter 
Lawrence Scientific School this fall. 

— F. C. Millard, '97, will not return to college 
for a few weeks on account of sickness. 

— C. A. Nutting, '96, has secured the contract 
for carrying the college mail during the summer 

— R. B. Allen, Rutgers '93, has been appointed 
to Prof. Warner's place in the Mathematical de- 

— The power corn-sheller recently purchased by 
the farm is capable of shelling two bushels of corn 
per minute. 

— The sophomores have challenged the Freshmen 
to a game of baseball to be played on the campus 
May 8th at 3-30 p. m. 

— The Q. T. V. Fraternity are waiting for a per- 
mit from the trustees before moving into the frater- 
nity house leased of Mr. Wentzel. 

— There has recently been added to the college 
stock a pair of registered Jersey yearlings, the gift 
of J. Montgomery Sears of Southboro. 

— The class of '98 was treated to a sugar eat on 
Friday evening, April 5th, at the home of their 
classmate, G. C. Hubbard of N. Amherst. 

— Unmixed fertilizers valued at $1500 have been 
purchased by the farm for use this season. Of this 
amount $800 is invested in cottonseed meal. 

— On March 4th Dr. Stone delivered a lecture 
before the farmer's institute at Brookfield, his sub- 
ject being "The Relation of Botany to Agriculture." 

— The 1st Year class has elected the following 
officers for the term: Pies., E. W. Capen ; vice- 
pres., J. A. Davis; sec, A. D. Gile ; treas., 
R. P. Coleman ; sergeant-at-arms, E. E. Brainard. 

— R. L. Hayward, '96, has finally decided not to 
return to college. In him the class loses a man of 
unquestioned ability, one who has done much for 
the literary interests of the college. We wish him 
success wherever he may be. 
















— How about those junior elecfives ! 

— It is interesting to note how quickly the college 
blues contracted during the long winter mouths 
disappear before the clear sunshine and invigorating 
breezes of a spring morning. 

— In another column will be found the advertise- 
ment of Allen Bros., successors to H.D.Hemenway, 
retired merchant. All students in need of supplies 
will do well to patronize this firm. 

— The sophomore class has elected the following 
officers for the term: Pres., J. L. Bartlett ; vice- 
pres., G. D. Leavens; sec, G. A. Drew; treas., 
C. A. Peters; sergeant-at-arms, L. L. Cheney. 

— On April 2d, Hemenway and Root of the senior 
class dehorned six cattle at the Hatch Experiment 
Station. Experiments were taken for a few days 
before and after the operation to determine its in- 
fluence on the flow of milk. 

— The unusually large number of students bene- 
fited last term by the 85% system, clearly estab- 
lishes the wisdom of the plan. There appears to be 
no better incentive to good scholarship than the 
prospect of a few more days vacation. 

— The class of '96 has elected the following offi- 
cers for the term : Pres., J.L. Marshall ; vice-pres., 
F. P. Washburn ; sec, H. H. Roper; treas., A. S. 
Kinney ; historian, F. E. DeLuce ; sergeant-at- 
arms, H. W. Moore ; base-ball captain, F. H. Read. 

— M. A. Carpenter, '91, has resigned his position 
as Assistant Horticulturist at the Hatch Experiment 
Station and will work with Olmsted, Olmsted & 
Elliot, the noted landscape gardeners of Brookline, 
Mass. J. H. Putnam, '94, has taken his place at 
the Plant house. 

— Do not forget the next lecture of the Natural 
History Society on Wednesday, April 17. Mr. E. 
H. Forbush, State Ornithologist and Field director 
of the Gypsy Moth Commission will then address 
the society on ''The Food Habits of Birds and their 
Relations to Agriculture." 

— H. W. Rawson, '96, has left college to attend 
Cornell University. Mr. Rawson's departure is 
much regretted by his class and the college as a 
whole. He was a brilliant scholar, a genial com- 
panion, and we trust that his course in new sur- 
roundings may be as pleasant as bis stay with us 
has been. 

— Pasell of the 1st Year class has left college. 

■ — Prof. S. T. Maynard has been elected secretary 
of the Mass. Fruit Growei's Association recently 
formed at Worcester. On March 21, Prof. May- 
nard spoke to the association on "Insects and 
Fungus Diseases and their Remedies." illustrating 
his lecture with apparatus for spraying and also 
giving formulae for fungicides. 

— In spite of the doleful predictions of the 
skeptical, the fraternity reception was a most en- 
joyable affair. Its success was due not only to the 
energetic work of the committee and heart.' support 
of the faculty, but also to the individual efforts of 
the student body. Such occasions cannot but render 
college life more attractive and should be given 
greater prominence in the future. 

— A Scientific Club of about twenty members was 
formed at college near the beginning of last term, 
having for its object the study of scientific subjects. 
At present the membership is limited to the faculty 
and post-graduate students. The following officers 
have been elected : Pres., Dr. J. B. Lindsay ; sec, 
Dr. Charles Wellington. At the meetings, which 
occur every three weeks, papers are read and sub- 
jects of interest discussed. The papers presented 
before the club thus far areas follows: "Chemistry 
of Wood," by Dr. Lindsey ; "Psychic Phenomena'' 
by Dr. G. E. Stone; "The Gypsy Moth" by Prof. 
C. H. Fernald. 

— A cordial invitation is given to tha public to 
attend the following course of lectures on "Politics" 
to be delivered at 8 p. m. Fridays, in the Chapel of 
the Massachusetts Agricultural College, by R. L. 
Bridgman, for many years legislative reporter of 
the Springfield Republican. 

I, April 12. Our State Government; or, the people 

as an Organism. 

II, April 19, Government by the People ; or, How 

the Organism is Guided. 

III, April 26, Development by Legislation ; or, 

How the Organism Grows. 

IV, May 3, Progress by the Ballot ; or, How the 

Weak Parts of the Organism are 

V, May 10, Neglect of the Government ; or, a 

Constant Danger to the Organism. 

VI, May 17, Separateuess and Frequency of Elec- 

tions ; or, the Intensity of the Organic 



Contributions to this department are earnestly 
solicited from alumni and students. Address 
Alumni Editor, Aggie Life, Bos 43, Amherst, Mass. 

'78. — A. A. Brigham is non-resident lecturer on 
agriculture at the New Hampshire College. 

'78. — C. S. Howe, of Case School of Applied 
Science, began a series of five lectures on astronomy, 
March 6, before the Temple Society of Cleveland, 

'91. — M. A. Carpenter, Assistant Horticulturist, 
Hatch Experiment Station, has resigned that 

'92. — E. T. Clark was married, March 10th, at 
Westminster, Vt. , to Miss Sadie E. Collins. They 
will make their home in Somerville, N. J. Mr. 
Clark is superintendent of Duke's farm. 

'92.- — J. 15. Knight made a short call at college a 
few days ago. He is now teaching iu Belchertown. 

'92. — G. E. Taylor was at college a few days ago. 

'92. — Homer West visited college March 14. 

'93. — H. D. Clark has received a degree of D. V. 
S. from Magill University. 

'93. — E. H. Lelmert has received a degree of D. 
V. S. from Magill University. 

'94. — E. C. Howard has finished a seventeen 
weeks' term as principal of Westport High School. 

'94. — L. M. Barker is in the employ of French 
& Bryant, civil engineers. He is at work in the 
survey of the Blue Hills Reservation of the Metro- 
politan Park. Address, Box 412, Milton, Mass. 

'94. — A. H. Cutter is ward master in Boston City 

'94. — P. E. Davis is general agent for the Eagle 
Publishing Co., with headquarters in New Haven 
and Hartford. 

'94. — I. C. Green has been passing a few days in 

'94. — F. L. Greeue made a flying visit to college 
last week. 

'94. — C. H. Higgins of Magill University has 
paid a visit to his college friends. 

'91. — J. H. Putnam has been appointed Assistant 
Horticulturist at Hatch Experiment Station. 

'94. — C. F. Walker of Yale has been at home 
for a few days. 


The President will be at his office at the library from 
11 to 11-30 a. m. and from 2 to 4 p. m. every day except 
Saturday and Sunday. 

The treasurer will be at his office at the Botanic 
Museum from 4 to 5-30 p. m. on Wednesdays and on Sat- 
urdays from 3 to 5-30 P. M. 

The college library will be open for the drawing of 
books from 2 to 4 p. m. and from 6-30 to 8 p. M. every 
day in the week except Saturday and Sunday ; on Sat- 
urday from 8 a. m. to 12 m., from 1 to 4 p. m. and from 
6-30 to 8 p. M. ; on Sunday from 12 m. to 3 p. m, for 
reference only. 

Amherst College library will be open from 8-45 a. m. to 
6 p. si. and from 6-30 to 9-30 p. M. except on Sundays and 
the holidays. M. A. C. students may obtain the privi- 
lege of using this library by applying to Pres. Goodell. 

Mails are taken from the box in North College at 1.00 
p. m. and 8.00 p. m. week-days, and at 7.00 p. m. on Sun- 

Boston & Maine, Southern Division. 

Trains leave Amherst going East for Ware, Oakdale, 
South Sudbury and Boston at 6.09, 8.20 A. M., 2.34 p. M. 
Sundays 6.10. 

Returning leave Boston at 8.45 a.m., 1.30,4.00 p.m. 
Sundays 1.30 p. M. 

For Worcester 6.09, 8.20 A. M., 2.34 p. m. Sunday at 
6.10 A. M. 

Returning leave Worcester at 11.45 a. m., 2.25,4.58 p.m. 

6.09 A. M. and 2.34 p. M. connect at Ware with north 
bound trains on the Ware River Branch of the B. & A. 
and the 7.09, 8.20 a.m., and 2.34 p. M. connect with south 
bound trains on same road. 

Trains leave Amherst going West to Northampton at 
8.01, 10.30 a.m., 12.05, 1.20, 5.14, 6.15, 7.18, 8.40 P. M. 
Sundays, 10.40 a. m., 5.19, 8.30 p. m. 

Returning leave Northampton at 5.55, 8.05, 8.50 A. M., 
12.30, 2.20, 5.50, 7.10, 8.20. Sundays, 5.55, 10.20 a. m., 
7.35 P. m. 

Trains connecting with the Connecticut River R. R., 
going south leave Amherst at 8.01, 10.30 a. m., 12.05, 1.20, 
5.14, 6.15, 7.18, 8.40 p. m. Sundays, 10.40 a. m., 8.30 p.m. 

Trains connecting with Connecticut River R. R. going 
north leave Amherst at 10.30 A. M., 1.20, 7.18 p. m. 
New London Northern. 

Trains leave Amherst for New London, Palmer and the 
South at 7.05 a. m. 12.13, 5.57 p.m. 

For Brattleboro and the north at 9,05, 11.46 a. m., 8.06 
p. M. 

Trains leave Palmer for Amherst and the north at 8.22, 
11.00 a. m., 7.15 p. M. 

Trains going south connect at Palmer with B. & A. 
trains for the east and west. 

North bound trains connect with Fitchburg R. R. for 
the east and west. 




There are seventy-five candidates for the Cornell 
ball nine. 

Sixty-seven men are trying for the Harvard base- 
ball team. 

Vassar girls will not be allowed to wear the cap 
and gown. 

Cornell has added the Russian language to its 

The average of college expenses at Yale is said 
to be $535. 

The World's Student Conference will be held at 
Northfield this year from June 29 to July 9, inclu- 

The University of California has an enrollment 
of 1760 students and a fixed annual income cf 

It is a fact worthy of note that one-sixteenth of 
the students in American colleges are studying for 
the Christian ministry. 

It is proposed to expend $1,350,000 for purchas- 
ing a new site and erecting new buildings for the 
College of the City of New York. 

Oxford, the largest University in the world, has 
twenty-one colleges and five halls. It has an in- 
come of $6,000,000, and 12,000 students. 

If some one gets off a good joke the Freshmen 
usually wear it out tiding to put new clothes on the 
old joke so it wiil appear original — College Life. 

The Cadet, published by the students of the 
Maine State College, is one of the real live college 
papers. It contains many commendable features. 

In the High School : — "What is the difference be- 
tween victuals and viands?" Scholar — " We have 
victuals on wash day and viands when we have 

Yale and Harvard Freshmen have held their an- 
nual base-ball games for eighteen years. During 
this time Harvard has won nine, Yale six, and three 
have resulted in ties. 

Some idea of the extent to which foot-ball is 
carried in this country, may be had from the fact 
that there were one hundred and thirty, games 
played last Thanksgiving Day. 

It gives us pleasure to acknowledge the receipt 
of so excellent a publication as The Colby Academy 
Voice of March, 1895. Its list of contents contains 
the titles of several valuable contributions. 

Because a man who writes plays is a playwright, 
it doesn't necessarily follow that the cycling editor 
is a wheelwright, or that the wheelright would make 
a good spokesman. — Kansas City Journal. 

"There are others." 

Princeton has decided not to compete with the 
University of Pennsylvania this year in the mile re- 
lay bicycle race, thereby losing the trophy cup by 


Printers' Ink of date of March 27, 1895, is a spec- 
ial school number. It contains many valuable hints 
on school advertising and could be perused with 
much benefit by the business managers of many of 
our schools and colleges. 

Gov. Flower, of New York, has signed the anti- 
hazing bill, passed recently by the legislature. The 
bill imposes a Hue of not less than $10 nor more 
than $100, or imprisonment of not less than 30 
days nor more than a year upon all students cauglt 
hazing in any way. 

The English language contains about 60,000 
words. Max Muller is of the opinion that the aver- 
age farm laborer never uses more than 300, an or- 
dinarily educated man from 3,000 to 4,000 and a 
great orator about 10,000. The Old Testament 
contains 5,642 different words ; Milton uses about 
8000 and Shakespeare nearly 15,000. 

The University Courier wishes to know what is 
the province of a college weekly. From a perusal 
of the different college journals no solution is 
offered. The field of college journalism would be 
more readily and practically determined if men of 
true newspaper instinct and calibre were elected to 
fill the different staff positions. Several of our ex- 
chauges make manifest that the editors are of a de- 
cided emerald hue. The managers of a college news- 
paper should unquestionably have business and 
literary qualifications. That means they should 
have experience. The province of a college news- 
paper is largely determined by the staff. If the 
staff are editorially deficient the journal they con- 
duct will betray a "long felt want." — College Life. 



"The .Stroller hopes that the petition for optional 
chapel will be granted by the Trustees. They do 
not meet until May but we can wait. Everyone 
recognizes the perfect farce which chapel has be- 
come uow and its influence does harm rather than 
good. — Williams Weekly. 

To which Life would add a hearty, "Amen !" 
We know how it is ourselves. 

At the formal opening of Wesleyan's new gym- 
nasium, President Andrews, of Brown University, 
made the address. He spoke of foot-ball in the 
following eulogistic terms : "Foot-ball as played by 
college men, just on account of its elements of dan- 
ger, does more to bring out and develop mauhood, 
quick and cool judgment, than any other game I 
know. We do not send our sons to college and ex- 
pect them to play tag and Copenhagen." 

In the opinion of the Faculty it was a good thing 
that there was no Shirt-Tail Parade. In the opin- 
ion of one of the Faculty at least, it would be a 
good thing if athletics were entirely abolished and 
undoubtedly others agree with that sentiment. This 
is an excellent thing for the college. The spirit of 
students and faculty agreeing so well is calculated 
to strengthen the tone of the college and bring men 
here in crowds ever increasing as the years go on 
and the lines are drawn narrower until we find our- 
selves uot a college but a kindergarten. — Williams 

Tell me of spring with her wakening sigh, 
Her wooing whisper of fragrance nigh ; 

Oh, tell me, where did she go? 
Hush! — out of the cheerless Arctic region 
The March wind urges his silent legion. 
She's sleeping under the snow. 

— H. S. P. in College Life. 

'Twas a Boston maid I was calling on, 

And I thought I'd put on a bluff, 
So I spoke of Latin poetry, 

For 1 knew she liked such stuff. 

But she wasn't so slow as you might suppose, 

In spite of her learning immense, 
When I asked her what Latin poem 

Best expressed her sentiments. 

For the Boston maid, who in classic shade 
Was supposed to defy Love's charms, 

Just hung her head and demurely said : 
"I sing of men and of arms." 

Of all the girls that are so fair, 

There's none like pretty Nancy ; 
A picture near my heart I wear, 

Of black eyed saucy Nancy. 

Her hair with jet black richness falls 
In loose luxuriant tresses ; 

Her eyes like stars in Heaven's walls, 
Flash out 'neath drooping lashes. 

Her face is like a garden bright, 
Where pinks and roses blossom ; 

And I would forfeit half my life, 
For one bloom out that garden. 

Her lips are like to cherries rpie, 
So nicely shaped for kissing; 

Between them pearls of snowy white, 
Peep out when she is smiling. 

Beneath her bosom snowy white, 
Her heart beats warm and tender ; 

Her presence like a sunbeam bright 
Cheers all the glories around her. 

And how I love my darling Nancy, 
So gentle, kind and tender ; 

Could I not win her loving glance, 
My heart would break asunder. 

Blessed is the man who has for life, 
So pure a bride as Nancy; 

The world holds not a truer wife, 
Than black eyed, saucy Nancy. 

— In Williams Weekly. 

Who while at college knows it all, 
And in his classes tries to tell 
What he don't know and never will? 
The Freshman. 

Who sits in class-room head erect, 
And listens for a slight defect, 
Hoping this he will detect? 

The Freshman. 

Who is puffed up with conceit, 
And with a haughty bow will greet 
Every Soph that he does meet? 
The Freshman. 

Who wears his uniform every day, 
When at work and when at play, 
And makes himself quite too gay? 
The Freshman. 

Who likes his own shrill voice, 
And whene'er a chance he does rejoice 
To make all earthly kind of noise? 
The Freshman. 

W. H. M. 

-Del. Col. Rev. 

H. D., '96. 



VOL. V. 

AMHERST, MASS., APRIL 24, 1895. 

No. 14 


Published Fortnightly by the Students of the Mass. 
Agricultural College. 

Terms $1,00 per year, in advance. Single copies, 10c. 

Postage, outside United States and Canada, 25c. extra. 

Entered at the Post Office as second-class mail matter. 


P. A. LEAMY, '96, Editor-in-Chief. 

F. P. WASHBURN, '96. Business Manager. 

H. W. MOORE, '96, As'st. Business Manager. 

H. H. ROPER, '96, Exchange. 

P. S. W. FLETCHER, '96, College Notes. 

J. L. BARTLETT, '97, Library Notes. 

C. A. KING, 97, Alumni Notes. 

J.M. BARRY, '97, Athletics. 

R. D. WARDEN, '98. 

Students and Alumni are requested to contribute. Communica- 
ions should be addressed Aggie Life, Amherst Mass. 
Aggie Life will be sent to all subscribers until its discontinu- 
ance is ordered, and arrears paid. 


We learn that the Legislature of the state of Mis- 
souri in making its annual appropriation for the use 
of the Agricultural college has specified that ten 
thousand dollars of the amount shall be devoted to 
the advancement of athletics among the students. 
We make no comments on the movement but we are 
inclined to think that there are other states which 
might "go and do likewise" to good advantage. 

It is with pleasure that we notice the preparations 
now on foot for several new improvements about 
the college grounds. The gun shed which we expect 
soon to see rising on the ground adjoining the south 
end of the drill hall cannot fail to be a great addi- 
tion to our buildings both from an ornamental and 
useful point of view while the plans which have been 
accepted for a new insectory would seem to indicate 

a similar improvement in that quarter. We would 
also notice the new bath rooms which have lately 
been placed in the basement of South College and 
which will be fully appreciated by the students in 
general and the athletes in particular. 

A day when all the Christian churches are filled 
with soulful prayers and with praise of song for One 
who came and lived and died for mankind. In spite 
of disappointments caused by rain and unpleasant 
weather the soul of man is filled with contentment 
and gladness, with new inspirations, new gratitude 
and new hopes. All Nature grows strong with it. 
The coming spring foretells it. The sadness of 
winter lifts from earth and withdraws. There is 
gladness everywhere. The spirit of Easter reaches 
the hearts and homes of all mankind and awakens 
sympathy for the unfortunate and the weak and 
lowly. Humility, contentment, purity and love 
grow in its influence. All life becomes fresher with 
it and freer and more Godlike. 

Now that the M. A. C. Battalion of cadets has 
decided to take part in the exercises at the G. A. R. 
Encampment at Old Hadley, May 7, we, as indi- 
vidual members, ought, one and all, to endeavor to 
attain as near to perfection as possible upon the 
Parade ground. If there are any departments in 
this college in which we excel other colleges, one of 
them is the Military Department. We are accus- 
tomed to drill as a rule before those who know very 
little about it, but on this day we are to be viewed 
by those who are by no means inexperienced in the 
art. They will be able to see at once wherein we 
are deficient or at fault. Let us, therefore, in the 
short time that intervenes do our best. Let out- 
regular exercises be, as it were, practice for this 
event, then we can go there feeling sure that we shall 
do ourselves and our college credit. 



Spring is with us at last and its warmth and sun- 
shine gladdens the heart and invigorates the spirit 
of all mankind. Unfortunately Easter Sunday was 
unpleasant and the young ladies who had planned 
and worked and saved all through the long winter 
in order to appear in new suits and bonnets on that 
day were forced to wear old dresses or remain at 
home. There is something in the day, however, 
that pleasant weather, sunshine, and the display of 
fashion does not control : — a spirit and feeling 
which all men partake of in no small degree when 
we learn anew the story of that sublime life, the old, 
old story told us first on our mother's knee — about 
the star of Bethlehem and the birth of Christ, about 
a career so full of blessedness and compassion and 
forgiveness, about the garden of Gethsemaue and 
the suffering on the cross — the saddest page in the 
world's tragic history — and about the Resurrection 
and new Life. 

After the generous way in which money was 
pledged for the support of the base-ball team it 
seems no more than right that those students who 
have not already done so should brace up and make" 
at least one genuine effort to pay their reading-room 
taxes. — It takes money to pay bills ; and at the 
present writing the Reading Room Association has 
far more of the latter than of the former. — Every 
man in college is as much in duty bound to support 
the Reading Room Association as he is to support 
the athletic teams and that is all the Directors ask 
or expect. No student denies but that the reading 
room and mail service are of direct benefit ; yet it 
has come to pass that it is personally a matter of 
much annoyance and unpleasantness to the Directors 
to be unable to pay the just bills of the Association. 
Gentlemen of the College, the matter lies entirely in 
your own hands. You have chosen your Directors 
who have served you well and faithfully. Will you 
not stand bv them ? 

Many of our students being obliged to defray a 
considerable portion of their college expenses, the 
custom has arisen of remaining out a part or the 
whole of some term to obtain the necessary funds. 
While this piactice may not be so common here as 
in other colleges, it must, at any time or place, be 
looked upon as a necessary evil. For, although 

after a few weeks of hard study, the student may be 
able to pass satisfactory examinations on a whole 
term's work, yet he can by do means obtain so much 
good from his studies as he would have, had he been 
present at the recitations. Ability to obtain a pas- 
sing mark should not be the sole desire of college 
men, but each study should he thoroughly under- 
stood before being left, for there is no line of inves- 
tigation that is not of some value. This value, 
however, is not to be obtained by a superficial 
knowledge of the subject. A loss, small but very 
perceptible, is also incurred by neglecting recita- 
tions for even a single day, and the careful student, 
who desires to make the most of his time while in 
college, will recognize the necessity of attending 
faithfully all class exercises. 

Wherever in the college world there is a dearth 
of athletic activity there is no lack of stagnation ; it 
is one or the other. "Tell me how much attention 
is paid to athletics in a college, and I will tell you 
how popular and thriving that college is" says an 
exchange. This expresses the situation exactly. 
Of course, the primary idea of a college or any other 
institution of learning does not recognize the exis- 
tence even of athletics, but, nevertheless, athletics 
exist, and must be acknowledged ; and it is only 
those institutions that have made a proper provision 
for the furtherance of the athletic spirit that may be 
said to be truly prosperous. Now, no matter how 
good a college may be in theory ; no matter how 
learned its faculty may be ; no matter how wide a 
reputation it may have had, it will, in this nineteenth 
century, surely go to seed if its governing board 
does not keep up with the times. When a young 
man makes up his mind to go to college, and has 
no particular preference as to which college he shall 
go, he will, in all likelihood, be found registered in 
that college which puts winning teams before the 
public year after year. You may say that his choice 
is not made in the right spirit ; why not? It is pre- 
sumed that the average of intelligence is the same 
in all colleges ; it has been proven time and again 
that in studies the athlete is superior to the non- 
athlete. Theu why would not the standing of the 
college be raised by its preponderance of athletes? 
What can advertise a college more than its athletic 
contests, provided they be successful? Health, 



morals, discipline, good habits, mental vigor, are all 
fostered by proper athletic sports. Surely it is a 
penny wise and pound foolish policy that does not 
provide adequate means for the development of the 
athletic spirit and competent instructors to guide 
the same. To all we commend the action of the 
Missouri legislature noted elsewhere in these 

It is a cause for deep regret to the new board of 
editors that in this their second issue they should 
feel it their duty to severely criticise the student 
body. They regret that there should be cause for 
such criticism ; and still more that thus early in their 
career they are obliged to assume the role of fault- 
finders. We refer to the attitude of the majority of 
the students toward the ball team. We are all 
anxious to see our team win ; but we are at the 
same time doing our best to discourage it, and under 
such circumstances the best team in the world would 
fail. Instead of inciting the men to greater efforts 
by words of praise and encouragement we destroy 
what little enthusiasm aud courage they do possess 
by sneering at their efforts, and gloomily prophesy- 
ing that they will meet with nothing but defeat. 
The college is full of chronic grumblers who seem 
to take a fiendish delight in playing the part of 
Jonahs. The whole team from the captain down 
are trying to do their best ; some of the men are 
playing a line game, and the team work is the best 
we have had for some time ; in spite of all this we 
have heard nothing but fault-finding and predictions 
of defeat since the men began practice. It is dis- 
gusting to stand around when the team is practicing 
and hear the sneers and doleful wailiugs of the 
know-it-alls along the side lines. If an outsider 
were to be present he would be fully convinced that 
au opposing team was practicing on the campus 
instead of our own. The men who are guilty of 
these charges are traitors aud should be treated 
accordingly. Go out and cheer the men on, give 
them moral as well as financial support and if you 
cannot praise, at least practice the virtue of silence. 
No matter if the team has lost its first game there is 
good material in it and if we will but assist them in 
every possible way there is no earthly reason why 
they should not win their share of games. 





Lectere By R. L. Bridgman. 

On Friday evening, April 12, the students, fac- 
ulty and friends of the College availed themselves 
of the opportunity of listening to the first of lec- 
tures to be given in Stone Chapel by Mr. R. L. 
Bridgman, for many years Legislative Reporter of 
the Springfield Republican, the subject for the even- 
ing being, "Our State Government; or, the Peo- 
ple as an Organism." 

Promptly at eight o'clock Mr. Bridgman ap- 
peared on the platform with President Goodell, who 
introduced the speaker with a few brief aud appro- 
priate remarks. The lecturer then spoke, in sub- 
stance, as follows : 

Ladies and Gentlemen : We have for our consid- 
eration this evening, "Our State Government; or, 
the People as au Organism," a most fruitful and 
noble subject. 

Order is Heaven's first law ; it is also the prime 
requisite of Goverumeut. The signs of the times 
point to the conclusion that in the ideal political 
state which is to come, each and every individual 
will take his proportionate share in the Government. 

We are in a state of development as yet. The 
great business man, the corporation, the trust, by 
their methods of organization are paving the way 
to a higher development. 

We notice the great number of labor organiza- 
tions, there being at least one union, or guild, for 
each trade, or occupation. Every well organized 
church has its accessory organizations, as the Sun- 
day-school, the Y. P. S. 0. E., King's Daughters, 
Helping Hand, and so on through the list. Lodges, 
clubs and societies are multiplied until they are al- 
most numberless. Organization is the great ten- 
dency of the age. 

The family is the first and in many respects the 
most important organization ; for what an individ- 
ual is in the family, and what the families are, so 
will be the state. 

When all meu come to the point where each in- 
dividual is doing his utmost for maukind and for 
the state then will it have reached its maximum 

We cannot stop with the organizations of our 
fathers. What were entirely adequate for their 



needs we have wholly outgrown. The present day 
calls for more advanced and complicated organisms 
than were even dreamed of a hundred years ago. 

In our country, as in Europe, the Military side 
of development has been instructed more than the 
industrial. We have a skeleton army, in our Mili- 
tia, which, in time of need, could be filled up with 
thousands of partially trained soldiers, for many 
of our schools and colleges maintain military disci- 
pline and instruction, and make them compulsory. 

Recognizing its great importance, the state has 
made education, up to a certain point obligatory. 

On the whole the state is well organized, it be- 
ing the product of years of experience and count- 
less struggles. It has been said that our laws are 
not founded on the principles of justice and equality, 
and that they are more Pagan than Christian. This 
in the main is not true. Much of European indus- 
try is swallowed in Military support, but our geo- 
graphical position and our policy of Government 
render this unnecessary here. 

Mr. Bridgmau here entered into an historical ac- 
count of the setting off of the different counties of 
the state and also of the division of towns and es- 
tablishment of cities, giving some of the most com- 
mon examples of the necessities for these acts. 

Returning, he said : There are many calls for di- 
vision of towns, and some for coalition. The wel- 
fare of the greatest number of people cause these. 
Thus Boston has annexed several towns, as a mat- 
ter of convenience in regard to various matters, as 
water supply, lightning, police regulations, fire 
service, transportation and similar subjects. The 
scheme for Greater Boston arises from the same 

Each year the different departments are being en- 
larged. New offices are being created to supply 
new needs. Annually the courts are largely in- 
creased in personel and thus in efficiency. The 
state is full of life and growth in every direction ; 
and all the time we are obtaining greater liberty. 

Most people do not realize the rapidity with 
which the state is growing. New problems aie all 
the while presenting themselves, problems of great 
and pressing moment, yet they are all to be solved, 
one by one, without revolution. 

Socialism is on the increase and Government 
control of railroads, telegraphs, telephones, water 

supply, fuel and light, is yearly being advocated, 
stronger and stronger. 

The welfare of the state rests on its individual 
members, hence it is clearly the duty of the Govern- 
ment to study the existing conditions of the peo- 
ple and take any necessary means to improve those 
conditions as much, as possible. 

From this fact comes our system of Commissions. 
It was a great step forward when the State Board 
of Education was established and this also was the 
first post to mark the forward trend of our State. 
The addition of the State Board of Agriculture 
was also one of the most important onward move- 
ments. The commissions, one and all, have been 
established with a definite end in view and these 
ends have more or less efficiently been served. 
What we most need now in the line of commissions, 
is a Commissioner General whose duty it shall be 
to edit the reports of the several commissions and 
have a general oversight of them. 

In closing Mr. Bridgman said that every one has 
his particular duty to the State which must be per- 
formed to the best of his ability. The good of 
mankind in general and the State in particular are 
so closely allied and linked together that we cannot 
look into the future without wondering if the whole 
globe will not some day be encircled by a single 
clain of Government devoted to the best and high- 
est interests of all humanity. 



In this age of steam and electricity, of colossal 
trusts and monopolies, of modern improvements 
and higher education, the race for wealth and pop- 
ularity is becoming more and more intense in all 
walks and occupations of life. In the business 
world, in manufacturing, in politics and religion, 
and even in the educational world, men and institu- 
tions strive for supremacj' as they never have be- 

Colleges and academies are constantly striving 
to outdo each other in this race for popularity. They 
establish scholarships and fellowships, add new 
courses of study, give prizes for excellence in the 
various departments, issue handsome and attractive 



catalogues, in fact, do everything to attract and 
draw young men and women to their halls. When 
a college is small and its means are limited, the at- 
tractions which it offers are in general proportion- 
ately small. As it grows in size however, these 
attractions increase in proportion. A large college 
naturally offers many inducements which a small 
one cannot. 

But it is not always that the college or academy, 
which offers the largest and best curriculum, is the 
most popular or has the largest number of students. 
This statement may be a surprise to many and the 
question naturally comes, "what is it that attracts 
students to a college if it is not its curriculum." 
The answer to this question is found in the simple 
word "athletics." To be sure the curriculum of a 
college is important, but its standing in athletics is 
a very powerful factor in the minds of many young 
men when deciding what college to enter. "What 
is it that makes Harvard and Yale so famous ? 
Their athletics. Ten years ago the Universities of 
Pennsylvania and Cornell were looked upon as 
neither very large nor popular colleges, yet to-day 
they are classed with Harvard and Yale. What, 
caused this great change? The answer comes, Their 
prominence in athletics." 

Our course of study has within the last two years 
been greatly strengthened and extended by the ad- 
dition of electives, a two years and a post graduate 
course. Our President has worked zealously for 
our best iuterests,and the faculty and trustees have 
done all in their power to make the course of study 
attractive and to bring the advantages of the col- 
lege before the public. But during all this time 
what has been done for athletics ? Practically no- 
thing. Our position iu athletics to-day is too low 
for an institution of our size and intellectual stand- 
ing. One reason for this inferiority is the lack of 
athletes and of men who incline towards athletics. 
But why not develop athletes? We have material 
enough ; the means and instructions only, for their 
development are lacking. 

Our greatest need in this line is a competent ath- 
letic instructor, a man who will have charge of all 
college athletics. The objection might here be 
made that we have military drill, which takes the 
place of physical instruction. In a certain sense 
this is true, but drill at its best gives a man but a 

very one-sided physical development. Ria;ht here 
let it be understood, that it is not intended to de- 
preciate one particle the value of military drill. 
Drill teaches us discipline as nothing else can, and 
the knowledge of military life and science we get 
from it may at some future clay, in time of war, aid 
us in rendering our country great service. 

There is no good reason why we cannot have a 
course of physical instruction as well as drill. Some 
will say, "I have no time to give to this work ; my 
time is all taken by my studies, and besides I have 
to work to help pay my way through college." This 
however is a short sighted view of education. A 
large percentage of the students do not work. 
These latter would be greatly benefited by such 
instruction ; and even of those who do work, there 
are very few who could not spare at least one hour 
a day for this most important matter. 

There are always some among us, who have been 
athletes before coming to college and these, as a 
rule, work hard to raise our standard in athletics ; 
but these are few compared with the whole number 
of students. Moreover they are obliged to work 
under many disadvantages. 

Many of us undoubtedly visit the Gym. but our 
work there is anything but regular and systematic. 
We start out well but there being no one to direct 
and aid us we soon become discouraged and as a 
result stay away. Then again our Gym. is not 
equipped and kept as well as it should be; there 
being no one to oversee and take charge of the ap- 
paratus, it is often used for "horse play" thus be- 
coming broken long before its time. Here also our 
library comes in for a share of criticism, for it is 
very deficient in works treating on physical educa- 
tion and athletics. Of the small number of books 
upon this subject some are so antiquated that they 
are of no value whatever to-day. 

We have thus attempted in a short way to pre- 
sent one of our most urgent needs. Give us a 
competent instructor and there is no doubt but that 
our standard in athletics would be wonderfully 
raised. Better records in the Gym. as well as in 
field sports would be established ; competition for 
positions on our athletic teams would be more gen- 
eral, thus tending to strengthen them. Stronger 
teams would mean a greater prominence as an ath- 
letic college, which would attract many students 

1 66 


who now go elsewhere. On the whole it would not 
be putting it too strong to say, that a good course 
in physical instruction would prove as great if not 
a greater attraction than a new course of study and 
materially help to make the M. A. C. as popular as 
it should be. 

A. M. K. 

©te| and (ommen-tl, 

Last year, after the college had started its own 
electric light plant, the student body presented a 
petition requesting that the lights be kept burning 
until 12 o'clock. The petition was ignored. It is 
to be hoped that those who have the matter of 
lighting the dormitories in charge, will give some 
attention to the unanimous request of those living 
in the dormitories, to have light uutil midnight, as 
expressed in the second petition which has just 
been presented. 

Now that the Natural History Society is in a 
flourishing condition and so much interest is being 
manifested by the students in the work that is be- 
ing done by that organization, we venture to sug- 
gest that the directors would do well to arrange a 
series of trips to the many places of interest which 
surround us. Of the many beautiful localities in 
the state there are none that compare with the 
country immediately surrounding us, and the stu- 
dent who spends four years of his life in Amherst 
and has not become familiar with the many objects 
of interest which the Holyoke mountain range af- 
fords, and the many other places near at hand, has 
lost much that would have been of inestimable value 
to him in after years. There is much that we can- 
not learn from books, and in a college like ours the 
association of the theoretical and practical are of 
the greatest value. In the class room we learn of 
Nature's laws and from Nature we should observe 

their workings. 


# * 

"Gentle spring in sunshine clad well dost thou 
thy power display." Thus spoke Longfellow of the 
opening days ot the spring time and now that we 
have really begun to feel the first sunshine and hap- 

piness of these days we are inclined to echo his 
sentiments. As a representative college paper we 
ought not and certainly shall not do otherwise than 
stand up for the institution to which we belong un- 
der any and all circumstances, but in voicing the 
true condition of affairs we cannot overlook the 
great amount of dissatisfaction and almost ill feel- 
ing which we have heard expressed among the stu- 
dent body during the past few months. In almost 
every issue of our paper we have been compelled, 
(sometimes with almost aching hearts, to notice the 
departure of some of our friends perhaps our best 
and dearest. This state of affairs may or may not 
have been due to any existing conditions which 
were within the power of any one to change or pre- 
vent, but the effect has certainly been severely felt 
both in regard to the numbers and esprit de corps 
of all the classes. Now, however, that the first 
warm winds of spring have fanned our college spir- 
it into flame once more and brought back to us 
most of the life and enterprise of former days it 
seems time for us to set about putting things of the 
past behind us and looking out for the future. First 
of all let us realize that on the athletic field as no- 
where else can we contribute toward the good name 
and fortune of our college. Not only as a means 
of advertising but as a sure guarantee of our health 
and happiness this phase of student life stands pre- 
eminent. While our hands and minds are occupied 
in our spare hours with helping along the success 
and prosperity of our athletic organizations we are 
doing our best work for the future of Old Aggie. 
Let the April sun which has carried away the last 
ice and snow from off the campus carry with it also 
the last sign of our winter of discontent. What- 
ever we may have to regret in the past few months, 
let us lay aside and do our best toward helping 
along the sunny influence of these newer and 
brighter days. 


Sing of the clouds if you will, love, 

Sing to the clouds aud sea; 
Sing to them if you will, love, 

But — sing to me. 

Out of the sea there surges a song, 
Out of the clouds there flutters a dove, 

Out of the stars there shimmers a light, 
Out of my heart there trembles— love. 
-Christine H. Hamilton, '96, in The Mount Holyoke. 




Haydenville Ath. Club 9 ; Aggie 4. 

Amherst, April 20 : The baseball season was 
opened last Saturday with Haydenville Athletic 
Club. The home team was defeated by a score of 
9 to 4. The game was from the beginning played 
rather loosely. H. B. Read pitched a very fine 
game, but his wild throws to 1st base cost Aggie 
several runs, The makeup of Aggie's team was 
not as good as it might have been. Owing to ill- 
ness in his family Mr. P. A. Leamy was obliged to 
go home, and this made the team one man short, 
and Norton, '97 was put in. The best playing of 
the game for Aggie was done by .Sullivan, E. 
H. Clark and R. S. Jones. Clark sprained his fin- 
ger in the 8th inning and Edwards was put in to 
play first base. Aggie lost the game by her poor 
fielding and wild throwing. If the team intends to 
win any games this season they will have to wake 
up and judge the balls better in the field and not be 
so wild about throwing. If the team will ouly 
practice hard this week there is no reason why 
we should not beat Worcester Tech. next Saturday. 
For Haydenville Athletic we need only say that 
they brought the strong team that they usually do. 
The pitching of J. Larkin was very fine. Each 
man filled his position well and the whole team made 
only three errors. The best playing for Hayden- 
ville was done by P. Larkin, E. Sheehan, Ryan, 
and Moakler. The score : 


a.e. b.h. p.o. a. e. 

E. 0. Grace, c, 





J. Larkin, p., 



M. Ryan (capt.) 





T. Hennessey, C.8., 





P. Larkin, 2, 





R. Moakler, 3, 





Murphy, 1., 



E. Currier, s., 





E. Sheehan, r., 










F. H. Read, s., 





Marshal], 3, 





Sullivan (capt. J 





Warden, 2, 





H. B. Read, p., 




E.H. Clark, 1, 



R. S. Jones, L, 



Burgess, c, 






Norton, r., 



■ 1 


Edwards, lb., 










*Larkin out, hit 

by batted ball. 


1 2 

3 4 5 

6 7 





1 2 



1 1 

V Q 


Runs made by— Sullivan, E. H. Clark, R. S. Jones, Burgess, 
Grace, S. Larkin, Ryan (2), Hennessey, P. Larkin, Moakler, Cur- 
rier, Sheehan (2). Earned runs— Aggie 2. Stolen bases— Sullivan. 
Marshall, H. B. Read, E H. Clark, R. S. Jones (2), Norton, Ryan. 
Base on balls—Clark, Ryan, Currier. Struck out— Marshall 4, 
Burgess 2, Warden, Norton. Passed balls— Sullivan, Grace. Time 
—2 hours. Umpires— H. A. Ballon, M, A. C, '95; T. Cusick of Hay- 

(olleg? ^lo-fc^s- 

— J. H. Jones, '95, has left college. 

— Thompson, '98, will not return to college. 

— Is it not time for the tennis courts to be put in 

— A number of Juniors are taking extra work in 

— Have you paid your dues to the baseball 
association ? 

— R. L. Hayward, '96, was at college for a few 
days last week. 

— Wolcott and Hubbard of the Freshman class 
have left college. 

— Lastyear's Aggie Life Board was photographed 
by Hearn Saturday. 

— Members of the Q. T. V. fraternity are moving 
into their new society house. 

— It is rumored that the Freshmen are taking 
midnight lessons in horseback riding. 

— Four of tne best students in the Freshman 
Latin class are taking advanced work in "Ovid." 

— Hearn of Boston, photographer for the senior 
class, was in town from Saturday till Wednesday. 

— The Junior Chemistry class visited the town 
gas works last Thursday under the charge of Dr. 

— Prof. G. E. Stone will lecture before the Am- 
herst teacher's meeting Friday, April 27, on the 
subject of Botany. 

— At a meeting of the Scientific club Monday 
evening, Prof. Lull delivered an address on "The 
Antiquity of Man." 

— The Woman's club of Amherst will give a 
musical entertainment in the Baptist church, Wed. 
eve. All are invited. 

— The subject of the Political Economy lecture 
next Friday will be "Development by Legislation ; 
or, How the Organism Grows," 

1 68 


— J. R. Eddy, '97, has left college for the term 
to work in the employ of Olmsted, Olmsted & Eliot, 
landscape gardeners, Brookline, Mass. 

— The engagement is announced between Prof. 
Herman Babson and Miss Carrie Richardson, 
daughter of Prof. H. B. Richardson of Amherst. 

— Pres. Goodell has secured from the legislature 
one hundred and fifty copies of the Cattle Commis- 
sioner's report for distribution among the students. 

— At a mass meeting of the students $250 was 
pledged for the support of the baseball association. 
At least one hundred more may be expected from 
the faculty. 

— A number of students visited Northampton on 
Snnday afternoon, April 14th, to view the Connecti- 
cut which is greatly swollen from the melting snow 
of the mountains. 

— No selection was made among the candidates 
for the appointment at Washington, but F. L. 
Arnold, '91, was recommended and will probably 
receive the position. 

— The Freshmen will not accept '97's chsdlege to 
a base-ball contest unless the first year men are 
allowed to play with them. This condition has not, 
as yet, been granted by the Sophomores. 

— It appears to be the general impression around 
college that we have a very lively freshman class. 
Notwithstanding its small numbers, the class of '98 
has made itself quite conspicuous on several occa- 

— The 2d year class has elected the following offi- 
cers for the term : Pres., F. E. Sweetser ; vice- 
pres., C. W. Delano ; sec. and treas.,H. E.Stearns ; 
sergeant-at-arms, B. W. Rice ; class captain, E. A. 

— The following promotions in the battalion of 
cadets are announced : To be duty sergeant, F. 
L. Clapp ; to be corporals, C. A. Peters, F. E. 
Sweetser and F. G. Todd ; to be color corporal, A. 
M. Kramer. 

— The Sophomore class in French has been 
divided into two divisions, the more proficient tak- 
ing up "Difficult Modern French," a book edited by 
Albert Leune and containing selections from the 
best French authors of to-day. The second division 
will continue to use "Popular Science." 

— On Friday, April 12th, Prof. Brooks delivered 
two lectures before the Farmer's Institute at Bel- 
chertown, his subject being "Fertilizers," and 
"Farmers and Farm Life in Japan." The students 
at the Belchertown High School attended the after- 
noon session. 

— The class of '95 has elected the following offi- 
cers for the term : Pres., J. Marsh ; vice-pres., A. 
B. Smith ; sec. and treas., H. B. Read ; base-ball 
captain, C. L. Stevens ; foot-ball captain, H. D. 
Hemenway ; polo captain, C. W. Crehore ; athletic 
captain, S. P. Toole. 

— The next lecture under the auspices of the 
Natural History Society will be given by Mrs. 
Ellen H. Richards on Wed. evening, May 8th, her 
subject being "The Chemistry of Food." The 
change of date is made necessary in order that it 
should not conflict with the lectures on Political 
Economy by R. L. Bridgman. It is hoped that 
the dates of the remaining lectures in the course 
may be changed in like manner. 

— The high winds on the night of April 12th 
caused considerable damage around college, blow- 
ing over and wrecking the old horse-shed which had 
been set up temporarily near the edge of the ravine. 
What makes this incident of peculiar interest is the 
fact that although the prevailing force of the gale 
throughout the night was from the Northeast yet 
the shed was blown over to the North, in the teeth 
of the wind, as it were, and hurled down into the 
ravine. But then, one can never depend upon the 
freaks of the elements. 

— The building committee from the trustees will 
be in town this week to make arrangements for the 
erection of a new entomological laboratory adjoin- 
ing the insectory. It will be a two-story frame 
building 32x36 ft., having on the ground floor stands 
and appliances for sixteen students, and on the 
second floor a photographing room and two private 
laboratories for special students. It is hoped to 
finish in time for the class next fall. When all is 
completed we will have one of the best equipped 
laboratories in the country and under the super- 
vision of Prof. Fernald, who is a recognized 
authority in this department of science, we can 
offer a course in entomology which cannot but at- 
tract any who may be interested in this subject. 



— Preparations are being made to build the new 
gunshed and shooting gallery for which an appro- 
priation was recently granted by the legislature. 
The building will be 28x60 ft. situated 12 ft. south 
of the Drill Hall and connected with it by a 
narrow passage way. The outside will be trimmed 
and painted similar to the Drill Hall. Bids have 
been handed in from several prominent builders in 
this vicinity and the contract will soon be awarded. 
At the same time a gallery for the accommodation 
of visitors during the winter will be placed along 
the south side of the Drill Hall. The entrance will 
be from the landing leading up to the Command- 
ant's office and will open into a narrow walk running 
along the east side of the hall to the main gallery. 
This will be 12x48 ft. extending the entire length of 
the south side. 

— The Glee Club has adopted a constitution for 
the purpose of forming a more permanent organiza- 
tion. The officers, consisting of leader, manager 
and any others who may be deemed necessary, shall, 
with the advice of the instructor, recommend to the 
club all candidates for membership. A two-thirds 
vote will be necessary for election to membership. 
If in the judgment of the leader or manager, and 
if in the opinion of the club, a position could be better 
filled by some other person than the one holding it 
for the time being, the member in question shall 
feel himself under obligations to sever his con- 
connection with the club immediately. All places 
on the club shall be competitive. The Glee Club 
will continue its rehearsals throughout the term and 
will fill several engagements before the closing con- 
cert at Commencement. 

— The Battalion will act as escort to the Third 
Army Corps in its reunion at Northampton on the 
7th of May. The object of this reunion is to com- 
memorate the life and services of Gen. Hooker 
whose qualities both as man and soldier have al- 
ways won the admiration of his comrades. From 
Northampton the veterans will ride to Gen. Hooker's 
birthplace in Old Hadley, and after exercises suit- 
able to the occasion will place a tablet upon the 
house, and present a large portrait of Gen. Hooker 
to the town of Hadley. It should be the ambition 
and pride of every man in the Battalion to make 
the exercises of this day reflect creditably upon the 
college and upon the system of military instruction 

here adopted. For the benefit of the st eptical it 
might be wise to add that refreshments will be 
served by the town of Hadley. 

— The Athletic Association has voted : 1st, To 
hold a Field Day on Wed., May 15th. 2d, That 
those who do not pay their athletic tax before May 
15th shall not be allowed any of the events on Field 
Day. 3d, That prizes of some description be 
awarded the winners. 4th, That those who take 
one or more first prizes have their pictures taken 
in a group and that this picture be inserted in the 
Index as the M. A. C. Athletic Team. The events 
of Field Day are arranged in the following order : 
Pole vault, 220-yds. dash, putting shot, 100-yds. 
dash, mile run, bicycle race, hurdle race, throwing 
hammer, 440-yds. dash, running high jump, 1-2 
mile run, running broad jump, 1-2 mile walk, relay 
race. The directors of the Athletic Association 
met the committee on athletics from the faculty, 
April 12th, and discussed with them matters per- 
taining to the athletic interests of the college. Prof. 
Lull and Prof. Allen have kindly volunteeied to be 
on the campus Wednesday and Friday afternoons 
from 3-30 to 5 for the purpose of coaching any in 
need of assistance in their preparation for Field 

— At a meeting of the Trustees, April 16th at 
the office of Secretary Session, the consolidation of 
the two experiment stations was effected, the new 
station to be called the Hatch Experiment Station 
of the Mass. Agr'l College. The treasurer of the 
college was elected treasurer of the Station. The 
President of the college was elected director pro 
tem.of the Station. Eight departments were estab- 
lished as follows : Agriculture, Botany, Chemistry, 
Foods and Feeding, Entomology, Horticulture, 
Meteorology and Veterinary. A committee con- 
sisting of J. Howe Demond, William R. Sessions 
and Henry H. Goodell was appointed to superintend 
the expenditure of the state appropriations for build- 
ing purposes. Charles A. Gleason was elected 
chairman of the Finance Committee. S. C.Damon, 
'82, qualified and took his place as a member of the 
board of trustees and was elected a member of the 
finance committee. The petition of the Alumni 
Association that the trustees assume the manage- 
ment of the alumni dinner and make it a part of the 
commencement exercises, was referred to a com- 



rnittee to perfect details. The petition of under- 
graduates that arrangements be made in order that 
the Battalion of cadets may go into camp at South 
Framingham sometime during the summer term was 
referred to the committee on course of study to be 
reported on at the next annual meeting in June. 
The petition of the Amherst Chapter, Q. T. V. 
Fraternity, for permission to occupy as a chapter 
house a building outside the college grounds, was 
granted, its members being subject to the same 
rules and regulations as those rooming in the col- 
lege dormitories. A proposition for the purchase 
of the Clark property of about fourteen acres lying 
east of the land now occupied by the Horticultural 
departmeut for $3000, was referred to the commit- 
tee on Farm and Horticultural Department. 

A large audience assembled at the Chapel on last 
Wednesday evening to hear the third lecture of the 
course arranged by the Natural History Society 
given by Mr. E. II. Forbush, State Ornithologist 
and Director of the Field Work of the Gypsy Moth 
Commission. His subject was, Food Habits of 
Birds and Their Relation to Agriculture. He spoke 
only of the economic side of the question giving the 
habits of the most important species common in this 
locality. It was his experience that birds were the 
farmers' best friends, and that the relation of birds 
to agriculture was largely a question of food : a bird 
might be a sweet singer in one locality, a vigorous 
destroyer of insects in another and a ravenous feeder 
on farm crops in another. After discussing the 
various habits of birds he said he knew of only one 
that was not beneficial to the farmer and that was 
the English sparrow. In conclusion he said, "The 
great question that interests us is how to protect 
the birds. The only way we can accomplish this is 
by teaching the school children the value of each 
bird, by enforcing the laws and by feeding them 
when necessary in winter. Plant plenty of fruit 
trees and allow the birds to eat plenty of cherries if 
by so doing you will save your other fruit." 

Individual members of the Yale base-ball team 
will regularly visit the larger New England Prepar- 
atory schools for the purpose of coaching the school 

Through the laboratory windows 

The morning sunlight glanced, 
Where worked the busy students 

Over chemistry — "advanced." 

The water from the faucets 
Fell in bright drops, one by one, 

The water in the tank upturned 
Its calm face to the sun. 

A curly-headed Freshman 
Wandered by the big tank's side, 

She seemed for some strange object 
To be searching far and wide. 

A frown was on her forehead, 

Despair was in her eye, 
She viewed the rows of bottles 

With a deep and heavy sigh. 

She pondered o'er the labels 

Till her voice was full of woe, 
"Oh! tell me, do, dear teacher, 
Where is the H 2 0?" 
— Catherine Young Glen, '94, in The Mount Holyoke. 

You sing so sweetly, my lady ! 

And love is your tuneful theme, 
So my heart, for a lack of a mooring 

Drifts into your magic dream. 
Yes, keep it, my dark-eyed siren, 

'Tis yours since first we met: 
But if it becomes a burden — ? 

Why tack on it this — " To Let." 

C. I. G. 


'77. — Atherton Clark was married April 18, at 
Newton, to Miss Alice D. Gilman. 

'81. — W. F. Carr is Supt. of Construction, elec- 
tric II. R., of North and West City Railway, Chi- 
cago, 111. 

'81. — Austin Peters, D. V. S., addressed a meet- 
ing in Boston April 6th on the subject of "Tuber- 
culosis." The article takes a conservative view of 
the subject and has been widely copied. 

'88.— F. F. Noyes has left the River View hotel, 
Jacksonville, Florida, and is at present in Atlanta, 

'92 — W. I. Boynton of Boston Dental college was 
in Amherst a few days ago. 



'92.— R. P. Lyman, D. V. S., Harvard : 94, is 
practicing in Pittsfield. 

'92. — H. M. Thomson, April 4th, read a paper 
before the Hampshire Agricultural Society at Bel- 

'93. — H. D. Clark has been passing a few days 
iu Amherst. 

'93.-r-E. H. Lehnert, D. V. S., has accepted a 
position as inspector for the Dominion government 
in Canada. 

'93. — Joseph Baker is engaged as superintendent 
of the Grosvenor Dale factory farm of Grosvenor 
Dale, Conn. 

'94. — C. F. Walker has an article in Popular 
Science News for April on the subject of "The 
Relation of Chemistry to Civilization." 

'94. — C. H. Higgins has taken prizes at Magill 
University in Chemistry and materia medica. 

'94. — F. L. Greene is superintendent of grounds, 
Southampton, Long Island, for a wealthy New 
York lawyer. 

'94. — E. H. Alderman visited college April 9th. 
He contemplates giving up his present position at 
Oakdale about the first of June. 

'94, — S. F. Howard has been appointed principal 
of the high school at Elliot, Maine. 

'94. — G. E. Smith is in the employ of the Cattle 

'94. — Charles P. Lounsbnry, Assistant Entomolo- 
gist of the Hatch Experiment Station, is at his 
home in Allstou for a few days vacation. 

'94. — T. F. Keith has left the Cattle Commission 
to act as news and advertising agent for the Boston 
Daily Standard, in Worcester North Co. 


The Origins of Inventions, by Otis T. Mason, 
Curator of the Department of Ethnology in the 
National Museum at Washington. A study of 
industry among primitive peoples, describing the 
implements used in war, hunting and peaceful occu- 
pations, and illustrating the method of making these 
tools. There are also chapters on the Capture 
and Domestication of Animals and the Textile 

Lepidoptera of the British Islands. Barrett. In 

2 vols. Containing a descriptive account of the 
families, genera, and species indigenous to Great 
Britain and Ireland, their preparatory states, habits 
and localities. These books are fully illustrated 
and will be useful to those interested in moths and 

Elizabethan Lyrics. Sehelling. This collection 
of odes, sonnets, and roundelays covers the half 
century from 1575 to 1625, a period which wit- 
nessed great literary changes in England and which 
was productive of lyrics 'redolent with soundness 
and health.' The selections have been taken from 
novels, plays, masques, and various other poetical 
miscellanies while the list of authors includes all of 
the leading poets of that age. The introductory 
chapters give a brief history of Elizabethan litera- 
ture and a careful study of lyrical measures, making 
the volume well worth the notice of every studeut 
in English literature. 

The First Ascent of the Kasai. Bateraan. The 
object of this book, which describes a voyage up 
the Kasai river in Southwestern Africa, is to give 
the reader an idea of the climate, scenery, and in- 
habitants of that part of the dark continent, and 
especially to expose the slave trade which is secret- 
ly carried on in the Congo Free State and which is 
productive of inconceivable misery. A large num- 
ber of etchings and engravings represent faithfully 
the villages, huts, peoples, and vegetation found in 
that section, and add much to the interest of the 

A Tour Around the World. Raum. This vol- 
ume of travels contains sketches of objects of inter- 
est and sights seen on a two years' ramble through 
Europe, Africa, Asia and America. 

Lands of Exile. Translated by Bell from the 
French. Iu this book the well known French 
author, Pierre Loti, has pictured in a very interest- 
ing manner, travels and scenes in China and other 
Eastern countries, together with a very striking 
sketch of life in France. 

The Story of Francis Cludde. Weyman. This 
romance is founded on the disturbed condition of 
England during the reign of Queen Mary. While, 
perhaps not so interesting as some other stories by 
the same author, it is written in a vivid and enter- 
taining style and will attract all who like good 




South side Cutler's Block, 

FOR M. A. C. CLASS '95 IS 

392 Boylston Street, 

Engagements for sittings as to date, etc., apply 
to Photo Committee Senior Class, J. Maesh, Chair- 


Amherst College '95, Tufts College '95, 

Dartmouth College '95, Wellesley College '95, 

B. U. College Liberal Arts '95, Mt. Holyoke College '95, 
Wesleyan University '95, Lazell Sem. '95, &c., &c, 

J. P. 

Business Suits, $20. 
Custom Pants, $5. 


Burt House, opposite the old Alpha Delta Phi House. 


A\J\ A ?\ A\ A 

m m m # m m ; > 

The Standard for Ail. 


7 ft'lM. 





Highest Quality of AIL 

Have you feasted your eyes upon 
the beauty and grace of the 1895 
Columbias ? Have you tested and 
compared them with all others ? 
Only by such testing can you know 
how fully the Columbia, justifies its 
proud title of the "Standard for the 
World." Any model or equipment 
your taste may require, $ 3.00 



Boston, New York, 

Chicago, San Francisco, 
Providence, Buffalo, 

An Art Catalogue of these 
famous wheels and of Hart- 
fords, $So $60, free at Colum- 
bia agencies, or mailed for 
two 2-cent stamps. 




Photographic Studio. 

Society, Class and Group Work a Specialty 






I have the ammunition to fit 
you with. On your way to the 
Post Office stop and look at my 
stock of 

Hats, Caps, Gloves, 





VOL. V. 

AMHERST, MASS., MAY 8, 1895. 

No. 15 

Published Fortnightly by the Students of the Mass. 
Agricultural College. 

Terms $1,00 per year, in advance. Single copies, 10c. 

Postage, outside United States and Canada, 25c. extra. 

Entered at the Post Office as second-class mail matter. 


P. A. LEAMY, '98, Editor-in-Chief. 

F. P. WASHBURN, '96. Business Manager. 

H. W. MOORE, '96, As'st. Business Manager. 

H. H. ROPER, '96, Exchange. 

P. S. W. FLETCHER, '96, College Notes. 

J. L. BARTLETT, '97, Library Notes. 

C. A. KING, 97, Alumni Notes. 

J.M. BARRY, '97, Athletics. 

R. D. WARDEN, '98. 

Students and Alumni are requested to contribute. Communica- 
ions should be addressed Aggie Life, Amherst Mass. 

Aggie Life will be sent to all subscribers until its discontinu- 
ance is ordered, and arrears paid. 

Edi D toriaJs. 

The sensation produced on the campus one after- 
noon last week by the appearance of four profes- 
sors engaged in coaching the students in various 
lines of athletic work was as unusual as it was de- 
lightful. Here is a step in the right direction. 

We are very much gratified by the interest 
which the students are taking in the Life just at 
present and we are of the opinion that it will be 
necessary, in the near future, to again enlarge our 
publication, in order to print the many valuable ar- 
ticles which we are constantly receiving from the 
students and alumni, and in order to accommodate 
our increasing list of advertising patrons. It is 
certainly a pleasure to know that the college as a 
whole, has an interest in the advancement of the 
Life and that the work that is being done by the 
editors is being generally appreciated. It is a stim- 

ulus to greater effort and the reporting of any arti- 
cle of news or the contributing of matter of general 
interest will be thankfully received. It is our pur- 
pose to make the Life a truly representative college 
newspaper and a publication to which every student 
can point with patriotic pride, and this end can be 
secured, only, by the hearty co-operation of all. 
Shall we have it? 

Now that the pleasant days of summer are at 
hand, it becomes a question of interest how to 
spend our Sundays. As the church services take 
up but little more than an hour, most or us have a 
considerable amount of spare time on that day. 
Shall we pass this time in study, in reading cheap 
novels aud talking cheap talk around college, or 
shall we use it in walks over the peculiarly interest- 
ing section of country in which we are situated? By 
all means let us take the latter course. Ordinarily 
the student has, during the week, enough brain 
work and a corresponding lack of exercise, without 
following the same system on Sunday. It is a day 
which should not be just like other days of the week, 
and it is one on which we may lift ourselves out of 
the dull routine of work and study, and take time 
to appreciate the new beauty Nature is spreading 
all about us. Surely we give greater honor to our 
Creator and keep the day more sacred by spending 
it in walks over the surrounding fields and hills, 
among the trees and flowers, than by "killing time" 
all day, as many do, around college. 

The Reading-room Association has found it nec- 
essary to levy a tax of seventy-five cents upon the 
college in order to pay outstanding bills. The atti- 
tude of the students towards these taxes has been 
such that the directors of the Association have se- 
riously considered the advisability of putting the 
reading-room and mail service into the hands of the 



college authorities. In this case, but a very small 
number of the numerous papers ami magazines now 
found in the reading. room would be subscribed for 
by the college, and the place would cease to be the 
centre of attraction during leisure moments that it is 
to-day. We have directors who have worked faith- 
fully to make the reading-room a success. But 
without funds they can do nothing. Will you sup- 
port them, or do you wish to see the management 
of this matter pass iuto the hands of the college au- 
thorities, who, we are sorry to say, do not always 
judge correctly as to the needs of the young men 
under their care? We ask you to think of this next 
time you are asked to pay your tax and "have not 
the money with you." 

In our last issue we took the ground that every 
college should foster the athletic spirit in all possi- 
ble ways ; by the maintenance of a well equipped 
gymnasium, under competent instructors, and by a 
friendly feeliug among the powers that be towards 
all athletic sports. We also stated what we believe 
to be true, that the reputation of a college is based 
as much upon its athletics as anything else. Now 
we have no gymnasium worthy of this name, and we 
have never had an over abundance of encourage- 
ment in the line of athletics. What can we do 
about it? Much can be done even as matters stand 
now. Profs. Lull and Allen have offered their ser- 
vices and have named certain hours when they 
would be on the campus to help any who wished to 
train for the field day sports. What encourage- 
ment have they had to continue this offer? Very 
little. A few appeared the first day, very few the 
second day, and, if we remember rightly, none the 
third. If we are to do anything in athletics the 
students must work for it. We only mention the 
above to show that our student body itself is to 
blame for the state of affairs that now exist. If 
we do nothing to help the matter along surely 
no one else will. Come out and see what YOU 
can do. 


Worcester Tech., 15 ; Aggie 9. 

Amherst, April 27. — The game between Worces- 
ter Tech. and Aggie resulted in a defeat for Aggie 
by a score of 15 to 9. The score is not one that we 
should be ashamed of as most of the runs made by 
Tech. were made on errors of the Aggie team. The 
game was interesting from the start, and at the end 
of the fourth inning it looked as if Aggie was going 
to win as the score stood 6 to 5 on even innings. In 
the fifth inning Burgess made a bad throw to first 
base which cost Aggie a few runs. This put Tech. 
in the lead and thiy held it until the end of the 
game. Worcester Tech. brought their usually 
strong team with them. The best batting for Wor- 
cester Tech. was done by Zaeder, and for Aggie by 
Capt. Sullivan. Martin pitched a very strong game 
for Worcester Tech. H. B. Read pitched a verv 
fine game for Aggie, striking out several of Tech's 
heavy hitters. The game showed that Aggie 
can play ball if the men will only wake up, and this 
is what Capt. Sullivan has tried to impress on his 
men. The best playing for Tech. was done by 
Zaeder, Martin, Fisher, and Philpot. For Aggie by 
Sullivan, Warden, E. H. Clark, and H. B. Read. 
If the centre and right fields can be strengthened 
before the next game Aggie will have a strong team. 

The score : 

Worcester Tech. 

A.b. B.H. P.O. A. E. 
Philpot, 2, 
Knowles, 3, 
Zaeder, fcapt.) 1, 
Harris, r., 
Cullen, s., 
Sibley, m., 
Martin, p., 

At a meeting of western college foot-ball players 
the committee on rules reported in favor of assign- 
ing to each game two umpires and one referee. 
One substitute from each team was suggested as a 
linesman. The report was adopted. 


Stevens, r., 
Jones, 1., 

Sullivan (capt.) c, 
Clark, 1, 
Warden, s, 
Burgess, 2., 
Marshall, 3, 
H. B. Read, p., 
Toole, m., 













































































Totals, 41 

Innings, 123456789 

Tech., 40104600 0—15 

Aggie, 21302010—9 

Runs made by— Pilpot 2, Knowles 4, Zaeder 2, Harris 3, Cullen, 
Sibley, Stevens 2, Jones 2, Sullivan 2, Warden, H. B. Read 2. 
Earned runs— Worcester Tech. 3. Two base hits— Marshall, Philpot, 
Zaeder. Three base hits— Sullivan, Zaeder. Stolen bases— Stevens 
3, Jones, Sullivan, Warden, Burgess, H. B. Bead, Knowles, Bun- 



ker, Harris (2), Cullen 2. Base on balls— Toole, Burgess, Warden, 
Knowles 2, Zaeder, Harris. Fisher, Martin. Struck out — Bunker 2, 
Philpot 2, Sibley 2, Marshall 4, Burgess 2, Toole, Jones* Passed 
balls— Sullivan 2, Fisher 1. Time— 2 lira. 25 min. Umpire— H. B. 
Ballon, M. A. C. '85. Scorer— N. Shutlis. 

Tufts, 32 ; Aggie, 11. 

The game between Tufts and Aggie on the cam- 
pus May 3 was perhaps, with one exception, the 
worst exhibition of the Natioual Game ever wit- 
nessed at the college. With few exceptions the 
work of the team in the field was abominable, the 
manifest indifference with which some of the men 
played their positions cannot be otherwise than dis- 
heartening to the captain and the other men who 
make an effort to play. That Mr. Read pitched a 
good game until he found he was receiving no sup- 
port goes without saying. We have witnessed the 
same thing many times before and we fully appre- 
ciate his position. Capt. Sullivan was everywhere 
and tried to infuse some life into the home team but 
without avail. His coaching aud words of encour- 
agement were wasted on the team. Aside from the 
fielding the team shows a decided improvement in 
batting and base running. 

Tufts played a loose game in the field and had 
the home team been playing the game they are 
capable of they would have won. The score : 


Corridan, s.s., 
Johnstone, r.f ., 
Maguire, lb., 
Smith, c., 
Pierce, 2b., 
Richardson, 3b., 
Holbrook, c.f., 
Ray, l.f., 
Crolius, p., 
Clark r.f ., 


Stevens, c.f., 
Warden, s.s., 
Sullivan, c, 
Clark, lb., 
Burgess, 2b., 
Read, H. B. p., 
Marshall, 3t>., 
Harper, r.f .,p, 
Toole, r.f., 


A.B. B.H. 

6 4 


8 2 

7 4 

5 e 

5 1 

7 2 


P.O. A. E. 

3 1 


16 1 

5 2 

3 3 10 

2 3 1 



14 1 





M. A. C. 






































W. P. I., 29 ; Aggie, 18. 

The team went to Worcester on Saturday and 
were defeated by the above score. The game was 
for the most part loosely played on both sides and 
became dull and uninteresting many times during 
the afternoon. 

While Aggie rolled up her usual large number of 
errors principally in throwing to bases her batting 
and base running showed remarkable improvement 
and the hits of Clark, Jones and Marshall were well 
places and timely. For Worcester Harris batted 
well and Philpot threw to second in fine shape. 

Captain Sullivan's injured hand was responsible 
for many of the bases stolen by the Tech. boys 
while Harper's finger, broken in preliminary prac- 
tice, prevented his participating in the game. 

In justice to our own team we would say that the 
work of Umpire Gordon was far from satisfactory 
and that he played an important part in several 
strike outs. The score : 


Philpot, c, 
Knowles, 3b., 
Zaeder, lb., 
Bunker, l.f., 
Harris, r.f., 
Cullen, s.s. 
Sibley, e.f., 
Warren, 2b., 
Martin, p., 


A.B. K. IB. T.B. S.H P.O. A. E. 

23110 11 32 
4 4 110 2 
7 12 3 113 

*26 11 10 

50 29 18 24 

a.b. k. ib. t.b. s.h. p.o. a. e. 

6 2 110 1 
612 2 0244 
53 2 20100 
5 3 5 5 3 
4200 101 



M. A. C, 

4910 10 404 0—32 
20402021 0—11 

Stevens, c.f., 
Warden, s.s., 
Sullivan, c, 
Clark, lb., 
Burgess, 2b., 
Jones, l.f., 
Reed r.,f.,p., 
Marshall, 3b., 
Todd, p., r.f., 

Totals, 47 18 17 18 *23 8 15 

Innings, 123456789 

Tech., 607314 2 6 *— 29 

Aggie, 01020436 2—18 

*Warden out— hit by batted ball. 

*Zaeder out for interfering with fielder. 
Earned runs— Tech. 10, Aggie 7. Two-base hits— Knowles 2, 

Bunker, Warren, Marshall. Three-base hit— Han-is. Stolen bases 
' —Philpot 3, Zaeder 6, Bunker 2, Harris 4, Cullen 2, Sibley 2, Warren 
! Stevens 2, Wardeu, Clark 2, Burgess, Jones 2. First base on balls 

—Philpot 4, Zaeder, Bunker, Harris, Cullen, Sibley 2, Reed. Hit 

by pitched ball— Philpot, Cullen, Sibley.Todd. Struck out— Knowles, 

Cullen, Stevens 3, Warden 2, Sullivan, Clark, Todd 3, Marshall 2. 

Wild pitches— Martin 1, Todd 4. Passed balls— Philpot 2, Sullivan 3. 

Time— 2hr. 25m. Umpire — Gordon. 

Runs made by — Corridan 4, Johnstone, Clark, Maguire 7, Smith 4, 
Pierce 4, Richardson 3, Holbrook, Ray 3, Crolius 4, Warden 2, Sulli- 
van 3, Clark, E. H. 3, Jones 2, Harper. Earned runs— M. A. C. 5, 
Tufts 2. Two-base bits— Sullivan, Clark, E. H., Burgess, Corridan, 
Maguire. Three-base hit — Smith. Stolen bases— Wardeu 2, Sulli- 
van 4, Jones, Corridan 4, Smith 2, Ray, Base on balls — Sullivan, 
Corridan 2, Smith 2, Holbrook, Ray. Struck out— Marshall 2, Read 
H. B., Corridan, Johnstone, Ray. Hit by pitched ball— Ray, Smith, 
Holbrook. Passed balls— Sullivan 2, Smith 1. Time— 2 h. 30 min. 
Umpire— C. I. Goessmann. Scorer — N. Shultis. 


"When sick the doctors oft would see our tongues, 
That 'tis a farce, we all know well : 
The fever fiercely burns, our pains are sharp, 
How sick we feel no tongue can tell. 

H. E. S-, in Brunonicm. 





Few industries have made more advancement 
during the last twenty-five years than that of dairy- 
ing and the manufacture of butter and cheese from 
milk. It is even within the remembrance of the 
young men of to-day that many of the most impor- 
tant inventions and methods have been evolved. 

Beginning with the old shallow pan system and 
the raising of cream by the gravity process, later 
the deep setting method and this in turn, to a con- 
siderable extent, has now been replaced by the cen- 
trifugal or separator system. 

While American capital and enterprise is now be- 
ing furnished in abundance for investigation along 
these lines, we must forever remain indebted to old- 
er countries for some of the most remarkable and 
praiseworthy of these inventions. 

Denmark and Sweden have given us the cream 
separator. To Denmark is also due the method of 
cream ripening by pure cultures and to Sweden we 
owe the invention of the butter extractor, which, how- 
ever, up to the present time, has not obtained with 
us, that degree of favor which was at one time 
anticipated. The Polanders have likewise earned 
for themselves an enviable reputation along these 
lines as well as in the production of gilt edged but- 
ter which finds a ready sale in the markets of 

The importance of bacteria in the dairy industry 
cannot well be over-estimated — only a few years ago 
it was wholly unknown. The bacteriologist has 
shown how the most ordinary processes in the dairy 
and creamery, as well as the troubles and "off 
flavors" often found in milk and cream, are depen- 
dent almost wholly upon germ life. A proper un- 
derstanding and control of the various fermenta- 
tions enables us to ripen our cream to the required 
degree of acidity in a given space of time and to 
cure our cheese slowly or quickly according to the 
demands of market or the quality of cheese which 
we wish to produce. 

It is true that our knowledge of dairying has 
largely grown out of experience, like that of other 
technical industries, and, as in others, so here, it 

is desirable to become acquinted with the under-ly- 
ing principles, otherwise we become the mere vic- 
tims of chance with the inevitable result that the 
products of such labor are varying and uneven in 
their properties. 

The matter of the infection of milk from improp- 
erly constructed and neglected stables, from the 
person and clothing of the herdsman, from imper- 
fectly cleaned dairy utensils, and other sources ; 
though dwelt upon frequently by agricultural writ- 
ers, is as yet but imperfectly understood by a ma- 
jority of our dairymen. The degree of cleanliness 
required by former generations of dairymen, will 
not answer the requirements of to-day. Not only 
must all perceptable filth and taint be removed 
from everything which comes in contact with the 
dairy products in any way ; but the ever present in- 
visible foe must likewise be subdued. Happily the 
remedy is at hand. 

The term "diseased" milk is no longer the scape 
goat to bear away the sin of uncleanly and slovenly 
methods which were formerly, and I'm sorry to say, 
even now, too often practiced in many a so called 
"leading dairy." 

The bacteriologist has taught us to trace to its 
source many of these so called "diseases" and has 
likewise pointed out the remedies. As to the kind 
and number of bacteria in milk it depends much up- 
on the care and treatment which it has received and 
also upon the age of the milk. The lactic forms, of 
which there are several, usually predominate though 
this is not always the case. I have found in good, 
average milk from a first-class creamery, from 19, 
000 to 9,000,000 germs c. c. The highest figure was 
obtained from milk fully thirty-six hours old. In 
twenty-two samples of milk from the same creamery 
were found an average of 3674000 germs per c. c. 
and in twenty-nine samples of twenty-five per cent, 
cream the average reached 8,700,000 germs per c. c. 
That these figures are not excessive is shown by the 
following tests of milk from other sources, viz : 
Sedgewick and Bacheldcr report finding in Boston 
milk supply from 30,000 to 4,220,000 germs per c. 
c. Dr. Russell round in the Madison city, Wis. 
milk supply from 15,000 to 2,000,000 germs per 
c. c. In Europe these figures are exceeded as e.g. 
in the city of Halle from 6 to 30,000,000 germs 



were noted in one c. c. of milk. In Munich, 200, 
000 to 6,000,000 germs and in Warsaw an average 
of 4,000,000 germs per c. c. I once observed in an 
emulsion of centrifuge slime in pure distilled water 
(sterile) 70,000,000 germs per c. c. 

It is to Louis Pasteur that the process, now 
known as Pasteurization, is due ; first successfully 
applied to the manufacture of beer and later to the 
destruction of pathogenic and other germs found in 
milk. The process is now an assured success and 
is daily gaining ground in our country. It of- 
fers an easy and efficient means for rendering milk 
and cream no longer a questionable article of diet 
for either children or adults. Milk thus treated 
will keep longer and is unaltered in nutritive or di- 
gestive qualities in which latter respects it differs 
essentially from sterilized milk. Pasteurization is 
NOT a cover of darkness under which faulty and 
impure milk can be put off to the unsuspecting 
public. Milk which is destined for Pasteurization 
must be carefully handled from first to last if satis- 
factory results are to be expected. 

Pure cultures in cream ripening is another vic- 
tory of science, which, coupled with Pasteurization, 
makes it possible for the expert butter maker to 
get ahead of any undesirable fermentation. 

The introduction of the separator, among other 
benefits, enables us to churn at lower temperatures 
and thus obtain firmer granules of butter easily rid 
of buttermilk without loss of flavor and admitting 
readily the small amount of salt required. 

I cannot close without a word of tribute to my 
beloved and respected teacher, Dr. Stephen N. 
Babcock, whom to know is to love and respect ; a 
man who gave freely to all men the results of his 
patient toil and experiments, conferring on every 
farmer and dairyman the ability at small expense, 
to become his own chemist, to test the milk which 
he sends daily to the factory and there to receive a 
just compensation for its true value as determined 
by its fat contents. By means of the Babcock test 
herds of dairy cows may be selected, assorted and 
improved with an absolute certainty of what is be- 
ing accomplished. 

Thus I have enumerated in the allotted space a 
few of the most important strides recently made in 
modern dairying. F. W. Mossman. 

Wisconsin University, April 10, 1895. 

©te$ &nd (ommen'te, 

Is the same fate which met our base ball team 
last year in store for us this season? Judging 
from the games already played it is even worse. 
What the cause of this long list of defeats which 
were scored to our credit last year was, it 
would be hard to explain and wherein the present 
difficulty lies we cannot ascertain. We have asked 
our sportiug editor and he is unable to give us any 
light upon the subject. That the captain and one 
or two men do their duty there can be no doubt, but 
the team work, if we might be allowed to use that 
term, is lamentably weak. Whether this is due to 
the tendency to ''rest" during the progress of the 
game we are in no position to judge. The college 
as a whole have had a sufficient experience in their 
efforts to support a losing team and defeats have 
become so common in the past that the feeling has 
become general that we cannot win a base ball 
game. Let us make a grand rally and beat some- 
thing or else play among ourselves and then we 
will be sure of holding the honors at home. We 
have yet a long list of games to play and why not 
make a supreme effort to win a fair percentage of 
them. The team can do it if they will try. Let 
every man on the team play as though his life de- 
pended on it and victory will crown his efforts. 

The present standing of the foot ball question at 
Harvard is one which comes home to us all. Asa 
college we are strongly attached to the game which 
claims so large a share of our attention during the 
autumn months and so it is, that we watch with un- 
usual interest the ups and downs which have fallen 
to the lot of the crimson foot ball enthusiast during 
the past winter. While we cannot deny that the 
action taken by President Elliot in condemning the 
game so severely as he did was, at least, ill consid- 
ered if not actually out of place, we can very eas- 
ily see how it may be one of great significance and 
perhaps destined some day to bring about great 
changes. Through the wisdom of the overseers the 
question has finally been left to the athletic com- 
mittee which relieves all fear that the game will be 
abolished this year at any rate. It is highly prob- 



able, however, that the outcome of the whole con- 
troversy will be the radical changing of rules and 
regulations and under this light it is possible that 
some good may be done after all. From an outside 
point of view we can only condemn the action of 
President Elliot as severely as he did the continu- 
ance of one of our favorite games and hope that in 
the future Harvard men may have the same chance 
to work in defence of her honor and her goal posts 
which they have had in the past. 

It is astonishing how small the attendance at the 
Y. M. C. A. meetings is becoming, out of a total 
membership of nearly sixty the average attendance 
being barely twenty. The Y. M. C. A. is the only 
religious organization in college and if only for that 
reason should be supported. Through its delegates 
and their reports at the various conventions at 
which our Y. M. C. A. is represented will our col- 
lege become better known to our sister institutions 
and the public. The fact that we have a flour- 
ishing, progressive and aggressive Y. M. C. A. will 
do much to strengthen our college with a large 
class of people, and thus help to secure us larger 
patronage. This is one of the ways in which we 
can raise the reputation of our institution. Then 
let every member of the Y. M. C. A. take it upon 
himself as a duty, as well as a privilege, to attend 
the meetings and so assist in bringing the average 
attendance report up to a higher figure in the nest 
two months than it has ever reached before. 

C©Ue£? J^ot?s- 

Hark : on the Campus loud resound 
Sounds which echo round and round ; 
Stroke on stroke with ringing blow, 
While behind the home-plate, low 


the catcher. 

Is it the sound of dreadful war? 
Of tumult fierce and cannon's roar? 
Is it the thunder from above? 
Ah no ; it's 
The catcher 


his glove. 

T, P. F. 

— Patronize our advertisers. 

— At last — lights till twelve o'clock. 

— The Juniors have begun to chase the wily bugs 
with poor success as yet. 

— Dr. Walker preached at the First Congrega- 
tional church last Sunday. 

— The Freshmen and Sophomores are still fighting 
over the date of their ball game. 

— Newton Shultis, '96, has been appointed scorer 
for the base-ball team this season. 

. — The Glee Club will give a concert at Princeton, 
Mass., near the close of this month. 

— H. C. Burrington, '96, was at college over 
Sunday. He will not come back till next fall. 

— The latest popular craze, "Trilby," has many 
enthusiastic admirers among our photograph cranks. 

— Rev. A. B. Bassett of Ware, former professor 
of mathematics at college, occupied the pulpit, 
April 28. 

— Owing to a lack of interest among the students 
there will be no field day this Spring. Comments 
are unnecessary. 

— E. A. Bagg sang a solo at a concert in South 
Hadley Falls, April 24, and received an encore 
from the audience. 

— The stars and stripes have appeared under 
difficulties of late. It is a good joke, but we fail to 
see what is gained. 

— The work of grading for the new gunshed is 
progressing rapidly and the building will be com- 
pleted before commencement. 

— The committee appointed to select a college 
pin have been unable to make a satisfactory choice 
and have reported accordingly. 

— George Tsuda, L. F. Clark and W. S. Fisher 
will represent the Y. M. C. A. at the international 
convention in Springfield this week. 

— Arbor Day was celebrated in accordance with 
a wisely established custom, by the planting of 
class trees about the college grounds. 

— It would seem that the meteorological station 
needed some new signal flags. Oue can hardly tell 
which is the white and which the blue. 



— B. K. Jones, '96, represented the Y. M. C. A. 
at a convention of college Y. M. C. A. presidents 
held at Williams college, April 23 to 28. 

— The large number of students who are planning 
to canvass this summer points to this as a pleasant 
and profitable way of spending the summer vacation. 

— The second year men have elected F.E. Sweet- 
ser, H. E. Stearns, and E. A. Bagg as a committee 
to arrange for the class supper at commencement. 

— M. E. Sellew, '96, has formed a dancing class 
at college under the instruction of Mr. Frank King 
of Amherst. Good music is furnished by DeLuce's 

— A large number of students attended the con- 
cert by the Mt. Holyoke glee and banjo clubs last 
Wednesday evening and enjoyed a most excellent 
musical program. 

— A movement is on foot to form a banjo and 
guitar club at college. No definite action has yet 
been taken but the organization will probably be 
effected before our next issue. 

— From the number of students who attend the 
Sunday evening service at No. Amherst these mild 
spring evening, we would judge that the meetings 
have become peculiarly interesting of late. 

— Our little Freshman class beat Hopkins Acad- 
emy at base-ball, 22 to 16. We understand their 
manager has a number of open dates and would be 
pleased to play any team in good standing. 

— The heads of the new departments of the Hatch 
Experiment station have been appointed as follows : 
Chemistry, Dr. C. A. Goessmann ; botany, Dr. G. 
E. Stone ; Foods and Feeding, Dr. Lindsey ; Veter- 
inary, Dr. J. B. Paige. 

— The following men from the Freshman class 
will speak before the faculty: C. N. Baxter. T. H. 
Charmbury, W. S. Fisher, W. Q. Kinsman, A. 
Montgomery, J. P. Nickerson, R. D. Warden, G. 
H. Wright. 

— The following men from the Sophomore class 
have been selected to speak before the faculty. 
From the ten, four will be chosen to speak at Com- 
mencement. The men are F. W. Barclay, J. L. 
Bartlett, L. L. Cheney, G. H. Drew, J. A. Emrich, 
C. I. Goessmann, C. A. King,G. D. Leavens, F. C. 
Millard, P. H. Smith. 

— At a recent meeting of the Athletic directors, 
H. S. Fairbanks, '95, was elected president, and 
W. B. Harper, '96, secretary and treasurer to fill 
the vacancies left by the resignation of R. S. Jones 
and H. C. Burrington. 

— The tennis courts have been put in good shape 
and now claim the attention of the tennis fraternity. 
The tennis association will hold a meeting soon to 
make arrangements for a tournament to be held in 
a few weeks. Now is the time to practice. 

— That new rule of Prof. Allen's requiring every 
absence from a recitation, excused or unexcused, to 
be made up Thursday afternoons, hour for hour, 
seems to find small favor with the juniors. How- 
ever, there is a marked decrease in the number of 

— The battalion is drilling well this spring and 
presents a fine appearance on the parade ground. 
We hope to be pardoned for saying that although 
good drilling is supposed to be contagious, its in- 
fluence does not appear to have been felt yet by the 
band. However, let us hope — for better music and 
newer tunes. 

— Prof. A. C. Washburne has resigned his position 
as Assistant Professor of Mathematics and has 
been appointed actuary of a prominent life insur- 
ance company in New York. Prof. B. P. Has- 
brouk of Liberty ville, N. Y., a graduate of Rutgers 
college in the class of '93, will fill his place for the 
remainder of the term. 

— There are prospects of a very large peach crop 
at the Plaut House this year. Students are re- 
quested not to pick the fruit this season as experi- 
ments have been undertaken to determine the com- 
parative yield of varieties. A strict watch will be 
kept in the fall to see that these orders are heeded. 
A word to the wise is sufficient. 

— Leonard F. Metcalf who superintended the con- 
struction of the dam on the college farm, has ac- 
cepted the position left vacant by the resignation of 
Prof. Warner, and now occupied temporarily by 
Prof. Allen. At present he is with Wheeler & 
Parks, Hydraulic Engineers, Boston, and is super- 
intending the construction of a system of water- 
works in Nashua, Tennessee. He will enter upon 
his duties here next fall. 



— The Y. M. C. A. has appointed the following 
committees : Devotional — Seijiro Saito, F. W. Bar- 
clay, Williams Eaton ; membership — L. F. Clark, 
H.J. Armstrong, W.S.Fisher; bible study— George 
Tsuda, G. D. Leavens, F. C. Millard ; music — L. 
F. Clark, W.S. Fisher ; flower committee for spring 
term,— H. L. Frost,E. A. White, H. E. Clark. 

"Government bt the People ; or How the Organ- 
ism is Guided." 

The second of the series of lectures on Politics 
was given Friday evening, April 26, and proved of 
much interest to all those who attended. 

The lecturer began by asking how the great de- 
velopments we have made in Government had come 
about, and answered it by saying that the people 
had had wants and had kept at work until they 
were, in the main, satisfied. 

One fundamental principle is that all must be 
protected, the strong being especially under obliga- 
tions to protect the weak. In a Government by 
the people the basis of suffrage should be broad as 
should also the governing power. 

No one man and no one class can have the quali- 
fications that will fit them for ruling a whole people. 
So we see that a Democratic form of Government 
is the best that can be devised. 

The Governor of the state is really of much less 
importance than formerly. In his inaugural address 
he points out the needs of the state, from his stand- 
point, having received the recommendations of the 
heads of the various departments. But the Gover- 
nor and his policy are of little consequence when it 
comes to law-making, especially if in opposition to 
the ideas of a majority of the people. Legislation 
cannot be carried out on strict party lines, without 
the party making itself ridiculous. In this state, 
fortunately, legislation is usually not on party lines, 
but on the merits of the question. 

One thing we are forced to notice continually is 
that the stronger the minority in any legislative 
body the more closely are party lines followed and 
the more prone is that body to waste time and quib- 
ble and indulge in small politics. 

Proportionate representation is receiving much 
attention of late, especially as regards city govern, 
ments. This is unquestionably the fairest method 

of representation but whether it would be the best 
for a state legislature is a question yet to be 

The old idea that Government is a compact be- 
tween the governed and the governing power is no 
longer tenable. The Government must be obeyed. 
Order and justice must be maintained at any cost. 
The whole people must be taxed, whether or not 
they are directly represented. 

The fact has come to be recognized that the best 
talent is none too good for the service of the people, 
hence it is that the best men available are generally 
elected to public office. We should always keep in 
mind the duties of citizenship, informing ourselves 
as to the rights and wrongs of all public matters 
and when called upon to vote, vote as our con- 
sciences and our judgments direct us. 

"Development by Legislature ; or How the 

Organism Grows." 
On Friday evening, May 3, at 8 o'clock, was de- 
livered the third of the course of lectures by R. L. 
Bridgman. The subject of the People as an organ- 
ism was continued and the lecturer included in his 
remarks the following : 

"The laws of the state are not the will of one 
man but are the true and intelligent expression of 
the will of the majority. The wisdom of the many 
is greater than the wisdom of the few. In general 
legislation is for the best interests of the whole 
people but sometimes special legislation is enacted 
which benefits only a special few. If any great 
fraud comes to light it can generally be traced to 
the court house as its starting place." 

There are two classes of legislation, the selfish 
and unselfish. The selfish class is that which in- 
cludes railroad and telephone bills, electric lighting 
and power schemes and in general any legislation 
looking toward the advantage of a few persons. 
The unselfish legislation is that which includes 
measures relating to education, health, punishment 
of fraud, etc. Most of the legislation is selfish but 
it springs from the unselfish class. 

The legislature is common ground. Any man 
may go to the Senate or the House and lay before 
those bodies his complaints or his schemes. This 
fact is oftentimes taken advantage of in pushing 
greedy and unworthy schemes. 

The course of legislation. A bill may be pre- 



scnted in various ways and by either House. It is 
referred to a committee which after sitting upon 
the bill confers with the other House and after a 
hearing to which the public is iuvited, reports to the 
House from which the bill came, expressing them- 
selves in favor or agaiust it. The bill goes through 
three readings in the originating House, two of the 
three readings being debatable. After the third 
reading the bill is passed to be engrossed and sent 
to the other branch where it goes through a similar 
course. The clerks of the branch from which it 
last came, copy it and it is then passed to be en- 
acted. It is signed by the Speaker of the House 
and Treasurer of the Senate and sent to Governor. 
He signs or returns without signature within five 
days stating objection. If he does nothing with it 
for five days it becomes a law anyway. 



Contributions to this department are respectfully 
solicited Jrom alumni and students. Address Alumni 
Editor, Box 43, Amherst, Mass. 

Ex- '75.— G. S. Hatch of Medford has been ap- 
pointed Legacy tax collector by Gov. Greenhalge. 

'78. — Prof. A. A. Brigham, late of Sapporo col- 
lege of Japan, and now lecturer on agriculture in 
New Hampshire state college, has an article on 
"Student Life in Japan," in the April number of 
the New England Homestead. Mr. Brigham's per- 
manent address is Marlboro, Mass. 

'78. — Chas. T. Colburn has been elected treas- 
urer of the Courier-Citizen Publishing Co. of Lowell, 

'82. — S. C. Damon of Lancaster, a new member 
of the Board of Trustees, has been placed upon the 
Finance Committee. 

'85. — Born, in Washington, D. C, April 24, a 
daughter to E. W. and Estelle Allen. 

'86. — Dr. R. F. Duncan has been visiting college 
for a few days. Present address, 332 Hamilton St., 
Albany, N. Y. 

'90. — F. W. Mossman has completed a course in 
dairying at the Wisconsin Dairy School. His future 
address will be Ft. Atkinson, Wis. 

'91. — M. A. Carpenter is engaged in landscape 

gardening at Fresh Pond, Cambridge, in the employ 
of Olmsted, Olmsted & Eliot. Address, Mount 
Auburn, Mass. 

'91. — Married, Willard W. Gay to Jessie Irene 
Brown of North Amherst, at New York, April 19, 
1895. At home, 512 North 36th St., West Phila- 
delphia, Pa. 

'91.— C. A. Magill of the firm of Thayer & Magill, 
civil engineers and surveyors, Weslfleld, has been 
engaged as instructor of engineering, at Amherst 
college, in place of Prof. Raub who is in Europe. 

'92.— H. E. Crane of the firm of F. H. Crane & 
Sons, Quincy, has just returned from a trip to 
Jamaica, W. I. He was aboard the British steamer 
"Eltheldred," which was fired on by a Spanish man- 
of-war, off Cape Maysi, Cuba. 

'92.— G. B. Willard of the firm of Willard & 
Blanchaid, is engaged in the leather coloring busi- 
ness in Brockton, Mass. 

'93. — H. D. Clark, D. V. S.,has opeued an office, 
in Milford, Mass. Address, 272 Main St., Milford. 

'94. — H. J. Fowler was at the college April 24. 

'94. — C. H. Spaulding was married April 5th, to 
Miss Mattie Childs at East Lexington. He has 
bought and will run a milk farm. Address, Har- 
vard, Mass. 

Where do thoughts come from, 

And how do they grow? 
What makes them take form, 

Or hang back so slow? 

Talk that we've listened to, 

Books that we've read ; 
Maybe half lies or true, 

Stufl'ed in our head. 

Jammed in, an awful mess, 

More every clay. 
Sometimes we know, or guess, 

What things to say. 

Strange if they didn't mix, 

Stufl'ed in so many ; 
Pull at one when it sticks, 

It's luck to get any. 

— Arthur Parkhurst in Earlhamite. 

Out of Harvard's twenty-three honor men last 
year, eleven were prominent athletes. 




The new books obtained under the recent state 
appropriation have begun to come in, those first 
being chiefly on the subjects of Chemistry and 

The Region of Eternal Fire. Marvin. An 
account of a journey to the petroleum region of the 
Caspian in 1893. This volume includes a complete 
history and description of the great oil industry at 
Baker in southeastern Russia, and an account of 
Ludwig Nobel, the oil king in that section. The 
author also touches upon the approaching danger to 
British India, on account of Russia's increase of 
power in the East. 

Orchidaceous Plants. In nine volumes. By 
James Veitch and Sons. This manual has been 
compiled to supply amateurs and cultivators with a 
full account of the principle genera, species and 
varieties of Orchids cultivated under glass. The 
different parts are well illustrated and contains 
much useful information for those interested in this 
large family of showy plants. 

The Horse. Its Internal and External Organiza- 
tion. By Schwarz. Revised and edited by Flem- 
ing. Containing a brief description of the horse, 
together with an interesting illustration of that 
animal, and a table of references. 

Mrs. Thrale. Afterivards Mrs. Piozzi. A sketch 
of her life, and passages from her diaries, letters, 
and other writings. Edited by L. B. Seeley. The 
life of this English authoress, famous chiefly on 
account of her friendship with Dr. Johnson, is writ- 
ten in an entertaining manner and is accompauied 
by several illustrations after well-known artists of 
her time. 

Memorials of Canterbury. Arthur P. Stanley. 
On four subjects which are especially connected 
with the history of Canterbury Cathedral : The 
Landing of Augustine and Conversion of Ethelbert, 
The Murder of Becket, Edward ihe Black Prince, 
and Becket's Shrine. The aim of these essays is to 
connect topics of local interest to the course of gen- 
eral history, and to contribute additional details to 
some of the most remarkable events in the annals of 
England. The book is well written and is interest- 
ing and instructive from a historic point of view. 


Foot-ball has been prohibited at Georgetown 

During the spring term, ex-President Harrison 
will deliver a course of lectures at the University of 

A. G. Boswell, pitcher on last year's University 
of Pennsylvania nine, has signed with the New York 
League team. 

Dartmouth, by a majority of two, has voted to 
remain in the Amherst- Williams-Dartmouth base- 
ball league, which means that her medical students 
cannot play ball. 

'Then real success is nothing more nor less for 
man or woman than living as well as we know how 
and doing the very best we can.' It is not measured 
by wealth or achievements, but in proportion as we 
live up to our opportunities, making the best use of 
the present time, doing the little duties day by day 
as they come to hand without waiting for oppor- 
tunities to accomplish great things — in like propor- 
tion will our lives he a success." — Guilford Col- 

That woman is regarded as a transcendental mystery 

Is quite familiar to us all, and no one will deny ; 
And we can search the annals of the race all down thro' 

But even then not one of us can give the reason why. 

Since Eve devoured the apple in Eden's sweet exclus- 

Thus starting the conundrum with the story of the Fall, 
The fact is made apparent, with very great obtrusiveness, 

That woman is a riddle which we cannot solve at all. 

If we expect a smile, we're almost sure of incivility, 
But not quite sure enough to know that this will be the 
And then at unexpected times the charm and sweet 
Will make us wonder if we ever knew such winsome 

"0 woman, in our hours of ease, uncertain," and the rest 
of it, 
You find life quite enjoyable, and kind to you is fate; 
In almost any argument you're sure to have the best of it, 
So plead for us when bluffing old St. Peter at the gates. 

— T. O. M. 




Friends ! let the brimming bowl go round, 

On with the merry dance and song, 
Let the piper pipe and the harp resound, 
For life's not long. 

While the oil yet burns in the silver lamp 

Let us eat and drink right heartily, 
Soon in the cold earth dark and damp 
We shall silent lie. 

Who knows what lies beyond death's flood? 

Whether there be anothor shore? 
Or whether a tavern on its bank 

Shall welcome us evermore? 

Friends ! Let the brimming bowl go round, 

On with the merry dance and song, 
Let the piper pipe and the harp resound, 
For life's not long. 

— P. M., in Brunonian. 


Flitting in the sunshine, 

Ne'er with care opprest, 
Free as whispering breezes, 

Pause awhile and rest. 
Lightly on some flower 

Swaying 'mid the grass, 
Stay thy aimless roaming, 

Linger as you pass. 

Gaily decked by nature, 

Rich in colors bright, 
Radiant in the sunshine, 

Floating in the light, 
Careless of the future, 

Through life's golden day, 
Poised upon thy pinions, 

Sail thy airy way. 

— T. J. B., in Brunonian. 


To him the world no trifle is, 
And life is one long day, 

In which a man must tend to 
And not to childish play. 


Though in his pathway roses fall 

And music fill the the air ; 
He would not seem the hapless youth 

Who owns no lot nor care. 

Yet of his kind the world has few 

Such gems are very rare 
If all the men were like to him 

Mark Twain would tear his hair. 

C. I. G. 


The President will be at his office at the library from 
11 to 11-30 a. m. and from 2 to 4 p. m. every day except 
Saturday and Sunday. 

The treasurer will be at his office at the Botanic 
Museum from i to 5-30 p. m. on Wednesdays and on Sat- 
urdays from 3 to 5-30 P. M. 

The college library will be open for the drawing of 
books from 2 to 4 p. M. aud from 6-30 to 8 P. M. every 
day in the week except Saturday and Sunday ; on Sat- 
urday from 8 a. M. to 12 M., from 1 to 4 p. m. and from 
6-30 to 8 p. M. ; on Sunday from 12 m. to 3 P. M, for 
reference only. 

Amherst College library will be open from 8-45 a. m. to 
6 P. M. and from 6-30 to 9-30 P. M. except on Sundays and 
the holidays. M. A. C. students may obtain the privi- 
lege of using this library by applying to Pres. Goodell. 

Mails are taken from the box in North College at 1.00 
p. m. and 8.00 p. m. week-days, and at 7.00 p. m. on Sun- 


Boston & Maine, Southern Division. 

Trains leave Amherst going East for Ware, Oakdale, 
South Sudbury and Boston at 6.09, 8.20 a. m., 2.34 p. m. 
Sundays 6.10. 

Returning leave Boston at 8.45 a. m., 1.30, 4.00 p. m. 
Sundays 1.30 p. si. 

For Worcester 6.09, 8.20 a. m., 2.34 p. m. Sunday at 
6.10 a. m. 

Returning leave Worcester at 11.45 a. m., 2.25,4.58 p.m. 

6.09 a. m. and 2.34 p. m. connect at Ware with north 
bound trains on the Ware River Branch of the B. & A. 
and the 6.09, 8.20 a.m., and 2.34 p. M. connect with south 
bound trains on same road. 

Trains leave Amherst going West to Northampton at 
8.01, 10.30 a.m., 12.05, 1.20, 5.14, 6.15, 7.18, 8.40 P. M. 
Sundays, 10.40 a. m., 5.19, 8.30 P. M. 

Returning leave Northampton at 5.55, 8.05, 8.50 a. m., 
12.30, 2.20, 5.50, 7.10, 8.20. Sundays, 5.55, 10.20 a.m., 
7.35 P. M. 

Trains connecting with the Connecticut River R. R., 
going south leave Amherst at 8.01, 10.30 a. m., 12.05, 1.20, 
5.14, 6.15, 7.18, 8.40 p. M. Sundays, 10.40 A. M., 8.30 p.m. 

Trains connecting with Connecticut River R. R. going 
north leave Amherst at 10.30 a. m., 1.20, 7.18 p. M. 
New London Northern. 

Trains leave Amherst for New London, Palmer and the 
South at 7.05 a. m. 12.13, 5.57 p. M. 

For Brattleboro and the north at 9,05, 11.46 A. m., 8.06 
p. M. 

Trains leave Palmer for Amherst and the north at 8.22, 
11.00 a. m., 7.15 p. m. 

Trains going south connect at Palmer with B. & A. 
trains for the east and west. 

North bound trains connect with Fitchburg R. R. for 
the east and west. 

1 88 



South side Cutler's Block, 

in el rnuiuunHrnLn 

FOR M. A. C- CLASS '95 IS 

392 Boylston Street, 

Engagements for sittings as to date, etc., apply 
to Photo Committee Senior Class, J. Marsh, Chair- 

Amherst College '95, Tufts College '95, 

Dartmouth College '95, Wellesley College '95, 

B. U. College Liberal Arts '95, Mt. Holyoke College '95, 
Wesleyau University '95, Lazell Sem. '95, &c., &c, 

Business Suits, $20. 
Custom Pants, $5. 


Burt House, opposite the old Alpha Delta Phi House. 

ligfrest Quality of All, 



Have you feasted your eyes upon 
the beauty and grace of the 1895 
Columbias ? Have you tested and 
compared them with all others ? 
Only by such testing can you know 
how fully the Columbia justifies its 
proud title of the "Standard for the 
World." Any model or equipment 
your taste may require;, $f 



Boston, New York, 

Chicago, San Francisco, 
Providence, Buffalo. 

An Art Catalogue of these 
famous wheels and of Hart- 
fords, $So $60, free at Colum- 
bia agencies, or mailed for 
two 2-cent stamps. 




Photographic Studio. 

Society, Class and Group Work a Specialty 





I have the ammunition to fit 
you with. Ou your way to the 
Post Office stop and look at my 
stock of 

Hats, Caps, Gloves, 





VOL. V. 

AMHERST, MASS., MAY 22, 1895. 

No. 16 

Published Fortnightly by the Students of the Mass. 
Agricultural College. 

Terms $1,00 per year, in advance. Single copies, 10c. 

Postage, outside United States and Canada, 25c. extra. 

Entered at the Post Office as second-class mail matter. 


P. A. LEAMY, '96, Editor-in-Chief. 

F. P. WASHBURN, '96. Business Manager. 

H. W". MOORE, '96, As'st. Business Manager. 

H. II . ROPER, '96, Exchange. 

P. S. W. FLETCHER, '96, College Notes. 

J. L. BARTLETT, '97, Library Notes. 

C. A. KING, 97, Alumni Notes. 

J.M. BARRY, '97, Athletics. 

R. D. WARDEN, '98. 

Students and Alumni are requested to contribute. Coramuuica- 
ions should be addressed Aggie Lifk, Amherst Mass. 

Aggie Life will be sent to all subscribers until its discontinu- 
ance is ordered, and arrears paid. 

We bad hoped that fortune would favor us with 
sufficient electric light to correct the proof of this 
issue ; but it was not to be. We would apologize to 
our numerous friends therefore for any typograph- 
ical errors which may be found as the lights went 
out during the process. 

Now that the committee from the faculty have 
selected the commencement speakers from the fresh- 
man and sophomore classes let the men who were 
fortunate enough to be chosen do all in their power 
to obtain the prizes. Each man on the four should 
have some upper class man to train him for the com- 
mencement speaking. Each society should look out 
for their own men, and appoint some oue capable of 
training the underclassmen. This system is car- 
ried on in other colleges. Why not try the experi- 
ment here? 

For some time past the students as well as Read- 
ing Room Directors have been annoyed by the wilful 
mutilation of papers in the reading room. This has 
been done by only a few students, a few who have 
no respect for the rights of others. Repeated com- 
plaints have been made and as the rights of the 
majority must be protected at any cost, if further 
damage is done, the directors will feel obliged to 
publish the names of the suspected persons and per- 
haps take even more stringent measures. We would 
call attention to Chapter 42, Section 1, of the Acts 
and Resolves of 1872. A word to the wise is 

There are certain thiugs about which we cannot 
be too careful, aud one of the most important of 
these is our conduct. We certainly wish to be 
classed as gentlemen but how can we expect to be, 
unless our conduct be that of gentlemen. There 
seems to be a tendency among a few of the students 
to make remarks, when visitors are present, which 
do not reflect credit upon themselves nor the college 
but which place us under an unfavorable light. We 
are judged by our actions aud deeds, therefore let 
these be at all times such that they will reflect no 
discredit upon ourselves or our Alma Mater. 
Remember that all people outside the college have 
to judge us by is what they see and hear. If we 
make a favorable impression so much to our credit, 
if not then it is time we looked into the matter and 
found out the cause. 

The Forty-Second Annual Report of the Secre- 
tary of the Slate Board of Agriculture is now in the 
possession of every student of the college and will 
be found a very interesting aud valuable addition to 
each student's library. We would call special atten- 
tion to the address of Prof. Sanborn on Eastern and 
Western farming and to the discourse on Industrial 

i 9 4 


Education by Dr. Murkland. The Keport of the 
Cattle Commission is one of immediate interest and 
is a conservative statement of the doings of that 
board for the past year. It is gratifying to know 
that the Gypsy Moth Commission has done its work 
so faithfully in the past and the old Bay State is to 
be congratulated for the effective work that has been 
done by their officials in disposing of the Gypsy 
Moth. The whole book will be found well worth 
the time spent in carefully reading it. 

Our attention has been repeatedly called to the 
manner in which some of the students conduct 
themselves during their leisure hours and many 
times we have been tempted to call attention to this 
fact in the columns of the Life but, feelings of 
pride and a love for the good name of the college 
prevented us from doing so. We hoped that as 
time went on the evil might be remedied in some 
other way, but we have been disappointed and we 
can resist the temptation no longer. It is indeed a 
sad spectacle to see young men who come from some 
of the best families in the state who have no more 
self-respect than that exhibited by those who con- 
gregate in front of South College on Sunday after- 
noons. Gentlemen : — if you have no respect for 
yourselves, no respect for your classmates who 
conduct themselves in becoming manner, no respect 
for the good name of the college, if you have so far 
forgotten the lessons instilled into your youthful 
mind on your mother's knee, then have the good- 
ness to show your unmanliness in some other place. 
Go beyond the shadow of that building devoted to 
the service of God to utter your profanity and to 
work your violation of the Lord's Day. 

In connection with the choice of speakers for 
Commencement from the lower classes, it is deplor- 
able to notice the lack of enthusiasm and ability to 
hold attention in many of those who speak. Per- 
haps this is not wholly the fault of the men. A 
well-known authority on this subject states that the 
students who appear on such occasions are selected, 
not by reason of their having most profited by the 
training afforded by the institution, but by reason 
of their natural aptitude, and that those who acquit 
themselves best, 'owe their fostering mothers noth- 
ing, for any power of speech they may possess.' 

However there is room for improvement on both 
sides, and it ought to be a matter of pride on the 
part of each speaker to do his best, for the sake of 
his class and the honor of Aggie, and to make the 
exercise not a mere striving for a prize of a certain 
number of dollars. Let the men who are selected 
to speak in June, neglect no opportunity of perfect- 
ing themselves in their parts, and we shall have at 
that time exercises in speaking which will bring 
credit and reputation to the institution besides train- 
ing the individuals in a very interesting and useful 
branch of college work. 


On Monday evening, May 6, the College Glee 
Club visited Leverett, where a most excellent con- 
cert was given. 

The "team work" of the club was good; in fact 
it was the best of the season. This feature of the 
singing reflects great credit on Mr. A. B. Smith, 
the leader, who has drilled his men patiently and 

The solos by Mr. Bagg were met with the enthu- 
siastic applause that Bagg's singing always evokes. 
He has a remarkably good first bass voice. Mr. 
Burgess rendered his solo in a very pleasing man- 
ner and was duly appreciated. 

The club was encored again and again, — in 
short they received a complete ovation. The im- 
provement in the club's work certainly shows that 
this hearty reception was well merited. This con- 
cert far outclassed all previous ones of this season. 

After the concert, the club was pleasantly enter- 
tained for a short time by members of the Christian 
Endeavor society. The club returned to Amherst 
the same night. 

I wonder where my money goes, 
And yet I ought to know : 
For books and hats, and coats and shoes, 
For pipes and gloves, and oyster stews; 
Tobacco in my pipe to use, 
And liquid which the German brews, 
Frat. Chapter and athletic dues, 
Ball tickets and college crews, 
Y. M. C. A., the daily news, 
And beggars whom I can't refuse, 
Car fares, " set ups" and bets I lose, 
And pawns, redeemed again from Jews, 
New novelettes to cure the blues, 
Class pictures, pins and college views. 

— Targum. 



£ ©retributed. 


Many years ago, before even the possibility of 
such a war with China and Japan as the world has 
just witnessed was thought of, China had been 
looked upon by many, as the possible nation of the 
future. As a nation, China is unique among the 
peoples of the world. She boasts an ancestry num- 
bering thousands of years, has reached a high de- 
gree of refinement, and ages ago had attained per- 
fection in many arts, yet to-day she is an infant 
among nations. 

The late war and its results but show the ever- 
growing spirit of the age, whose tendency is to 
raise all nations to a common level, where they 
may unite for the good of humanity. This process 
has been a painful one for China, she can hardly 
realize that before her lies not defeat, but victory, 
that following the death of superstition and conser- 
vatism, comes the new birth, the dawn of the 
Chinese Renaissance ! 

A solid and practical nation, alert and persever- 
ing, she has but to throw off the yoke of heathen- 
ish customs and traditions, to awaken to the glori- 
ous possibilities of the future. She has everything 
to learn, but nothing to unlearn. Much of that 
wisdom which has guided her in the past is useful 
in the present, for a large share of the teachings of 
Confucius are world-wide in their force and appli- 

When we realize that education is not a process 
of memorizing truths, but is rather a training of 
the mind, which shall broaden the field of observa- 
tion and increase the understanding, then we can 
appreciate the process of China's future develop- 
ment. Shall she forget that patience and persever- 
ance inculcated by a difficult language, cumbersome 
methods and crude implements? Shall she allow 
the continued suppression of that arrested genius 
of originality which has given to the world some of 
its greatest inventions ! No, these are the sources 
of her greatest strength, waiting to be cleared of 
their rubbish of oriental mysticism. 

In one sense, the developement of China will re- 
semble the growth of our own country. The colo- 
nists came to America, people of an old nation, 

filled with traditions and ideas of the divine right 
of kings and of the allegiance of the individual to 
an established church, yet in the atmosphere of a 
new country, they threw off the bonds of ancient 
oppression and imbibed those principles of freedom 
and growth, which seemed a very part of their new 
environment. Even so shall it be with China. That 
old thralldom which has checked her ambit'on and 
prevented progress, will be cast away ; while sur- 
rounded by the inventions and ideas which Japan 
will force upon her, she will become a power among 
nations. This awakening will, without doubt, be 
slow, hardly perceptible at first, but it will be cer- 

During the war, our sympathies with Japan, as 
being an apparently weaker nation, have blinded us 
to the pitiful condition of China. Her strongholds 
are taken, many of her people are dead or dying, 
while others must starve, or accept alms from the 
hands of their enemies. And added to this, though 
already improvished, she must pay an enormous 
indemnity to Japan. 

China's cause was a mistaken one, and she has 
paid dearly for it. Now is the time when all the 
world should advance in the spirit of true Christian- 
ity and lend her a helping hand, which shall lift her 
to a position of power and respectability. 

F. E. deL. 


While the number of schools and colleges de- 
voted to general education is almost countless, how 
few are those which endeavor to give the farmer 
the practical education that will enable him to car- 
ry on his business intelligently ! Is it possible that 
many people even to-day continue to depreciate the 
farmer's rank in civilization, when they know that 
they are utterly dependent upon him for every mor- 
sel they eat, and for everything necessary for their 
comfort? Could they but look deeper than the 
mere outward appearance of the hard laboring farm- 
er and consider the character of the man himself, 
would they not be forced to admit that he should 
have a thorough knowledge of a greater number of 
scientific and practical subjects than any other man 
whatever may be his business? 



It is true, that the majority of farmers have lit- 
tle education beyond what they received years ago 

at the common schools ; but it is to be remembered I 

that agricultural schools and colleges were, at that! 

time, in their infancy, and comparatively little was 
known concerning them and, if they were even bet- 
ter known to-day, how many more would be enjoy- 
ing their benefits ! 

One of the most serious injuries to the agricultu- 
ral iutercst, is the fact that the farmer's son leaves 
his home in order to engage in other more desira- 
ble pursuits. Can we not imagine the feelings of 
a father who, after giving his son a classical educa- 
tion at his owd expense finds that the son, upon 
finishing his college career, gives up the farm in 
contempt because he can more easily obtain wealth 
by the exercise of his wits and by the use of his ac- 
quisitions in other ways than in farming? Can we 
blame the father, who, for four long years, has 
been iooking forward with pleasure to the day of 
his son's return, when he will work hand in hand 
with him, and share with him in the business, and 
who, being disappointed, bitterly repents the edu- 
cation his son has received, because it has served 
only to entice him away from the farm rather than 
to stimulate his interest in it. 

As a proof of the frequency of this, let us look 
at the abandoned farms as they appear before us, 
while passing through the county towns. Here we 
see a farm which, in its day may have been in the 
very highest condition of cultivation and fertility, 
but look at it to-day. The fences are old, broken 
down aud overgrown with bushes — the old mowings 
uncut for years, and choked with weeds, send up 
here and there, a few stalks of grass, thin and dry 
from the poor soil and broiling sun — the old or- 
chard trees, with their untrimmed and scrubby 
branches offering a feeble resistance to the attacks 
of caterpillars aud insects — the old barn, now un- 
shingled, uucared for, the grey weather-beaten 
boards warped this way and that, — the roof, sunk- 
en and even fallen through — aud finally, the old 
dwelling-house, half hidden by surrounding bushes, 
now fallen in ruin and decay. The chimney has 
long toppled over, the windows are broken and the 
doors have rusted from their iron hinges- The old 
stone doorstep marks the entrance and a weedy 
walk marks the way. The old well-sweep in the 

yard has long ago broken in halves and is lying up- 
on the ground. 

As we gaze upon such a sight we can explain it 
in no other way than by supposing that the farmer, 
unable to induce any of his children for whose edu- 
cation he has worked so hard, to remain with him, 
became at length so discouraged that he could con- 
tinue his work no longer and so abandoned the 
farm entirely. 

Are we to conclude from this, that, if farmers' 
sons are kept in ignorance of what is taught in the 
higher schools and colleges, they will naturally con- 
tent themselves to remain at home and plod along 
in the old ruts of their fathers? Can we for an in- 
stant tolerate this as the proper and wise method 
of procedure? No. On the other hand, we are to 
infer that the education aud discipline of the farm- 
er's son3 must lie in a direction peculiar to them- 
selves, and that they cannot be too thorough. The 
farmer should iustruet his son in the science and 
practice of agriculture, in such a way as not to les- 
sen his attachments for the occupations of the farm, 
or to create inducements for seeking his living oth- 
erwise. For a young man to be a good farmer he 
should be better qualified to succeed in farming than 
in any other business, and how better can he secure 
these qualifications than by attending not the clas- 
sical but the agricultural college where should be 
found the most thorough teaching of the art and 
science of agriculture and other closely related 

If there is any pursuit which demands the most 
acute powers of observation and comprehension and 
the most abundant and varied knowledge, it is that 
of the farmer. Every science sheds its light along 
his path, and how invaluable to him must be a prac- 
tical knowledge of the application of these sciences ! 

The farmer deals with life. All the animals on 
his farm are dependent upon him. His labor and 
skill are expended in the promotion of vegetable 
life. Can a thorough knowledge of the sciences 
governing the principles of animal and vegetable 
life be valueless to him? 

The farmer deals with the soil — -the food of the 
plant, and he deals also with the food of the ani- 
mal. He needs, therefore, to know the composi- 
tion of these foods — the elements found in them — 
the relations existing betweeu these elements, and 



the effect produced 011 the animal or plant. He 
needs to know the economy of the farm — what to 
save and what to reject and without an understand- 
ing of the principles of Chemistry, how vague 
would be many of his ideas ! 

There is no life, which, when followed in its true 
spirit calls into action more powers, inspires more 
faculties and energies and tests ingenuity more fre- 
quently, than that of the farmer, and nothing 
should stand in his path to prevent his obtaining 

The question may arise, Are facilities for suffi- 
cient agricultural education within reach of the 
youth of the rural population? If we look at the 
advantages offered by the agricultural colleges of 
to-day, regarding instruction in the practical and 
theoretical education of every scientific subject ; if 
we look at the opportunities offered to each student 
for the purpose of aiding himself in his desire to 
work for an education ; if we give the matter any 
consideration whatever we can but decide the ques- 
tion in the affirmative. 

With such opportunities as these existing, why 
do farmers prefer to either send their sons to classi- 
cal colleges or else to keep them in ignorance ? In 
the former case, the chances usually are, that the 
son will engage in some other occupation, and on the 
other hand, if he is kept ignorant of education 
entirely, he will regard the work of the farm as mere 
drudgery ; but let him pass through a practical 
course of agricultural education, and he will be 
seized with a passion to become proficient in his 
business — to make his farm his pride — his enthusi- 
asm and ambition will be so aroused to attain a high 
degree of perfection, that prosperity and success 
will inevitably result. 

By all means, therefore, let not only the son but 
the farmer himself be so educated and informed in 
the practical sciences that he will be ever on the 
alert to improve his practice, and only when this is 
done — this application of science to agriculture — 
can we expect to find the abandoned farm a thing 
of the past — to find the intelligent farmer working 
in harmony with his sons, who are ever ready to aid 
him, both with their hands and with their intellect 
because they have been so instructed as to love their 

The farmer is destined to be a man of progress, 

and the more he is educated by this system of agri- 
cultural education, the more rapid will be his prog- 
ress, and he who stubbornly rejects this system of 
education will fall behind his more eager competi- 
tors ; and the time is near at hand when the educa- 
tion of the farmer will have risen so high above its 
present standard, that he will be honored and 
respected by all his fellowinen, as one of the omnip- 
otent readers of this noblest of all human arts — as 
the highly developed type of the physical, intellect- 
ual, and moral man. j. f. h. 

On May 11, through the kindness of Professor 
Hitchcock and Nelligan of Amherst College, in 
granting the use of apparatus and the necessary 
time, E. A. Bagg, 2 yrs. '95, sustained the trial 
usually known as the strength test. It has been 
well known for some time that Mr. Bagg was above 
the average in all round muscular development but 
the result of the test was a surprise even to Mr. 
Bagg himself. Considering his lack of training and 
his absolute unacquaintance with some of the appa- 
ratus, the results of the test are certaiuly remarkable 
and promise well for future trials. Henry W. Lane 
'95 of Amherst College at present holds the college 
record for total strength with 1650.4 kilograms or 
3630 lbs. Klein of Harvard has a record of total 
strength of something over 2600 lbs. Mr. Bagg 
with scarcely any previous training ran up a record 
of 1172 kilograms or 2578 lbs. Prof. Hitchcock 
has kindly granted further use of the apparatus and 
it is hoped that Mr. Bagg may break his present 
record before the term closes. The details of the 
test are given herewith : 

Heights and girth. Metric. English. 

Chest, (repose) 
Chest, (full) 
Upper right arm, 
Upper right arm, (contracted) 
Right forearm, 
Lungs, (capacity) 

Lungs, (strength) 

Dip, (34 times) * ( 
Pull up, (19 times) i 

Right forearm, (59 k.) j 
Left forearm, (57 k.) j av ' 

Total strength, 1173.3 " 2578.84 " 

*The sum of dip and pull up -was multiplied by one-tenth of 
the weight. 

T. P. F. 

1677 m. m. 

66 in. 

67.5 kilog. 

149 lbs. 

949 m. m. 

37.3 in. 

990 " 

39 " 

390 " 

11.42 " 

331 " 

12.6 " 

391 " 

11.46 " 

4.3 litres 



2.3 kilog. 

4.84 lbs. 

312 " 

686.4 " 

290 " 

638 " 

510 " 

1122 " 

58 " 

127.6 " 




The fourth lecture in the series was delivered be- 
fore the society, May 8, by Mrs. Ellen H. Richards, 
M. A., B. S., subject being "Chemistry of Foods." 
Mrs. Richards has charge of the sanitary chemistry 
of the Mass. Institute of Technology, is also super- 
visor of the Domestic Economy department at Chi- 
cago University, and is a recognized authority on 
all matters pertaining to household chemistry. 

The lecturer spoke in a general way of the 
sources of energy and the changes in form it under- 
goes, and of its relations to the bodily functions. 
The composition of the body was illustrated by the 
use of blocks proportionate to the weight of what 
they represented. The amount and kind of food 
elements necessary to keep the body in its best con- 
dition was then discussed. The lecturer mentioned 
some of the more important chemical changes pro- 
duced in cooking. In closing Mrs. Richards ex- 
pressed the hope that in the future, schools and 
colleges would pay more attention to this important 
branch of chemistry. 

Last Thursday evening, May 16, Professor Hodge 
of Clark University lectured in the Stone Chapel 
under the auspices of the Natural History Society, 
his subject being "The Braiu as the Basis of Intel- 
ligence." The lecture was one of the most inter- 
esting of the season and was listened to throughout 
with manifest pleasure. 

In the audience were noticed, besides the mem- 
bers of the Society and their friends, several mem- 
bers of the Faculty and families, also numerous 
friends of the college. 

The lecturer after being introduced by Mr. Wash- 
burue, President of the Natural History Society, 
first explained some technical points and then 
launched out into the main subject of his discourse. 
He said that the search for the basis of intelligence, 
or seat of the soul, has been of intense interest for 
centuries. Until comparatively recent times, how- 
ever, the search had availed nothing defiinite. Most 
of the conclusions reached by the ancients were 
merely guessed and were the result of either super- 
stition or imagination. The basis of intelligence, 
or the seat of the soul, has been placed in various 
parts of the body by different "investigators, as, for 
instance, in the heart, blood, stomach, liver, and 

spleen. But, all through these investigations there 
have been many facts to point to the head as the 
seat of intelligence, and that has been accepted as 
the truth now for many centuries, without the per- 
adventure of a doubt. 

A great deal of importance has been placed upon 
the convolutions of the brain. That these had any- 
thing to do with the degree of intelligence was first 
called attention to about twenty-three hundred 
years ago. In addition to that it has long been 
established that the shape of the skull has quite as 
much to do with the mental powers of men and 
animals as do the convolutions. 

In the animal kingdom, following the natural 
classification, the higher up we go, the higher we 
find the intelligence, until we reach the maximum in 
man, the highest animal. 

The average weight of brain in man is forty-nine 
ounces, and in woman forty-three. It is shown that 
the proportion of brain to body has not much to do 
with the general intelligence. Any considerable 
deviation from the average brain weight, either 
below or above the normal, results invariably in 

Acts of individuals, otherwise alike, vary as the 
condition and functions of the body and are not the 
result of a special kind of brain development. 

The brain must be well nourished and have its 
seat in a healthy, vigorous body to accomplish its 
best work. Athletics may have gone too far in our 
American colleges, but better the strong, vigorous, 
well balanced bodies and minds of modern students 
than the preponderant minds, and feeble bodies, 
unable to sustain them, of the old-fashioned schools, 
as far as practical results are concerned. 

The lecture was illustrated with various charts 
and models, and showed much mental labor, pains- 
taking research and preparation. May we have 
more like it. 

One of the best advertisements for a journal is 
frequent quotations from it in other journals. Make 
your paragraphs worth quoting. Give due credit 
when you quote others. Insist on gettiug it when 
you are quoted. — Printers' Ink. 

The University of Kansas has a law student 70 
years old. He expects to graduate soon. 



olleg? ^lotfj 

—More light ! 

— More water ! 

— Hearn was in town Friday and Satarday. 

— Give us a barrel of kerosene and shut down 
the electric light plant. 

— The Senior vacation commences on Sat., June 
8, and extends to the 15th. 

— Lieut. Dickinson acted as one of the judges at 
the Amherst college Light gym. 

— A fire alarm box No. 98 has been placed on the 
northeast corner of South college. 

— The Glee club will give a concert with eight 
men at Princeton, Mass., May 29. 

— The Battalion will act as escort to the Amherst 
Post G. A. R. in the services of Memorial Day. 

— Dr. C. S. Walker was in New Haven last week 
at a reunion of the class of '67, Yale University. 

— Work on the gunshed and entomological labor- 
atory is being rapidly pushed by the contractors. 

— H. H. Roper, '96, represented the Aggie Life 
at the New England Intercollegiate Press Associa- 
tion banquet held in Worcester, May 18. 

— H. F. Howe, '97, will leave college at the end 
of this term to enter the Junior class of the Law- 
rence Scientific School, Harvard University. 

— Dr. Marsh of Amherst conducted the services 
in the college chapel May 5th Dr. Walker occu- 
pied the pulpit at the First Congregational church 
in town. 

— The following men from the Sophomore class 
were selected by the faculty from the Burnham Ten 
to speak at Commencement: P. H. Smith, F. C. 
Millard, J. A. Emrich, G. D. Leavens. 

— Those of the Juniors who were so unfortunate 
as to get conditioned in Surveying last Spring are 
now taking lessons on the instruments with the two 
years' men, under the instruction of Prof . Hasbrouk. 

— We are pleased to note the active interest which 
the students are taking in the tennis tournament 
now in progress. With sixty entries in singles and 
forty-eight in doubles, there should be some lively 
competition for the medals that are to be awarded 
the winners. 

— Next Friday evening Mr. Bridgman will deliver 
the last of his lectures on Political Economy, the 
subject being "Separateness and Frequency of 
Elections ; or the Intensity of the Organic Life." 

— In spite of numerous warnings through these 
columns, the mutilation of the Reading room papers 
still continues. This outrage must be stopped and 
immediately. Let it be understood that the guilty 
persons are known and if the offence is repeated 
definite action will be taken by the Reading room 

— The subjects of the Flint prize orations are 
announced as follows: "The Claims of Armenia 
upon America, "by F. L. Clapp ; "Our Duty toward 
the Negro," by F. E. Deluce ; "Democracy; its 
Failure and its Future," by S. W. Fletcher; "The 
Soldier of the Republic," by P. A. Leamy ; "Immi- 
gration in Mexico," by S. Sastre de Veraud ; "The 
Influence of New England," by F. P. Washburn. 

—On Wednesday, May 15th, Col. R. P. Hughes 
of the U.S. Army inspected the Battalion in march- 
ing, firing and the manual. The cadets appeared 
in white trousers for the first time this spring and 
presented a very fine appearance on the campus. 
The inspector expressed himself as well pleased 
with the general excellence which characterized the 
movements of the Battalion and adds one more 
proof to the well established fact that the Military 
department of the college never was in a more 
active and prosperous condition than it is to-day. 

— The has been some dissatisfaction expressed 
among the chemistry students at the inefficient 
supply of apparatus in the chemical laboratory, and 
in most cases; the blame has been laid altogether 
upon the college and upon the instructors in charge 
of this department. The real reason why the lab- 
oratory is not at present as well equipped as it 
should be cannot be traced to the incompetent man- 
agement of any professor, nor to the careless in- 
difference of the college authorities, but only to the 
attitude of the students themselves, who have failed 
to pay the taxes and dues upon which the laboratory 
is largely dependent for the purchase of necessary 
supplies. We cannot give here the exact total of 
the outstanding bills which are due the chemistry 
department from the students, but the amount is 
more than sufficient to make many needed additions 
and improvements in the laboratory. 



— It is impossible not to notice the spirit of dis- 
content which has manifested itself for the past six 
months among a certain class of students here at 
college ; a spirit which persists in abusing every- 
thing connected with the institution wherein may 
be found some trifling imperfection, and which con- 
demns the inactivity of our college life which has 
become dull and uninteresting as a result of their 
own contemptible attitude towards the college 
athletics. If these worthy souls would but throw 
off this spirit of criticism and make an earnest, 
honest effort to better the things they are now so 
willing to condemn, life at the "Institute" would 
soon become more cheerful, more valuable, and 
richer in the pleasant associations which should 
gather around the four years of our college course. 

^lo-te$ and ^©mmervfcs, 

We would suggest to the College authorities that 
they arrange to give the students a short vacation 
until they can furnish a sufficient supply of water 
for drinking and toilet purposes and get a supply of 
coal for the electric light plant. 

What is the reason that those persons in charge 
of the electric light plant at the college cannot fur- 
nish a sufficient amount of coal for the engineer to 
keep up steam to run the machinery? Is the sup- 
ply of coal becoming exhausted and only a limited 
amount can be had, or, has the person, whose duty 
it was, forgotten to order it when be should? We 
would suggest that those who find the duties of 
their position so numerous as to prevent their 
properly attending to them engage an assistant, 
or, to vacate the position which seems to have out- 
grown them. 

* * 

The Juniors should have decided by this time 
upon the studies which they intend to elect next 
year. This is a matter which requires careful and 
serious consideration, for upon the results of next 
year's study depend, to a large extent, the hopes 
and ambitions of a lifetime. The time has passed 

when a man with but a general knowledge can hope 
to reach the fullest measure of success. He must 
have a specialty, some one branch in which he is 
more proficent than his fellows. We have been 
here three years, three happy, pleasant years full 
of varied lights and shadows and gladdened by the 
comradeship of our classmates. But if among the 
long list of sciences and "ologies" we have studied 
during this time, there can be found not one in 
which we have more than a passing interest, not 
one where the work becomes a pleasure, and the 
study but a delightful recreation, then the time has 
indeed been wasted. Soon we shall leave dear old 
Aggie, we will never know how dear it is to us till 
we have left it, and go out into the world of activity 
and labor. Let us improve the opportunity while 
we have it, and so reflect honor and credit upon 
ourselves and upon our Alma Mater. 

Now is the season of summer upon us again. 
These are the days when the theodolite aud meas- 
uring chain are monarchs of all they survey. Now 
does the life of the incautious insect go out amid 
the depth and gloom of the cyanide bottle after 
which his body is laid at rest among those of his 
equally unfortunate companions. Even the Com- 
mencement speaker begins to feel the inspiration of 
the season and betakes himself chapelward at an 
hour of the morning which it would have made him 
shudder to think of last winter. The Senior having 
completed his thesis and entered upon the imago 
stage of his college existence, folds his arms with 
an air of conscious superiority and dreams of the 
summer girl with her tailor made suit and the vol- 
ume of Sherlock Holmes latest doings under her 
arm, or, perhaps sees visions of the as yet unsub- 
dued dominions of Nature down on his father's 
farm. It is well. The day of his glory is a short 
one at best and while it does last let him make the 
most of it. Soon will the long anticipated events 
of Commencement week with its crowds of admired 
maidens and admiring younger brothers end in an 
armful of diplomas and he will go out upon the 
world to enter upon the solution of that great prob- 
lem, how to pay the bills contracted during his col- 
lege course. 



The subjects of the Senior theses are as follows : 


T. P. Foley— "The Problem of Labor." Oration. 
Shiro Kuroda — "Eternal Vigilance is the price of 

Labor." Oration. 
F. L. Warren — "Prison Reforms." 
H. S. Fairbanks — "Time the Arbiter of Fame." 



W. A. Root — "Cooperation." Thesis. 

A.B.Smith — "Corporations, and one of the Abuses." 

D. C. Potter— "Paper Money." Thesis. 


E. H. Clark— "The Spirit Shown by the Soldier, 

Ought it not to be Rewarded?" Oration. 
W. C. Brown— "Custer's Last Battle." 
S. P. Toole— "The Veteran Soldier." 


H. L. Frost — "Insects Attacking the Spruce." 

F. C. Tobey— "Natural History of the Scholy tidae." 



W. L. Morse — "Electricity is a Social and Indus- 
trial Force." Thesis. 


C. B. Lane — "The Chemistry and Economy of 
Foods." Thesis. 


R. A. Cooley — "Natural History of the Gypsy 

Moth." Thesis. 
H. A. Ballou— "Insect Coloration." Thesis. 
H. W. Lewis — "Social Wasps of North America, 

North of Mexico." Thesis. 
W. L. Bemis — "Synopsis of the North American 

Species of Bonibus and Psithyrns." 

A. F. Burgess — "Natural History of Lachnosterna 

fusco and Anatomy of its Larvae." 



E. A. White— "Rose Culture." Thesis. 
C. M. Dickinson — "Origin, Culture and Species of 
the Chrysanthemum." Thesis, 


R. S. Jones — "Modern Medical Science." Thesis. 

C. W. Crehore— "The Work of Louis Pasteur." 

M. J. Sullivan — "Tuberculosis: Its Relation to the 
Human Family." Thesis. 

H. D. Hemenway — "Apple Growing in Massachu- 
setts." Thesis. 

J. Marsh— "Ventilation." Thesis. 


H. E. Clark— "Cattle Feeding." 

H. B. Read— "Land Drainage." Essay. 

G. A. Billings — "Nitrogen in Agriculture." ' 

C. L. Stephens — "The Hog." Thesis. 

The following men were selected by the faculty 
to represent the various departments at commence- 
ment: H. E. Clark, Agriculture; E.A.White, 
Botany; R. A. Cooley, Entomology; T. P. Foley, 
English (B. U. man) ; E. H. Clark, Military; C.B. 
Lane, Chemistry; R. S. Jones, Veterinary; W. A. 
Root, Political Economy. 

Contributions to this department are solicited from 
alumni and students. 

'78. — H. E. Stockbridge, President North Dakota 
Agricultural College, was at college last week. 

'82. — J. W. Cooper, Jr., and wife of Plymouth, 
were in town last week. 

Ex-'87. — Rev. Herbert J. White has accepted a 
call to the Bethany Baptist church, West Cottage 
St., Dorchester. 

Ex-'88. — E. J. Dole has returned to California 
after a three months visit in the East. Mr. Dole 
is engaged in extensive land operations in Southern 
California. His address is German American Bank 
Blcl'g, Los Angeles, Cal. 

'91. — F. L. Arnold, for several years past con- 
nected with the State Experiment Station, has ac- 
cepted a position as chemist for the Bowker Fertil- 
izer Co. at Elizabeth, New Jersey. 

'92. — W. I Boyoton was at college last week. 

'93. — F. S. Hoyt has resigned his position at 
West Jersey Academy in order to accept a better 



'93.— G. F. Curley, Jefferson Medical College, 
has been awarded the Forbes Anatomical prize of 
$150, annually given to the 2d year man ranking 
highest in final examinations in Anatomy. This is 
the first year the prize has been offered, and conse- 
quently competition has been spirited. Both Mr. 
Curley and M. A. C. are to be congratulated. Mr. 
Curley considers it a testimonial of the value of the 
training afforded at the M. A. C. 

'94. — I. C. Green was at college a few days ago. 

'94. — C. H. Higgins, McGill University, is prac- 
tising in Marlboro during the summer vacation. 

'94. — E. H. Alderman was at college the 15th. 
He intends to give up the florist business at Oak- 
dale and take up farming at 1 lis home in Middlefield. 

'94. — C. F. Walker, Yale, has received a scholar- 
ship in Chemistry. 

'94. — J. Fowler is in the employ of the Gypsy 
Moth commission. 

Ex-'94. — L. J. SUepard will re-enter college next 
fall and complete the course. 

Ex-'96. — -G. Hubbard is in the employ of the 
Gypsy Moth commission. 


The Aims of Literary Study, Hiram Corson, LL. 
D., Professor of English Literature in Cornell Uni- 
versity. This volume consists mainly of contribu- 
tions to Poet-Lore together with an address deliv- 
ered before a graduating class of the Ogontz School. 
The author points out in a clear and convincing 
maimer, the need of a better balancing than now 
generally exists of the intellectual and the spiritual 
developments of man. He also discusses literary 
culture as distinct from literary knowledge, and the 
means of attaining to this culture, the true aim of 
which, he says, is "to induce soul states or condi- 
tions, soul attitudes, to attune the inward forces to 
the idealized forms of nature and of human life pro- 
duced by art, and not to make the head a cockloft 
for storing away the trumpery of barren knowl- 
edge." The book is entertainingly written and is 
well worth reading to anyone interested in this 

The Armenian Crisis in Turkey. The Massacre 
of 1894, its Antecendents and Significance, by 
Frederick D. Greene. This volume was written by 

a man who was born and has resided for many 
years in Turkey, and who is thus personally ac- 
quainted with the situation which he discusses. 
Certified evidence is given of the horrible massacre 
which took place at Sassoun in September. The 
author describes the political conditions and system 
of taxation of Eastern Turkey, and strongly con- 
demns the method of misrule practiced by the 
Turkish Government, under which several massacres 
have taken place since 1820. The aim of the book 
is to appeal to the civilized world in behalf of the 
oppressed subjects of the Sultan. 

An Illustrated History of German National Liter- 
ature. This volume contains the history of all the 
noted German authors with their portraits and fac- 
similies of their handwriting. It is written in Ger- 
man, and will prove to be of much interest to stu- 
dents of German Literature. 

The Century Cyclopedia oj Names. A pronounc- 
ing and Etymological Dictionary of names in Geog- 
raphy, Biography, Mythology, History, Ethnology, 
Art, Archaeology, Fiction, etc. — all the names 
about which information is likely to be sought. It 
has been placed in the library reading-room for 

Social England. 3 vols. Edited by H. D. 
Traill, D. C. L. These books are a record of the 
progress of the people in religion, laws, learning, 
arts, industry, commerce, science, literature, and 
manners from early times to the present day. The 
various parts are written by a number of different 
authors and together form a complete and interest- 
ing work on the social development of the English 

Once Cupid, in his roguish way, 

Into a room went peeping, 
And there upon the sofa lay 

A maiden calmly sleeping. 

Then Cupid straightway aimed a dart 

With a triumphant grin ; 
The shot was careless, missed her heart, 

And struck her in the chin. 

He drew the shaft and kissed the place, 

Twas healed by means so simple; 
The wound, however, left a trace — 

Indeed, a little dimple. 

— In the U. of Pa. Courier. 




"You are sweet enough to eat," said be, "I do, 
regularly," was her quick reply. 

It is said that in Vassar they call gum an elective 
because they needn't take it unless they chews. 

A tree sprang from the ground ; a monkey sprang 
from the tree ; a man being scared sprang from the 
monkey. An example o( evolution ! 

Over 40,000 women are attending the various 
colleges of America, yet it is only twenty-five years 
since the first college in the land was opened to 

Statistics have been published showing that of 
the 1,112 men who played football on college 
elevens last season, but ten were temporarily dis- 
abled, and only one permanently injured. 

The oldest professor in active service in Germany 
is said to be Prof. Newman, of the University of 
Konigsburg. He is 96 years of age and for sixty 
years he has been lecturing continually on Physics 
and Mineralogy. 

President Adams of the University of Wisconsin, 
in speaking of football, says : "If you trace the 
antagonism to football you will find that it is most 
intense where the person criticizing the sport knows 
the least about it." 


When a pair of red lips are upturned to your own, 

"With no one to gossip about it, 
Do you pray for endurance to let them alone? 

Well maybe you do — but I doubt it. 

When a sly little hand you're permitted to seize, 

With a velvety softness about it, 
Do you think you can drop it with never a squeeze? 

Well, maybe you do — but I doubt it. 

When a tapering waist is in reach of your arm, 

With a wonderful plumpness about it, 
Do you argue the point 'twixt the good and the harm? 

Well, maybe you do — but I doubt it. 

And if by these tricks you should capture a heart, 

With a woman's sweetness about it, 
Will you guard it, and keep it, and act the good part? 

Well, maybe you will— but I doubt it. 

— Yale Lit. 


The President will be at his office at the library from 
11 to 11-30 A. M. and from 2 to 4 p. m. every clay except 
Saturday and Sunday. 

The treasurer will be at his office at the Botanic 
Museum from 4 to 5-30 p. M. on Wednesdays and on Sat- 
urdays from 3 to 5-30 p. M. 

The college library will be open for the drawing of 
books from 2 to 4 p. m. and from 6-30 to 8 p. M. every 
day in the week except Saturday and Sunday ; on Sat- 
urday from 8 a. M. to 12 M., from 1 to 4 p. m. and from 
6-30 to 8 p. M. ; on Sunday from 12 m. to 3 p. m, for 
reference only. 

Amherst College library will be open from 8-45 a. m. to 
6 p. M. and from 6-30 to 9-30 p. M. except on Sundays and 
the holidays. M. A. C. students may obtain the privi- 
lege of using this library by applying to Pres. Goodell. 

Mails are taken from the box in North College at 1.00 
p. m. and 8.00 p. m. week-days, and at 7.00 p. m. on Sun- 


Boston & Maine, Southern Division. 

Trains leave Amherst going East for Ware, Oakdale, 
South Sudbury and Boston at 6.09, 8.20 a. m., 2.34 p. m. 
Sundays 6.10. 

Returning leave Boston at 8.45 a.m., 1.30,4.00 p.m. 
Sundays 1.30 p. M. 

For Worcester 6.09, 8.20 A. M., 2.34 p. M. Sunday at 
6.10 A. M. 

Returning leave Worcester at 11.45 a. m., 2.25,4.58 p.m. 

6.09 A. M. and 2.34 p. M. connect at Ware with north 
bound trains on the Ware River Branch of the B. & A. 
and the 6.09, 8.20 a.m., and 2.34 p. M. connect with south 
bound trains on same road. 

Trains leave Amherst going West to Northampton at 
8.01, 10.30 a.m., 12.05, 1.20, 5.14, 6.15, 7.18, 8.40 p. M. 
Sundays, 10.40 A. M., 5.19, 8.30 p. M. 

Returning leave Northampton at 5.55, 8.05, 8.50 a. m., 
12.30, 2.20, 5.50, 7.10, 8.20. Sundays, 5.55, 10.20 a.m., 
7.35 p. M. 

Trains connecting with the Connecticut River R. R., 
going south leave Amherst at 8.01, 10.30 a. m., 12.05, 1.20, 
5.14, 6.15, 7.18, 8.40 P. m. Sundays, 10.40 A. M., 8.30 p.m. 

Trains connecting with Connecticut River R. R. going 
north leave Amherst at 10.30 a. m., 1.20, 7.18 p. m. 
New London Northern. 

Trains leave Amherst for New London, Palmer and the 
South at 7.05 a. M. 12.13, 5.57 p. M. 

Eor Brattleboro and the north at 9,05, 11.46 a. m., 8.06 
p. M. 

Trains leave Palmer for Amherst and the north at 8.22, 
11.00 A. m„ 7.15 p. m. 

Trains going south connect at Palmer with B. & A. 
trains for the east and west. 

North bound trains connect with Fitchburg R. R. for 
the east and west. 




South side Cutler's Block, 



392 Boylston Street, 

Engagements for sittings as to date, etc., apply 
to Photo Committee Senior Class, J. Marsh, Chair- 

Amherst College '95, Tufts College '95, 

Dartmouth College '95, Wellesley College '95, 

B. U. College Liberal Arts '95, Mt. Holyoke College '95, 
Wesleyan University '95, Lazell Sem. '95, &c, &c, 

J. P. CAB 

Business Suits, $20. 
Custom Pants, $5. 


Burt House, opposite the old Alpha Delta Phi House. 

The Standard for AIL 



Highest Quality of Ail. 

Have you feasted your eyes upoa 
the beauty and grace of the 1895 
Columbias ? Have you tested and 
compared them with all others ? 
Only by such testing can you know 
how fully the Columbia justifies its 
proud title of the "Standard for the 
World." Any model or equipment 
your taste may require, S'fQQ 


HARTF03J), Cohe. 

Boston, New York, 

Chicago, San Francisco, 
Providence, Buffalo. 

An Art Catalogue of these 
famous wheels and of Hart- 
fords, SSo S60, free at Colum- 
bia agencies, or mailed for 
two 2-cent stamps. 





Photographic Studio. 

Society, Class and Group Work a Specialty 






I have the ammunition to fit 
you with. On your way to the 
Post Office stop and look at my 
stock of 

Hats, Caps, Gloves, 







VOL. V. 

AMHERST, MASS., JUNE 5, 1895. 

No. 17 


Published Fortnightly by the Students of the Mass. 
Agricultural College. 

Terms $1,00 per year, in advance. Single copies, 10c. 

Postage, outside United States and Canada, 25c. extra. 

Entered at the Post Office as second-class mail matter. 


P. A. LEAMT, '96, Editor-in-Chief. 

F. P. WASHBURN, '96. Business Manager. 

H. W. MOORE, '96, As'st. Business Manager. 

H. H. ROPER, '96, Exchange. 

P. S. W. FLETCHER, '96, College Notes. 

J. L. BARTLETT, '97, Library Notes. 

C. A. KING, 97, Alumni Notes. 

J.M. BARRY, '97, Athletics. 

R. D. WARDEN, '98. 

Students and Alumni are requested to contribute. Communica- 
ions should be addressed Aggie Lite, Amherst Mass. 
Aggie Lite will be sent to all subscribers until its discontinu- 
ance is ordered, and arrears paid. 


A correspondent speaks of the importance of the 
alumni column. It is that part of the paper to 
which an alumnus at once turns to see what changes 
have taken place in his class. He may find some- 
thing ; he may not. If he does not who is to blame ? 
There are two ways in which alumni items can be 
gathered: 1st by having a thorough knowledge of 
the alumni list, and by reading the papers in con- 
nection therewith ; 2nd, by contributions. The first 
method is practicable to a very limited extent; the 
second method is practicable but unfortunately re- 
quires the assistance of alumni and students. This 
assistance may be expressed algebraically as a minus 
quantity. There are a few who do as they would 
be done by, and to them many thanks are due. Do 
you consider, Mr. Alumnus, when you keep back 
an item of interest that you are withholding what is 
legitimately due your College paper, and defraud- 

ing your classmates. We cannot do what we wish 
to unless you help us. We will thank you for that 
help in advance. Drop us a line. 

The long summer days now at hand call to mind 
the fact that we are near the end of another term 
and another college year. Naturally, this is the 
time for the student to balance his accounts aud 
see whether the past year has been one of profit or 
loss. Those who have passed successfully all their 
examinations cannot have failed to obtain some 
profit ; but is it a profit worth the time spent aud 
the expense incurred? No, unless, by thorough 
and faithful work, the student has made constant 
progress in his studies. We are sorry to say that 
there seem to be many who care for nothing except 
to obtain a passing mark each team, and a diploma 
at the end of four years with as little labor as pos- 
sible. These men can hardly understand what op- 
portunities they are losing, or realize that the best 
and most desirable things in this world are only to 
be obtained by hard and systematic work. But 
whatever they may have done in the past, be it 
profitable or otherwise, let them come back next 
year with the resolve to do work of such a charac- 
ter as to bring them the greatest possible benefits 
of a college education. 

As the college year draws to a close it is with 
feelings of pleasure that we review the history of 
the College and note the advancement of our loved 
Alrna Mater. We feel confident that this, the 
Twenty Fifth Commencement, will give evidence of 
a degree of progress which has not been witnessed 
on any occasion of the kind since the first class left 
the sheltering arms of dear old "Aggie." There is 
not an undergraduate or an alumnus who will not 
point to the record of the improvement and growth 
of the College with a conscious pride. It is true 



that this growth has uot been as phenomenal as 
that of some of our Western colleges but its ad- 
vancement has been healthful and constant. To 
the undergraduate this growth has been remarka- 
ble. He has seen during his short stay, grounds 
improved and beautified, new buildings erected, 
more extensive and better equipped laboratories ar- 
ranged to aid the student in his scientific research, 
electives granted the senior class by the trustees, 
the faculty greatly strengthened by the addition of 
several new professors, and what is more he has 
seen the Massachusetts Agricultural College win 
for herself the proud distinction of being first among 
her sister state colleges. The state of Massachu- 
setts was among the first to establish an Agricultu- 
ral college and since its foundation until the pres- 
ent day the good work that it has accomplished 
must be a source of satisfaction to every citizen in 
the Old Bay State. We believe the Twenty Fifth 
Commencement will be no exception to that of 
former years and that we will graduate a class of 
young men of whom we will have occasion to be 

It is gratifying to note with what seeming pleas- 
ure the students turned out in answer to the call to 
attend the Memorial Day exercises and to act as 
escort to the Grand Army. The debt which we owe 
to the living and the dead of that immortal brother- 
hood can never be estimated and should always be 
borne in mind. The deed accomplished by them 
was far more than the mere conquering of the re- 
volting states : it was the preservation of the Un- 
ion. While the war destroyed much of the flower 
of the nation's youth, it elevated its manhood and 
inculcated in it a spirit of self-sacrifice and patrio- 
tism that must continue to influence the character 
of all future generations so long as the Republic 
shall endure. A little more than a quarter of a cen- 
tury ago Gettysburg was a town of little or no im- 
portance and the hills and rocky slopes about that 
quiet hamlet echoed with the notes of peace ; but 
three days in the memorable year of 1863 changed 
its character forever. To-day every hill and valley 
and spot of woodland are suggestive, because they 
mark the spot where brave men fell and where 
brave men stemmed the wave of rebellion and com- 
pelled that grey crested wave to recede forever. 

Before 1861 the James and the Potomac were dear 
to the hearts of all true Americans because of the 
heroic deeds performed and the brave men that 
were sleeping on their banks, but the Mississippi, 
the Cumberland and the lied rivers were names 
only, suggestive of cotton steamers and river pi- 
rates. Now every point along their shores is full 
of historic interest and the traveller as he passes 
up and down their waters never loses sight of the 
fact that each has witnessed the supreme valor and 
heroic fortitude of the American soldiers. The charac- 
ter of every loyal home and every burying ground 
is changed. There are few homes in the North with- 
out the sad, ennobling memories and but few grave- 
yards in which does not repose some hero who fell 
in the battles' front, or came home to die and to 
leave behind some example of devotion, fortitude 
and heroism which must reflect for good those com- 
ing after, even though his name perish from the lips 
of men aud yield to the influence of time on the 
tablet reared to his memory. There can be but a 
few years, at the most, when "the pallid messenger 
with the inverted torch" shall beckon the few sur- 
viving comrades of the Army of the Republic to de- 
part and they shall cross to that invisible shore to 
join their brothers who have gone before. Let us 
then when we are called upon to pay our tribute to 
the Nation's honored dead respond as cheerfully as 
our fathers did in '61 when the immortal Lincoln 
called for seveDty-five thousand volunteers. 

A pretty girl, 

With wavy curl 
Au evening party somewhat late 

A homeward walk, 

A loving talk ; 
A kissing tableau at the gate. 

A moonlight night, 

A hand squeezed tight ; 
A little reference to papa 

A little kiss, 

A little bliss ; 
A consultation with mamma, 

A little church, 

"For bad or worse 
You take this maid your wife to be" 

A trembling yes, 

A loving press ; 
A little wife to live with me. 

— Williams Weekly. 




Aggie 8 ; Williston 6. 

Aggie defeats Williston in an interesting game of 

Base Ball. 

Amherst, May 22. — The College nine defeated 
Williston to-day in a very interesting game of base 
ball by a score of 8-6. Westcott pitched a good 
game for Williston, and the best team work was 
done by Lane, Sands and Day. The Williston men 
batted well, but the hits were so scattered that 
they did not succeed in piling up a very large score. 
As for Aggie it was the best game she has played this 
season. H. B. Eead pitched exceptionally well, 
and the team work was excellent. 

Williston at bat, first man is Hands who fouls 
out, Westcott reaches first and dies, Winne reaches 
first and scores on the home run made by Carpen- 
ter. Cook strikes out. For Aggie, Stevens gets 
his base on balls, and is put out trying to steal 
second, Jones' third strike is muffed by Cook, but 
by a good throw he is caught at second. Sullivan 
out on a fly to centre. Score, Williston 2, Aggie 0. 

In the second inning Williston fails to better the 
score. For Aggie Clark is out at first by Winne's 
assist, Warden makes a base hit, steals second and 
third, Burgess fans out, F. H. Read gets his base 
on a dead ball, H. B. Read makes a base hit which 
fills the bases. Marshall hits a fly for which Day 
and Cook both start, the men coming together with 
such force as to knock them senseless for a few 
minutes. The three men on bases all score, but 
Marshall is put out by Lane at the plate. Score, 
Williston 2, Aggie 3. 

In the third inning, Lane knocks a fly to short 
stop and is out, Sands hits a grounder, Marshall 
throws to first, puts Sands out, Westcott gets first 
on an error, and steals second and takes third on 
Winne's base hit. Both men score on a two base 
hit by Carpenter. Carpenter takes third but both 
men are left as Goodrich goes out at first. Stevens, 
Jones, and Sullivan are put out in one, two, three 
order. Score, Williston 4, Aggie 4. 

In the fifth inning, Sands gets his base on balls, 
steals second but is caught out at third, Westcott 
reaches first and gets to second on au error, Winue 
out on a fly. Carpenter makes a hit and Westcott 
takes third, Carpenter steals second, Cook reaches 
first Westcott scores. Goodrich out at first. For 

Aggie Marshall hits to Lane, Stevens hit by ball 
and takes his base, Jones makes a hit, Stevens 
on second, Sullivan base on balls, filling the bases. 
Stevens scores on a passed ball. Clark hits a foul 
and is out, Warden hits a fly and is out. Score, 
Williston 5, Aggie 5. 

In the sixth and seventh inuings no score is 
made by either side. Both teams played a sharp 
game during these two innings. 

In the eighth inning, however, Williston was de- 
feated. The batting and base running of the home 
team was too much for the visitors. Goodrich and 
Damon strike out in succession. Day makes a 
home run while Jones is searching for the ball over 
in the field the other side of the chapel. Lane out 
at first. For Aggie Sullivan gets a base on balls, 
steals second, and gets to third on Clark's hit. 
Warden reaches first while Sullivan scores, Clark 
reaches third on au error, Burgess is out on a fly to 
Damon but the latter in trying for a double throws 
wild and Clark scores, F. H. Read is safe at first 
on an error II. B. Read hits a grounder to second 
but Day in his anxiety to make a double play fails to 
touch first but cuts Warden off at the plate, H. B. 
Read takes second on the throw home, Lane fails 
to hold Wescott's throw to catch Bead napping at 
second and F. H. Read scores while H. B. Read 
goes to third. Marshall strikes out. 

In the ninth Sands is out Marshall to Clark, Wes- 
cott dies Read to Clark, Winne hits for two bases, 
steals third, but Carpenter ends the game by strik- 
ing out. The score : 


Jones, l.f., 
Sullivan (capt.) c, 
Clark, 11)., 
Warden, c.f., 
Burgess, 2b., 
F. H. Read, 3b., 
Marshall, s.s., 
Shaw, r.f., 
H. B. Eead, p., 






A. E. 


3 2 
15 1 


2 1 

12 1 

4 2 

15 2 













Sands, 3b., 




Westcott, p., 



Winne, s. s., 






Carpenter, r. f., 



CooU, c, 




Goodrich, 1. f., 




Damon, c. f., 




Dav. lb., 






Lane, 2b., 










03011003 0—8 

Earned runs— Aggie, Williston 4. Two base hits— Winne, Car- 
penter. Home runs— Carpenter, Day. Stolen bases— Sullivan, 
Warden, II. B. Read, Sands, Westcott, Day. Base on balls— Stevens, 
Sullivan 2, Sands. Struck out— Stevens, Jones, Burgess 2, Mar- 
shall, Carpenter, Cook, Damon. Double plays— Lane, Day, Winne. 
Hit by pitched ball— Stevens. F. H. Read. Wild pitch— Westcott. 
Passed ball— Cook. Time— 1 h. 45 min. Umpire— P. A. Loamy, M. 
A. C, '96, and Prof. Leech of Williston. Scorer— Newton Shultis. 

Sophomore — Freshman Game. 
The sophomore baseball niue defeated the fresh- 
men on the college campus Saturday, May 25th by 
the score of 17 to 13. The game was very interest- 
ing from start to finish and class spirit ran high. 
The features of the game were the battery work of 
Eaton and Capen and Goessmann and Barclay, 
also the brilliant double play of Emrich and Howe. 
Ninety- seven ended her under class contests by this 
her only victory. The score : 

Howe, lb., 
Barclay, c, 
Peters, 2b., 
Emrich, 3b., 
Goessmann, p., 
Norton, c.f., 
Bartlett, s.s., 
Allen, l.f., 
Cheney, r.f., 





























33 8 24 8 16 


44421200 —17 

32340010 3—13 

Barclay 3, Peters 3, Emrich 2, Goess- 

KiDsman I, Charmbury 2, Warden 3, 

Earned runs— Sophomore, 3. Two- 

Baxter, l.f., 
Charmbury, 3b., 2b., 
Capen, c, 
Warden, s.s., 
Eaton, J. S., p., 
Gile, lb., 
Brainard, l.f., 
Kinsman, c.f., 
Crook, 2b., 3b., 
Nickerson, r.f., 
Hooker, (sub. l.f.) 


Runs made by— Howe 4, 
mann 2, Norton 2, Allen ] 
Eaton 3, Crook 3, Nickerson 1. 

base hits— Howe 2, Peters, Norton, Capen. Three-base hits— Bar- 
clay. Stolen bases— Howe 6, Barclay, Goessmann 2, Norton 4, Bart- 
lett, Kinsman, Warden 2, Eaton 2, Crook 2. Base on balls— 
Goessmann, Charmbury 2, Crook, Brainard, Nickerson. Struck 
out— Goessmann 2, Bartlett, Allen, Cheney 3, Baxter 2, Kinsman, 
Capen, Brainard. Double plays— Emrich, Howe. Hit by pitched 
ball— Crook. Passed balls— Barclay 3, Capen 1. Time— 10 to 12-30. 
Umpire— Prof. Allen. 

Aggie, 25; Northampton Y. M. C. A., 13. 
Aggie defeated the Northampton Y. M. C. A. in 
a game characterized only by the heavy batting of 
the visiting team. The day was intensely hot and 
both nines found it difficult to put anything like life 
into the game. Read let up in the seventh inning 
and made the home team a present of most of their 

runs. Diltz, Marshall, F. H. Read and Clark did 
good work for the score. 


Stevens, r.f., 
Jones, l.f., 
Sullivan, c, 
Clark, lb., 
Warden, c.f. , 
Bnrgess, 2b., 
Read, F. H.3b., 
Reed H.B., p., 
Marshall, s.s., 


















N. Y. M. C. A. 










Lucier, c.f., 





Hinkley, lb., 




Slater, 2b., 






Keach, r.f., 




Diltz, s.s., 






G. Harlow, c, 





Worslev, l.f., 




A. Harlow, p., 




Carver, 3b., 






Totals, 46 16 27 16 

*G. Harlow, Worseley, A. Harlow out, hit by batted ball. 

Innings, 12345678 

N. Y " 

M. C. A., 

12 4 

7 2 5 


0201217 0—13 

Runs made by — Stevens 1, Jones 4, Sullivan 2, Clark 4, Warden 4, 
Burgess 3, F. Read 3, H. Read 1, Marshall 3, Slater 3, Keach 1, Diltz 
3, G. Harlow 3, Worsley 1, A. Harlow 1, Carver 2. Earned runs — 
Aggie, 5; N. Y. M. C. A., 5. Two-base hits— Jones, BurgeBS, Mar- 
shall, Keach, Diltz, Worsley. Three-base hits— Burgess, Marshall. 
Stolen bases— Stevens 1, Jones 3, Warden 4, Burgess, F. Read, H. 
Read, Marshall 2, Diltz, G.Harlow, A.Harlow. Base on balls- 
Stevens, H. Read, Hinkley, Slater, Diltz, Carver 2. Struck oun — 
By H. B. Read (Lucier, Hinkley, Diltz, Worsley) ; by A. Harlow (H. 
B. Read). Double plays— F. H. Read, Burgess, Clark. Hit by 
pitched ball— Stevens, Slater, A. Harlow. Passed balls— Sullivan 
1, G. Harlow 3. Time— 2 hrs. Umpires— Lcamy for Aggie; Gould 
forN. Y. M. C. A. Scorer— N. Shultis. 


In certain departments of animal life, especially 
with regard to Massachusetts forms, our little 
museum shows a remarkable degree of completeness 
but here and there the chain of relationship from 
monad to man shows some missing links. These 
are being supplied as fast as possible and each one 
lenders our collection more complete and increases 
its value to the student of nature proportionately. 
Not long ago an order was sent to Ward of Roches- 
ter for casts of the skulls of the Anthropoid Apes 
and thus far there have been received and placed on 
exhibition an excellent facsimile of the skull of the 
male Gorilla and one of the male Orang Outang,two 
of our nearest cousins. There are yet to come, of 
this series, the skull of the chimpanzee and that of 
the Gibbon. In order to make this cousinly rela- 
tionship more apparent still casts were received of 



two famous crania both of early European Quarter- 
nary strata, the one the very ape-like Neanderthal 
skull whose projecting brow ridges and low crown 
remind us so forcibly of the brutes and the other the 
celebrated Engis cranium, older than the first but of 
a far higher type, a skull in fact which, as Huxley 
says, might have contained the brain of a philoso- 
pher or that of an unlettered savage. Another link 
which appeals somewhat more strongly to our sense 
of the beautiful than the savage Gorilla skull con- 
sists of a few beautifully prepared specimens of 
tropical butterflies. They are mounted on specially 
constructed tablets made of plaster of Paris and 
covered with glass in such a way as to guard against 
chance of injury in any one of its numerous forms, 
moth or dust or careless handling. While all are 
beautiful three are of more than passing interest, 
two of which, Genus Morplw show that peculiar 
play or change of color giving the butterfly at one 
instant a lovely blue, in another a lovely greenish 
hue. The strange thing about it is that this is due 
not to any pigment or coloring matter inherent in 
the wing itself but to minute parallel sculptured 
lines or striae which break up the rays of light, 
causing only the blue or green color rays to be 
reflected to the eye. 

The largest tablet of all contains a marvelous 
example of Protective mimicry, the insect Kallima 
inachis, from India, is represented by two specimens, 
the one spread after the ordinary manner showing 
the brilliant coloring of the upper surfaces of the 
wings, the other shown at rest on a twig and by its 
form and coloration even to the little dead spots and 
venation so perfectly resembling a leaf as to defy 
detection. So perfect is the deception that the 
guilt of deceiving seems to be on the part of the 
museum in trying to palm off a real leaf for an insect 
on the unsuspecting visitor. 

Such are our late achievements, of our hopes for 
the near future we will not speak except to warn 
interesting visitors against surprises. 

One word to the student, this little museum is the 
result of money judiciously spent as well as gener- 
osity rightly applied and is only maintained at the 
cost of considerable labor, thought, and care. It 
contains a world of valuable information for you 
and your frequent visits will show not only your 
earnest desire to obtain that knowledge, but your 
just appreciation of a good thing. B. s. 1. 

olle^f |M©t?s, 

— Look out for fresh paint ! 

— Some say there are fish in the pond. Who 

— Kenfield of Amherst photographed the Battalion 
on Tuesday, May 21. 

— The Students' Handbook will be issued as usual 
at commencement by the Y. M. C. A. 

— The Boston University Commencement extends 
from Sunday, June 2d to Wed. June 5th. 

— The annual work on the College grounds in 
preparation for commencement has begun. 

— Rev. J. H. Voice of Enfield, Mass., occupied 
the pulpit, Sunday, June 2d, in exchange with Dr. 

— The drawing of rooms for next year took place 
in the Commandant's office, Thursday afternoon, 
May 23d. 

— Rev. J. H. De Forrest, D. D., of Japan will 
address the Y. M. C. A. on commencement Sunday 
at 8 p. m. 

— The farewell supper of the graduating class will 
be held at Hotel Haynes, Springfield, Thursday 
evening, June 25. 

— The Sophomore class were pleasantly enter- 
tained on Monday evening, May 20th, at the home 
of Prof, and Mrs. Maynard. 

—The championship ball games between Amherst 
and Dartmouth were a great attraction to local 
lovers of the national sport. 

— Our last issue will appear Tuesday, June 18th, 
and will be largely devoted to college news and to 
the proceedings of commencement. 

— Eight men from the Sophomore class have been 
detailed for artillery drill with the new cannon, 
under the instruction of Capt. Warren. 

— There are a few copies of the '96 Index yet on 
hand. Any one desiring one should purchase it at 
once before the limited supply is exhausted. 

— On Wed., May 15, six men from the senior 
division in entomology took examinations for posi- 
tions on the gypsy moth commission. Five out of 
the six passed the examinations successfully. These 
were: H. A. Ballou, W. L. Bemis, A. F. Burgess, 
R. A, Cooley and H. L. Frost. 



— T. P. Foley, '95, who will represent the class 
on the Boston University commencement stage will 
there deliver an oration on "Woman's Suffrage." 

— The Senior promenade will take place on Tues- 
day evening, June 18th, at the Drill Hall. Invita- 
tions may be obtained of the committee, E.H.Clark, 

— The musical members of the college took ad- 
vantage of the fine moonlight evening last Thursday 
to give a series of vocal serenades in the suburbs of 
the college grounds. 

— Prof, and Mrs. James B. Paige entertained 
the members of the Senior class at their home on 
Lincoln Ave. last Wednesday eve. The Seniors 
say that of the many pleasant occasions of the kind 
which they have enjoyed during their college course, 
this was the most enjoyable, and '95 is loud in its 
praise of Prof, and Mrs. Paige. 

— D. C. Potter and other members of the Senior 
class are making a topographical survey of the hill 
aud ravine east of the plant house. The plans 

will be submitted to the trustees and their consent 
obtained to devote this portion of the college 
to a "Massachusetts Garden," a grand collection of 
trees, shrubs and flowering plants native to Massa- 

— Thursday afternoon, May 23d, the eight men 
from the Freshman class who were selected to com- 
pete for positions on the Burnham Prize Four, spoke 
before a committee from the faculty, consisting of 
Pies. Goodell, Prof. Mills, Lieut. Dickinson, Dr. 
Wellington and Prof. Allen. The following men 
will speak at commencement: T. H. Charmbury, 
W. S. Fisher, J. P. Nickerson, R. D. Warden. 

— The last of the Political Economy lectures by 
R. L. Bridgmau was delivered Friday night, May 
24, and was of interest and value to everyone. The 
thanks of the college are due the lecturer and the 
professor in charge of this department, for the ex- 
cellent opportunity of learning more about the 
mighty organism of which we form a part and to 
which we are indebted for many of the privileges 
and liberties of life. 

— At an athletic meet held on the campus Satur- 
day, May 18th, the following College records were 
made: Running broad, bhaw, '96, 20 ft. 6| in., 
putting shot, Shaw '96, 32 ft. ll|in., throwing 16 lb. 

hammer, Crehore 88 ft. 7| in., standing broad 
Emrich '97, 10ft. f in. throwing base ball, Shaw, 
'96, 318 ft. The association intends to hold a se- 
ries of meets in the future for the purpose of low- 
ering the records already established. 

— Wednesday, May 29, the two divisions of the 
Junior entomological class, under the leadership of 
the veteran players, F. L. Clapp and E. W. Poole, 
had a friendly brush on the campus in the art and 
science of base-ball, resulting in a complete victory 
for the first division. The umpiring of Prof. Lull 
and the head work of Fletcher were features of 
peculiar interest. Such games are of great value 

in developing material for the college team. 

—On Thursday, May 30, the two divisions of the 
Sophomore French class, known to the world as 
"High French" and "Low French" respectively, 
crossed bats with an ardor which a broiling sun and 
the remarks of sarcastic spectators could not dimin- 
ish. After an exciting game of over three hours, 
marked chiefly by the kicking of Barry and the 
fielding of Leavens, the "Low French" succumbed 
to the inevitable, and were promptly hustled over 
to the mammoth establishment of Allen Bros., there 
to pay the penalty for their fool-hardiness in"sodas 
for the crowd." 

— A canvass of the Junior class results in the 
following arrangement of its men under the different 
electives for next year : Political Economy, seven- 
teen ; chemistry, twelve ; botany eleven ; agricul- 
ture, eleven ; veterinary, nine ; entomology, seven ; 
German, five ; mathematics, four ; electricity, one. 
By major subjects : Botany, six ; agriculture, five ; 
veterinary, four ; chemistry, three ; entomology, 
three ; mathematics, two. Many have not as yet 
fully decided what electives to take ; so this list only 
expresses the general choice of the class. 

— As has been the custom for many years past, 
the Battalion acted as escort to the G. A. R. of 
Amherst in the exercises of Memorial Day. After 
the usual services in the cemetery, a dress parade 
was held on the common by the cadets and veterans 
combined. An excellent lunch was furnished by 
the Woman's Relief Corps of Amherst, and free 
sodas distributed by Druggist Adams, both of 
which were highly appreciated by the cadets. Al- 
though the afternoon was excessively warm, the 



Battalion presented a very creditable appearance 
and should be complimented on the excellence of 
its movements. 

— On Saturday, May 25, the Sophomores de- 
feated the Freshmen and Two Years men in base- 
ball, by the score 17 to 13. The game was played 
with all the snap and vigor which usually character- 
izes underclassmen contests of this stamp, and was 
enlivened throughout by brilliant catches and 
phenomenal base-running. The batting of Cheney 
was a feature. This is '97's first class victory and 
she may well be proud of the general excellence and 
steady team work which alone enabled her to 
triumph over the strong Freshman nine. During 
the night after the game, the class numerals were 
painted on the sidewalks and the class colors hoisted 
on the flag-staff. 

— A number of Juniors who appreciate the ex- 
cellent course in English Literature which has been 
offered this year, have made inquiries concerning 
the possibility of securing this study as an elective 
in the senior year. A petition to this effect can be 
granted only with the consent of the trustees, and 
as it is now too late for business of this kind to be 
presented for consideration, the matter must be 
dropped for the present. We hope, however, that 
succeeding classes will keep this in mind, for there 
is nothing of greater value to a man, whatever may 
be his station in life, than a personal contact with 
the great thinkers and writers of the English lan- 
guage. Prof. Mills has announced that the two 
hours a week allotted to the English Department 
next year, will be taken up in the further consider- 
ation of this subject. 

— The committee from the State Legislature on 
Agriculture, Education and Military arrived in town 
Thursday afternoon, May 23d, and spent the fol- 
lowing day inspecting the methods and work in the 
various departments of the college. The committee 
stayed at the Amherst House Thursday night and 
took a tally-ho and coach in the morning for the 
college grounds. After chapel at which the cadets 
appeared in military uniform, the assembly was 
sounded and an exhibition drill given for the benefit 
of the committee. All college exercises were sus- 
pended for the remainder of the day. The different 
buildings were inspected in the following order : 

Drill Hall, South College, New Barn, Chemical 
Laboratory, Hatch Barn, Experiment Station Lab- 
oratory, Plant House and Iusectary. Special at- 
tention was given to the new buildings for which 
appropriations were recently granted by the legisla- 
ture. The gentlemen of the committee expressed 
themselves as well pleased with the progress of the 
college and may be depended upon to do all in their 
nower to advance its interests. 

On Friday evening May 31st, the Glee Club gave 
a concert with eight men at Princeton, Mass., un- 
der the auspices of Wachusett Lodge, A. O. U. W. 
The Club took the 2.34 train Friday after- 
noon to Muschaupoge, where coaches were waiting 
to convey the boys to Princeton. This drive of 
over six miles through scenes of country life and 
beauty was one of the most enjoyable features of 
the trip. Arriving at Princeton about five o'clock 
in the afternoon we found it to be one of the pretti- 
est towns in this part of the state, situated just at 
the foot of Mt. Wachusett, and commanding a 
magnificent view on all sides. The concert com- 
menced at 8-30 aud was enlivened throughout by 
repeated encores and applause from a large aud ap- 
preciative audience. The general excellence of the 
programme and manifest improvement in each man 
deserves the highest commendation. After the 
concert a supper was served in the town hall by 
the ladies of the Order. Early the next morning, 
several of the more energetic members of the Club 
rose at sunrise to enjoy the fine scenery and natural 
beauties of the town, and were well repaid for the 
effort. The Club returned to Amherst on the 12-05 
Saturday morning and all agree that this is one of 
the most successful and enjoyable trips of the season. 

"He entered the editor's sanctum 

And vented his views unsought, 
And next day was hanged as a bandit 

For wrecking a train of thought." 

— College Life 

The University of Paris has over 7,000 students, 
and in this, as well as other universities of France 
there are no classes, no athletics, no commence- 
ment day, no college periodicals, no glee clubs, and 
no fraternities. — Student Life. 



f$ote$ and (©mmervts. 

The current number of the N. H. College Mouthly 
styling itself the "May blossom number" is a nov- 
elty in the line of college papers. It has departed 
from the time-honored custom of its contemporaries 
and presented to the public a number devoted 
entirely to articles and editorials of scientific interest. 
Botany, Entomology, etc. come in for their share of 
attention and the contributions touching upon these 
subjects, all furnished by students and pleasingly 
illustrated are worthy the consideration of any one 
interested. Here is a suggestion. Why do so 
many of our college papers devote themselves 
entirely to notes and editorials of purely local inter- 
est. Would it not be well if some of us should fol- 
low the example of our New Hampshire brethren of 
the press and discuss in our columns not only sub- 
jects of a scientific nature but whatever else we may 
find to make our paper of more general value. 
# * 

Memorial day conveys different meanings to dif- 
ferent men and to the average student it means a 
day when he can enjoy himself and employ his time 
in any way that his taste may lead him. To the 
Aggie student it means an afternoon spent in march- 
ing and performing dress parade in the broiling sun, 
in being admired by the young ladies and in being 
treated to a collation and soda afterwards. To the 
average citizen it brings sober and solemn thoughts. 
To many it carries visions of a grassy mound with a 
name carved on a slab of stone, and of recollections 
of one long lost but never forgotten and ever dear. 
And behind that mound they see the battle cloud, 
the storm of shot and shell, and heroic men bleeding 
and dying for the grand old flag, for universal free- 
dom and for the perpetuity of the Republic of their 

It is evident that the Sophs are having the usual 
amount of trouble in teaching the verdant Freshman 
the way he should go. Just how far this class spirit 
and rivalry should go it seems hard to decide, and 
of what value such display of valor is worth it is 
hard to determine, but the dauntless courage of the 

little band of freshmen is certainly worthy of a better 



* * 

If you have had any misgivings about asking your 
lady friends to spend commencement week with you 
don't have them any longer, Remember you will 
take part in the exercises on that day, or some of 
your friends will, and your sister, or "your cousin" 
will enjoy hearing you and your friends. All will 
take part in the drill and if you are a Senior how 
you will be admired, and though a private you should 
wear your saber with just as much pride, conscious 
that from the ranks of the common soldier came 
Liberty's most gallant defenders. Let all your 
friends enjoy for a short time the beautiful environ- 
ments which have been yours for four years. 


The Life representative who was present at the 
New England Intercollegiate Press Association 
meeting and banquet at Worcester May 18, left 
Amherst at 2-34 arriving at his destination in ample 
time for the exercises of the evening. These were 
held in parlor C of the Hotel Bay State. 

At shortly after eight o'clock the different repre- 
sentatives gathered and after a short time pleasant- 
ly spent in getting acquainted, proceeded to discuss 
informally, methods of college paper work and 
means for making the association more effective and 

Owing to the absence of the officers and constitu- 
tion of the Association, or of any one who had been 
present at any previous meeting, our work was 
badly handicapped. After some preliminary dis- 
cussion it was decided to elect necessary officers 
and committees. 

H. H. Morse, W. P. I., acted as temporary 
chairman, and later, as toastmaster. And right 
here be it said that to Mr. Morse, more than to any 
other one person, are the thanks of the Association 
due for the arrangements for the evening's enter- 
tainment and its ultimate success. 

C. G. Hyde, The Tech., was elected President 
for the ensuing year, with W. C. Holman, Amherst 
Lit., vice-president. J. S. Murdock, Brunonian, 
was chosen to act as temporary secretary, and 



afterwards was elected permanent secretary and 

Several votes expressive of the general sentiment 
of the meeting in regard to various questions were 
then taken, after which followed the discussion of 
the banquet. 

The representation was as follows : Trinity Tab- 
let, P. J. McCook ; Brown Daily Herald, G. B. 
McEUery ; W. P. I., H. H. Morse, H. E. Wheeler, 
C. F. Leonard; The Tech., C.G.Hyde; Bruno- 
nian, J. S. Murdock ; Brown Magazine, C. P. 
Nott ; Williams Weekly, F. B. Whitney ; University 
Cynic, J. E. Colburn, L. F. Weston ; Amherst Lit., 
W. C. Holman ; Aggie Life, H. H. Roper. 

It is much to be regretted that none of the papers 
published by our numerous ladies' colleges and 
seminaries were represented, the fair sex being 
conspicuous for its absence. Doubtless the incon- 
venience of the time and place had mucii to do with 
this state of affairs. It may be well to suggest to 
the committee having the matter in charge to look 
out for this next year and leave no possibility of 
another annual meeting without a generous propoi- 
tion of our sisters being present. 

After the business part of the meeting was over 
the assembly adjourned to the supper-room and 
proceeded to refresh the inner man. When the 
sumptuous repast provided for us had been dis- 
posed of, toasts were in order, to which several 
very interesting ones were responded by different 
members of the company. Stories and anecdotes 
then followed and the meeting finally broke up at a 
late hour, having passed a very pleasant and profi- 
table evening. 

Said Atom to Molly Cule, 

"Will you unite with me?" 
And Molly Cule did quick retort, 

"There's no affinity." 

Beneath electric light plant's shade, 
Poor Atom hoped he'd meet her, 

But she eloped with a rascal Base, 
And her name is now Saltpetre. — Ex. 

At Dartmouth those men who have attained a 
rank of eighty-five per cent, or over during their 
course are given commencement parts. 

We would remind the Alumni that a 
large proportion of their number have 
yet to he heard from by the Business 

Manager. Take this matter home to 
yourselves. Consider how essential 
your co-operation is to our success and 
send in your dollar before commence- 

Contributions to this department are earnestly 
solicited from students and alumni. 

'82. — C. S. Plumb, director of the Indiana ex- 
periment station, has two articles in the Rural New 
Yorker of last week. 

'93. — E. H. Lehuert has been visiting friends 
about college. 

Ex-'93. — Benjamin Sedgwick has changed his 
address from Sharon, Conn., to Cornwall Hollow, 

'94. — Lowell Manley has accepted a position as 
superintendent of the Weld farm in West Eoxbury, 

'94. — C. P. Lounsbury, assistant entomologist of 
the Hatch experiment station under Prof. C. H. 
Fernald, has received an appointment to Cape 
Town, South Africa, as entomologist for the U. S. 

Ex-'94. — L. E. Coessmann has resigned his posi- 
tion with the Bowkcr Fertilizing Co., and is now at 
his home for a few days preparatory to going west. 

Ex-'95. — May 29th, J. H. Jones was married to 
Miss Cora Norcross at Northboro, Mass. Fair- 
banks, '95, was best man. 


Birds of Eastern North America. Frank M. 
Chapman. Containing keys to the species, descrip- 
tions of the plumages, nests and eggs, accounts of 
their distribution, migrations, haunts, and habits 
with introductory chapters telling how to identify, 
collect, and preserve birds and their nests and e°-u-s. 
This volume is clearly and accurately w.itten, and 
as a handbook of Ornithology cannot fail to be 



The Native Flowers and Ferns in the United 
States. Thomas Meehan. This is the second series 
of the works, and continues the description of these 
plants in their Botanical, Horticultural, and popular 
aspects. The two volumes of this series are espec- 
ially interesting, being finely illustrated with chromo- 
lithographs of each plant described. 

American Colleges, their Students and Work. 
Charles F. Tawing. This volume considers the 
students and the advantages offered in the different 
colleges of the country. These colleges are divided 
into six classes. Harvard and Yale are selected as 
types of the larger Eastern colleges, Amherst as the 
type of those of average size, and Middlebury as the 
type of the smaller ones. The University of Mich- 
igan represents the larger colleges of the West, 
Oberlin those of average size, and Beloit the better 
class of small Western colleges. These typical col- 
leges are compared with reference to their courses 
of instruction, expenses, morals, open and secret 
societies, athletics and other advantages. There 
are also chapters on "A National University," and 
"Woman's Education." The book is full of inter- 
esting facts for college students. 



President Northrop, of the University of Minne- 
sota, in an article in the Minnesota Magazine speaks 
as follows of the benefits of a college training: 

"Perhaps I shall astonish some of you, and more 
likely I shall astonish your friends when I say to 
you, as I now do, that of all the good things which 
I suppose you have gained at college, I value least 
the knowledge which you have got from books and 
recitations. And yet your main business here has 
been, and rightly so, to get knowledge. In a certain 
sense, knowledge is power. Knowledge, therefore, 
got from books is not to be despised. But to you 
at your age the knowledge is not so valuable as the 
getting of it. Said a great philosopher, 'If God 
were to give mc the choice between truth and the 
search for truth, I would choose the latter.' It 
would be a wise choice. What a man needs to get 
at college is not a supply of knowledge that will last 
him during life — for he really uses in a direct way 
but very little of the knowledge that he gets at 

school — and quite likely ten years hence very few 
could pass the examinations which you are now able 
to master. But in the getting of this knowledge 
your minds have been disciplined and you have 
become their masters — so that whether in the future 
you are to pursue your studies further or are merely 
to deal with the world's practical business, you will 
be equal to the occasion — will be cool, calm, reso- 
lute, judicious and invincible. And if you have got 
out of your college days and work, what you ought 
to have got, it is just this — the power to meet and 
overcome the difficulties of life and to avail yourself 
of the opportunities of life, •whether or not you can 
explain years hence the intricacies of classical 
mythology or of human history, or of the geuera and 
species of nature's children as accurately as you 
could once in the class room. The important ques- 
tion is not whether you have inflated yourself with 
knowledge, but whether you have grown by that 
which you have fed upon. Of all things deliver me 
from the scholastic dude, who is not a sufficiently 
vigorous scholar to have a creative mind, but who is 
so crammed and weighted with the fruits of other 
men's scholarship as to have no freedom of action 
in his own independent manhood." — College Life. 

He was a young Yale graduate ; 

As "book agent" lie went West; 
Oblivious of fears and fate, 

And most fashionably dressed. 

He landed out at Santa Ee, 

And captured the town by storm, 
Not this because of his worth, they say, 

But chiefly because of his form. 

One night in "Dutchy's" restaurant 

Assembled a famous crowd; — 
"Shanks," "Deep-Gulch-Mike" and "Sandy-Grant," 

Red-Thompson and Alex. Dowd. 

A lawyer-chap they called the "Judge," 

And "Billings of Narajo;" 
Each pledged the other in Dutchy's "budge" 

That the "tender-foot" must go. 

Right here the subject of their scorn 

Walked into the restaurant, 
"Beefsteak," he ordered — "rare, with corn," 

In a manner most nonchalant. 

Then, spoke aloud, big Alex. Dowd : — 
"You'll first take a drink with Mike." 

"Nay, nay, Pauline," in no way cowed, 
Said the Yale youth, careless like. 



Then, Dowd advancing, pulled his gun, 

And remarked in sneering tones : 
"You'll take a drink, or — there'll be fun; 

Likewise — some blood and groans. 

As swift and sure as the lightning's flash 
Our agent worked the "elbow charm"; 

The pistol flew through a window "crash!" 
And— Dowd had a broken arm. 

Then, the other toughs on our agent closed. 

And Shanks got a touch down thud : 
Next a clever knee was Interposed, 

And — Billings threw up blood, 

"Deep-Gulch-Mike" had his unkempt head 

Cross-split on a stone spittoon ; 
While Sandy-Grant was put to bed. 

Center rush, to a deadly tune. 

Ben Thompson with a wild, scared look, 

Made tracks for a passing car ; 
And the lawyer chap our agent took 

And threw him over the bar ! 

"How did you do it?" asked the barkeeper Pete, 

And his eyes wore a watery gleam. 
Said the agent : — "Fudge! They are easy meat 

For I've played on a football team." 

— Agents' Herald. 

Cornell students are in a state of bliss because 
they have not the usual uninviting prospect of days 
crowded with examinations at the end of the term. 
Eecitations will go right on to the closing day, and 
students will stand or fall in the grades made 
throughout the term. 

When I see Wealth and Cupid 

Run a bitter race, 
I bet on Cnpid ten to one — 
For second place. 
Senior to Freshman friend — "I'll meet you at 
five. Where shall we meet?" 

Guileless F. F. — "I should say the most appro- 
priate place would be the meat market." — Quill. 
A Freshman once to Hades went. 

Some things he wished to learn : 
But they sent him back to earth again. 
He was too green to burn. 

— Mercury. 
Didn't know it was loaded. — "Didn't the Chinese 
invent gunpowder?" "Yes, and now they're mighty 
sorry they did." 

There is a fraternity in the university of Michi- 
gan that admits both sexes to its membership. 
Columbia College has eighteen publications. 


The President will be at his office at the library from 
11 to 11-30 a. m. and from 2 to 4 p. m. every day except 
Saturday and Sunday. 

The treasurer will be at his office at the Botanic 
Museum from 4 to 5-30 p. m. on Wednesdays and on Sat- 
urdays from 3 to 5-30 P. M. 

The college library will be open for the drawing of 
books from 2 to 4 p. M. and from 6-30 to 8 p. M. every 
day in the week except Saturday and Sunday ; on Sat- 
urday from 8 A. M. to 12 m., from 1 to 4 p. m. and from 
6-30 to 8 p. M. ; on Sunday from 12 M. to 3 p. m, for 
reference only. 

Amherst College library will be open from 8-45 a. m. to 
6 r. m. and from 6-30 to 9-30 p. M. except on Sundays and 
the holidays. M. A. C. students may obtain the privi- 
lege of using this library by applying to Pres. Goodell. 

Mails are taken from the box in North College at 1.00 
p. m. and 8.00 p. m. week-days, and at 7.00 p. m. on Sun- 

Boston & Maine, Southern Division. 

Trains leave Amherst going East for Ware, Oakdale, 
South Sudbury and Boston at 6.09, 8.20 A. M., 2.34 p. m. 
Sundays 6.10. 

Returning leave Boston at 8.45 a.m., 1.30, 4.00 p. m. 
Sundays 1.30 P. M. 

For Worcester 6.09, 8.20 a. m., 2.34 p. m. Sunday at 
6.10 A. M. 

Returning leave Worcester at 11.45 a. m., 2.25,4.58 p.m. 

6.09 A. M. and 2.34 p. M. connect at Ware with north 
bound trains on the Ware River Branch of the B. & A. 
and the 6.09, 8.20 a.m., and 2.34 p. M. connect with south 
bound trains on same road. 

Trains leave Amherst going West to Northampton at 
8.01, 10.30 a.m., 12.05, 1.20, 5.14, 6.15,7.18,8.40 p.m. 
Sundays, 10.40 a. m., 5.19, 8.30 p. M. 

Returning leave Northampton at 5.55, 8.05, 8.50 A. M., 
12.30, 2.20, 5.50, 7.10, 8.20. Sundays, 5.55, 10.20 A. M., 
7.35 p. m. 

Tr a.ins connecting with the Connecticut River R. R., 
going south leave Amherst at 8-Oli 10.30 A. M., 12.05, 1.20, 
5.14, 6.15, 7.18, 8.40 p. M. Sundays, 10.40 a. m., 8.30 p.m. 

Trains connecting with Connecticut River R. R. going 
north leave Amherst at 10.30 a. m., 1.20, 7.18 p. m. 
New London Northern. 

Trains leave Amherst for New London, Palmer and the 
South at 7.05 A. M. 12.13, 5.57 p. m. 

For Brattleboro and the north at 9,05, 11.46 a. m., 8.06 
p. m. 

Trains leave Palmer for Amherst and the north at 8.22, 
11.00 a. m., 7.15 p. M. 

Traius going south connect at Palmer with B. & A. 
trains for the east and west. 

North bound trains connect with Fitchburg R. R. for 
the east and west. 





South side Cutler's Block, 


FOR M. A. C. CLASS '95 IS 

392 Boylstou Street, 

Engagements for sittings as to date, etc., apply 
to Photo Committee Senior Class, J. Marsh, Chair- 

Amherst College '95, Tufts College '95, 

Dartmouth College '95, Wellesley College '95, 

B. U. College Liberal Arts '95, Mt. Holyoke College '95, 
Wcsleyan University '95, Lazell Sem. '95, &c, &c, 



Business Suits, $20. 
Custom Pants, $5. 


Burt House, opposite the old Alpha Delta Phi House. 



j|[ The Standard for AIL 

| cotoinma 

| Bicycles 

" Highest Quality of All. 




Have you feasted your eyes upon 
the beauty and grace of the 1895 
Columbias ? Have you tested and 
compared them with all others ? 
Only by such testing can you know 
how fully the Columbia justifies its 
proud title of the "Standard for the 
World." Any model or equipment 
your taste may require, S|Q() 



Boston, New York, 

Chicago, San Francisco, 
Providence, Buffalo, 

An Art Catalogue of these 
famous wheels and of Hart- 
fords, $So$6o, free at Colum- 
bia agencies, or mailed for 
two 2-cent stamps. 




Photographic Studio. 

Society, Class and Group Work a Specialty 





I have the ammunition to fit 
you with. On your way to the 
Post Office stop and look at my 
stock of 

Hats, Caps, Gloves, 


OOJLiXjZECtIE] outfitter, 










Buy the Latest Farm Machinery and Rake Money. 

Do yon know we keep the largest assortment of Farm- 
ing Tools, Grass and Garden Seeds to be found In the 
state, and can furnish same at wholesale or retail. We 
have a complete stock of spraying utensils, Paris Green, 
Hellibore, Bordeaux Mixture in liquid or dry form. 

§UPER10rC^HD ^ SS » 

"ROLIFR \A WR'TE for ^ 

I \U L LL\, \« \ f Circulars 

r^T',-v ■_ 

110 page catalogue showing a large collection of Farm- 
ing Tools, and large list of Choice Seeds, with full direc- 
tions for using and planting the same, free on application. 


i"=H i 

162 Front St., 

Worcester, Mass. 


Bookseller, Stationer and Newsdealer. 



fflassaehusetts Agricultural College, 


Percheron Horses and Soidoi Sheep, 

And we beg to announce that we usually have a surplus 
stock of these breeds for sale at reasonable prices. 
For information address, 

WE P. BROOKS, Amherst, Mass. 




B. & H. and ROCHESTER, $1.00 UP. VERY HAND- 
SOME DUPLEX, f 1.50, .$2.00 AND $2.50. 
For Fine Fruit, Confectionery and Fancy Biscuit go to- 

O. G. COlJcH & SON'S, 





South side Cutler's Block, 

Iff O 

392 Boylstou Street, 

Engagements for sittings as to date, etc., apply 
to Photo Committee Senior Class, J. Marsh, Chair- 

Amherst College '95, Tufts College '95, 

Dartmouth College '95, Wellesley College '95, 

B. U. College Liberal Arts '95, Mt. Holyoke College '95, 
Wesleyan University '95, Lazell Sem. '95, &c, &c, 

J. P. 

Business Suite, $20. 
Custom Pants, $5. 


Burt House, opposite the old Alpha Delta Phi House. 



The Standard for All. 


Highest Quality cf All. 

Have you feasted your eyes upon 
the beautj- and grace of the 1895 
Columbias ? Have you tested and 
compared them with all others ? 
Only by such testing can you know 
how fully the Columbia justifies its 
proud title of the "Standard for the 
World." Any model or equipment 
your taste may require, $ 1 flf| 

m ■ !!■■■■ ■*■ ^J*** 




Boston, New York, 

Chicago, San Francisco, 
Providence, Buffalo. 

An Art Catalogue of these ]>F 

famous wheelsand of Hart- (t& 

fords, §80 §60, free at Colum- rr\ 

bia agencies, or mailed for &) 

two 2-cent stamps. (3\ 


Photographic Studio. 

Society, Class and Group Work a Specialty 






I have the ammunition to fit 
you with. On your way to the 
Post Office stop and look at my 
stock of 

Hats, Caps, Gloves, 





VOL. V. 

AMHERST, MASS., JUNE 18, 1895. 

No. 18 

Published Fortnightly by the Students of the Mass. 
Agricultural College. 

Terms $1,00 per year, in advance. Single copies, 10c. 

Postage, outside United States and Canada, 25c. extra,. 

Entered at the Post Office as second-class mail matter. 


P. A. LEAHY, '96, Editor-in-Chief. 

F. P. WASHBURN, '96. Business Manager. 

H. W. MOOEE, '96, As'st. Business Manager. 

H. H. ROPER, '96, Exchange. 

P. S. W. FLETCHER, '96, College Notes. 

J. L. BAETXETT, '97, Library Notes. 

C. A. KING, 97, Alumni Notes. 

J.M. BARRY, '97, Athletics. 

R. D. WARDEN, '9S. 

Students and Alumni are requested to contribute. Communica- 
ions should be addressed Aggie Life, Amherst Mass. 

Aggie Life will be sent to all subscribers until its discontinu- 
ance is ordered, and arrears paid. 


In this the conirnencement number of the Aggie 
Life we have decided to devote the entire space of 
our columns to the commencement exercises. Our 
time is necessarily limited and any errors that may 
be found in the work of preparing this issue are due 
not to carelessness on the part of the editorial 
board but to the unavoidable rush which attends 
commencement. We trust our readers will under- 
stand our position and judge accordingly. 

Much has been written and said lately upon the 
subject of college examinations. Do they or do 
they not accomplish the object for which they have 
been instituted, that of giving to the instructor in 
charge a true and accurate idea of the student's 

knowledge of the subject iu hand? Leaving all 
personal feeling and prejudice aside we may honest- 
ly say that in so far as our opinion and experience 
goes, they certainly do not. So long as the system 
of final examinations is in vogue, so loug will the 
system of "plugging" and "cramming" continue to 
be its most prominent feature. If the wisdom and 
discretion of the professor in charge is not sufficient 
to judge correctly of the student's knowledge by his 
work during the term, then something must be 
radically wrong and measures should be taken to 
provide a means whereby he may do so without re- 
sort to this alternative which is of little or no value 
to any of the parties concerned. 

The base-ball season with its failures and suc- 
cesses whatever they may have been is over and 
now before the student body separates for its long 
vacation let us look forward and consider the pros- 
pects of the foot-ball team for the coming season. 
We shall lose men with the class of Niuetv-five 
whose places will be hard to fill and only by utiliz- 
ing the very best of our material and giving our 
very best work to the cause can we expect to do so 
at all. Nevertheless the outlook upon the whole is 
promising. We have many of the old players and 
substitutes who are to return next fall and with 
what new material we may reasonably expect from 
the incoming freshman class there is every reason 
to predict the best of teams for next year. Let 
every man realize the importance of his own efforts. 
We have not the advantage of summer training, 
which the teams of larger colleges have but we trjaj - 
at least return to college next fall with our minds 
made up to do our best work for the captain of the 
eleven, and full of the determination to make Aggie's 
teams, both first and second, the best she has ever 





Gentlemen of the Graduating Class : — You go 
forth from this college into a new world. You will 
find it to be a world of fierce competition. To find 
your place in it will be no easy task. There are 
maelstroms innumerable, any one of which may 
ingulf you. 

Do not defy the world. Do not conform to the 
evil that is in the world. You cannot do without 
the world ; the world can do without you. But for- 
get not that the world needs you. 

Opportunities there are innumerable waiting for 
each of you ; but you must find them, each for 

This is the age of social development. Society as an 
organism is awakening to self-consciousness. It 
needs teachers. It needs masters. It needs leaders. 

The industrial world gave princely rewards, 
lavishing millions upon the men who showed it how 
to transform raw material into wealth and transport 
it to the points where it was needed. The social 
world has crowns of glory to deck the brows of 
those who shall show Democracy how to restrain, 
direct, apply its tremendous power so as to bless 

All power in heaven and earth is man's ; but 
what shall he do with it? The power of Democracy 
is resistless, Democracy is sovereign. The proper- 
ty, the life, the morals of every individual are in its 
clutch. What shall Democracy do with us ? No 
cords can bind this blind Samson grinding at the 
mill. Let him grip the pillars of the State, he may 
bring all to earth. Shall we let Delilah sway him? 
Even the new woman is hardly fitted for such re- 
sponsibility. Shall we cut off this Samson's locks, 
they will inevitably grow again. 

Rome suppressed the Democracy of Athens. 
Charles II suppressed the Democracy of Cromwell 
and his Ironsides. Napoleon III suppressed the 
Democracy of France. But Democracy will not 
down. Crushed to earth, it rises again with strength 
renewed a thousand fold ! 

The world needs to-day not a man, but men in 
every sphere of life who shall become ganglia in the 
great brain of this great Democracy, men with open 
eye, and hearts true, with wills in harmony with 
God's good and acceptable and perfect will. 

Responsible to the touch of such men our sprawl- 
ing giant will arise, snapping all the wythes that 
bound him, and standing upon his feet, will lift hia 
head to heaven and spread out his hands and bear 
the round earth upon his Atlantean shoulders up 
nigh unto the throne of God. 

Where'er your lot shall fall, be men ! "Be ye 
transformed by the renewing of your mind that ye 
may prove what is that good and acceptable and 
perfect will of God." 

You have already learned how impossible it is to 
defy for any length of time the public opinion of 
your immediate world, be it large or small. Who 
of you could withstand the public opinion of your 
class for a year? Sorry is the lot of that man whose 
class condemns him, whether he be student, or 
working man, or millionaire ! 

But you have also learned the sustaining power 
of public opinion behind .you. The man at the 
point of a flying wedge with two, five, or more stal- 
wart fellows at his elbow and the huzzas of the- 
whole college urging him on, finds it joy to pierce 
the opposing line and make the goal. 

You have learned the secret of a college educa- 
tion, when you discover that the college-bred man 
does not stand alone, but embodies and represents 
the best ideas and sentiments and purposes of his 
fraternity, of his class, of his fellow students, of all 
the faculty and trustees and alumni, of his own 
alma mater and of all colleges. 

Each of you has this college behind you, and Bos- 
ton University behind you, and all American colleges 
and universities behind you : go in and win ! ! 

Does some little coterie stigmatize you? Does 
some public opinion condemn you? Does a certain 
set ostracise you? Does a trades-union boycott 
you? Does the evil world censure you? No matter. 
Be not conformed to this world, but be ye trans- 
formed by the renewing of your mind. Appeal 
from the lesser world to the greater ; from the fool- 
ish public to the wiser public ! 

Become the expression of the truest public opin- 
ion, be the embodiment of the best public senti- 
ment, stand fast for the will of the highest and 
noblest sovereignty ; then behind you will there be 
irresistible power, not of yourself, that will sweep 
you on to victory, for you yourself will be the proof 
of that good and acceptable and perfect will of God. 




Upward aspiring, 


Purpose persistent, 

Peerless parole. 

Here 'neath the portals 

Sheltering Shadow, 

Character builded 

Plant we our Ivy ; 

Strong from self helping, 

Warded from winter, 

Quick eye to question; 

Soothed by the sun. 

Arch hand in action ; 

Vikings of worth. 

Little it looks now, 

Slight as a shade line ; 

Hands of young manhood 

It shall grow stoutly, 

Taking life's burdens, 

Firmer in fibre, 

Tasks are impending, 

E'en as the oak. 

Duties demanded, 

Destinies dared. 

Sending its rootlets 

Downward and outward, 

Opens before you 

Knotted, and spreading 

Life's whole horizon ; 

Deep in the darkness 

Haply each helmsman 

Clasping the earth. 

Monsoon and magnet 

Guides to his goal. 

Upward extending, 

Clinging to crannies, 

Fair in the future 

Silently, surely, 

Portends the promise, 

Fastening its footlets 

Truths ye have treasured, 

Firm to the wall. 

Fraught with fruition, 

Winning the world. 

Recks not the Winter 

Wrathfully raging, 

Thronged marts of traffic 

Feud of the Frost-King, 

Send clang of labor ; 

Blearing the buttress, 

Wide waves the corn field; 

Staining the stone. 

Gleam midst green valleys, 

Homesteads of Peace. 

Laughs at the tempest ; 

Drives its roots deeper ; 

Stain not your standard, 

Toys with the tumult, 

Bear yourselves bravely, 

Swirl of the snow cloud, 

Worthy your wardship ; 

Sweep of the wind. 

Nurturing nobly, 

Knighthood of truth. 

From crumbling cornice, 

Time's tireless tracings, 

Sucking fresh vigor ; 


Growing as Truth grows 

From rotting creeds. 


Ladies and Gentlemen, Fellow-classmen : — It, 

Mouldering merlon 

is both timely and proper as we afe leaving the pro- 

Charily cov'ring ; 
Spreading as Science ; 
Bearing its banner 

tecting shade of our Alma Mater to begin the real 
struggle of life, that we should put aside daily cares 

O'er turret tall. 

and sieze a respite from the never ending toils of 

life, to meet iu gladness and congratulation, mind- 

Mantle of verdure 

ful of the blessings transmitted from the Past, 

O'er the glim granite 
Spreading in springtime ; 

mindful also, I trust, of our duties to the Present 

Network of nature, 

and Future. 

Sinews of strength. 

In view of the fact that four years have been 

passed under the strict discipline of military instruc- 
tion, and bearing in mind the terrible struggles of 

Autumn's Aurora 
Chalace of crimson 

Substance of sunsets 

our country's past, we are brought to ask ourselves 

Limns every leaflet 

if in a time of such high civilization a military edu- 

Gilds it with gold. 

cation is the essential which will conduce to the best 

Bearer of beauty ! 
Largess of labor ! 

welfare of our country and to the highest good of 
humanity. We are brought to ask ourselves if the 

Fief of the future ! 

time spent in educating the warlike part of our 

Type of our North-land ! 

nature, could not be used to better advantage by 

Type of our times ! 

instilling into our hearts more of that spirit which 

Thiue be the augur 

tends to raise mortals to the skies and less of that 

Classmen convened here, 

which would drag angels down. 



It is no part of my purpose to attack any one 
class of institutions or any institution which has to 
do with a system of military, but simply to depre- 
ciate every and all preparation of war, when and 
where-ever found, which would stimulate the 
grosser part of man's nature : to bring to your mind 
those two opposites, War and Peace, and seek your 
candid judgment as to whether the cultivation of the 
intellect for Peace were not better than for War, if 
the disarming of the nations were not better than 
the arming, if Arbitration were not better than 
Trial by Battle. 

I would not wish to harrow up any old sorrows or 
wounds and I shall dwell but a mere space of time 
on the heart-rending scenes of our late civil war, 
and God be praised if it be the last war this country 
shall ever see. Let me carry your mind back with 
me, thirty odd years into the past, we are at the 
beginning of that struggle which dreuched this God 
favored country in Fraternal blood, when the glori- 
ous ensign which flows above us was tossed amid 
the roar of the battle's tempest, when brothers, 
fathers, sons were opposed and offering up their 
lives in that bitter and unnatural struggle, the most 
cursed of contests, a civil war. Can you not see 
that poor soldier connected with others, as all of 
you are, by dear ties of kindred, love and friend- 
ship? lie has been sternly summoned from the 
embrace of family. To him there is perhaps an 
aged mother, who fondly hoped to lean her bending 
years on his more youthful form, perhaps a wife, 
whose life is just entwined inseparably with his 
own, now condemned to wasting despair, perhaps 
sisters, brothers. As he falls on the field of war, 
must not all these rush with his blood? Who can 
give the guage of this infinite sorrow? Tell me, 
you who feel the bitterness of parting with dear 
friends and kindred, whom you watched tenderly 
till the last golden sands are run out and the great 
hour-glass is turned, what is the measure of your 
anguish? And think of the desolate heart of the 
father, son and lover when they gave up home and 
all that they had most dear on this earth to die for 
their country. These are the sad pictures which 
war always carries. 

Let us not dwell longer on the memories of such 
sad miseries but rather let us honor the memories 
of our fathers for the good they have done. Not 
words only but in deeds also let us testify our rev- 
erence for their name, imitating what in them was lofty, 
pure and good, learning from them to bear hardship 
and privation. May we who now reap in strength, 
what they sowed in weakness, augment the inherit- 
ance we have received. To this end we must not 
fold our hands in slumber, nor abide content with 
the past. To each generation is appointed its 
peculiar task, nor does the hand or head or heart 
which responds to the call of duty find rest except 

in the grave. May we humbly endeavor to learn 
what may best secure the welfare of us all. 

We have been at peace with the world for thirty 
years and yet we are taking as our mot to that old 
and antiquated maxim, "In time of Peace prepare 
for War." A maxim transmitted from distant ages 
when brute force was the general law. It is the 
terrible inheritance which painfully reminds present 
generations of their connections with the past. It 
belongs to the dogmas of barbarism. It is the com- 
panion of harsh tyrannical rules by which the hap- 
piness of the many is offered up to the few. Hav- 
ing in its favor almost uninterrupted usage, it 
possesses a hold on popular opinion not easily 
unloosed. And yet no consciencions man can fail 
on careful observation, to detect its mischievous 
fallacy, at least among Christian nations in the 
present age. 

To a monarch of Franco belongs the honest fame 
of publishing the truth that Peace is endangered by 
preparation for War. He says, "The sentiment or 
rather the principle that in peace you must prepare 
for war, is one of difficulty and danger, for while we 
keep armies on land to preserve peace they are at 
the same time incentives, and instruments of war." 
He rejoiced at all efforts to preserve peace for that 
was what all needed. He thought the time was 
coming when we should be rid entirely of war in 
all civilized countries. This time should be hailed by 
the pacific union of the great human family, by the 
association of individuals, nations and races, by the 
annihilation of all warlike preparation of all nations, 
by the transformation of destructive armies into 
corps of industrious laborers, who will consecrate 
their lives to the cultivation and embellishment of 
the world. Be it our duty to speed this consumation 
until the trade of war ceases from the earth. 

To William Penn belongs the distinction, destined 
to brighten as men advance in virtue, of first iu 
human history establishing the law of love as a rule 
of conduct in the intercourse of nations. While 
recognizing the duty to support power iu reverence 
with the people, and to secure the people from the 
abuse of power, as a great end of government, he 
declined the superfluous protection of arms against 
the foreign force and aimed to reduce the savage 
nations by just and gentle manners to the love of 
civil society and the Christian religion. His serene 
countenance as he stands with his tollowers in what 
he called the sweet and clear air of Pennsylvania, 
all unarmed beneath the spreading elm, forming the 
great treaty of friendship with the untutored Indian, 
is to my mind one of the proudest and most ennob- 
ling pictures in the history of our country. "The 
great God," said the illustrious Quaker in words of 
sincerity and truth addressed to the sachems, " hath 
written his law in our hearts by which we are com- 
manded to love and help and do good to one 



another." With these principles openly manifested 
the flowers of prosperity smiled in the foot- prints 
of William Penn. His people were unmolested and 
happy, while (sad, but true contrast) other colonies, 
acting on the policy of the world, building forts, 
and showing themselves in arms, were harassed by 
perpetual alarm and pierced by the sharp arrows of 
savage war. 

This pattern of Christian commonwealth, never 
fails to arrest the admiration of all who contemplate 
its beauties. Every ingenuous soul offers willing 
tribute to its graces of justice and humanity. But 
not to barren words can we confine ourselves in 
recognition of virtue. While we see the right and 
approve it loo, we must dare to pursue it. In this 
age of civilization surrounded by Christian nations 
it is easy to follow the successful example of William 
Penn encompassed by savages. Recognizing those 
two transcendent ordinances of God, the Law and 
Kight, and the Law of Love, why not aspire to the 
true glory and what is higher than glory, the great 
good of taking the lead in the disarming of the 
nations. Let us abandon the system of preparation 
for war in time of Peace where ever such preparation 
may be found. Let the enormous means thus re- 
leased be devoted to labors of beniticence. Let the 
time spent in military education in colleges be 
given to more peaceful thoughts. Our battlements 
shall then be schools, colleges, churches ; our arse- 
nals shall be libraries ; and our navy shall be peace- 
ful ships ot commerce. This is the cheap defence 
of nations. Let negotiation, meditation, arbitra- 
tion be the sole and proper modes for the determi- 
nation of national or international disputes. They 
are all practicable, and calculated to secure peace- 
justice. Under the law of nations a system of 
arbitration or a congress of nations may be insti- 
tuted at any time, charged with the high duty of 
organizing an ultimate tribunal. To do this the 
will only is required. Let it not be said then, that 
war is a necessity ; and may our country aspire to 
the glory of taking the lead in disowning the bar- 
barous system of lynch law among nations while it 
proclaims peaceful substitutes. 

Such a glory, unlike the earthly fame of battle, 
will be immortal as the stars, dropping perpetual 
light upon the souls of men. 

When, 0, when shall arise the Christian ruler or 
Christian people, who in the spirit of true greatness, 
shall proclaim that hence-forward forever the trial 
of battle shall cease, that these battles shall be 
abolished throughout the commonwealth of civiliza- 
tion, that a spectacle so degrading shall never again 
be allowed to take place, and that it is the duty of 
nations, involving the highest and wisest policy, to 
establish love between each other, and in all respects, 
at all times, with all persons, whether of their own 

people or people of other lands, to be governed by 
the sacred law of rights, and law of love, as 
between man and man. 



Ladies and Gentlemen : — Four years ago, at the 
celebration of this festal day the assembled multi- 
tude were greeted for the first time in the history 
of this College by the voice of the Campus Orator. 
Now it is for the fifth in the list of Campus Orators 
toaddrsss you. It is my duty to tell you many 
thing's, good, bad and indifferent, whether I do my 
duty so far as to tell you anything remains to be 

You are come at this time of hot days and dusty 
roads from the far ends of our commonwealth to 
see the favored few take the last steps in the great 
preliminary race. 

We, as a band of brothers, number 30, and of 
those who started with us some were equally worthy 
with ourselves even though they are not counted in 
the ranks of to-day. 

As a class we do not lay any great pretentions to 
beauty yet it seems to me that we are excusable for 
our pride, however great, iu the beauty of some of 
our members. 

Perhaps you do not know how great a debt of 
gratitude you owe us. Think what we have en- 
dured — what indignities we have submitted to at the 
hands of our Profs, in order that this ceremony 
might be a possibility. You ought to be very, very 
grateful that you are permitted to be here and wit- 
ness these, the last days of the class of '95, the 25th 
class to leave the kind embrace of Alma Mater. 
Our influence in this institution has, of course, been 
great and we feel that we have had our influence on 
the events of the world during the past four years. 
During that time trolley cars have become a perma- 
nent institution in all cities and towns, except Am- 
herst. We have discouraged the attempts to estab- 
lish them here for if all parts of this town had elec- 
tric connections, the North Amherst church would 
have to be enlarged. The China-Japan war was iu 
our time and we realize that much credit is due us 
for the victories of the Japanese. What but the 
military training of the future Mikado could have 
assured such success to Japan ? Then right here, 
there are changes. The dormitories have electric 
lights and the electricity comes from our new barn. 
Cigaretts have tobacco wrappers and cigars 
and small beers may be had at convenient 
places in the locality while at Hammar Emporium 
you may have your shoes repaired while you wait. 

I cannot but feel that it is unfortunate for the 
class that it should have chosen as Campus Orator 
one so unworthy to fill the position. If I could 



conjure up a man for the place, I would introduce 
in my stead one with these qualifications. He should 
have the oratory of Webster, the satire of Burns, 
the wit and humor of Mark Twain, and the bodily 
development of a modern Saudow. These are all 
necessary for the successful Campus Orator, but in 
the present case we ask you to bear patiently a 
short time with one who is sadly deficient in all 
these qualities. 

Townsmen : — For four years we have made glad 
your hearts by our presence : we have cheered your 
midnight slumbers with our soothing lullabys ; we 
have helped yon harvest your crops, especially the 
fruit crop. We have chased through your fields of 
waving grass after the Wiley bug and have tramped 
your hills and meadows in search of such sweet 
scented blooms as Epigea repens and Symflocarpus 
foetidus. Your town has been especially fortunate 
and prosperous since we have been here, but as our 
time is up we must go. We trust that you will con- 
tinue to enjoy prosperity and that our going will 
not cause a complete stagnation of all your indus- 
tries ; we would if we could run your town for you 
yet longer but we must say — Farewell. 

Maidens of Amherst ; — You can scarcely be ex- 
pected to realize how difficult it is for me to say 
these last few words. We realize how much your 
enjoyment of the recently passed years has depended 
upon us and we wonder what you will do in the fu- 
ture. We know we have made yon happy a great 
many times and believe that you have tried to do as 
well by us. We honor your noble intentions, but 
the time has come to say — Farewell. 

Gentlemen op the Faculty : — It behooves me 
at the outset to state that although yon may think 
it fun to listen for an hour to lectures it is, never- 
theless, hard work to stand by here and talk, there- 
fore do not make any disturbance, and if you wish 
to go to sleep please do it quietly. "If any do not 
wish to stay here and behave themselves they are at 
liberty to go now and they will have to see me be- 
fore they can come back." 

How does it seem to have your owu harsh words 
sent back to you? For the last four 3 - ears we have 
been asked to keep awake and then have been 
treated to the most powerful anaesthetics known to 
science, and if we chanced to succumb to their in- 
fluence we have been rudely awakened. 

But while you have misused us since we first 
came here, we appreciate the (act that you have 
great ability, (in keeping your positions.) We 
have tried to leach you that five minutes was the 
limit for a bolt but you always resented our action 
and when we demonstrated that a sub-prof, could 
not hold us for a written exercise if we didn't wish 
to stay, we were suspended. 

Yet it is with grateful hearts that we acknowledge 
that you have taught us something. I think that 

any man in this class could tell all about the am- 
balachral spaces and their function in the life of 
Strongyloceutrotus drobachiensis. We know that 
we have taught you a great deal while we have been 
with you and we trust that you appreciate it, we 
give it to you gratis. And now nerve yourself for 
the shock of parting for we must say — Farewell. 

Freshmen — Though your class numbers but few 
you will yet make your mark in the world or at 
least on the seats in the recitation rooms. We 
hope that you will go to the mountains or sea-shore 
or else obtain employment in an ice house during 
the summer for we fear that warm weather will be 
injurious to your verdancy. Let us advise you 
from the vast store of our experience, not to try to 
teach the upper classmen in regard to the methods 
of running the College but always teach the pro- 
fessors how to run their department, aud there is 
no doubt that you will in time ripen. 

Sophomores : — With you I will be brief. You 
have been on the decline for the last two years, but 
brace up, be careful not to waste your material and 
don't take too much for granted. You thought the 
freshman class was a plum for you but you seem to 
be having a hard time with the Eaton of it. If you 
should chance to be congratulated in the course of 
the years, on your engagement to the lady of your 
heart's choice, remember, in your reply to follow 
the model furnished by the Junior professor of 

Joniors : — You are now the first class in college. 
It devolves upon you to see to it that the college is 
run properly and that the various organizations are 
properly supported. You have prize-winners among 
your numbers, who have already been made famous 
in song. In athletics you will have to wake up, and 
now that '95 leaves the field open for you, and y out- 
class numbers half the entire student body, perhaps 
you will be able to cut some ice. Your greatest 
failings appear to be a tendency toward imparting 
information, a great desire for developing the re- 
sources of East Street, and the production of songs 
in which the fish Commission, the Bird Club, Cheney 
the fisherman, and the prairie-deer are promiscuous- 
ly mixed. Try to keep these tendencies within 
proper limits, and during the short year which is to 
follow assume the proper amount of dignity for 
seniors, even though you find it impossible to feel 
it, and you will perhaps be useful even if not very 
ornamental to the college. 

Classmates : — Four of the shortest years of our 
lives are now drawing to a close. We have held 
together through victory and defeat. We have 
all together been suspended by Old Infinity, and 
together have incurred the displeasure of the de- 
partment that rides and never walks. We have 
seen the rise and fall of Ranney, who killed the 
calf, and have anxiously watched the slow develop- 



nient of a pubescent growth on the upper lip of 
Lane and Kuroda. Who would have thought, four 
years ago, that Sheffield would furnish a missionary 
in the class, and that our Westford giant would be 
the accepted favorite in the race for the class cup ? 
But we have had our day and must move on to 
make room for those who follow. Our stay here 
has been one long game of cards. When we play 
with the professors, spades were trumps, but we did 
but little digging ; in our class relations clubs were 
trumps, and we have generally held good hands. 
Outside of college tutors, hearts and diamonds have 
been very prominent, and the queen of the former 
has been the much sought-for card. 

We have seen hopes and aspirations grow and 
blast. The commandant of the Jean Bassett 
Zouaves has not been appreciated in some respects, 
but he would make an excellent guide for a stranger 
in this town, as he knows all the by-ways of the 

Shall we be frightened if in our dreams we see a 
vision and hear a voice say, " Why, man, man," 
and if in restless tossing a kind, fatherly-looking, 
old gentleman, in a precise voice, says, "But you 
owe the college?" 

We have anxiously looked forward to this day, 
and now that it has come, are we ready for it? Is 
there not a feeling of regret in each heart as we are 
about to leave this pleasant spot, and as we think 
that never again will we all be together during our 
stay on earth? The hour of parting has come, and 
we must say — Farewell. 



The tide of years rolls on. 
Once more the long returning sun brings back 
The tardy summer, and here upon the Campus, 
We are gathered once again to sing awhile 
And say farewell. The weeks 
And months of changeful life have brought 
To each a share of joy and sorrow. To-day 
"We laugh away the grief which yet will not 
Be hid, for while the resistless years 
Have run their course, while o'er our heads 
The sunshine and the storm have passed, 
'Midst shouts of victory and all 
The changeful toil and stir of college life. 
Deep into our hearts have spread 
The roots of love ; unconsciously, as ivy vine 
On yonder wall has spread into our lives 
A deep and all-embracing loyalty to Class 
And Alma Mater. Before the final parting, 
Here we meet to sing our song of triumph. 
Not boastful shall our stoi-y be 
Nor ever stretched to fit the metre of our song. 

"With eager feet but trembling hearts, 
As Freshmen, four long years gone by, 

We stepped upon yon Campus green, 
With firm resolve and purpose high. 

Like the sound of rushing waters 

Was the gath'ring of the Freshmen; 

Far they came from distant countries; 

From the mountains and the valleys; 

From the seashore and the prairie; 

Some from yonder southern country, 

From the land of wooden nutmegs ; 

One from far across the ocean; 

Came from Kitamura County, 

From Japan's own sea-girt kingdom ; 

From the land of valiant warriors; 

Some from far off distant Danvers, 

Land of sound and mighty onions ; 

Some from old historic Deerfield, 

Land of sweet and lovely maidens; 

Some from Berkshire's iron-clad mountains; 

Some from Spencer, land of great men ; 

Some from Fitchburg, land of vineyards ; 

Swift they gathered here together, 

Chose their leaders and their chieftains. 

Then commenced a life of toiling; 

Oh, the weeks of work and grinding, 

Soft exams, and hard conditions, 

And the snubs of upper classmen. 

Hard the life of humble Freshmen, 

But our hearts were loyal ever. 

Then one morning came a challenge 
From the Soph'mores ; from our foemen. 
"Soph'mores challenge Freshmen to a 
Game of football on the Campus." 
Then up spake our worthy Captain : 
He the mighty, strong in battle ; 
"Freshmen do accept the challenge. 
We will meet you on the Campus." 
Mighty was the host of Soph'mores, 
Strong of limb and iron headed, 
But we met them on the Campus. 
We were beaten, sad the story ; 
Pardon us if we skip o'er it. 
Now the glad victorious Soph'mores 
Challenge Freshmen to a rope-pull. 
We were beaten, hard the luck was; 
Strong and mighty were the Sophomores. 

S wif t upon us drew the winter, 

From the mountains came the snowstorms, 

Came the north wind howling fiercely, 

But they passed away unheeded. 

Then again the balmy spring time, 

Fell upou our peaceful valley, 

And upon our Alma Mater. 

Once again upon the campus 
We are facing now the Soph'mores. 
Passed and taken was the challenge 
To a game which they called base-ball. 
To the campus came our players ; 
There they faced the mighty Soph'mores; 
In their faces stern defiance, 
In their hearts the joy of combat. 
Then began the mighty contest : 
On the benches sat the Seniors, 
Bound about us stood the Juniors, 
And the earth shook with the tumult, 
And the air was full of shoutings. 
But our team was too much for them ; 
None could stand against our pitcher; 
Down before him went their warriors, 
Fallen was the pride of Soph'mores; 
Broken was their haughty spirit. 
Thus was fought the fateful battle, 
In the spring time on the Campus. 



One milestone passed, our Senior year 

Approaching nearer every clay 
As Soph'mores tben -with lofty frown, 

And haughty mein we took our way. 

- — — 

Now again round Alma Mater, 

Like the meeting of the waters, 

Comes the rushing tide of Freshmen; 

Comes a new class into College. 

Some from Worcester, land of learning, 

With their heads crammed full of knowledge, 

One from Boston, land of codfish. 

He the mighty Heffelfiuger, 

Real name Dodge, but long he's left us. 

Some from Petersham and Pelham, 

Some from mountain, some from seashore; 

One from Medford, famed for old rum. 

Quick they gathered, chose their leaders, 

Thought they'd like to play at football ; 

Sent the Soph'mores challenge to a 

Game of football on the Campus. 

Then up sprang our valiant warriors, 

Lined them up against the Freshmen. 

First came Fairbanks stern and sober, 

He, the sad, sedate and gloomy, 

Like a rock he stood at center. 

Right and left Ballon and Read were 

By his side throughout the whole game. 

Next, to right was Marsh the peaceful, 

Jep the quiet, always gentle. 

Drury acted as left tackle. 

Frost and Duffield held their ends up. 

Then at quarter played our Eli, 

Berkshire's most indomitable. 

Bagg and Sully did the running. 

C. A. Toole played as our full-back, 

C. A. stands for College Athlete. 

Thus the make up of our team was, 

Thus they lined np on the Campus. 

And the ground shook with the tumult 

And the air was filled with shoutings, 

"Offside, there," and "here, no holding." 

And the juniors on the benches, 

And the Seniors cheered and shouted. 

But their men went down before us, 

Like the dust before the whirl wind, 

Like the grain fields in the north wind, 

Like the clouds before the storm wind, 

Like a reed before the waters. 

They were strong and worthy foemen, 

But their ranks were split and broken. 

Thus we played them on the Campus, 

Thus we beat them, they our foemen, 

Then we vanquished them at ropepull. 

And when winter came upon us, 

In the gym, we practiced daily, 

Hard we worked to beat the Juniors, 

Did our best to get the banner, 

Made good records in athletics, 

Some have never yet been broken. 

We were wild and reckless Soph'mores, 

Painted on the walk our figures, 

Filled the nights with yells and shoutings, 

But our hearts were loyal ever. 

With sober step and careworn brow 
We entered then the Junior year. 

Behind us lay a record proud, 
We faced the future without fear. 

Now there came upon our classmates 
Change of look and tone and bearing : 
What's the matter with the fellows? 
Why this change of mein and bearing? 
Why in scarce a month's swift passing, 
Should our fury change to mildness? 
'Tis the same old time worn story, 
"There's a woman in it somewhere." 
So it was now with our classmates, 
For they often left the College, 
Oft' they wandered to the westward, 
To Northampton, home of learning. 
Land of tall and stately maidens ;. 
To South Deerfield in the valley, 
Scene of red men's cruel warfare, 
Famed for gay and laughing maidens; 
To North Amherst's shady roadsides; 
Went to church but not to listen 
To the singing or the sermon; 
Went to see the lovely maidens, 
Walking with them in the gloaming, 
And to whisper words of soothing, 
Whisper soft and dreamy nothings. 
Now neglected were the studies. 
Oh, the flunks in market-gard'ning, 
Flunks in English, flunks in Physics. 
Farming, chemistry, and drawing, 
All were shamefully forgotten. 
Swiftly then came retribution, 
Swift the frown of stern Professors, 
Then conditions, then repentance. 

In the battle waged by Cupid 
Many hearts were nearly broken ; 
But of all the hearts of Juniors, 
Only one was wholly taken, 
Only one man of the whole class, 
Jones, his name was, you all know him, 
(He's, alas, no longer with us.) 
Found of happiness, full measure, 
For he gave his heart away and 
Followed thus his wise adviser. 

In the meantime came the Freshmen, 

Who again from all the corners 

Of the old state, Massachusetts, 

Gathered round our Alma Mater. 

These our captains and our leaders, 

Taught in craft of strength aud quickness ; 

Taught them how to hold the football, 

Taught them how to punt and tackle, 

How to drop and pull together, 

How to strike the curving baseball, 

How to bat and slide the bases. 

But they lacked the strength of numbers, 

Lacked the grim determination 

Which alone can win the vict'ry. 

Thus our Junior year passed o'er us, 

Full of work aud full of pleasure; 

And our love for Alma Mater, 

Strong and mighty grew within us, 

And our hearts were loyal ever. 

• o- 

Three years are gone, as Seniors now 
We lift the last link of the chain 

Of College yeai's which binds us, one 
And all and brings us back again. 

In the cooling breeze of autumn, 

We as grave and reverend Seniors, 



Now they want to know where wealth is. 

Some in Vet. the bones of horses, 

Bones of cows and other creatures, 

Scrutinized and sawed all over; 

Studied all sorts of diseases, 

Heaves and spavin, splints and ringbone, 

Some there are who now can tell the 

Age of any horse or spinster, 

Just by looking at the molars. 

Some in chemistry have wandered 

'Mong the acids, salts and bases, 

Analyzed, and fumed and fretted. 

They can now mix milk and water 

To deceive the ablest farmer. 

Some have studied bugs and beetles, 

Studied flies and lean mosquitos, 

Chased across life's thorny path way 

Fame's bright phantom, always fleeting. 

Then the farmers they have delved in 

All the learning of the sages, 

Drains and live stock, crop rotation, 

Even studied poultry farming. 

Yet not all, still there are others; 

Took our way with stately bearing, 

Followed learnings rugged pathway, 

(Pardon, please, these flowing phrases.) 

Ne'er again as humble Freshmen 

Shall we walk with timid bearing; 

Never more shall we be sat on, 

By the haughty upper classmen. 

Not for us the wild excitement 

Of the rush and midnight raidings, 

Sophomoric din and turmoil. 

Not at feet of smiling maidens 

Shall we, this year, burn our incense, 

But shall burn at shrine of learning. 

So we crammed our heads with knowledge, 

Crammed them full as egg of meat is. 

Some in Pol. Econ. this year did 

Undertake to learn what wealth was ; 

Studied all the year upon it 

They did surely find what wealth is, 

Some with Botany have struggled, 

Some with German, some with English, 

Law and tactics, mathematics, 

Electricity, but that's all. 

Some there were who still did wander, 

Wandered far from halls of learning, 

To North Amherst's shady roadsides, 

To South Deerfleld in the valley, 

To Smith College, o'er the river. 

But with us holds true the saying 

That in ev'ry flock are black sheep. 

Thus our last year passed we over, 

Thus our life at Aggie College; 

Thin our ranks and small our strength was, 

But our hearts were loyal ever. 


And now at last the goal is near, 
Diplomas dawn upon our view. 

To-morrow as Alumni here, 
To all we sadly bid adieu. 

The tide of years rolls on. Once more 

The long returning sun brings back 

The tardy summer, and here 

Upon the Campus we are met 

To say farewell. Long shall rise 

Before our sight the varied scenes 

Of these full years. Within our ears will ring 

The shout, the laugh, the song of by-gone days, 
Nor time, nor distance, nor the cup 
Of common sorrow, nor perchance 
The siren's song of fame shall e'er 
From Mem'ry's bright'ning glances hide 
The scenes of College days. But ever 
In the toil and care of daily life, when the 
Common load of sorrow presses hard upon us, 
Then our thoughts will turn again to Class and 
Alma Mater. The spring of joy shall never dry, 
And breathing blessings, on our way 
We'll go in peace. 

(olleg? f*iotf$. 

■ — W. H. Ranney, foreman on the college farm 
has resigned. 

— Tax collectors are bus} - . May success attend 

— A large supply of chemical apparatus has been 
received at the laboratory and more is to follow. 

— Twenty-four members of the graduating class 
have applied for diplomas from Boston University. 

— -A number of delegates from the Y. M. C. A. 
will attend the World's Student's Conference at 
Northfleld this summer. 

— Prof. Hasbrauk was one of the judges at the 
preliminary speaking of the Kellogg Fifteen, Am- 
herst College. 

— The Appalachian Club of Boston, of which 
Prof. Maynard is a member, visited the college, 
Saturday, June 1st. 

— The Freshmen and first-year men enjoyed the 
pleasure of Mountain Day at Mt. Toby, on Friday, 
June 7th. 

— Lieut. Dickinson acted as judge at the first 
annual tournament of the Amherst College Fencing 

— T. P. Foley, '95, has secured a position as 
Instructor in Tactics, Mathematics and Science at 
the Jarvis Hall Military Academy, Denver, Colo. 

— On Friday afternoon, Juue 7th, the senior 
class enjoyed a very pleasant sunset party at the 
home of Prof, and Mrs. S. T. Maynard. 

— Prof. Maynard is at present writing a text book 
on Landscape Gardening and has revised and en- 
larged his " Practical Fruit Grower," published 
several years ago. 

— A large number of public spirited studeuts 
assembled at the Drill Hall, Saturday morning, 
June 8th and proceeded to grade the ground around 
the Drill Hall in a systematic and tasty manner. 

— During the summer, the Botanical Laboratory 
will be enlarged and remodeled. The north end will 
be extended ten feet and fitted with benches and 
apparatus sufficient to accommodate twenty students. 



— The new gunshed has been completed and is 
now a desirable addition to the college equipment. 
It is planned to move the Armory from its present 
quarters to the new gunshed and to use the room 
thus vacated for general purposes. The gallery in 
the Drill Hall is also attractive in appearance and 
greatly adds to the value of the hall. These im- 
provements and additions are a sure indication of 
the gradual and healthy growth of the college. 

— Every alumnus and undergraduate should attend 
the Senior Prom, because iu this way you will, in a 
measure, repay those who have contributed so much 
to your pleasure during commencement and your 
presence will add greatly to the success of the event. 
This has become as much a part of the commence- 
ment exercises as Class day, and its success or fail- 
ure is a credit or a discredit to our Alma Mater. 
Don't imagine you have done your duty by the 
young lady who is visiting you unless you take her 
to the Senior Prom. 

— The Mass, Fruit Growers' Association held its 
first field meet on the College grounds, Friday, June 
14. Numerous varieties of strawberries at the 
Plant House were tested and pronounced excellent, 
while the orchards and vineyards were also objects 
of interest. It is planned to hold several meets 
here throughout the season and illustrate the prin- 
ciples of fruit culture by practical demonstrations 
from our well filled orchards. Among the visitors 
we were pleaded to see J. E. Green of Spencer, an 
active and worthy ex-member of '96. 

— Through the generosity of the Freshman class 
the Juniors were treated to an excellent banquet at 
the Norwood House, Northampton, Wednesday, 
June 12. Barges carried the class to Northampton 
where the Freshmen had already proceeded during 
the afternoon. The supper which followed between 
members of '96 and '98 was one of the most pleasant 
occasions in the history of the class. After the 
banquet, toasts were pleasantly responded to by 
men from both classes, while college songs and 
banjo selections varied and enlivened the program. 
Among the many pleasant memories of our college 
life, the events of this evening will ever be re- 


I. All orders pertaining to appointments of offi- 
cers and non-commissioned officered, in the Battalion 
of Cadets, are hereby revoked. 

II. The following appointments in the Battalion 
of Cadets, are hereby announced. 

Commissioned Staff. 
To be Cadet First Lieutenant and Adjutant, 

F. E. DeLuce 

To be Cadet First Lieutenant and Quartermaster, 

N. Shultis 
" " Fire Marshall, 

F. H. Read 
" " " " and Ass'tlnst'rof Musketry 

R. P. Nichols 
" " " " " " " Signalling, 

J. L. Marshall 

Non- Commissioned Staff. 

To be Cadet Sergeant Major, G. D. Leavens 

''• " Quartermaster Sergeant, J. L. Bartlett 

Color Guard. 

To be Cadet Color Sergeant, J. A. Emrich 

'• " " Corporal, C. A. Norton 

" " Corporal, C. A. Peters 

" " Armorer, P. S. W. Fletcher 

To be Cadet First Lieutenant and Band Leader, 

W. B. Harper 
" " " Sergeant and Drum Major, 

C. I. Goessmanu 
" " " Band Corporal, F.W.Barclay 



P. A. Leamy, F. P. Washburn, I. C. Poole. 


A. S. Kinney, H. T. Edwards, F. B. Shaw. 


E. W. Poole, W. L. Pentecost, F. L. Clapp. 


C. A. King, J. M. Barry, H. J. Armstrong. 


P. H. Smith, H. F. Allen, G. A. Drew, J.W.Allen, 
F. F. Clark, M. E. Cook. 


F. C. Millard, C. F. Palmer, A. Montgomery, Jr., 
R. D. Warden, J. P. Nickerson, G. H. Wright. 
They will be respected and obeyed accordingly. 
(Signed) W. M. Dickinson, 

Lieut. U. S. Army, 


Williston, 6 ; Aggie, 5. 
Williston defeated Aggie in a game of five innings 
on Wednesday, June 5th. Rain began to fall at 
the end of the fourth inning but both teams re- 
mained on the field until Aggie had played her 
fifth inuing. There seems little reason to doubt 
but Aggie would have won easily had nine innings 
been played. The score : 



Sands, 3b., 
Westcott, p. 
Winne, s. s., 
Carpenter, r. 
Cook, c, 
Fraunfelter, l.f 
Damon, 0. f., 
Day. lb., 
White, 2b., 








































M. A.C. 







































1 2 

3 i 


3 1 


— B 

3 1 


Sullivan 2, Burgess, Read, H. 

B., Sands 


Stevens, r.f., 
Jones, l.f., 
Sullivan, c, 

E. H. Clark, lb., 
Warden, c.f., 
Burgess, 2b., 

F. H. Read, 3b., 
H.B., Read p., 
Marshall, s.s., 

M. A. C. 

Runs made by— Stev 
2, Westcott 2, Winne, Carpenter. Earned runs— Williston, 2. Two- 
base hits — Clark, Sands, Westcott, Day, Sullivan. Stolen bases- 
Burgess 3, Sullivan, Sands, Westcott, Winne. Base on balls— Bur- 
gess. Struck out— F. H. Read, Stevens, R. S. Jones. Passed ball 
— Cook 1. Time— lihrs. Umpire— Leamy. Scorer— N. Shultis. 


'82. — J. A. Cutter, M. D., has an article iu the 
current number of The Southern Practitioner, sub- 
ject being Pain in Chronic Diseases ; a Practical 
Paper. Dr. Cutter also has an article in the 
Virginia Medical Monthly, comments on "Ego 
Diaeta Curari Incipeo ; Chirurgiae Taedit." 

'83. — S. M. Holman, Attleboro, Mass., has been 
elected Vice-Chancellor of the Knights of Phythias. 

'85.— J. N. Taylor, San Francisco, of the Thom- 
son-Houston Electric Company, was at the College 
June 12th. 

Ex-'86. — A. B. Copeland has changed his ad- 
dress to Three Rivers, Mass. 

'87. — C. S. Howe has returned from Florida. 
His address is Marlborough, Mass. 

'88. — W. M. Shepardson, Superintendent Horti- 
cultural Department of the College and Assistant 
Horticulturist of the Hatch Experiment Station, has 
resigned both positions. 

'90. — C. H. Jones, employed as a chemist at 
Swan Island, expects to be in Amherst, July 1st. 

'93. — L. W. Smith was at the college a few days 

'93. — G. F. Curley begs leave to make a correc- 
tion in the note, printed in a recent issue, with re- 

gard to the prize won by him at Jefferson Medical 
College. The prize is called the W. S. Forbes 
Anatomical League Prize, and is annually gained 
by the second year man, a member of the W. S. 
Forbes Anatomical League, who attains the highest 
rank in the examination in anatomy. The prize is 
awarded the winner on the day of his graduation as 
doctor of medicine. 

'94. — C. F. Walker will spend the summer at 
Block Island where he will conduct a newspaper 
and run a job printing business. 

'94. — C. P. Lounsbury, recently appointed Gov. 
Entomologist at Cape Town, South Africa, at a. 
salary of $3000, has accepted the position and will 
leave America in July. 

'94. — T. F. Keith is employed on a local paper 
in Fitchburg. 

'94. — A. J. Morse has accepted a position as 
professor of mathematics at Bridgton, N. J. He 
enters upon his duties in September. 

'94. — The engagement is announced of G. H. 
Merwin and Miss Elsie Brown of Purdy's Station, 
N. Y. 

'94. — H. J. Fowler is in the employ of the Cattle 

Ex-'95. — G. A. Hubbard is in the employ of the 
Cattle Commission. 


In the Guiana Forest. Jambe Rodway. Intro- 
duction by Grant Allen. This volume is made up 
of studies of nature in relation to the struggle for 
existence in the tropics where life is at its fullest 
and where the strife among plants and animals is 
carried on with the fiercest energy. The author 
differs from most tropical travellers and writers, in 
that he treats with plant rather than animal life, 
with the forest rather than with the game in it. 

The Art of Newspaper Making. Chas. A. Dana. 
This consists of three lectures delivered by the 
author on, The Modern American Newspaper ; The 
Profession of Journalism ; The Making of a News- 
paper Man. 

The Building of a Nation. Henry Gannett. This 
book treats of the growth, present condition, and 
resources of the United States, with a forecast of 
the furture, and is fully illustrated with maps, 
charts, and diagrams. 








Swan, Waterman, Omnigraph. Good second-hand Pens. 








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Amherst, Mass 

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